2011 Baden-Württemberg state election

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2011 Baden-Württemberg state election

← 2006 27 March 2011 2016 →

All 138 seats in the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
70 seats needed for a majority
Turnout66.2%
Increase12.8
  First party Second party
  Stefan Mappus 2011 (cropped).jpg Winfried Kretschmann 2012 (cropped).jpg
Leader Stefan Mappus Winfried Kretschmann
Party CDU Green
Last election 69 seats, 44.2% 17 seats, 11.7%
Seats won 60 36
Seat change Decrease9 Increase19
Popular vote 1,942,404 1,205,508
Percentage 39.0% 24.1%
Swing Decrease5.2% Increase12.4%

  Third party Fourth party
  Nils Schmid 2012 (cropped).jpg Ulrich Goll 2008 (cropped).jpg
Leader Nils Schmid Ullrich Goll
Party SPD FDP
Last election 38 seats, 25.2% 15 seats, 10.7%
Seats won 35 7
Seat change Decrease3 Decrease8
Popular vote 1,151,859 262.520
Percentage 23.1% 5.3%
Swing Decrease2.1% Decrease5.4%

BW Wahlkreise 2011.png
Seats won by party
Black = CDU majority
Grey = CDU plurality
Green = Greens plurality
Red = SPD plurality

Minister-President before election

Stefan Mappus
CDU

Elected Minister-President

Winfried Kretschmann
Green

The 2011 Baden-Württemberg state election was held on 27 March 2011[1] to elect members to Baden-Württemberg's state diet, the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg in Stuttgart. It was the 14th state election since the foundation of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. Prior to the election, Stefan Mappus of the Christian Democratic Union had led a coalition government between his party and the Free Democratic Party. His government was defeated in the election. Alliance '90/The Greens, who achieved their best result in a state election up to this point, formed a coalition with the Social Democratic Party.

As in all German states, elections in Baden-Württemberg utilize mixed member proportional representation. There are 70 single-member constituency seats and at least 50 additional seats to be filled, making up a minimum 120 seats in the Landtag. A higher total may be achieved by the allocation of overhang seats and corresponding leveling seats to one or more parties. Unlike other states, Baden-Württemburg does not use party lists to elect representatives. Instead, seats earned by a party which are not filled by constituency winners are filled by the party's remaining constituency candidates in order of vote percentage won. In 2011, for the first time, the Sainte-Laguë method was used to calculate the seat allocation.

As a result, the top candidate of the Alliance '90/The Greens, Winfried Kretschmann, was elected as Baden-Württemberg's new Minister-President by the new Green/SPD government in the Landtag. He also received at least two votes from the opposition. He became the first from his party to hold the office in Germany.

The agenda of the new government included managing the energy transition, major education reforms, an increase to the land transfer tax to support the expansion of child care funding, and eliminating tuition fees.[2]

Campaign and issues[edit]

Despite its local scope, the Baden-Württemberg elections have been designated a pivotal event for federal chancellor Angela Merkel. The state had been her party's stronghold for about 58 years.[3]

Stuttgart 21[edit]

Stuttgart 21 was an election issue in Baden-Württemberg.[4] Work for this project, that sets out to transform the Stuttgart Main Station from a terminus station into a subterranean non-terminus station, was started in the summer of 2010 despite massive protests by the Stuttgart population. The main reasons for the protests are the questionable necessity of the transformation, i.e. the disproportionate costs (between 4 and 5 billion Euros) in relation to the (small) gains in travel time (the current station is a functioning station with 90% of the passengers ending their journey here anyway), the dismantling and partial destruction of the old station building (generally considered to be cultural heritage), the destruction of some of the inner-city's park ("Schlossgarten"), the geological risks posed by the tunnels that would have to be drilled into the Stuttgart ground, endangering Europe's second largest mineral water sources and spas, and the danger of some of the buildings above the tunnels collapsing.

Christian Democratic Union The CDU government of Stefan Mappus was a supporter of the project and even used police force, including tear gas and water cannons, to break up demonstrations and civil disobedience campaigns of the opponents. Mappus basically linked his political fate to the success or failure of the project.

Social Democratic Party The SPD leadership is also a supporter of Stuttgart 21, but since early 2010 has called for a referendum on the issue "to pacify the city" and end the ongoing protests. In general, the party hasn't really taken a clear stance on the issue, though, as some of its (lower) members are also opposed to the project.

Alliance '90/The Greens
The opposition to Stuttgart 21 has led to "unprecedented popularity" for the Alliance '90/The Greens in Baden-Württemberg,[4] and has led the party into the role of being the senior partner in a new coalition government with the Social Democratic Party.[4]

Free Democratic Party The FDP as a coalition partner of the CDU in the Mappus government has also supported Stuttgart 21. It was criticized of being a civil rights party in name only, as it was not protesting against the harsh police force used against demonstrators in the late summer of 2010.

