2011 Navarrese regional election

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2011 Navarrese regional election

← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 50 seats in the Parliament of Navarre
26 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered485,386 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.9%
Turnout327,281 (67.4%)
Red Arrow Down.svg6.4 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Yolanda Barcina 2012 (cropped).jpg Roberto Jimenez 2013 (cropped).jpg Patxi Zabaleta 2010b (cropped).jpg
Leader Yolanda Barcina Roberto Jiménez Patxi Zabaleta
Party UPN PSN–PSOE NaBai 2011
Leader since 19 April 2009 28 June 2008 16 September 2006
Last election 22 seats, 42.2% 12 seats, 22.5% 12 seats, 23.6%
Seats won 19 9 8
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg3 Red Arrow Down.svg3 Red Arrow Down.svg4
Popular vote 111,474 51,238 49,827
Percentage 34.5% 15.9% 15.4%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg7.7 pp Red Arrow Down.svg6.6 pp Red Arrow Down.svg8.2 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Maiorga Ramírez (cropped).jpg Santiago Cervera (cropped).jpg José Miguel Nuin (cropped).jpg
Leader Maiorga Ramírez Santiago Cervera José Miguel Nuin
Party BilduEAA PP I–E (n)
Leader since 2011 10 December 2009 29 January 2011
Last election Did not contest Did not contest 2 seats, 4.3%[a]
Seats won 7 4 3
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Popular vote 42,916 23,551 18,457
Percentage 13.3% 7.3% 5.7%
Swing New party New party Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.4 pp

President before election

Miguel Sanz
UPN

Elected President

Yolanda Barcina
UPN

The 2011 Navarrese regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Parliament of the Foral Community of Navarre. All 50 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

The Navarrese People's Union (UPN) had formed the government of the region since the 1996. Between 1991 and 2008 UPN had an agreement with the People's Party (PP), functioning as PP sister party in the region in exchange for the PP itself not contesting elections in Navarre. The pact was broken in October 2008 following a dispute over a budgetary vote in the Congress of Deputies.[1] As a result, this was the first regional election since 1987 in which both parties ran separately.

Another novelty for this election was that incumbent President Miguel Sanz had announced his intention not to run for a fifth term in office,[2] being replaced as UPN candidate by Mayor of Pamplona Yolanda Barcina.[3]

UPN remained the first political party of Navarre, albeit with a diminished popular vote due to the PP split. The PSN-PSOE obtained the worst result of its history up until that point, but recovered the 2nd place it had lost to Nafarroa Bai in 2007, which dropped to 3rd place as a result of Bildu's entry into Parliament.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Navarre was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the Foral Community of Navarre, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Reintegration and Enhancement of the Foral Regime of Navarre Law, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Foral Community.[4] Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Navarre and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Navarrese abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[5]

The 50 members of the Parliament of Navarre were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[6]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in Navarre. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[6][7][8]

Election date[edit]

After legal amendments in 2010, fixed-term mandates were abolished, instead allowing the term of the Parliament of Navarre to expire after an early dissolution. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Gazette of Navarre, with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication. The previous election was held on 27 May 2007, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 27 May 2011. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 3 May 2011, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Sunday, 26 June 2011.[4][6][7][8]

The President of the Foral Community had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Navarre and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met: namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a three-month period from the election date, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[4]

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 26 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Navarre.

Results[edit]

Summary of the 22 May 2011 Parliament of Navarre election results
NavarreParliamentDiagram2011.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Navarrese People's Union (UPN) 111,474 34.48 –7.70 19 –3
Socialist Party of Navarre (PSN–PSOE) 51,238 15.85 –6.64 9 –3
Navarre Yes 2011 (NaBai 2011) 49,827 15.41 –8.21 8 –4
UniteBasque SolidarityAlternative (Bildu–EA–Alternatiba) 42,916 13.28 New 7 +7
People's Party (PP) 23,551 7.29 New 4 +4
Left (I–E (n))1 18,457 5.71 +1.36 3 +1
Convergence of Democrats of Navarre (CDN) 4,654 1.44 –2.93 0 –2
Greens of Navarre (VN–NB) 4,235 1.31 New 0 ±0
Navarrese Cannabis Representation (RCN/NOK) 3,166 0.98 –0.45 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,212 0.68 New 0 ±0
Initiative for Navarre (IxN) 1,332 0.41 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 1,054 0.33 New 0 ±0
Navarrese and Spanish Right (DNE) 977 0.30 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,161 2.52 +1.14
Total 323,254 50 ±0
Valid votes 323,254 98.77 +4.03
Invalid votes 4,027 1.23 –4.03
Votes cast / turnout 327,281 67.43 –6.36
Abstentions 158,105 32.57 +6.36
Registered voters 485,386
Sources[9][10][11]
Popular vote
UPN
34.48%
PSN–PSOE
15.85%
NaBai 2011
15.41%
BilduEAA
13.28%
PP
7.29%
I–E (n)
5.71%
CDN
1.44%
VN–NB
1.31%
Others
2.70%
Blank ballots
2.52%
Seats
UPN
38.00%
PSN–PSOE
18.00%
NaBai 2011
16.00%
BilduEAA
14.00%
PP
8.00%
I–E (n)
6.00%

Aftermath[edit]

Government formation[edit]

