2011 Tour de France

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2011 Tour de France
2011 UCI World Tour, race 17 of 27
Route of the 2011 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2011 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 2–24 July
Stages 21
Distance 3,630 km (2,256 mi)
Winning time 86h 12′ 22″
Winner  Cadel Evans (AUS) (BMC Racing Team)
Second  Andy Schleck (LUX) (Leopard Trek)
Third  Fränk Schleck (LUX) (Leopard Trek)

Points  Mark Cavendish (GBR) (HTC–Highroad)
Mountains  Samuel Sánchez (ESP) (Euskaltel–Euskadi)
Youth  Pierre Rolland (FRA) (Team Europcar)
Team Garmin–Cervélo

The 2011 Tour de France was the 98th edition of the race. It started on 2 July at the Passage du Gois and ended on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 24 July. The cyclists competed in 21 stages over 23 days, covering a distance of 3,430 kilometres (2,130 mi). The route entered Italy for part of two stages, including an overnight stop.

The emphasis was on the Alps in 2011, as it was on the Pyrenees in 2010, commemorating the 100th anniversary of those peaks first being visited in the Tour.[1] The Col du Galibier was visited twice during the race and the 18th stage was the first time the peloton finished on the 2,645-metre (8,678 ft) mountain pass.[2] It was the highest summit finish in Tour history, beating the finish of the Col du Granon (2,413 metres (7,917 ft)) during the 1986 Tour. For only the second time since 1967, the 2011 Tour started with a mass start stage instead of a prologue, the last occasion being in 2008.[3]

Australian Cadel Evans won the race, having gained the lead in a time-trial on the penultimate day. He became the first Australian to win the race, and at 34, the oldest post-war winner.[4] The de facto winner of the previous edition, Andy Schleck of Luxembourg, was second, and his brother Fränk Schleck third. Mark Cavendish was the first British winner of the points classification, Pierre Rolland won the young rider competition and Samuel Sánchez of Spain won the mountains category.


For a more comprehensive list, see List of teams and cyclists in the 2011 Tour de France.
The Roman amphitheatre at the Puy du Fou theme park hosted the team presentation ceremony on 30 June.

Twenty-two teams participated in the 2011 edition of the Tour de France.[5] All eighteen UCI ProTeams were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race.[6] On 19 January 2011, the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), announced the four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams given wildcard invitations, all of which were French-based.[7] The presentation of the teams – where each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place in front of audience of 7,000 inside the Roman amphitheatre at the Puy du Fou theme park in Les Epesses, Vendée, on 30 June, two days before the opening stage.[8]

The number of riders allowed per squad was nine, resulting in a start list total of 198 riders.[9] Of this, 49 were riding the Tour de France for the first time.[10] From the riders that began the race, 167 crossed the finish line in Paris.[11] The riders came from 30 countries; France, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Netherlands and United States all had 12 or more riders in the race.[12] Riders from ten countries won stages during the race; British riders won the largest number of stages, with five.[13] The average age of riders in the race was 29.38 years, ranging from the 21-year-old Anthony Delaplace (Saur–Sojasun) to the 39-year-old Jens Voigt (Leopard Trek).[12] Of the total average ages, FDJ was the youngest team and Team RadioShack the oldest.[14]

The teams entering the race were:[5]

UCI ProTeams

UCI Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favourites[edit]

2010 winner Alberto Contador was suspended from cycling during a doping investigation from September 2010 to February 2011, during which time 2010 runner-up Andy Schleck was regarded as the favourite. When the suspension was lifted, Contador declared his desire to compete in both the Tour and the 2011 Giro d'Italia, which he went on to win. Of the others listed among the favourites, Denis Menchov is a member of the Geox–TMC team, who were not invited to participate.

