2012 Summer Olympics medal table

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
World map showing the medal achievements of each country during the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Legend:
      Gold represents countries that won at least one gold medal.
      Silver represents countries that won at least one silver medal.
      Bronze represents countries that won at least one bronze medal.
      Blue represents countries that did not win any medals.
      Red represents entities that did not participate in the 2012 Summer Olympics.

The 2012 Summer Olympics medal table is a list of National Olympic Committees (NOCs) ranked by the number of gold medals won during the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, the capital of the United Kingdom, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. Approximately 10,800 athletes participated in 302 events in 26 sports.[1]

Of the 204 NOCs participating, 85 received at least one medal; 54 won at least one gold medal. Athletes from the United States won the most gold medals, with 46, and the most overall, with 104. Michael Phelps and Missy Franklin won the most gold medals at the games with four each. Phelps also won the most amount of medals overall winning six in total.[2] Bahrain,[3] Botswana,[4] Cyprus,[5] Gabon,[6] Grenada (a gold medal),[7] Guatemala,[8] and Montenegro[9] won their first Olympic medals. In prior Olympics, however, Montenegrin athletes have won medals as nationals of Serbia and Montenegro and of Yugoslavia. An athlete from Serbia won the first Olympic gold medal for the country as an independent NOC, however, Serbian athletes have previously won gold medals as nationals of Serbia and Montenegro and of Yugoslavia.[10]

Medal table[edit]

Missy Franklin won the most gold medals at the games with four.
China defended the men's team event title in table tennis.
Victoria Pendleton won the first ever gold medal in the women's Keirin event.
Medalists in the archery men's team event.
Great Britain won the first women's team pursuit title with a world record.[11]
The Netherlands' women's hockey team successfully defended their title.
Usain Bolt became the first person to successfully defend both the 100 and 200 metres titles.[12]
The United States won their third consecutive gold medal in the women's football.

This is the table of the medal count of the 2012 Summer Olympics, based on the medal count of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). These rankings sort by the number of gold medals, earned by a National Olympic Committee (NOC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IOC Country Code. Although this information is provided by the IOC, the IOC itself does not recognize or endorse any ranking system.[13]

In boxing, judo, taekwondo, and wrestling, two bronze medals are awarded in each weight class. Two silver medals (and no bronze) were awarded for second place ties in both the men's 200 metre freestyle swimming and the men's 100 metre butterfly swimming events.[14][15] Two bronze medals were awarded for a third-place tie in the men's keirin cycling race;[16] three bronze medals were awarded for a three-way third-place tie in the men's high jump.[17]

To sort this table by NOC, total medal count, or any other column, click on the Sort both.gif icon next to the column title.

