2013 Federated Auto Parts 400
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|Race 26 of 36 in the 2013 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series|
2013 Federated Auto Parts 400 program cover
|Date||September 7, 2013|
Richmond International Raceway|
Richmond, Virginia, United States
Permanent racing facility|
0.75 mi (1.2 km)
|Distance||400 laps, 300 mi (482.803 km)|
|Weather||Temperatures up to 81 °F (27 °C); wind speeds up to 8 miles per hour (13 km/h)|
|Most laps led|
|Driver||Brad Keselowski||Penske Racing|
|No. 99||Carl Edwards||Roush Fenway Racing|
|Television in the United States|
|Announcers||Allen Bestwick, Dale Jarrett and Andy Petree|
The 2013 Federated Auto Parts 400 was a NASCAR Sprint Cup Series stock car race held on September 7, 2013, at Richmond International Raceway in Richmond, Virginia, United States. Contested over 400 laps, it was the twenty-sixth and final race leading into the Chase for the Sprint Cup in the 2013 Sprint Cup Series season. Carl Edwards of Roush Fenway Racing won the race, his second win of the season, while Kurt Busch finished second. Ryan Newman, Jamie McMurray, and Paul Menard rounded out the top five.
The race was marred by a controversial finish, after evidence surfaced that two teams were found to have manipulated the outcome of the race and Chase positions in the final ten laps. NASCAR ultimately determined that Michael Waltrip Racing, Penske Racing, and Front Row Motorsports were involved in two separate, but intertwined, incidents, first by Clint Bowyer intentionally causing a caution with less than ten laps remaining in the race, and on the ensuing restart, having Brian Vickers pit after a restart from caution so that Martin Truex, Jr. would clinch a Wildcard berth over Ryan Newman, and the second was collusion where Penske's Joey Logano earned the final guaranteed berth over Jeff Gordon after passing Front Row's David Gilliland. Both situations were intertwined together because of the tenth place and wild card situation. This scandal became widely known as Spingate.
|1||Jamie McMurray||Chevrolet||Cessna||Earnhardt Ganassi Racing|
|2||Brad Keselowski||Ford||Miller Lite||Penske Racing|
|5||Kasey Kahne||Chevrolet||Farmers Insurance||Hendrick Motorsports|
|7||Dave Blaney||Chevrolet||Tommy Baldwin Racing||Tommy Baldwin Racing|
|9||Marcos Ambrose||Ford||DeWalt/Stanley Tools||Richard Petty Motorsports|
|10||Danica Patrick||Chevrolet||GoDaddy||Stewart-Haas Racing|
|11||Denny Hamlin||Toyota||FedEx Express||Joe Gibbs Racing|
|13||Casey Mears||Ford||Geico||Germain Racing|
|14||Mark Martin||Chevrolet||Bass Pro Shops/Mobil 1||Stewart-Haas Racing|
|15||Clint Bowyer||Toyota||5-Hour Energy||Michael Waltrip Racing|
|16||Greg Biffle||Ford||Scotchgard/3M||Roush Fenway Racing|
|17||Ricky Stenhouse Jr.||Ford||Nationwide Insurance||Roush Fenway Racing|
|18||Kyle Busch||Toyota||M&M's American Heritage Chocolate||Joe Gibbs Racing|
|19||Mike Bliss||Toyota||Plinker Tactical||Humphrey Smith Racing|
|20||Matt Kenseth||Toyota||Husky Tools||Joe Gibbs Racing|
|22||Joey Logano||Ford||Shell Pennzoil||Penske Racing|
|24||Jeff Gordon||Chevrolet||Drive to End Hunger/AARP||Hendrick Motorsports|
|27||Paul Menard||Chevrolet||Menards/Pittsburgh Paints||Richard Childress Racing|
|29||Kevin Harvick||Chevrolet||Budweiser||Richard Childress Racing|
|30||David Stremme||Toyota||Swan Energy||Swan Racing|
|31||Jeff Burton||Chevrolet||Caterpillar||Richard Childress Racing|
|32||Ken Schrader||Ford||Federated Auto Parts||FAS Lane Racing|
|33||Tony Raines||Chevrolet||Circle Sport||Circle Sport|
|34||David Ragan||Ford||Farm Rich||Front Row Motorsports|
