2012 Chios Forest Fire
||This article needs to be updated. (October 2012)|
|2012 Chios Forest Fire|
|Date(s)||18 August 2012 - current|
|Cause||heat wave, suggested arson, and wind|
|Land use||forest, groves of mastic trees (Pistacia lentiscus var. chia)|
Early on 18 August the people of two villages in southern Chios were evacuated as a safety measure, and the blaze threatened the army base near Vessas. By the evening of 20 August it was reported that a total of nine villages had been evacuated as the fire continued to advance.
By Monday 20 August local authorities reported that 7000 hectares (16,000 acres) of forest and farmland had been destroyed. Official reports on 20 August added that many mastic trees in "Mastichochoria" region had been burned, the only world source of mastic resin, used in food, cosmetics and medicines. The beekeepers of Chios had lost 60 percent of their hives.
About 360 firefighters, soldiers and volunteers were trying to control and extinguish the fires with the use of water-bombing planes and helicopters as well as 50 vehicles. The Greek government had asked for the help of aircraft from Spain and Italy to help not only with this but six other forest fires that broke out elsewhere in Greece on 19 August and five more on 20 August.
- "Major fire on eastern Greek island of Chios" at boston.com (20 Aug. 2012)
- Sara Malm, "Paradise lost: Residents flee from two villages as firefighters battle to contain massive wall of flames on Greek Island" in Daily Mail (18 Aug. 2012, updated 20 Aug. 2012)
- "Forest / Wild Fire in Greece on Saturday, 18 August, 2012" at RSOE EDIS
- "Wildfire sweeps across Greek island of Chios" at bbc.co.uk (20 Aug. 2012)