2013 China–Russia floods

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2013 China–Russia floods
Cities and villages located within the Amur River Basin were hardest hit by floods.
Date10 August 2013 (2013-08-10)–present
LocationChina Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Guangdong
Russia Amur, Khabarovsk Mongolia Kherlen region
DeathsRussia:1 soldier dead,[1] civilians-none.[2]

China:84 dead, 105 missing, 840,000 displaced

Total:85 dead, 105 missing, 860,000 displaced
Property damage$2.6 billion
37 million people affected[3]

During mid-August 2013 parts of eastern Russia and northeastern China were stricken by heavy flooding. At least 85 people died from the floods and more than 105 others were left missing as of August 19.[4] More than 60,000 homes were destroyed and 840,000 people evacuated from Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning provinces due to flooding which happened at the same time as flooding in China's southern Guangdong province.[5][6]

Floods and damage[edit]

Khabarovsk-Komsomolsk Highway, September 1

From the end of July to mid-August 2013, unusually heavy rainfall occurred near the Amur River, which marks the dividing line between China and Russia. Starting on August 10, 2013, areas of northeastern China began to experience flooding.[7] From August 15 to 17, heavy rainfall worsened the problem, causing the worst flooding in the region in more than a decade.[4][8] Nankouqian Township, one of the hardest-hit areas, saw 44.9 centimetres (17.7 in) of rain, half the average annual total, on August 16 alone.[9] By August 18, water levels at 61 reservoirs surpassed the "danger" level. Fushun city in the Liaoning province was especially hard hit as rainstorms caused several rivers in the city to overflow.[8] Across the border in eastern Russia, heavy flooding was also reported, with Amur Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast and Khabarovsk Krai the hardest hit.[7] More than 140 towns were affected by what Russia authorities described as the worst flooding in 120 years.[10] The Amur River reached a record 100.56 metres (329.9 ft), surpassing the previous record set in 1984, and was still rising as of August 19, threatening to flood the major city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur.[9][10]

In China, more than 60,000 homes were destroyed and numerous roads were blocked or damaged. More than 787,000 hectares of farm land were ruined in the region which depends heavily on farming.[4] Power and communications lines were downed in several townships.[8] Total damaged was estimated at 16.14 billion yuan (approx. US$2.6 billion/€1.94 billion).[4] In Russia, 3.2 billion rubles (approx. US$97 million/€73 million) was allocated for relief efforts.[7]


China's Liaoning province was the hardest hit with 54 reported deaths and 97 people missing as of August 19, 2013.[11] In Jilin province, 16 deaths were reported. Heilongjiang province experienced 11 deaths.[9] Across the region 360,000 people were displaced and 3.74 million affected in some way.[4] No casualties were reported in Russia, but 20,000 people were evacuated. Two captive brown bears were rescued via helicopter.[10]

Unrelated flooding resulting from Typhoon Utor in south China occurred simultaneously, causing the death tolls from the two floods to be combined in official reports. Typhoon Utor floods killed at least 33 people.[11]

Relief efforts and aftermath[edit]

In Russia, more than 30,000 volunteers helped distribute 53 tons of food and supplies to flood victims. Officials are considering delaying the mayoral elections in Amur which are scheduled for September 8. A decision on the elections will be made August 27.[10]

Chinese president Xi Jinping called for "all-out efforts" as relief work got underway.[4] More than 120,000 people, including 10,000 soldiers, helped with relief and rescue efforts.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "По решению Министра обороны погибший во время борьбы с наводнением на Дальнем Востоке военнослужащий будет представлен к госнаграде : Министерство обороны Российской Федерации". function.mil.ru.
  2. ^ Комсомольская правда Сайт «Комсомольской правды» (26 September 2013). "Министр МЧС о наводнении на Дальнем Востоке: «Не погиб ни один человек - это главный результат нашей работы»".
  3. ^ "Floods leave at least 107 dead in China", CNN, August 20, 2013
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Xi demands all-out efforts to help flood victims". Xinhua. August 19, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  5. ^ "More Than 200 Dead or Missing in China Floods", ABC News, August 20, 2013
  6. ^ "China floods death toll passes 150", Inquirer.net, August 19, 2013
  7. ^ a b c "China, Russia hit by severe floods". Deutsche Welle. August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "China floods death toll reaches 72". Times of India. PTI. August 19, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d "Worst flood in decade causes havoc in NE China". Xinhua. August 20, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d Saldava, Vitnija (August 19, 2013). "Flooding Forces 20,000 Russians From Their Homes". ABC News. AP. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  11. ^ a b "Floods, typhoon leave 105 dead, 115 missing in China". Xinhua. August 19, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2013.