Japanese nuclear incidents
This is a list of Japanese atomic, nuclear and radiological accidents, incidents and disasters.
|6 August 1945||Nuclear bombing||Hiroshima||Bomb flown in on airplane and dropped over urban area; 13kt explosion|
Main article: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
United States of America aviators nuked Hiroshima. More than 70,000 fatalities were estimated.
|9 August 1945||Nuclear bombing||Nagasaki||Bomb flown in on airplane and dropped over urban area; 21kt explosion|
Main article: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
United States of America aviators nuked Nagasaki. More than 39,000 fatalities were estimated.
|5 December 1965||Broken arrow||coast of Japan||Loss of a nuclear bomb|
A US Navy aircraft with one B43 nuclear bomb fell off the aircraft carrier Ticonderoga into 16,200 feet (4,900 m) of water while the ship was underway from Vietnam to Yokosuka, Japan. The weapon was never recovered. Navy documents show it happened about 80 miles (130 km) from the Amami Islands and 200 miles (320 km) from Okinawa.
|March 1981||INES Level 2||Tsuruga||Overexposure of workers|
|More than 100 workers were exposed to doses of up to 155 millirem per day radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant.|
|June 1999||INES Level 2||Shika plant, Ishikawa Prefecture||Control rod malfunction|
|Operators attempting to insert one control rod accidentally withdrew three causing a 15-minute uncontrolled sustained reaction at the number 1 reactor of Shika Nuclear Power Plant.|
|30 September 1999||INES Level 4||Ibaraki Prefecture||Accidental criticality|
Main article: Tokaimura nuclear accident
During preparation of a uranyl nitrate solution, uranium in solution exceeded the critical mass, at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura northeast of Tokyo, Japan. Three workers were exposed to (neutron) radiation doses in excess of allowable limits. Two of these workers died. 116 other workers received lesser doses of 1 mSv or greater though not in excess of the allowable limit.
|11–15 March 2011||INES Level 3||Fukushima II Nuclear Power Plant, Fukushima Prefecture||Earthquake/tsunami damage, overheating, possible radioactivity emergency|
See also: Timeline of the Fukushima II nuclear accidents and Timeline of the Fukushima I nuclear accidents
After the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami of 11 March, the cooling systems for three reactors (numbers 1, 2 and 4) of the Fukushima II (Fukushima Dai-ni) nuclear power plant were compromised due to damage from the tsunami. Nuclear Engineering International reported that all four units were successfully automatically shut down, but emergency diesel generators at the site were out of order. People were evacuated around 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the plant, due to possible radioactive contamination. By 15 March, all four reactors at Daini were reported shutdown, cold and safe.
|11 March 2011 – onwards||INES Level 7||Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, Fukushima Prefecture||Earthquake/tsunami damage, multiple meltdowns, core breaches, explosions, radiological releases, cooling failures|
Main article: Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster
After the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami of 11 March, the cooling systems for multiple reactors (units 1, 2, 3) and spent fuel cooling ponds (all 6 units and central pool) of the Fukushima I (Fukushima Dai-ichi) nuclear power plant were compromised due to damage from the tsunami.
List of plants affected by 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
- Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant
- Higashidōri Nuclear Power Plant
- Tōkai Nuclear Power Plant
- Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant
- Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant
Hiroshima Explosion of Nuclear Bomb
- Nuclear power in Japan
- List of civilian nuclear accidents
- List of civilian nuclear incidents
- List of civilian radiation accidents
- List of military nuclear accidents
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nuclear and radiation accidents in Japan.|
- CNN (1998). "Cold War: Broken Arrows (1960e)". CNN. Archived from the original on 27 March 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
- "1980s accidents". Nuclearfiles.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "Criticality accident during periodic inspection | Nuclear power in Europe". Climatesceptics.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- Japanese utility to shut reactor after admitting accident cover-up
- "Tokaimura Criticality Accident". World-nuclear.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "Tokaimura Criticality Accident Nuclear Issues Briefing Paper # 52". Web.archive.org. 3 March 2008. Archived from the original on 3 March 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "Chronology and Press Reports of the Tokaimura Criticality". Isis-online.org. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "Timeline: Nuclear plant accidents". BBC News. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- "Japan Earthquake: NEI Updates for Saturday, March 12". Nuclear Energy Institute. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "Japan initiates emergency protocol after earthquake". Nuclear Engineering International. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
- Sumit Paul-Choudhury, Rowan Hooper (13 March 2011). "Japanese nuclear crisis spreads to two more plants". NewScientist.
- Pete Norman (13 March 2011). "Japan: 200,000 Evacuated From Near Reactors". Sky News.
- IAEA, Fukushima 2011 March 15 update (accessed 20 March 2011)
- Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry of Japan/NISA: INES (the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale) Rating on the Events in Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station by the Tohoku District – off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake (12 April 2011)
- Tomoko Yamazaki and Shunichi Ozasa (27 June 2011). "Fukushima Retiree Leads Anti-Nuclear Shareholders at Tepco Annual Meeting". Bloomberg.