2011 Southeast Asian Games
|Motto||United & Rising|
|Athletes participating||5000+ (estimated)|
|Events||545 in 44 sports|
|Opening ceremony||11 November|
|Closing ceremony||22 November|
|Officially opened by||Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
President of the Republic of Indonesia
|Officially closed by||Boediono
Vice-President of the Republic of Indonesia
|Athlete's Oath||Dedeh Erawati|
|Torch Lighter||Susi Susanti|
|Ceremony venue||Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium, Palembang|
|Website||26th SEA Games|
The 2011 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 26th Southeast Asian Games (Indonesian: Pesta Olahraga Asia Tenggara 2011) was a multi-sport event held in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia from 11 to 22 November 2011 with 545 events in 44 sports and disciplines featured in the games. It was Indonesia's fourth time to host the Southeast Asian Games, the last time it hosted the Games was in 1997. Parallel to the Southeast Asian Games, the 2011 ASEAN Para Games for physically disabled athletes, begins 2 weeks after the 2011 Southeast Asian Games ends, with the competition held in Surakarta (Solo), Central Java, Indonesia.
The capital city of Jakarta has been the host of Southeast Asian Games for three times, namely in 1979, 1987, and 1997. Palembang will be the third SEA Games host city that is not the national capital, after Chiang Mai (1995) and Nakhon Ratchasima (2007), Thailand.
The final medal tally was led by host Indonesia, followed by Thailand and Vietnam. Several games, Asian and national records were broken during the games. Though there were several controversies, the Games were deemed generally successful with its promotion for conservative effort on endangered fauna species namely the komodo dragon through the mascot and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.
- 1 Organisation
- 2 Marketing
- 3 Torch relay
- 4 Games
- 5 Concerns and controversies
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The Indonesia, or Inasoc, was the organising body for the games. It was also the organising committee for the 2011 ASEAN ParaGames. The President of Inasoc is Rita Subowo, who is also the President of Indonesia Olympic Committee, and Rahmat Gobel, an Indonesian entrepreneur and the President of Panasonic Gobel Indonesia becomes the director-general.
According to Indonesian Minister of Youth and Sports, Andi Mallarangeng, the government of Indonesia added 1 trillion rupiahs (± US$110 million) from the government budget, including 600 billions from the budget for education sector, and fund from sponsorships.
Palembang, the capital city of South Sumatra will be the main host of the games by holding a total of 296 events, while the nation's capital Jakarta will be the supporting co-host by staging 266 events. As the main host, Palembang will only hold 21 of 44 sports, the rest will be held by a co-host city. Palembang will host the opening and closing ceremonies.
Initially, the government had named four provinces as candidates to host the SEA Games 2011, namely Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and South Sumatra. However this idea has been discarded and host only granted for two provinces. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has suggested two provinces would be enough for Indonesia to host the 26th SEA Games, to reduce operational costs and make the games easier to organise.
Venues in Palembang
|Dempo Hall||Gymnastics (aerobic)|
|Dempo Sport Complex||Weightlifting|
|Gedung Serbaguna Jakabaring||Wrestling|
|Jakabaring Sport Complex||Aquatics (Swimming, diving, synchronised swimming), athletics,
baseball, finswimming, pétanque, roller skating, shooting, softball,
tennis and soft tennis, volleyball (beach), wall climbing, water skiing
|Jakabaring Billiard Arena||Cue sports|
|Lumban Tirta Arena||Aquatics (water polo)|
|Ranau Gymnastic Hall||Gymnastics (artistic and rhythmic)|
|SPC Jakabaring||Sepak takraw|
|Swarna Dwipa Hotel||Bridge|
|University of Sriwijaya
(Fieldhouse and Sriwijaya Sport Hall)
|Boxing, volleyball (indoor)|
Venues in Jakarta
|Arthayasa Stables and Country Club||Equestrian|
|Bowling Jaya Ancol||Bowling|
|Gelanggang Remaja Tanjung Priok||Vovinam|
|Gelora Bung Karno||Football|
|Gunung Pancar||Cycling (MTB)|
|Jagorawi Country Club||Golf, Lawn bowls|
|Lake Cipule||Canoeing/kayaking, rowing, traditional boat race|
|Lebak Bulus Stadium||Football|
|Kelapa Gading Judo Center||Judo|
|Kelapa Gading Sports Mall||Basketball|
|Padepokan Pencak Silat||Pencak silat|
|POPKI Sport Hall||Futsal, Taekwondo|
|Putri Island||Aquatics (Open-water swimming)|
|Senayan Sport Complex:
Istora Senayan, Lapangan ABC, Tennis Indoor
|Archery, badminton, karate, wushu|
|Soemantri Brodjonegoro Stadium||Table tennis|
|Subang Road||Cycling (road race)|
|University of Indonesia||Fencing|
|Rawamangun Velodrome||Cycling (track)|
Jakabaring, Palembang which covered the area of more than 45,000 square metres will be the athletes village (wisma atlet) during the games. It is located in front of Jakabaring Stadium (Gelora Sriwijaya).
