2011 Guatemalan general election

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2011 Guatemalan presidential election

← 2007 11 September 2011 (first round)
6 November 2011 (second round)
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  Pérez Molina cropped.jpg Manuel Baldizón 2015 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Otto Pérez Molina Manuel Baldizón
Party PP LIDER
Home state Guatemala City Petén
Running mate Roxana Baldetti Raquel Blandón
States carried 11 12
Popular vote 2,300,979 1,981,003
Percentage 53.74% 46.26%

President before election

Álvaro Colom
UNE

President-elect

Otto Pérez Molina
PP

General elections were held in Guatemala on 11 September 2011 in order to elect the President, Vice President, members of Congress, members of the Central American Parliament and mayors and councillors for all municipalities. The Patriotic Party emerged as the largest party in Congress, winning 56 of the 158 seats.

As no candidate received more than 50% of the vote, a second round of the presidential election was held on 6 November with Otto Pérez Molina of the PP facing Manuel Baldizón of Renewed Democratic Liberty. Pérez was elected with 53.7% of the vote.

Campaign[edit]

Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity and other leftist groups ran under the Broad Front of the Left banner, nominating Rigoberta Menchú as their presidential candidate.

Guatemala's high crime rate was a major issue in the campaign as it sits near the Mexican border that is a conduit for drug trafficking.

Baldizon campaigned on the premise of having Guatemala's football team to the World Cup. He also promised to tackle poverty and crime, as well as assure workers an extra month's salary every year. He also said he would reinstate the death penalty and televise executions.

Opinion polls[edit]

Polls showed Pérez Molina with a lead over other possible candidates.[1]

A poll for the second round showed Pérez Molina with 49.4% to Baldizón's 39.2%; 11% were undecided.[2] A second poll gave Pérez Molina 39.7% to Baldizón's 32.2%, with 28% undecided.[3] A third poll gave Pérez Molina the lead with 45.7% to Baldizón's 37.2% and 17.1% undecided.[4] A final poll had Pérez Molina ahead with 54.6%, Baldizón at 38.7% and undecided at 5.7%.[5]

Former Foreign Minister Edgar Gutierrez said that "the polling methods are inadequate. They've failed to capture how between 25 and 30 per cent of the people intend to vote."

Conduct[edit]

Amongst the observers for the election were Oscar Almengor, who led a team University of San Carlos.[6]

According to Article 186(c) of the Constitution, the relatives of the President cannot participate in the Presidential election when the relative holds the Presidency. Sandra Torres, former wife of the current president, got divorced to run for the presidency. There were several requests to have a warrant to forbid Sandra Torres from participating in the election. On 9 August 2011, the Constitutional Court upheld a sentence of the Supreme Court preventing Torres from running.[citation needed]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Patriotic Party
Otto Pérez Molina Roxana Baldetti
for President for Vice President
Secretary Kerry Delivers Remarks With Guatemalan President Perez Molina (cropped).jpg
Roxana Baldetti ONU.jpg
General Secretary of Patriotic Party
(2002-2009)
Deputy of the Congress
(2004-2008)
General Secretary of Patriotic Party
(2009- )
Deputy of the Congress
(2004-2011)
Renewed Democratic Liberty
Manuel Baldizón Raquel Blandón
for President for Vice President
Manuel Baldizón 2015 (cropped).jpg
Raquel Blandón 2017 (cropped).jpg
General Secretary of Renewed Democratic Liberty (2010- )
Deputy of the Congress
(2004-2008)
First Lady of Guatemala
(1985-1991)
Candidate for Vice President (1999)

Results[edit]

President[edit]

On 6 November, Molina declared victory in the election saying that: "For all the Guatemalans who have put their trust in me, I thank you very much. To those Guatemalans who did not vote for Otto Perez, I make a call to unite and to work together in the next four years, leaving aside party colours." Turnout for the runoff was half that of the first round in some regions.[6]

CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Otto Pérez MolinaRoxana BaldettiPatriotic Party1,611,49336.012,300,97953.74
Manuel BaldizónRaquel BlandónRenewed Democratic Liberty1,038,28723.201,981,00346.26
Eduardo SugerLaura ReyesCommitment, Renewal and Order732,84216.38
Mario EstradaMauricio UrruelaNational Change Union383,6438.57
Harold CaballerosEfraín MedinaVision with ValuesEncuentro por Guatemala275,4756.16
Rigoberta MenchúAníbal GarcíaBroad Front of the Left (WinaqURNG–MAIZANN)146,3533.27
Juan GutiérrezCarlos ZúñigaNational Advancement Party123,6482.76
Patricia de ArzúÁlvaro RodasUnionist Party97,3812.18
Alejandro GiammatteiOscar ZamoraSocial Action Centre46,3951.04
Adela Camacho de TorrebiarteJosé de LeónNational Development Action19,0380.43
Total4,474,555100.004,281,982100.00
Valid votes4,474,55587.854,281,98295.90
Invalid/blank votes618,67512.15183,1364.10
Total votes5,093,230100.004,465,118100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,340,84169.387,340,84160.83
Source: IFES, IFES

Congress[edit]

Of 158 congressmen to be elected, 126 congressmen sought re-election but only 56 were re-elected and 102 new congressmen were elected for the first time since democratic election took root in Guatemala. About 65% of MPs were first time representatives, which was the first time this occurred since the 1995 election.[citation needed]

Party National District Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Patriotic Party 1,171,337 26.62 56 +26
National Unity of HopeGrand National Alliance 993,198 22.57 48 –37
National Change Union 417,935 9.50 14 +10
Renewed Democratic Liberty 390,319 8.87 14 New
Commitment, Renewal and Order 381,652 8.67 12 New
Vision with ValuesEncuentro por Guatemala 346,557 7.87 6 +2
Broad Front of the Left (WinaqURNG-MAIZANN) 141,938 3.23 3 +1
National Advancement Party 137,390 3.12 2 –2
Guatemalan Republican Front 120,455 2.74 1 –14
Unionist Party 118,788 2.70 1 –7
Victory 71,501 1.62 1 New
Social Action Centre 47,390 1.08 0 –5
National Development Action 39,251 0.89 0 New
National Convergence Front 23,272 0.53 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 689,047
Total 5,090,030 100 31 127 158 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,340,841 69.34
Source: IFES

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Guatemala votes for new president". English.Aljazeera.net. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  2. ^ "2nd Round Poll Numbers - Update". centralamericanpolitics.Blogspot.com. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  3. ^ "2nd Poll has Perez Molina in Lead". centralamericanpolitics.Blogspot.com. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Three for Three". centralamericanpolitics.Blogspot.com. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Weekend Elections". centralamericanpolitics.Blogspot.com. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Ex-general wins Guatemala presidential vote". English.Aljazeera.net. Retrieved 24 November 2017.

External links[edit]