Route and stages[edit]

Stage characteristics and winners[15][16][17][18][19]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 2 July Passage du Gois to Mont des Alouettes 191.5 km (119 mi) Flat stage  Philippe Gilbert (BEL)
2 3 July Les Essarts to Les Essarts 23.0 km (14 mi) Time Trial.svg Team time trial  Garmin–Cervélo
3 4 July Olonne-sur-Mer to Redon 198.0 km (123 mi) Flat stage  Tyler Farrar (USA)
4 5 July Lorient to Mûr-de-Bretagne 172.5 km (107 mi) Flat stage  Cadel Evans (AUS)
5 6 July Carhaix to Cap Fréhel 164.5 km (102 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
6 7 July Dinan to Lisieux 226.5 km (141 mi) Flat stage  Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)
7 8 July Le Mans to Châteauroux 218.0 km (135 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
8 9 July Aigurande to Super-Besse 189.0 km (117 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Rui Costa (POR)
9 10 July Issoire to Saint-Flour 208.0 km (129 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Luis León Sánchez (ESP)
11 July Le Lioran Rest day
10 12 July Aurillac to Carmaux 158.0 km (98 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
11 13 July Blaye-les-Mines to Lavaur 167.5 km (104 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
12 14 July Cugnaux to Luz Ardiden 211.0 km (131 mi) Mountain stage  Samuel Sánchez (ESP)
13 15 July Pau to Lourdes 152.5 km (95 mi) Mountain stage  Thor Hushovd (NOR)
14 16 July Saint-Gaudens to Plateau de Beille 168.5 km (105 mi) Mountain stage  Jelle Vanendert (BEL)
15 17 July Limoux to Montpellier 192.5 km (120 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
18 July Drôme Rest day
16 19 July Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux to Gap 162.5 km (101 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Thor Hushovd (NOR)
17 20 July Gap to Pinerolo (Italy) 179.0 km (111 mi) Mountain stage  Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)
18 21 July Pinerolo (Italy) to Col du Galibier / Serre Chevalier 200.5 km (125 mi) Mountain stage  Andy Schleck (LUX)
19 22 July Modane to L'Alpe d'Huez 109.5 km (68 mi) Mountain stage  Pierre Rolland (FRA)
20 23 July Grenoble to Grenoble 42.5 km (26 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Tony Martin (GER)
21 24 July Créteil to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 95.0 km (59 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
Total 3,630 km (2,256 mi)[20]

Race overview[edit]

Cadel Evans (centre) with Fränk Schleck (left) and Andy Schleck on the winners' podium in Paris at the end of the Tour

Classics specialist Philippe Gilbert took the first yellow jersey, winning the opening stage in the Vendée,[21] but on the second day Garmin–Cervélo were the fastest on the team time trial, allowing Thor Hushovd[22] to take the race leadership, which he retained for seven days. The first week and a half was notable for the number of crashes involving high-profile riders, with Andreas Klöden, Bradley Wiggins, Alexander Vinokourov, Janez Brajkovič, Chris Horner and Jurgen Van den Broeck all having to withdraw injured, while Robert Gesink, Alberto Contador, Samuel Sánchez and Levi Leipheimer all lost considerable amounts of time and condition due to falls. There was controversy when Nicki Sørensen was struck by a motorbike carrying a photographer, and Johnny Hoogerland and Juan Antonio Flecha were injured after an incident with a television car. A breakaway on stage nine saw Thomas Voeckler gain the overall lead,[23] which he kept, contrary to expectation, through the Pyrenean and all but one of the Alpine stages, and for ten racing days in total.

The key time differences between the riders who eventually took the top three places in the general classification, Cadel Evans of BMC Racing Team, Luxembourger Andy Schleck, and his older brother and Leopard Trek teammate Fränk, occurred on stage 16, when Evans gained 21 seconds on Fränk Schleck and 1'09" on Andy on the descent to Gap in wet conditions;[24] stage 18, when a 60 km breakaway by Andy Schleck gave him an advantage of more than two minutes at the highest stage finish in tour history at the Col du Galibier;[25] and on the penultimate day, when Evans came second in a time trial and beat the Luxembourgish pair by more than two and a half minutes to secure victory.[26] Both Andy Schleck and Evans wore the yellow jersey for only one day each: Schleck for the time trial, and Evans on the final, largely ceremonial, stage in Paris.