After legal amendments in 2010, investiture processes to elect the President of Navarre required for an absolute majority—more than half the votes cast—to be obtained in the first ballot. If unsuccessful, a new ballot would be held 24 hours later requiring only of a simple majority—more affirmative than negative votes—to succeed. If such majorities were not achieved, successive candidate proposals would be processed under the same procedure. In the event of the investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a three-month period from the election date, the Parliament would be automatically dissolved and a snap election called.[4]

Investiture
Yolanda Barcina (UPN)
Ballot → 23 June 2011
Required majority → 26 out of 50 ☑Y
28 / 50
22 / 50
Abstentions
0 / 50
Absentees
0 / 50
Sources[11]

2013 motion of no confidence[edit]

Motion of no confidence
Juan Carlos Longás (NaBai)
Ballot → 18 April 2013
Required majority → 26 out of 50 ☒N
18 / 50
23 / 50
9 / 50
Absentees
0 / 50
Sources[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data for IUN/NEB in the 2007 election.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "NaBai está a un paso de ser la segunda fuerza más votada en Nafarroa tras UPN". Deia (in Spanish). 14 May 2011. Archived from the original on 25 December 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "Bildu logra tres escaños". El Mundo (in Spanish). 16 May 2011.
  3. ^ "El PP doblega al PSOE a siete días de la cita electoral". La Razón (in Spanish). 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "Vuelco en Cantabria (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ "UPN lograría 19-20 escaños por 10-11 del PSN y entran PP y Bildu con 4-5 escaños cada uno". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). 14 May 2011. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "UPN debería pactar con el PP para poder gobernar en Navarra". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 5 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Los cuatro inexpugnables". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  8. ^ "El PSOE se rinde al PP". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  9. ^ "Barómetro electoral autonómico" (PDF). Celeste-Tel (in Spanish). 9 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas, 2011. Comunidad Foral de Navarra (Estudio nº 2881. Marzo-Abril 2011)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 5 May 2011.
  11. ^ "Rajoy se vuelca a por su billete a la Moncloa". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 May 2011.
  12. ^ "UPN, obligada a entenderse con el PP o el PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 26 April 2011.
  13. ^ "El Mundo 25-27 de Abril 2011". El Mundo (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  14. ^ "Los socialistas tienen la llave para unirse a UPN o pactar con los nacionalistas". ABC (in Spanish). 9 May 2011.
  15. ^ "Solo un pacto entre UPN y PSN garantizaría la mayoría absoluta en Navarra". El Correo (in Spanish). 9 May 2011.
  16. ^ "UPN es primera fuerza en Nafarroa, pero solo conseguiría la mayoría si cuenta con el apoyo del PSN". Deia (in Spanish). 18 April 2011. Archived from the original on 21 April 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  17. ^ "El Parlamento de Navarra se fragmenta (Diario de Noticias)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 17 April 2011. Archived from the original on 4 September 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  18. ^ "Navarra y su Parlamento. Estudio político en Navarra (Abril 2011, Grupo Noticias)" (PDF). Gizaker (in Spanish). 18 April 2011.
  19. ^ "La irrupción del PP otorga la mayoría al centroderecha". El Mundo (in Spanish). 7 January 2011.
  20. ^ "Un pacto de UPN con el PP podría darles mayoría absoluta en Navarra (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 7 January 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  21. ^ "Estudio sobre la actualidad de Navarra (año 2010)" (PDF). Ikerfel (in Spanish). 12 November 2010.
  22. ^ "CDN quedaría fuera del Parlamento de Navarra (Navarrometro)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 12 November 2010. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  23. ^ "Una encuesta de CIES le da 14 escaños a Nabai". Ezkerreko Nabaizaleok (in Spanish). 19 October 2010.
  24. ^ "Encuesta Cies para el parlamento de Navarra". Foro Diario de Noticias Navarra (in Spanish). 19 October 2010.
  25. ^ "UPN se desploma y el PP regresa con fuerza, pero la alianza preferida es UPN-PSN". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2 June 2010.
  26. ^ "Cuarta entrega de sondeos de El Mundo: Navarra, Aragón y Canarias". Electómetro (in Spanish). 2 June 2010. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015.
  27. ^ "Estudio sobre la actualidad de Navarra 2009" (PDF). CIES (in Spanish). 7 November 2009.
  28. ^ ""UPN buscaba una excusa para echarnos o para forzar a CDN a integrarse en sus filas"". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). 30 September 2009.
  29. ^ "El dilema de UPN ante las cuentas del Estado". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). 11 October 2009. Archived from the original on 12 December 2009.
  30. ^ "CDN, posibles consecuencias de su hipotética desaparición". Navarra Confidencial (in Spanish). 11 February 2009.
Other
  1. ^ "PP breaks its pact with UPN for not supporting its amendments to the Government Budget" (in Spanish). RTVE. 2008-10-22.
  2. ^ "Miguel Sanz says he is no 'overly concerned' that the PP runs in Navarre" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2008-10-14.
  3. ^ "Yolanda Barcina, elected president of UPN with 89% of the vote" (in Spanish). Diario de Navarra. 2009-04-19.
  4. ^ a b c d "Reintegration and Enhancement of the Foral Regime of Navarre Law of 1982". Organic Law No. 13 of 10 August 1982. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  5. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Parliament of Navarre Elections Foral Law of 1986". Law No. 16 of 17 December 1986. Official Gazette of Navarre (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  9. ^ "VIII Legislature (2011–2015)". parlamentodenavarra.es (in Spanish). Parliament of Navarre. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Parliament of Navarre election results, 22 May 2011" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Navarre. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  11. ^ a b c "Parliament of Navarre elections since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 29 September 2017.