To prepare for athletes, officials, and visitors during the games, several significant changes are being done in both host cities. Palembang expands its Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Airport more than a hundred percent. Currently the airport is served by only seven airlines and served only three other ASEAN countries, which are Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand. The Inasoc is currently improving the number of flights, especially connecting flights from Jakarta and Singapore to Palembang, and also easiness for charter airflights from other SEA Games participating countries. South Sumatran Office of Transportation, Communication, and Information will provide a total of 40 buses, 100 midibuses, 300 minibuses, and 100 motorcycles for the athletes, officials, and journalists. Besides, a bus rapid transit, Trans Musi, will serve Palembang and surrounding regency of Ogan Ilir and Banyuasin.
Jakarta is served by Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. On 31 December 2010, Jakarta's bus rapid transit, TransJakarta opened its newest two corridors, Corridor 9 and 10. KRL Jabotabek is a mass rapid transit system which serves Jakarta and its commuters. There are currently two mass transportation systems under construction, the Jakarta Monorail and the Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit System but there is no sign these projects will be finished before November 2011.
Concerning traffic jam in Jakarta, police will block trucks from the inner city toll road between 5:00 am and 10:00 pm, just like during the ASEAN summit. Only shuttle buses with certain sticker will allowed to enter the 2 main games in Ancol and Gelora Bung Karno stadium and vice versa between them.
Songs and themes
The Southeast Asian Games's official theme, "Ayo Indonesia Bisa" was composed by Yovie Widianto was sung by Ello featuring Sherina Munaf duet vocalist pop music soloist, making it the second Southeast Asian Games for which he has vocalist was official theme anthem of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games. The song "Kita Bisa" was composed by Yovie Widianto. was sung by Dudi Nuno, Dikta Nuno, Ello, Judika, Terry, Astrid and Lala Karmela (credited as Yovie and Friends). A music video featuring the singers and Indonesian athletes was also released was accompanied by the Victorian Phillaharmonic Orchestra was official theme song of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games. At the closing of the ceremony the song "Kita Bisa" was played just after the torch was extinguished.
The official theme of the event opening ceremony "Together We Will Shine" was composed by Addie MS and Jozef Cleber was performed at the opening ceremony by Agnes Monica from Indonesia, Jaclyn Victor from Malaysia, and KC Concepcion from Philippines.
The official Logo of SEA Games this time is Garuda, which also the national symbol of Indonesia. The logo that depicts the philosophy of "Garuda Flight above Indonesia Nature”, as a symbol of the country. Physical appearance of Garuda represents strength, while its wings epitomises glory and splendor. The upper green strokes symbolise the islands, forests, and mountainous terrain of the Indonesia archipelago, while the blue strokes epitomises the vast Nusantara ocean which unifies differences. Land and water or Tanah Air in Indonesian means homeland. The red strokes represent courage, zeal, and burning passion to give the best for the country. This logo was introduced during SEA Games Preparation Ministerial Meeting in Jakarta, 3 December 2010, and launched to the public in a celebration of 300 days before the opening ceremony, 15 January 2011 at Teater Tanah Airku, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.