The stages that were suited to sprint finishes were dominated by Manx sprinter Mark Cavendish, who won five stages, including a record third successive victory on the final stage on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris. In doing so, he won the points category, ahead of José Joaquín Rojas and Philippe Gilbert, becoming the first British rider to claim the maillot vert.[11][27]

The mountains category was won by Spaniard Samuel Sánchez, who had a win and two second places on the four mountain-top finishes. Andy Schleck finished second in that category, with Belgian Jelle Vanendert third.[28]

Pierre Rolland won the young riders category, largely by virtue of positions he attained in supporting his team leader, Voeckler, during the time he held the yellow jersey, but he also earned a stage win on the prestigious climb to Alpe d'Huez.[29]

Classification leadership[edit]

There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2012 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. The rider with the least accumulated time is the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification will be considered the winner of the Tour.[30][31] If a crash happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred.[32] There were no time bonuses given for this edition of the Tour.[33]

Points classification "coefficient" ranking for the 21 stages[34]
Stage classification 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
No particular difficulty
Short with uneven terrain
Very difficult
Very difficult short
Time trial

The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the "coefficient" ranking scale.[35] In the 2010 Tour, stages classified flat had three intermediate sprint points worth 6, 4, and 2 points to the first three riders across the line. For 2011, flat stages had just one intermediate sprint which was worth 20 points to the rider in first position, and the first 15 score points. The intention was to have riders needing to sprint twice during the day to score well.[36] Points awarded at the finish of flat stages also increased, from 35 points for the winner to 45.[37] Medium mountain stages awarded 30 points to the winner, high mountain stages and the individual time trial gave 20 points.[38] No points were awarded for the team time trial on stage two. The leader was identified by a green jersey.[30]

The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first. The climbs were categorised as fourth-, third-, second-, first-category and hors catégorie (English: beyond category), with the more difficult climbs rated lower.[39] In the 2010 Tour, any hors catégorie, first-, or second-category climb awarded double points if it was the last of the stage.[40] In 2011, only the summit stage finishes awarded double points, specifically stages 12, 14, 18 and 19.[39] Pre-race analysis speculated that the winner would be more likely, under this system, to be a general classification contender than in years past.[41] This speculation proved accurate, as Samuel Sánchez, who finished sixth in the general classification, won the mountains classification, and the top three finishers in the general classification were in the top five of the mountains classification.[11] The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[30]

The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1988.[39] The leader wore a white jersey.[30]

The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage, excluding the team time trial; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie.[42] The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys.[43]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who has demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship".[33] No combativity awards were given for the time trials and the final stage.[44] The winner wore a red number bib the following stage.[45] At the conclusion of the Tour, Jérémy Roy (FDJ) won the overall super-combativity award,[46] again, decided by a jury.[33]

A total of €3,412,546 was awarded in cash prizes in the race. The overall winner of the general classification received €450,000, with the second and third placed riders got €200,000 and €100,000 respectively. All finishers of the race were awarded with money. The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they lead; the final winners of the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000. Team prizes were available, with €10,000 for the winner of team time trial and €50,000 for the winners of the team classification.[47] There were also two special awards each with a prize of €5000,[44] the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col du Galibier in stage eighteen, and the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet in stage twelve.[48] Andy Schleck won the Henri Desgrange and Roy won the Jacques Goddet.[49][50]