Key

  *   Host nation (Great Britain)   ‡   See below: Changes in medal standings

  • (Note. The table includes the official changes in medal standings, but does not include the possible changes announced in 2015 (see below). IOC has not yet decided on that cases and has not yet stripped the medals.)
2012 Summer Olympics medal table[18]
 Rank  NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 46 28 29 103
2  China (CHN) 38 29 21 88
3  Great Britain (GBR)* 29 17 19 65
4  Russia (RUS) 22 25 32 79
5  South Korea (KOR) 13 8 7 28
6  Germany (GER) 11 19 14 44
7  France (FRA) 11 11 12 34
8  Australia (AUS) 8 15 12 35
9  Italy (ITA) 8 9 11 28
10  Hungary (HUN) 8 4 6 18
11  Japan (JPN) 7 14 17 38
12  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 7 1 5 13
13  Netherlands (NED) 6 6 8 20
14  Ukraine (UKR) 6 5 8 19
15  New Zealand (NZL) 6 2 5 13
16  Cuba (CUB) 5 3 7 15
17  Iran (IRI) 4 5 3 12
18  Jamaica (JAM) 4 4 4 12
19  Czech Republic (CZE) 4 3 3 10
20  North Korea (PRK) 4 0 2 6
21  Spain (ESP) 3 10 4 17
22  Brazil (BRA) 3 5 9 17
23  South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 6
24  Ethiopia (ETH) 3 1 3 7
25  Croatia (CRO) 3 1 2 6
26  Belarus (BLR) 2 5 5 12
27  Romania (ROU) 2 5 2 9
28  Kenya (KEN) 2 4 5 11
29  Denmark (DEN) 2 4 3 9
30  Azerbaijan (AZE) 2 2 6 10
 Poland (POL) 2 2 6 10
32  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
33  Lithuania (LTU) 2 1 2 5
34  Norway (NOR) 2 1 1 4
35  Canada (CAN) 1 5 12 18
36  Sweden (SWE) 1 4 3 8
37  Colombia (COL) 1 3 4 8
38  Georgia (GEO) 1 3 3 7
 Mexico (MEX) 1 3 3 7
40  Turkey (TUR) 1 2 1 4
41  Ireland (IRL) 1 1 4 6
42  Argentina (ARG) 1 1 2 4
 Serbia (SRB) 1 1 2 4
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 1 2 4
45  Tunisia (TUN) 1 1 1 3
46  Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 1 0 2
47  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1 0 3 4
48  Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 0 2 3
49  Latvia (LAT) 1 0 1 2
50  Algeria (ALG) 1 0 0 1
 Bahamas (BAH) 1 0 0 1
 Grenada (GRN) 1 0 0 1
 Uganda (UGA) 1 0 0 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 1 0 0 1
55  India (IND) 0 2 4 6
56  Mongolia (MGL) 0 2 3 5
57  Thailand (THA) 0 2 2 4
58  Egypt (EGY) 0 2 0 2
59  Slovakia (SVK) 0 1 3 4
60  Armenia (ARM) 0 1 2 3
 Belgium (BEL) 0 1 2 3
 Finland (FIN) 0 1 2 3
63  Bulgaria (BUL) 0 1 1 2
 Estonia (EST) 0 1 1 2
 Indonesia (INA) 0 1 1 2
 Malaysia (MAS) 0 1 1 2
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 0 1 1 2
 Chinese Taipei (TPE) 0 1 1 2
69  Botswana (BOT) 0 1 0 1
 Cyprus (CYP) 0 1 0 1
 Gabon (GAB) 0 1 0 1
 Guatemala (GUA) 0 1 0 1
 Montenegro (MNE) 0 1 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
75  Greece (GRE) 0 0 2 2
 Moldova (MDA) 0 0 2 2
 Qatar (QAT) 0 0 2 2
 Singapore (SIN) 0 0 2 2
79  Afghanistan (AFG) 0 0 1 1
 Bahrain (BRN) 0 0 1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG) 0 0 1 1
 Saudi Arabia (KSA) 0 0 1 1
 Kuwait (KUW) 0 0 1 1
 Morocco (MAR) 0 0 1 1
 Tajikistan (TJK) 0 0 1 1
Total (85 NOCs) 300 303 356 960

Changes in medal standings[edit]

On 13 August 2012, the IOC stripped Belarusian athlete Nadzeya Ostapchuk of her gold medal in the women's shot put after she tested positive for the anabolic steroid metenolone. As a result, New Zealand silver medallist Valerie Adams was awarded gold, Russian bronze medallist Yevgeniya Kolodko was awarded silver, and the fourth-placed Gong Lijiao from China was awarded bronze.[19]

On 6 November 2012, the IOC stripped Uzbek wrestler Soslan Tigiev of his bronze medal in the men's freestyle 74 kg division after he tested positive for the banned stimulant methylhexaneamine.[20] Hungary's Gábor Hatos was elevated to the bronze medal position.[21]

On 1 May 2013, the Russian Anti-Doping Agency confirmed that Russian discus thrower Darya Pishchalnikova had been banned for 10 years and stripped of her silver medal in the women's discus throw after testing positive for oxandrolone (an anabolic steroid).[22] China's Li Yanfeng will be elevated to silver and Cuba's Yarelys Barrios will be awarded bronze.[23][24] The IOC has decided on the case and reallocated the medals in 2015.[25][26]

On 30 January 2015, the Russian Anti-Doping Agency confirmed that runner Yuliya Zaripova will be stripped of her gold medal in the 3,000 metres steeplechase after testing positive for anabolic steroids. Tunisia's Habiba Ghribi will be elevated to Olympic champion, Ethiopia's Sofia Assefa will be awarded silver and Kenya's Milcah Chemos Cheywa will win the bronze.[27] On 5 June 2016, Ghribi received her gold medal.[28][29]