The official mascots for 2011 SEA Games in Indonesia are called Modo and Modi, a pair of Komodo dragons. Modo is a male Komodo dragon wearing a blue traditional Indonesian costume and a batik sarong, while Modi is a female Komodo dragon wearing a red kebaya with a batik sash and pants. The mascots were adopted from Komodo dragons, an endemic Indonesian fauna native to Komodo, Rinca, and Padar islands in East Nusa Tenggara. The mascots were introduced and launched 200 days before the SEA Games XXVI, on Monday 25 April 2011 in three places: in Jakarta, Tanah Airku Theatre in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah and Selamat Datang Monument in Central Jakarta. "Modo" is a short name for Komodo, while "Modo-Modi" is a modified spelling of Muda-Mudi which means "youth" in Indonesian language, derived from pemuda (male youth) and pemudi (female youth).
Previously, the government of Palembang had chosen the Sumatran elephant as the mascot through an open contest, but there was a suggestion from President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and the National Sports Committee of Indonesia to use rajawali instead. The rajawali is an Indonesian hawk. Then both Sumatran elephants and Javan hawk-eagles were discarded in favour of Komodo dragons. The choosing of Komodo dragons for the Games' mascots was in line with an Indonesian effort to promote Komodo National Park as a New7Wonders of Nature candidate.
- Garuda Indonesia
- MNC Media
- Bank Mandiri
- Artha Graha Peduli
The chairman of Indonesian National Sport Committee of South Sumatera province, Muddai Madang, said that the flame for SEA Games will be taken from the eternal flame in Desa Mrapen, Purwodadi in the province of Central Java. The flame from Merapen was also used for 2008 Asian Beach Games and 1997 Southeast Asian Games torch relays. The relay will start in Purwodadi and scheduled to arrive in Palembang on 11 November 2011. It will travel through several Indonesian provinces before it will be following the route across 15 South Sumatran regencies. The torch will passed in 6–11 November through Borobudur, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Komodo Island and Kupang, Jayapura, Makassar, Balikpapan and Samarinda, Jakarta, and finishing in Palembang, South Sumatera. The journey will involve 45 torchbearers for every single leg of the relay.
The official countdown to the games' opening ceremony has started since 11 November 2010, marking a year before the games. The countdown clock is located nearby the Ampera Bridge, the landmark of Palembang.
Three hundred days before the opening ceremony, a special event showing Indonesian art performances and featuring a number of Indonesian famous celebrity was held at Teater Tanah Airku, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta. During the event, the official logo of the games was launched publicly.In 10 November 2010 in Palembang, Indonesian Minister of Sport and Youth begin a year countdown to SEA Games opening.
In 10 November 2011 (a day before opening ceremony) the Sea Games torch flame ceremony was held along Musi River in front of Kuto Besak fort. The opening ceremony officially began at 7:00 pm on 11 November 2011 in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. The date was chosen because its unique numbers 11 November 2011 (11.11.11). The main event of opening ceremony with musical and dance performances, also athlete march from participating nations, were held in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium.
The 26th SEA Games opening ceremony in Palembang was the first SEA Games that utilised spider camera, large LED screen and large-format projection technology provided by Australian-based Electric Canvas. The large-format projection using 32 digital projectors to deliver a seamlessly blended image covering an area of 2600 square meters on the field-of-play that transform the stadium into a giant screen. It was a celebration of Indonesian culture watched by some 16,000 stadium spectators and a global broadcast audience in the millions. The mass dance performance featured "The Glory of Srivijaya" as the theme.
Indra Yudhistira, the director and conceptor of the opening ceremony worked together with music director, Erwin Gutawa and choreographers such as Ari Tulang, Deddy Pudja, Hartati, and Alex Hassim, as well as percussionist Ade Rudiana. The Games' theme song, Together We'll Shine was sung by three Southeast Asian female singers, dubbed as Southeast Asian divas, Agnes Monica of Indonesia, Jaclyn Victor of Malaysia and KC Concepcion of the Philippines. Numerous other Indonesian singers was also given the spotlight during the ceremony.