|35||Josh Wise||Ford||The Pete Store||Front Row Motorsports|
|36||J.J. Yeley||Chevrolet||United Mining Equipment/Pitt Lite||Tommy Baldwin Racing|
|38||David Gilliland||Ford||Long John Silver's||Front Row Motorsports|
|39||Ryan Newman||Chevrolet||Quicken Loans||Stewart-Haas Racing|
|40||Landon Cassill||Chevrolet||CRC Brakleen/Moon Shine Attitude Attire||Circle Sport|
|42||Juan Pablo Montoya||Chevrolet||Target||Earnhardt Ganassi Racing|
|43||Aric Almirola||Ford||Gwaltney||Richard Petty Motorsports|
|47||A.J. Allmendinger||Toyota||Bush's Beans||JTG Daugherty Racing|
|48||Jimmie Johnson||Chevrolet||Lowe's/Kobalt Tools||Hendrick Motorsports|
|51||Ryan Truex||Chevrolet||SeaWatch International/1-800-SEA-CLAMS||HScott Motorsports|
|55||Brian Vickers||Toyota||LG/Aaron's||Michael Waltrip Racing|
|56||Martin Truex Jr.||Toyota||NAPA Auto Parts||Michael Waltrip Racing|
|78||Kurt Busch||Chevrolet||Furniture Row/Beautyrest||Furniture Row Racing|
|83||David Reutimann||Toyota||Burger King/Dr. Pepper||BK Racing|
|87||Joe Nemechek||Toyota||AM/FM Energy Wood & Pellet Stoves||NEMCO-Jay Robinson Racing|
|88||Dale Earnhardt Jr.||Chevrolet||Time Warner Cable/HendrickCars.com||Hendrick Motorsports|
|93||Travis Kvapil||Toyota||Burger King/Dr. Pepper||BK Racing|
|95||Reed Sorenson||Ford||Crusader Staffing||Leavine Family Racing|
|98||Michael McDowell||Ford||Phil Parsons Racing||Phil Parsons Racing|
|99||Carl Edwards||Ford||Kellogg's Frosted Flakes/Cheez-It||Roush Fenway Racing|
Final Chase for the Cup statistics
|(post-race) - Sunday, September 8||(post-penalties) - Friday, September 13|
|Pos||Driver||Points||Wins||Top 5||Top 10||Pos||Driver||Points||Wins||Top 5||Top 10|
|1||Matt Kenseth||2015||5||6||13||1||Matt Kenseth||2015||5||6||13|
|2||Jimmie Johnson||2012||4||9||15||2||Jimmie Johnson||2012||4||9||15|
|3||Kyle Busch||2012||4||11||15||3||Kyle Busch||2012||4||11||15|
|4||Kevin Harvick||2006||2||6||13||4||Kevin Harvick||2006||2||6||13|
|5||Carl Edwards||2006||2||8||13||5||Carl Edwards||2006||2||8||13|
|6||Joey Logano||2003||1||8||14||6||Joey Logano||2003||1||8||14|
|7||Greg Biffle||2003||1||3||10||7||Greg Biffle||2003||1||3||10|
|8||Clint Bowyer||2000||0||8||13||8||Clint Bowyer||2000||0||8||13|
|9||Dale Earnhardt, Jr.||2000||0||5||14||9||Dale Earnhardt, Jr.||2000||0||5||14|
|10||Kurt Busch||2000||0||8||13||10||Kurt Busch||2000||0||8||13|
|11||Kasey Kahne||2000||2||8||11||11||Kasey Kahne||2000||2||8||11|
|12||Martin Truex, Jr.||2000||1||6||11||12||Ryan Newman||2000||1||6||12|
Race manipulation controversy
Team orders became an issue during the last ten laps of the race, and it was ultimately determined that three teams had tried to manipulate the finish of the race and Chase positions.
Under the Chase system at the time, 12 drivers were eligible to make the Chase: the top 10 in points, with two additional Wild Card spots for drivers positioned 11th-20th in the points with race wins. Entering the race, Kasey Kahne had already locked up the first Wild Card spot as he was the only repeat winner in the field outside of the top 10 in points, with his two race wins from earlier in the year (Bristol in March, and Pocono in August). Ryan Newman entered the race trailing Martin Truex, Jr. for the final wild card. In order to guarantee a Chase position, Newman needed to either win the race, or be five points ahead of Truex and not have Joey Logano or Greg Biffle fall out of the top ten (as if either Logano or Biffle dropped out of the top ten at the end of the race, the other Wild Card spot would go to one of them). Jeff Gordon trailed Logano by 16 points for 10th place, the final Chase spot based on points position.