Transparent government[edit]

Transparent government has become an issue since the controversy about Stuttgart 21 started.[5]

Christian Democratic Union

Social Democratic Party

Alliance '90/The Greens

Free Democratic Party

Nuclear[edit]

Christian Democratic Union

Social Democratic Party

Alliance '90/The Greens

Free Democratic Party

Direct Democracy[edit]

Christian Democratic Union

Social Democratic Party

Alliance '90/The Greens

Free Democratic Party

Media[edit]

Christian Democratic Union

Social Democratic Party

Alliance '90/The Greens

Free Democratic Party

Nuclear power[edit]

Christian Democratic Union
Following the Fukushima I nuclear accidents, Chancellor Angela Merkel changed policy on nuclear power by announcing the temporary shutdown of the seven nuclear power stations built before 1980.[3] She also stated that she was committed to total withdrawal from nuclear power sooner than the revisited nuclear exit plan dates.[3]

Polls[edit]

The reference for the poll is wahlrecht.de[6]

Party Last
election
2010-07-27
Infratest
2010-09-01
Forsa
2010-09-08
Infratest
2010-10-08
abs
2010-10-09
TNS
2010-11-19
Allensbach
2010-11-26
FGW
2010-12-02
Infratest
2010-12-19
Emnid
2011-02-28
Forsa
2011-03-17
Infratest
CDU 44.2% 37% 37% 35% 28% 34% 38% 39% 39% 41% 39% 39%
SPD 25.2% 25% 24% 21% 17% 19% 22% 19% 18% 19% 26% 22%
The Greens 11.7% 20% 24% 27% 36% 32% 26% 26% 28% 29% 19% 25%
FDP 10.7% 7% 6% 5% 8% 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 5% 6%
The Left 3.1% (WASG) 5% 4% 5% 7% 5% 5% 4% 5% 4% 4% 5%
Other 5.2% 6% 5% 7% 4% 4% 7% 5% 7% 5%

Results[edit]

e • d  Summary of the 27 March 2011 election results for the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
Party Ideology Votes Vote % +/- Seats +/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Christian democracy, conservatism 1,943,912 39.0 Decrease5.2 60 Decrease9
Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) Green politics 1,206,182 24.2 Increase12.5 36 Increase19
Social Democratic Party (SPD) Social democracy, third way 1,152,594 23.1 Decrease2.1 35 Decrease3
Free Democratic Party (FDP) Liberalism 262,784 5.3 Decrease5.4 7 Decrease8
Die Linke (formerly WASG) Democratic socialism 139,700 2.8 Decrease0.3
Pirate Party (Pirates) Freedom of information 103,618 2.1 Increase2.1
The Republicans Nationalism, national conservatism 56,723 1.1 Decrease1.4
All others 118,206 2.4
Total 4,983,719 100.0% 138
Popular Vote
CDU
39.01%
B'90/GRÜNE
24.20%
SPD
23.13%
FDP
5.27%
DIE LINKE
2.80%
PIRATEN
2.08%
REP
1.14%
Other
2.37%
Landtag seats
CDU
43.48%
B'90/GRÜNE
26.09%
SPD
25.36%
FDP
5.07%

Post-election[edit]

After the loss, outgoing Minister-President Stefan Mappus announced his resignation as chairman of the Christian Democratic Union in Baden-Württemberg.[7] Federal Social Democratic Party leader Frank-Walter Steinmeier insisted that Chancellor Angela Merkel should call for new elections after the defeat of the Christian Democratic Union in Baden-Württemberg.[8]

On 27 April 2011, the Greens and the Social Democratic Party announced that they had finalized their coalition agreement.[9] Winfried Kretschmann and Social Democratic Party leader Nils Schmid presented an 83-page document titled The Change Begins.[9] The only minister named was Nils Schmid, who became Deputy Minister-President and "super-minister" for finance and the economy.[9] Other than Schmid, the coalition announced which parties were to receive each ministry, but did not name appointees.[9] The Social Democrats acquired the majority of the ministerial positions, but the Greens had a majority in the cabinet.[9] The Greens obtained the ministries of the environment, transportation, science, rural areas, consumer protection and a ministry for civil society.[10] The Social Democrats got the ministries of the economy, finance, justice, labour, schools, welfare, and the interior.[10] As part of the coalition agreement, the red-green alliance agreed to organize a referendum regarding Stuttgart 21.[9] They also agreed on "radical changes" to the education system and transport policy, and to accelerate the phasing out of nuclear power.[9] Hermann Gröhe, the secretary general of the CDU, "condemned" the coalition agreement.[9]

On 12 May 2011, Winfried Kretschmann was sworn in as Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg.[11] Kretschmann became the first Minister-President in Germany from the Greens.[2][11] In the Landtag vote for Minister-President, Kretschmann received at least two votes from the opposition.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Factbox: Key dates in Angela Merkel's political calendar". Reuters. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  2. ^ a b c "Kretschmann erhält sogar zwei Oppositionsstimmen". Die Welt (in German). 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Pidd, Helen (27 March 2011). "German Greens hail state victory in vote overshadowed by Fukushima". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "CDU wary after Stuttgart rail project approval". Financial Times. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  5. ^ "Taxpayers face rising cost for Stuttgart 21". The Local. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  6. ^ "Umfragen Baden-Württemberg". wahlrecht.de. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  7. ^ "Mappus legt Parteivorsitz nieder". Hamburger Morgenpost (in German). 28 March 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  8. ^ "SPD-Chef Steinmeier fordert Neuwahlen in Deutschland". Hamburger Morgenpost (in German). 28 March 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Jones, Timothy (27 April 2011). "Greens and SPD present coalition agreement in Baden-Württemberg". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  10. ^ a b Moore, Michael Scott (28 April 2011). "'A Green Leader Has Risen' in[Baden-Württemberg". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  11. ^ a b Werkhäuser, Nina (12 May 2011). "Greens make history as they take over Germany's conservative south-west". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 12 May 2011.

External links[edit]