Unlike other opening ceremonies of previous games, Palembang presented an artistic vehicle parade and breathtaking theatrics in the lighting of the flame. The artistic vehicles are representing each competing nations, featuring famous symbols and landmarks of each nations, such as Komodo and Borobudur float representing Indonesia, Wat Phra Kaew chedi and giant's head representing Thailand, Petronas towers and Putra Mosque representing Malaysia, and Angkor Bayon temple representing Cambodia. The national floats were leading in front of marching athletes of each respected countries. The marching athletes were accompanied with traditional Indonesian musics from distinct archipelagic regions.
The eternal flame from Mrapen entered the stadium as a continuation of the Palembang relay leg from the outside. The Southeast Asian Games torch was relayed around the stadium by 4 athletes, and was finally passed on to Susi Susanti, 1992 Summer Olympics gold medalist in Badminton.
Susi Susanti, who was suspended by wires, then appeared to run horizontally along the walls of the stadium through to the Olympic cauldron, which at this moment was still not shown. As he ran along the upper wall of the stadium, the projection displayed a scroll opening ahead of him, on which was beamed footages of previous torch relays around the world. At the final moment, a spotlight revealed the final resting place of the Southeast Asian Games flame, which had appeared during the torch run. A colossal torch situated at the top of the stadium was lit by a proportionately large Constructor.
A flurry of spectacular fireworks of various colours and shapes, some projecting Olympic rings, others forming hoops, flower outwards, fountain or float down, accompanied the ending of the ceremony. The opening ceremony concluded broadcasting at 9:52 pm local time, which was later than the time originally planned: 9:30 pm local time.
The Southeast Asian Games's official theme song "Kita Bisa", composed by Addie MS, with lyrics by Jozef Cleber, was performed in the opening ceremony by Dudi Oris, Pradikta Wicaksono, Ello, Judika Nalon Abadi Sihotang, Terryana Fatiah, Astrid Sartiasari and Lala Karmela, accompanied by Victorian Philharmonic Orchestra. It was the official theme song of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games.
The closing ceremony was held on 22 November 2011 at Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. During the closing ceremony, Indonesia, the hosts and the overall champions, passed the SEA Games Federation flag to Myanmar, the host of the next edition of the games. Lala Karmela performed the Southeast Asian Games song "Kita Bisa" just before the torch was extinguished.
The 2011 Southeast Asian Games featured 545 events in 44 sports and disciplines, in which two of them are demonstration sports.
During the SEA Games Federation Council Meeting in Hotel Mulia, Jakarta, on May 2010, The SEAGF Sports and Rules Committee proposed three categories of sports to be competed in the games. The meeting also increased the number of sport competed. Indonesia proposed to hold paragliding, wall climbing, roller skating, bridge, futsal and soft tennis. While, the other Southeast Asian countries proposed arnis, muay thai, hockey, netball, pétanque, squash, triathlon, Rugby union and cricket. The 2011 SEAG edition will not include modern pentathlon, an Olympic sport.
¹ – not an official Olympic Sport
² – sport played only in the SEAG
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.
In the following calendar for the games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held. On the left the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right how many gold medals were won in that sport.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Open water swimming||2||●||2||4|
|Traditional boat race||●||4||4||2||10|
Indonesia, the host nation, led the medal tally, claiming their 10th over-all championship after the team snatched it from the defending champions, and now runners-up Thailand. Indonesia's last time of topping the medal tally was in 1997. Vietnam, claiming the third spot, is still aggressive in attempting to win their second championship. Singapore climbed to the 5th-place position, bringing the Philippines to the 6th place.Timor Leste claimed their first ever gold medal in the Southeast Asian Games in the sport of Shorinji Kempo, while Brunei is the only country this year that failed to capture any gold medal.
1,807 medals were distributed. 554 of which are gold, 549 are silver and 704 are bronze.
|Source: Official Result Medal Tally|
Concerns and controversies
Event cut down
INASOC (The Indonesia SEA Games Organising Committee) proposed to stage a total of 577 events during the games, but later the Minister of Youth and Sport, Andi Mallarangeng ordered the committee to reduce the number, especially for those events with less than 4 countries to participate.
Countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Vietnam deplore the decision which being made by the host country. Indonesia decided to remove some events from cue sport, shooting, aerobic, pétanque, and table tennis. Most critics come out after the host country decided to remove the women's football. On the other hand. Indonesia includes new disciplines, some of them are considered unpopular by other participating countries, such as contract bridge, parachuting, roller sports, wall climbing and vovinam. In this event Indonesia has captured all out of the total 12 gold medals contested in rollerskating in the sport's first appearance at the Southeast Asian Games.
The strategy to maximise the medal yield and advantage for host country has been a major problem for Southeast Asian Games that being carried out by the host country. The strategy among other cutting down the numbers of medals for sports that are the advantages of other countries, also introducing new sports numbers that is unpopular among other countries. At 2001 Southeast Asian Games, Malaysia introduced lawn bowls, netball and pétanque, 2003 Southeast Asian Games, Vietnam added fin swimming and shuttlecock, 2005 SEA Games, the Philippines added arnis, a demonstration sport in 2003, with 6 sets of medals and it won 3 gold medals.
At SEA Games Federation Meeting in Bali, February 2011, Malaysia appealed for the reinclusion of 60 dropped events, but then the federation rejects the appeal from Olympic Council of Malaysia. The National Sports Council of Malaysia is mulling over the possibility of sending only back-up athletes for the 26th SEA Games. Datuk Zolkples Embong, the director-general of the council, said that the move to drop several events would adversely affect Malaysia's medal chances. He argues:
"Why should we [Malaysia] waste time and money to send the elite athletes if it is only for a small gain."
The gold medal rewarded for Indonesian Dian Kristanto in the Class A Pencak Silat finals has raised criticisms from some countries, namely: Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Singaporean Pencak Silat referee Jasni Salam didn't give a fair decision and announced Kristanto the winner after he had bitten his Thai counterpart Anothai Choopeng, ran away from him and hid behind Salam’s back. Thailand’s Pencak Silat team manager Rattanaphorn Thupbumrung expressed her dismay at the outcome of the match, telling Yahoo! Tin tức (Vietnam). Right after that, the Singaporean team manager Sheik Alau’ddin Y Marican on behalf of the whole Singapore expressed his shame of Salam’s actions and submitted a written request to the SEA Games organising committee to ban Salam from refereeing in the competition and also sent a document of apologising to Thai Pencak Silat Federation.
Vietnam Television at late night gave a comment with quotation from Anothai Choopeng "Except Indonesian here every single body finds who is worth winning. I am truly disappointed with the behaviours from the set of referees. They always do everything to make the host country win."
Indonesian Pencak Silat team official Bambang Rus Effendi explained that what Kristanto did should be regarded as strategy; keeping distance from his opponent in third round after already winning points in first two rounds to keep ahead in the point. He explained two or three years ago Kristanto suffered knee ligaments injuries, that during the match the intramedular nail embedded in his knee is pointing up and hurting him. Nevertheless, the incident has also uproared Indonesian media and spectators that reportedly felt ashamed and condemned the way Kristanto fought that has insulted Indonesian martial art legacy and tarnished the image of Indonesian Pencak Silat.
Two people were reportedly dead after a dramatic stampede at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium for Football Final event of the Games. A little boy has also fought for his life. Several others were taken to hospital with minor injuries.
- 2011 SEA Games Calendar
- see header
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- 2011 SEA Games schedule
- Khmerbird:Cambodia to Send 163 Athletes to Attend 26th SEA Games in Indonesia
- Almost as many officials and observers as athletes for the Games
- (၂၆)ၾကိမ္ေျမာက္အေရွ႕ေတာင္အာရွအားကစားၿပိဳင္ပြဲသို႕ ဝင္ေရာက္ယွဥ္ၿပိဳင္မည့္ ျမန္မာအားကစားအဖြဲ႕၏ အင္အားစာရင္း
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Southeast Asian Games 2011.|
- 2011 Southeast Asian Games
- 26th SEA Games Applications
- Olympic Council of Asia Regional Hosting List
- 26th SEA Games blog
|Southeast Asian Games||Succeeded by