On Lap 393, Gordon was ahead of Logano by a large enough margin that Gordon led Logano by two points for the final guaranteed Chase position. Newman was the leader, and would have bumped out both Logano and Truex (one win each) had the race ended at that point. It was on that lap that Truex's teammate Clint Bowyer spun out in Turn 4. From the various angles captured of the spin, it initially appeared that Bowyer had either been tapped from behind by Dale Earnhardt, Jr. or he had cut a right front tire. The field pitted under the resulting caution flag, including Bowyer, Truex's other teammate Brian Vickers, Newman and the rest of the field. A slow pit stop for Newman dropped him to third, behind Carl Edwards, Paul Menard, with Kurt Busch starting next to him in 4th.
As a result of pit stops, Truex gained multiple positions. Logano, who was two laps behind the leader (while Gordon was on the lead lap), used a wavearound to move up to one lap behind the leaders, where he could race other cars one lap behind in an attempt to gain more positions and score enough points to retake Gordon. Edwards went on to win, albeit with controversy as it appeared he jumped Paul Menard on the restart, with Kurt Busch and Newman finishing behind Edwards. However, Edwards was not penalized (as had happened to Jimmie Johnson at Dover in June) as NASCAR ruled that Menard had spun his tires and was slow getting up to speed.
Newman and Truex finished tied for the final wildcard spot on both wins, and the first tie-breaker, points. However, since Truex had an extra second-place finish at Texas, he entered the Chase. Logano, who overtook Gordon on the final restart, clinched the final non-wild card spot by one point over Gordon.
Immediately after the race, many in the garage suspected that Bowyer had spun out deliberately in an attempt to manipulate the finish of the race so that Truex would gain a Chase spot. The incident drew comparisons to the 2008 SingTel Singapore Grand Prix Formula One race, where Nelson Piquet, Jr. intentionally caused a caution to give an advantage to teammate Fernando Alonso, who would win the race. Coincidentally, Piquet was entered in the second-tier Nationwide Series race that weekend. Dale Earnhardt, Jr. was directly behind Bowyer at the moment of the spin, and said afterwards that the way Bowyer's car spun was "one of the craziest things he's ever seen", and noticed the car being "jerked around" to make it lose control out of turn 4. While Bowyer claimed it was a flat tire that caused him to spin out, and indeed the right front was down after the spin, it was noted that the behavior of Bowyer's car was inconsistent with the normal behavior of a car that had cut a tire: the normal behavior for a car cutting a tire in the corners being for the car to wash up the track with no steering and slam the outside wall with its right side, then come back down onto the track, rather than spinning onto the apron. In addition, the popping noise normally associated with a flat tire only happened after the spin.
Further suspicion arose during the video replays, as the radio communications between Bowyer and crew chief Brian Pattie showed they were openly worried about the possibility of Newman winning and eliminating Truex from the Chase on lap 391, two laps before Bowyer spun. Another suspicious conversation was revealed between Vickers and his spotter, team general manager and vice president Ty Norris, where Norris ordered a completely oblivious Vickers to make a green-flag pit stop after the restart on lap 398 in order to give Truex another position to tie Newman in points. These conversations seemed to provide evidence of some kind of manipulation going on via team orders. In order for the scheme to work, Gordon, who was in 10th place, had to be overtaken by Logano in order to guarantee Truex a wild card. This scandal became known as Spingate from Bowyer's late-race spin, but also the Singapore Sling because the incident was similar to the 2008 Singapore Formula One incident to manipulate the outcome of the race.
On Monday, September 9, NASCAR penalized Michael Waltrip Racing by fining the team $300,000—the highest fine imposed on a team in NASCAR's 67-year history. It also indefinitely suspended Norris, placed all three of MWR crew chiefs on probation until December 31, and docked Bowyer and Truex 50 driver points (While Vickers, a Nationwide Series regular, was not eligible for Sprint Cup driver points under the series declaration rule, he was also docked 50 points, which was reflected in a negative points total at year's end). Each car was also docked 50 owner's points (Waltrip for the #55 and #56, Rob Kauffman for the #15; even if a driver is not a Cup-declared driver, the owner earns points). As this penalty was applied before the reset for the Chase, it effectively knocked Truex out of the Wildcard spot in favor of Newman. The 50-point penalty dropped Truex to 17th in points, removing him from eligibility for a wild-card position, and giving his spot to Newman. While NASCAR could not find any conclusive evidence that Bowyer had deliberately spun out, it did determine that Vickers' pit on Norris' orders was illegal. The point deduction did not affect Bowyer's post-seeding, as all penalties affected his pre-Chase points total and he had clinched a Chase berth two races earlier. Gordon, meanwhile, remained eliminated from the Chase because he did not have the necessary points to leapfrog Logano for a spot, which drew even more controversy, since Logano was able to overtake Gordon in the ensuing restart after the caution. Logano had to stay in the top ten in order to give Truex a wild card if Newman did not win. Had the caution not occurred, Gordon would likely have clinched a Chase position, since Logano would have remained two laps down.
