|Discovered by||James V. Scotti (Spacewatch)|
|Discovery date||January 20, 2013|
|MPC designation||2013 BS45|
|Epoch 13 January 2016 (JD 2457400.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||375 days (1.03 yr)|
|Aphelion||1.0758430 AU (160.94382 Gm)|
|Perihelion||0.9093608 AU (136.03844 Gm)|
|0.9926019 AU (148.49113 Gm)|
|0.99 yr (361.2 d)|
|0° 59m 47.93s /day|
|Earth MOID||0.0114221 AU (1.70872 Gm)|
|Jupiter MOID||3.89526 AU (582.723 Gm)|
2013 BS45 (also written 2013 BS45) is a horseshoe companion to the Earth like 3753 Cruithne. Like Cruithne, it does not orbit the Earth in the normal sense and at times it is on the other side of the Sun, yet it still periodically comes nearer to the Earth in sort of halo orbit before again drifting away. While not a traditional natural satellite, it does not quite have normal heliocentric orbit either and these are sometimes called quasi-satellties or horseshoe orbits.
Discovery, orbit and physical properties
2013 BS45 was discovered by James V. Scotti on January 20, 2013 observing for the Spacewatch project from Kitt Peak (KPNO). Its orbit is characterized by low eccentricity (0.084), low inclination (0.77º) and a semi-major axis of 0.993 AU; it is the most Earth-like among those of asteroids moving in Earth-like orbits. Upon discovery, it was classified as an Aten asteroid but also an Earth crosser by the Minor Planet Center. Its orbit is well determined; as of August 26, 2015 its orbit is based on 96 observations spanning a data-arc of 375 days. 2013 BS45 has an absolute magnitude of 25.9 which gives a characteristic diameter of 30 m. Radar observations indicate that it may be a very rapid rotator with a period of just a few minutes.
Horseshoe companion to the Earth and orbital evolution
Recent calculations indicate that it follows a horseshoe orbit with respect to the Earth. Its orbital evolution is highly chaotic and its orbit is difficult to predict beyond a few thousand years. As for the available data, it had its closest encounter ever with Earth on February 12, 2013 at 0.013 AU, closer than in 1934, the previously closest approach at 0.014 AU. The next approach closer than 0.020 will take place on September 2, 2090, at 0.016 AU. Its orbit matches the expected properties of that of an object in the Arjuna-class.
It may have been originated within the Venus-Earth-Mars region or in the main asteroid belt like other Near-Earth Objects, then transition to Amor-class asteroid before entering Earth's co-orbital region.
- 3753 Cruithne (1986 TO)
- 2001 GO2
- 2002 AA29
- 2003 YN107
- 2006 JY26
- 2010 SO16
- 2012 FC71
- Orbital resonance
- ^ This is assuming an albedo of 0.20–0.04.
- "List Of Aten Minor Planets". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "2013 BS45". JPL Small-Body Database. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. SPK-ID: 3625129. Retrieved 3 April 2016.(last obs: 2014-01-30)
- "2013 BS45 – Summary". AstDys-2, Asteroids – Dynamic Site. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- "2013 BS45 – Summary". NEODyS-2, Near Earth Objects – Dynamic Site. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- "Absolute-magnitude conversion table (H)". NASA. 27 August 2015.
- de la Fuente Marcos, Carlos; de la Fuente Marcos, Raúl (July 2013). "A resonant family of dynamically cold small bodies in the near-Earth asteroid belt". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 434 (1): L1–L5. arXiv:1305.2825. Bibcode:2013MNRAS.434L...1D. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slt062.
- Discovery MPEC
- "2013 BS45". MPC (last obs: 2014-01-30.0). Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- de la Fuente Marcos, Carlos; de la Fuente Marcos, Raúl (12 February 2015). "Geometric characterization of the Arjuna orbital domain". Astronomische Nachrichten. 336 (1): 5–22. arXiv:1410.4104. Bibcode:2015AN....336....5D. doi:10.1002/asna.201412133.
- Further reading
- A resonant family of dynamically cold small bodies in the near-Earth asteroid belt de la Fuente Marcos, Carlos; de la Fuente Marcos, Raúl (2013), Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 434, Issue 1, pp. L1-L5.
- Geometric characterization of the Arjuna orbital domain de la Fuente Marcos, Carlos; de la Fuente Marcos, Raúl (2015), Astronomische Nachrichten, Vol. 336, Issue 1, pp. 5–22.
- 2013 BS45 data at MPC
- MPEC 2013-B72 : 2013 BS45 (Discovery MPEC)
- 2013 BS45 Goldstone Radar Observations Planning
- 2013 BS45 imaged by the Palomar Transient Factory survey
- The “Horseshoe” Orbit of Near-Earth Object 2013 BS45 by D. R. Adamo
- 2013 BS45 at the JPL Small-Body Database