5th BRICS summit
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|5th BRICS Summit|
|Host country||South Africa|
|Date||26–27 March 2013|
|Follows||4th BRICS summit|
|Precedes||6th BRICS summit|
The 2013 BRICS summit was the fifth annual BRICS summit, an international relations conference attended by the head of states or heads of government of the five member states Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The summit was held in Durban, South Africa in 2013. This completed the first cycle of BRICS summits.
A declaration at the end of 2012 BRICS summit read that: "Brazil, Russia, India and China thank South Africa for the proposal to host the 5th summit in 2013. They intend to provide multifaceted support for it." The BRICS leaders are expected to discuss the establishment of a new development bank. According to Mikhail Margelov they will seek agreement on the amount of starting capital.
China's Xi Jingping made this the first summit of his presidency.
|Core BRICS members
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
|India||Manmohan Singh||Prime Minister|
|South Africa||Jacob Zuma||President|
The summit commenced on 26 March at 17:30 GMT. Amongst the important issues being discussed was the creation of the development bank, in follow up from the previous summit. It sought to create an infrastructure-focused bank. The disputes over the bank were in regards to what it would do and how it would provide an equitable return on the initial investment of about US$100bn.
Host President Jacob Zuma said of the summit that it could address South Africa's economic problems, such as high unemployment. He added: "BRICS provides an opportunity for South Africa to promote its competitiveness. It is an opportunity to move further in our drive to promote economic growth and confront the challenge of poverty, inequality and unemployment that afflicts our country. "
Daniel Twining of the German Marshall Fund said: "Ironically it may be the cleavages within the BRICS grouping that more accurately hint at the future of the global order: tensions between China and Brazil on trade, India on security, and Russia on status highlight the difficulty Beijing will have in staking its claim to global leadership." The media suggested the bank was way to bypass the IMF and the World Bank. Despite high hopes for the 2013 summit, BRICS was not as involved as they had planned to be.
- allAfrica.com: Africa: Reporter's Notebook - All Systems Go for Brics Summit in SA (Page 1 of 2)
- ITAR-TASS: Archive - 5th BRICS summit to be held in South Africa in 2013 – declaration
- Mariam, Isa. "Brics Summit expected to establish development bank." Business Day. 22 March 2013
- Arkhipov, Ilya. "Russia Sees BRICS Development Bank Rebuilding ‘Aging’ World Finance." Bloomberg. 18 March 2013.
- BRICS reach deal over development bank - Africa - Al Jazeera English
- BRICS Nations Plan New Bank to Bypass World Bank, IMF - Bloomberg
- Kirton, John; Kulik, Julia; Bracht, Caroline (May 2014). "Generating global health governance through BRICS summitry". Contemporary Politics. 20 (2): 146–162. doi:10.1080/13569775.2014.907990.