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
A yellow jersey.
Points classification
A green jersey.
Mountains classification
A white jersey with red polka dots.
Young rider classification
A white jersey.
Team classification
A white jersey with a yellow number bib.
Combativity award
A white jersey with a red number bib.
1 Philippe Gilbert Philippe Gilbert Philippe Gilbert Philippe Gilbert Geraint Thomas Omega Pharma–Lotto Perrig Quemeneur
2 Garmin–Cervélo Thor Hushovd Garmin–Cervélo no award
3 Tyler Farrar José Joaquín Rojas Mickaël Delage
4 Cadel Evans Cadel Evans Jérémy Roy
5 Mark Cavendish Philippe Gilbert Iván Gutiérrez
6 Edvald Boasson Hagen Johnny Hoogerland Adriano Malori
7 Mark Cavendish José Joaquín Rojas Robert Gesink Yannick Talabardon
8 Rui Costa Philippe Gilbert Tejay van Garderen Tejay van Garderen
9 Luis León Sánchez Thomas Voeckler Johnny Hoogerland Team Europcar Flecha and Hoogerland
10 André Greipel Marco Marcato
11 Mark Cavendish Mark Cavendish Mickaël Delage
12 Samuel Sánchez Samuel Sánchez Arnold Jeannesson Leopard Trek Geraint Thomas
13 Thor Hushovd Jérémy Roy Garmin–Cervélo Jérémy Roy
14 Jelle Vanendert Jelle Vanendert Rigoberto Urán Leopard Trek Sandy Casar
15 Mark Cavendish Niki Terpstra
16 Thor Hushovd Garmin–Cervélo Mikhail Ignatiev
17 Edvald Boasson Hagen Rubén Pérez
18 Andy Schleck Rein Taaramäe Andy Schleck
19 Pierre Rolland Andy Schleck Samuel Sánchez Pierre Rolland Alberto Contador
20 Tony Martin Cadel Evans no award
21 Mark Cavendish
Final Cadel Evans Mark Cavendish Samuel Sánchez Pierre Rolland Garmin–Cervélo Jérémy Roy
  • In stage two, Cadel Evans, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, as Philippe Gilbert held the general classification as well as the points classification and the mountains classification. Thor Hushovd, who was third in both the general and points classifications, wore the polka dot jersey.[51]
  • In stage three, as Philippe Gilbert held the points classification as well as the mountains classification, Cadel Evans, who was second on the only climb yielding points to that stage, wore the polka dot jersey.[52]
  • After stage nine, both Juan Antonio Flecha and Johnny Hoogerland were awarded the red number bib for stage ten. They received the combativity award after stage nine for finishing the stage despite a collision with a television car.[53] Flecha refused to accept the award on the podium after the stage; Hoogerland, having already been up there to receive the polka dot jersey, did take the award.

Final standings[edit]

A yellow jersey. Denotes the winner of the general classification[30] A green jersey. Denotes the winner of the points classification[30]
A white jersey with red polka dots. Denotes the winner of the mountains classification[30] A white jersey. Denotes the winner of the young rider classification[30]
A white jersey with a yellow number bib. Denotes the winner of the team classification[30] A white jersey with a red number bib. Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award[30]

General classification[edit]

A chart of the prominent riders and their position relative to the leader of the general classification up to the penultimate stage
Final general classification (1–10)[11][54]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Cadel Evans (AUS) BMC Racing Team 86h 12′ 22″
2  Andy Schleck (LUX) Leopard Trek + 1′ 34″
3  Fränk Schleck (LUX) Leopard Trek + 2′ 30″
4  Thomas Voeckler (FRA) Team Europcar + 3′ 20″
DSQ  Alberto Contador (ESP)[n 1] Saxo Bank–SunGard + 3′ 57″
5  Samuel Sánchez (ESP) Polka-dotted jersey Euskaltel–Euskadi + 4′ 55″
6  Damiano Cunego (ITA) Lampre–ISD + 6′ 05″
7  Ivan Basso (ITA) Liquigas–Cannondale + 7′ 23″
8  Tom Danielson (USA) Garmin–Cervélo + 8′ 15″
9  Jean-Christophe Péraud (FRA) Ag2r–La Mondiale + 10′ 11″
10  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar + 10′ 43″

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[11][56]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Mark Cavendish (GBR) Green jersey HTC–Highroad 334
2  José Joaquín Rojas (ESP) Movistar Team 272
3  Philippe Gilbert (BEL) Omega Pharma–Lotto 236
4  Cadel Evans (AUS) BMC Racing Team 208
5  Thor Hushovd (NOR) Garmin–Cervélo 195
6  Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR) Team Sky 192
7  André Greipel (GER) Omega Pharma–Lotto 160
8  Tyler Farrar (USA) Garmin–Cervélo 127
9  Samuel Sánchez (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi 105
DSQ  Alberto Contador (ESP)[n 1] Saxo Bank–SunGard 105
10  Jérémy Roy (FRA) A white jersey with a red number bib. FDJ 104

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[11][57]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Samuel Sánchez (ESP) Polka-dotted jersey Euskaltel–Euskadi 108
2  Andy Schleck (LUX) Leopard Trek 98
3  Jelle Vanendert (BEL) Omega Pharma–Lotto 74
4  Cadel Evans (AUS) BMC Racing Team 58
5  Fränk Schleck (LUX) Leopard Trek 56
DSQ  Alberto Contador (ESP)[n 1] Saxo Bank–SunGard 51
6  Jérémy Roy (FRA) A white jersey with a red number bib. FDJ 45
7  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar 44
8  Maxim Iglinskiy (KAZ) Astana 40
9  Johnny Hoogerland (NED) Vacansoleil–DCM 40
10  Sylvain Chavanel (FRA) Quick-Step 38