Shortly after the penalties against Michael Waltrip Racing for trying to manipulate the race, rumors surfaced that Logano had received assistance from Front Row Motorsports driver David Gilliland. Penske and Front Row were considered technical partners, as they both used Ford cars and Roush Fenway Racing powertrains. Radio communications seemed to suggest to NASCAR that Front Row officials asked Gilliland to slow down and give up a position to Logano in order to help Logano race his way into the Chase, in exchange for an undisclosed form of compensation. Logano passed Gilliland on the final restart.
After a second inquiry, NASCAR placed both Penske and Front Row on probation until December 31, and forced all teams to attend a Saturday afternoon meeting at the 2013 GEICO 400 in Chicagoland, regarding ethics in light of the two related match fixing incidents. Additionally, NASCAR CEO Brian France announced that Gordon would be added to the Chase field, expanding the field to 13 drivers. France explained in a press conference that his decision to add Gordon to the Chase was "based on the totality of events that were outside" Gordon's control, and how MWR's and Penske's manipulation attempts gave Gordon an "unfair disadvantage", and the fact that if Bowyer had not spun and the caution had not come out at any point between lap 393 and the white flag, Gordon would have qualified for the Chase on points based on his running position.
NAPA Auto Parts, Truex's primary sponsor on the #56 car, announced on September 19, 2013, that they would withdraw sponsorship of the #56 team at the end of the season as a direct result of the incident, choosing instead to align with Hendrick Motorsports and Dale Earnhardt, Jr. for the 2014 season. In 2014, NAPA would partner with Earnhardt's Nationwide Series team JR Motorsports and became the primary sponsor for up-and-coming driver Chase Elliott's 2014 championship and rookie of the year run in the Nationwide Series. They also sponsored Elliott for his part-time Sprint Cup debut in 2015, with a partial run set for his championship debut in 2016 after Elliott was moved to the No. 24 full-time following Jeff Gordon's retirement from racing, with Axalta covering the remaining races; Elliott would eventually win his first Cup Series title (with NAPA sponsorship) in 2020. With the loss of NAPA sponsorship, MWR had to scale the #56 team down to a part-time team for 2014, while Truex and everyone on his pit crew ended up being signed by Furniture Row Racing to replace a departing Kurt Busch. Truex would win the 2017 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Championship for Furniture Row.
Michael Waltrip Racing continued to run as a two-car operation for 2014 and 2015 but never again saw victory lane. Team principal Rob Kauffman announced he was purchasing a stake in Chip Ganassi Racing in 2015 and MWR folded at the end of the season; the team's charters (as a founding member of Race Team Alliance) were given to Stewart Haas Racing and fellow Toyota team Joe Gibbs Racing, allowing both to receive one extra car under the then-new charter system. Bowyer would take 5-Hour Energy to HScott Motorsports for 2016. In 2017, Bowyer moved to drive the 14 for Stewart Haas Racing in 2017, replacing retired team owner, Tony Stewart. 5-Hour Energy would move to Furniture Row to sponsor Erik Jones and Truex, before also withdrawing from the sport in 2018.
NASCAR would be rocked by another race manipulation scandal six years later, involving backmarker teams during that year's season finale, the 2019 Ford EcoBoost 400, involving bonuses for the best team without a Race Team Alliance charter (a system introduced in 2016) in that year's owner point standings.
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- "2013 Federated Auto Parts 400 weather information". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
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- "Unofficial Race Results for the 56Th Annual Federated Auto Parts 400" (PDF). Jayski. September 7, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 4, 2014. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Fryer, Jenna (September 16, 2013). "SpinGate: NASCAR Credibility Crisis Began After Clint Bowyer Spun Out At Richmond". HuffPost Sports. Associated Press. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "NASCAR Standings: NASCAR Drivers, Race Standings And News". NASCAR.com. November 17, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
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