In May 2014, the US 4 × 100 metres relay team member Tyson Gay received a one-year suspension for anabolic steroid use and was stripped of his medals after 15 July 2012 when he first used.[30] In May 2015, the IOC wrote to US Olympic Committee telling them to collect the medals from teammates Trell Kimmons, Justin Gatlin, Ryan Bailey, Jeffery Demps and Darvis Patton.[31] Two of Gay's teammates who ran with him in the final, Kimmons and Bailey, had previously also served suspensions. If the medals are reallocated, Trinidad and Tobago will be awarded silver, while France will take bronze.[32] Officially, IOC stripped the silver medal but has not yet confirmed the redistribution of the medals in this discipline.[33]

On 17 August 2015, the Court of Arbitration for Sport says it approved a settlement agreed to by Turkish athlete Aslı Çakır Alptekin and the IAAF. Alptekin has agreed to forfeit her 1500 metres Olympic title and serve an eight-year ban for blood doping.[34] IOC has not yet confirmed the redistribution of the medals in this event.[35] On June 1, 2016, Turkish silver medalist Gamze Bulut was revealed to also have abnormalities in her athlete "passport" that could also disqualify her from the event.[36] 4th place finisher Russian Tatyana Tomashova has a previous doping violation and fifth place Ethiopian Abeba Aregawi, later representing Sweden was suspended for doping violation on February 29, 2016.[37] When reallocating medals, the IOC has previously elected not to advance athletes with a history of doping violations.

On November 9, 2015, the Independent Commission Investigation of the World Anti-Doping Agency asks for a lifetime ban for doping vs Mariya Savinova the Russian gold medalist in the Women's 800 metres and her Russian teammate, bronze medalist Ekaterina Poistogova..[38] A third Russian in the event, Yelena Arzhakova in fifth place, was already disqualified in 2013. Redistribution of medals has not been announced but in the likely case all three Russians are disqualified, South African Caster Semenya could be elevated to gold, Kenyan Pamela Jelimo could get silver and American Alysia Johnson Montaño could get bronze.

On 24 March 2016, the Court of Arbitration for Sport has issued decision that all competitive results obtained by Sergey Kirdyapkin from 20 August 2009 to 15 October 2012 are disqualified.[39] IOC has not yet confirmed the Sergey Kirdyapkin's deprivation of his gold medal in men's 50km walk and redistribution of the medals in this event.[40] On 17 June 2016, the Court of Arbitration for Sport over turned the Russian decision in March. As a result, Australian walker Jared Tallent was awarded the gold, China's Si Tianfeng was awarded the silver and Ireland's Robert Heffernan awarded the bronze.[41]

On 24 March 2016, the Court of Arbitration for Sport has issued decision that all competitive results obtained by Olga Kaniskina from 15 August 2009 to 15 October 2012 are disqualified.[42] IOC has not yet confirmed the Olga Kaniskina's deprivation of her silver medal in women's 20km walk and redistribution of the medals in this event.[43]

That same 24 March decision also challenged Russian bronze medalist in the heptathlon Tatyana Chernova for a similar ban sequence.

On 13 July 2016, IOC announced that Yuliya Kalina of Ukraine has been disqualified from the 2012 Summer Olympics and ordered to return the bronze medal from the 58 kg weightlifting event. Reanalysis of Kalina's samples from London 2012 resulted in a positive test for the prohibited substance dehydrochlormethyltestosterone (turinabol).[44] The positions were adjusted accordingly.

