2011 Ceuta Assembly election

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2011 Ceuta Assembly election

← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 25 seats in the Assembly of Ceuta
13 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered60,357 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4.9%
Turnout31,003 (51.4%)
Red Arrow Down.svg8.9 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Juan Jesús Vivas 2011 (cropped).jpg Portrait placeholder.svg Portrait placeholder.svg
Leader Juan Jesús Vivas Mohamed Alí José Antonio Carracao
Party PP Caballas PSOE
Leader since October 1999 14 March 2011 13 December 2008
Last election 19 seats, 65.2% 4 seats, 20.9%[a] 2 seats, 6.7%
Seats won 18 4 3
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Popular vote 20,054 4,407 3,601
Percentage 65.2% 14.3% 11.7%
Swing Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0.0 pp Red Arrow Down.svg6.6 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.0 pp

Mayor-President before election

Juan Jesús Vivas

Elected Mayor-President

Juan Jesús Vivas

The 2011 Ceuta Assembly election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 5th Assembly of the Autonomous City of Ceuta. All 25 seats in the Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

The People's Party (PP) has dominated recent elections to the Assembly, winning 19 of the seats in the 2003 and 2007 elections and polls suggested incorrectly that the PP was likely to increase its majority. The second largest party, the Ceutan Democratic Union (UCDE), formed an electoral alliance with the Socialist Party of the People of Ceuta (PSPC) under the name Caballas Coalition (Caballas). UCDE did not repeat its alliance with United Left of Ceuta (IU), that decided not to take part in the election. The third largest party, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), was predicted incorrectly to overtake the Caballas Coalition, according to opinion polls.

Juan Jesús Vivas Lara (PP) retained the post of Mayor-President, held since 2001.

Electoral system[edit]

The Assembly of Ceuta was the top-tier administrative and governing body of the autonomous city of Ceuta. Voting for the Assembly was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered and residing in the municipality of Ceuta and in full enjoyment of their political rights, as well as resident non-national European citizens and those whose country of origin allowed Spanish nationals to vote in their own elections by virtue of a treaty.[1][2][3]

The 25 members of the Assembly of Ceuta were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[1][2][3]

The Mayor-President was indirectly elected by the plenary assembly. A legal clause required that mayoral candidates earned the vote of an absolute majority of members, or else the candidate of the most-voted party in the assembly was to be automatically appointed to the post. In case of a tie, a toss-up would determine the appointee.[3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of a determined amount of the electors registered in Ceuta. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[1][2]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions Ideology Candidate
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy Juan Jesús Vivas
Caballas Coalition (Caballas) Regionalism Mohamed Alí
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Social democracy José Antonio Carracao

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 13 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Assembly of Ceuta.


Summary of the 22 May 2011 Assembly of Ceuta election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 20,054 65.16 –0.02 18 –1
Caballas Coalition (Caballas)1 4,407 14.32 –6.60 4 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 3,601 11.70 +3.05 3 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 818 2.66 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Party of Ceuta (PDSC) 720 2.34 –1.31 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Group of Ceuta (LV–GV) 570 1.85 +0.90 0 ±0
The Phalanx (FE) 138 0.45 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 468 1.52 +0.86
Total 30,776 25 ±0
Valid votes 30,776 99.27 –0.16
Invalid votes 227 0.73 +0.16
Votes cast / turnout 31,003 51.37 –8.92
Abstentions 29,354 49.63 +8.92
Registered voters 60,357
Popular vote
Blank ballots


  1. ^ Aggregated data for UDCEIU and PSPC in the 2007 election.


Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "El Mundo 25-27 de Abril 2011". El Mundo (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Ascenso del PSOE a costa del UDCE en Ceuta (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas, 2011. Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta (Estudio nº 2883. Abril 2011)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 5 May 2011.
  4. ^ "El PSOE fija su objetivo: salvar los muebles". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Un sondeo del PP nacional da a Vivas 20 escaños en Ceuta". El Faro Digital (in Spanish). 21 January 2011.
  6. ^ "3 de cada 4 ceutíes votaría por Vivas (PP) en Ceuta (sondeo propio)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 22 January 2011.
  7. ^ "El PSOE se afianza como principal partido de la oposición en Ceuta (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 7 January 2011.
  8. ^ "Caso electoral histórico en más comunidades autónomas (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 1 June 2010.
  9. ^ "El PP repetiría 19 diputados en las próximas elecciones según una encuesta de Mercociudad". Ceutaldia (in Spanish). 6 May 2010.
  10. ^ "El PP repetiría 19 diputados en las próximas elecciones en Ceuta (Mercociudad)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 6 May 2010.
  1. ^ a b c "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Statute of Autonomy of Ceuta of 1995". Law No. 1 of 13 March 1995. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Municipal. May 2011. City of Ceuta". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Local election results, 22 May 2011, in Salamanca, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Segovia, Seville, Soria, Tarragona, Teruel, Toledo, Valencia, Valladolid, Biscay, Zamora, Zaragoza, Ceuta and Melilla provinces" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Municipal and regional elections in Ceuta since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 6 April 2018.