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[11]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar 86h 23′ 05″
2  Rein Taaramäe (EST) Cofidis + 46″
3  Jérôme Coppel (FRA) Saur–Sojasun + 7′ 53″
4  Arnold Jeannesson (FRA) FDJ + 10′ 37″
5  Rob Ruijgh (NED) Vacansoleil–DCM + 22′ 21″
6  Rigoberto Urán (COL) Team Sky + 32′ 05″
7  Geraint Thomas (GBR) Team Sky + 50′ 05″
8  Robert Gesink (NED) Rabobank + 54′ 26″
9  Cyril Gautier (FRA) Team Europcar + 1h 17′ 00″
10  Andrey Zeits (KAZ) Astana + 1h 21′ 05″

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[11]
Rank Team Time
1 Garmin–Cervélo 258h 18′ 49″
2 Leopard Trek + 11′ 04″
3 Ag2r–La Mondiale + 11′ 20″
4 Team Europcar + 41′ 53″
5 Euskaltel–Euskadi + 52′ 00″
6 Team Sky + 58′ 24″
7 Team Katusha + 1h 09′ 39″
8 Saxo Bank–SunGard + 1h 16′ 12″
9 FDJ + 1h 30′ 16″
10 Cofidis + 1h 47′ 29″

UCI World Tour rankings[edit]

The race was the seventeenth of the twenty-seven events in the UCI World Tour, with riders from the ProTeams competing individually for points that contributed towards the rankings.[58] Points were awarded to the top twenty finishers in the general classification and to the top five finishers in each stage.[59] The 260 points accrued by Cadel Evans moved him from fourth position to second in the individual ranking. Leopard Trek took the lead of the team ranking, ahead of BMC Racing Team in second. Spain remained as leaders of the nations ranking, with Italy second.[60]

UCI World Tour individual rankings on 25 July 2011 (1–10)[60][61]
Rank Prev. Name Team Points
1 4  Cadel Evans (AUS) BMC Racing Team 574
DSQ 2  Alberto Contador (ESP)[n 1] Saxo Bank–SunGard 471
3 1  Philippe Gilbert (BEL) Omega Pharma–Lotto 402
4 3  Michele Scarponi (ITA) Lampre–ISD 348
5 13  Samuel Sánchez (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi 297
6 5  Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) Team Katusha 288
7 19  Fränk Schleck (LUX) Leopard Trek 262
8 36  Andy Schleck (LUX) Leopard Trek 252
9 6  Fabian Cancellara (SUI) Leopard Trek 250
10 7  Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ) Astana 230

Doping cases[edit]

After the fifth stage, Alexandre Kolobnev tested positive for hydrochlorothiazide. When the news came out, he withdrew, and his results were annulled. In March 2012, the CAS decided that Kolobnev would only receive a warning for this, and no suspension, because his use of the drug was justified by 'medical reasons unrelated to performance'.[62]

All other doping tests were negative.[62]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e On 6 February 2012, the Court of Arbitration for Sport removed Alberto Contador's results from the 2011 Tour for testing positive for clenbuterol in 2010.[55] Contador had originally finished in fifth place, 3' 57" in arrears to Evans.[11] Subsequently, riders ranked between 6 and 21 in the general classification were upgraded by cycling's governing body, Union Cycliste Internationale, with the 21st then left unattributed.[54] In the points classification, Contador was tenth with 105 points, and in the mountains classification Contador was sixth with 51 points.[11]


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  3. ^ Tour de France – Blazin' Saddles: 2011 Prologue logged uk.eurosport.yahoo.com, published: 27 January 2010, accessed: 2 June 2011
  4. ^ Williams, Richard (24 July 2011). "Tour de France 2011: Grit powers old man Cadel Evans to the summit". Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
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  34. ^ ASO 2011, pp. 36–37.
  35. ^ ASO 2011, pp. 38–39.
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