2011 Summer Universiade
|Host city||Shenzhen, China|
|Motto||Start Here (从这里开始, Cóng zhèlǐ kāishǐ)|
|Events||306 in 22 sports|
|Opening ceremony||12 August|
|Closing ceremony||23 August|
|Officially opened by||President Hu Jintao|
|Main venue||Shenzhen Bay Sports Center|
The cities of Kazan, Russia, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Shenzhen, China, Murcia, Spain, and Poznań, Poland were in contention for the Games. On 16 January 2007, FISU announced at the conference prior to the 2007 Winter Universiade, that the host would be Shenzhen. With five candidates, it was the most competitive race to host a Universiade. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada was also posed to make a serious bid, but withdrew.
Shenzhen was not considered a favorite, as several other sporting competitions have been assigned to China in recent years, including the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, the 2009 Winter Universiade in Harbin, and the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou. Also, as a city, Shenzhen was only 30 years old as of 2010 and lacked experience in hosting a major sporting competition, compared to the other candidates.
In preparation for the event, Shenzhen built numerous infrastructure objects, including several new lines of Shenzhen Metro. The preparation cost was estimated to exceed 180 billion RMB, including 75 billion RMB spent on new subway lines, 12 billion RMB on facelifting buildings and streets and 4.1 billion RMB spent on the 60,000-seat stadium.
Also added were 200 of BYD's all-electric eBUS's and 300 of BYD's all-electric e6’s (a 5-passenger sedan that serves well as an eTaxi), making this new-energy fleet the largest of its kind in the world.
After the conclusion of the international multi-sport events at the 2011 Universiade Games, the eBUS's and eTaxi's continued serving as public transportation for Shenzhen City.
On the down side, 80,000 residents were evicted from the city for reasons such as lack of regular employment because they were deemed a 'threat' to the Universiade. The move was highly controversial and sparked a debate on the legality of the policy.
Residents of apartment buildings close to the stadium were ordered to leave their houses for five hours but to leave the lights on. 15,000 paramilitary police from other cities were deployed in Shenzhen, in addition to Shenzhen's own 5,000-strong force.
Shenzhen Airport was ordered closed during the opening ceremony, affecting up to 290 flights.
According to the head of Shenzhen's Communist Party division, Wang Rong, all this was done to prevent embarrassment of China in front of the world, as many foreigners were to be present in the city during the Games.
The mascot of 2011 Summer Universiade is called UU. Its design is related to the logo of the Universiade, the Happy U. It represents a smiling face, with the image of the first letter "U" in the word "Universiade". Its relationship with the logo, the "Happy U" breaks the traditional mascot design idea to be realistic, and comforts to the spirit of the Universiade.
Delegations could obtain complementary tickets before 23 May. As of 24 May (80 days away from the Opening Ceremony), the ticket sale was not yet started. It was announced that tickets will cost between 30 and 300 RMB. In July 2011, tickets went on sale to the general public in several phases. Tickets for the opening and closing ceremonies would not be sold to the general public.
Early reports promised the city would build 12 new stadiums and gyms in the Futian, Nanshan and Luohu districts. A new International Olympic Centre featuring a 60,000-seat main stadium, a 18,000-seat gym, a 13.4-square-kilometre park and other facilities, also were established in Longgang District. By the end, 21 new venues and stadiums were successfully completed.
The 2011 Summer Universiade used 54 stadiums including 29 competition halls and 25 training halls. Avant company is the only sports seating facility supplier.
The universiade including Universiade 2011 Shenzhen Sports Center, Shenzhen Sports Center-natatorium, Shenzhen Stadium, Sports City, Shenzhen Gym, Shenzhen natatorium, Shenzhen Sports Team Training Hall, Longgang International Velodrome, Luohu Gym, Bao’an Sports Center, Nanshan Recreation and Sports Activities Center, Shenzhen University Gym, etc.
Main gymnasium of Universiade center has an area of 45,000 square meters, 4 layers, allowing more than 18,000 spectators to watch matches. Many basketball matches and championships were held here, so it satisfied all standards and specifications of FIBA. Stands were constructed around the whole basketball gymnasium.
- Shenzhen Swimming and Diving Gym - Aquatics Diving
- Universiade Center Aquatic Center - Aquatics Swimming
- Bao’an Natatorium - Aquatics Water polo
- Seven Star Bay - Aquatics Open Water Swimming, Sailing
- Shenwanyi Road Football Pitch - Archery
- New Shenzhen Stadium - Athletics, Football
- Roads of Longgang - Athletics
- Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology gym - Badminton
- Universiade sports center Basketball court - Basketball
- Gymnasium of Pingshan Sports Center - Basketball
- Shenzhen Luohu Gymnasium - Basketball
- Gymnasium of the Senior High Division of Shenzhen Foreign Languages School - Basketball
- Dameisha Park - Beach Volleyball
- Shenzhen Conference and Exhibition Center - Chess, Fencing, Judo, Taekwondo
- Longgang Sports Center - Cycling
- Bao'an Xixiang Sports Center - Football
- Shenzhen Sport School - Football, Weightlifting
- Shenzhen University Town - Football
- Shenzhen Bao‘an Stadium - Football
- Shenzhen Institute of Information Technology - Football
- Mission Hills Golf Club - Golf
- Bao'an District Gym - Gymnastics
- Futain Sports Park Gym - Gymnastics
- Shenzhen Maritime Sports Base & Sailing School - Sailing
- Shenzhen Shooting Hall and Clay-pigeon Shooting Field - Shooting
- Shenzhen Bay Sport Center - Table tennis
- Longgang Tennis Center - Tennis
- Shenzhen Tennis Center - Tennis
- Shenzhen Gym - Volleyball
Following is a list of the sports that were contested at the 2011 Summer Universiade:
150 countries participated in 2011 Summer Universiade.
- Afghanistan (1)
- Australia (156)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Burkina Faso
- Canada (246)
- China (505) (host)
- Chinese Taipei
- Republic of the Congo
- Cook Islands
- Costa Rica
- Ivory Coast
- Czech Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Dominican Republic
- El Salvador
- Estonia (79)
- France (200)
- Georgia (20)
- Great Britain
- Hong Kong
- Hungary (103)
- Indonesia (54)
- Israel (64)
- North Korea
- South Korea
- Lithuania (90)
- Malaysia (152)
- Federated States of Micronesia
- Mongolia (157)
- Netherlands Antilles
- New Zealand
- Northern Mariana Islands
- Paraguay (4)
- Philippines (58)
- Poland (150)
- Portugal (32)
- Puerto Rico
- Romania (64)
- Russia (476)
- Samoa (1)
- Saudi Arabia
- Serbia (31)
- Slovenia (34)
- South Africa
- Sri Lanka (55)
- Sweden (70)
- Switzerland (93)
- Turkey (81)
- Ukraine (293)
- United Arab Emirates
- United States
- Uruguay (21)
- Virgin Islands
The medal count is as follows:
|8||Chinese Taipei (TPE)||7||9||16||32|
|Totals (65 nations)||304||301||359||964|
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||CC||Closing ceremony|
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