List of official changes in medal standings
Ruling date Sport Event NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
13 August 2012 Athletics Women's shot put  Belarus (BLR) −1 −1
 New Zealand (NZL) +1 −1 0
 Russia (RUS) +1 −1 0
 China (CHN) +1 +1
6 November 2012 Wrestling Men's freestyle 74 kg  Uzbekistan (UZB) −1 −1
 Hungary (HUN) +1 +1
1 May 2013 Athletics Women's discus throw  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
 China (CHN) +1 −1 0
 Cuba (CUB) +1 +1
20 May 2015 Athletics Men's 4 × 100 metres relay  United States (USA) −1 −1
24 March 2016 Athletics Men's 50 kilometres walk  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
 Australia (AUS) +1 −1 0
 China (CHN) +1 −1 0
 Ireland (IRL) +1 +1
13 July 2016 Weightlifting Women's 58 kg  Ukraine (UKR) −1 −1
 Thailand (THA) +1 +1
List of possible changes in medal standings
Ruling date Sport Event NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
30 January 2015 Athletics Women's 3000 metres steeplechase  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
 Tunisia (TUN) +1 −1 0
 Ethiopia (ETH) +1 −1 0
 Kenya (KEN) +1 +1
20 May 2015 Athletics Men's 4 × 100 metres relay  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) +1 −1 0
 France (FRA) +1 +1
17 August 2015 Athletics Women's 1500 metres  Turkey (TUR) −1 / +1 −1 −1
 Bahrain (BRN) +1 −1 0
 Russia (RUS) +1 +1
24 March 2016 Athletics Women's 20 kilometres walk  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
 China (CHN) +1 −1 / +1 +1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hersh, Phillip (26 July 2012). "Olympic spotlight should be on the athletes". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Which nation owns the gold? Olympic Powers timeline London 2012: Medallists". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Crouse, Karen (10 August 2012). "Kenyan Reclaims 5,000-Meter Title From Countrywoman and Rival". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Kenya's Rudisha Storms to Gold in 800 meters". RIA Novosti. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Second place medal is a first for Cyprus". Boston Globe (The New York Times Company). 7 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Anthony Obame wins silver". ESPN (The Walt Disney Company). 11 August 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Grenada's Kirani James wins Olympic 400m gold". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 6 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Chen wins Olympic 20km walk, history for Guatemala". Eurosport Asia. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Olympics handball: Norway beat Montenegro to women's gold". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 11 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Olympics taekwondo: Serb Milica Mandic wins country's first gold". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 11 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Bevan, Chris (4 August 2012). "Olympics cycling: British women win team pursuit track gold". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  12. ^ Fordyce, Tom (9 August 2012). "Usain Bolt wins 200m to make Olympic athletics history". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  13. ^ Shipley, Amy (25 August 2008). "China's Show of Power". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  14. ^ Addley, Esther (30 July 2012). "France's Yannick Agnel wins 200 freestyle – Yahoo! Sports". Yahoo! Sports (Yahoo!). Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  15. ^ Addley, Esther (3 August 2012). "Michael Phelps wins 17th Olympic gold medal in 100m butterfly final". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Chris Hoy defends men's keirin title". ESPN (The Walt Disney Company). 7 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  17. ^ Care, Tony (7 August 2012). "Canada's Derek Drouin earns high jump bronze – CBC Sports". CBC Sports (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Medal count – Olympic medal standings". BBC. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "IOC withdraws gold medal from shot put athlete Nadzeya Ostapchuk". IOC. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "IOC Executive Board decision regarding Mr Soslan Tigiev" (PDF). IOC. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  21. ^ "IOC strips Uzbek wrestler of London bronze". IOC. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  22. ^ RusAthletics./Disqualification/(30.04.2013)
  23. ^ "Olympian Darya Pishchalnikova suspended over failed drug test". BBC. 8 December 2012. 
  24. ^ "Russian stripped of Olympic medal in discus for doping". CBCsports. 1 May 2013. 
  25. ^ Discus throw women results – Athletics – London 2012
  26. ^ Chinese discus thrower Li upgraded to 2012 Olympic silver
  27. ^ "Russian set to be stripped of London 2012 Olympic title after doping ban". Insidethegames.biz. 30 January 2015. 
  28. ^ 3000m steeplechase women results – Athletics – London 2012
  29. ^ Tunisias Ghribi receives Olympic and world gold medals
  30. ^ Tyson Gay gets one-year ban for failed drugs test
  31. ^ US stripped of London 2012 Olympic relay medals
  32. ^ USA men’s 4 x 100m relay team disqualified from the 2012 London Olympic Games
  33. ^ 4x100m relay men results – Athletics – London 2012 Olympics
  34. ^ Turkey’s Asli Cakir Alptekin stripped of Olympic 1500m title for doping
  35. ^ 1500m women results – Athletics – London 2012 Olympics
  36. ^ Bulut to lose medals, in turkish
  37. ^ SI Wire (29 February 2016). "World champion Abeba Aregawi tests positive for banned substance". Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  38. ^ "La Wada chiede la squalifica a vita per 5 atleti: i primi nomi". atleticalive.it. 9 November 2015. 
  39. ^ The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) Upholds Six Appeals Filed by the IAAF Against Russian Athlete.
  40. ^ 50km walk men results – Athletics – London 2012 Olympics
  41. ^ Tallent Finally Receives 2012 Olympic Gold, Four Years Late
  42. ^ The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) Upholds Six Appeals Filed by the IAAF Against Russian Athlete.
  43. ^ 20km walk women results – Athletics – London 2012 Olympics
  44. ^ IOC sanctions Ukrainian weightlifter Yulia Kalina for failing anti-doping test at London 2012

External links[edit]