2013 Southeast Asian Games

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27th Southeast Asian Games
2013 Southeast Asian Games Logo.png
Motto Green, Clean and Friendship
Nations participating 11
Athletes participating 4730
Events 460 in 37 sports
Opening ceremony 11 December 2013
Closing ceremony 22 December 2013
Officially opened by Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Officially closed by Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Athlete's Oath Sandi Oo
Torch lighter Maung Wai Lin Tun
Ceremony venue Wunna Theikdi Stadium
Website 2013 Southeast Asian Games
2011 2015  >

The 2013 Southeast Asian Games (Burmese: 2013 ခုနှစ်အရှေ့တောင်အာရှအားကစားပြိုင်ပွဲ) (2013 hkunhait aashaetaungaarsh aarrkahcarrpyainepwal) officially known as the 27th Southeast Asian Games, was a multi-sport event took place in Naypyidaw, the new capital of Myanmar,[1] as well as in other main cities, Yangon, Mandalay[2] and Ngwesaung Beach[3] with 460 events in 37 sports and disciplines featured in the games.

Myanmar had already hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, the then capital of Myanmar. For the third time, Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian Games. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium.[4][5] Naypyidaw is the second Myanma city to host the Southeast Asian Games after Yangon. Myanmar is the second nation to host the Southeast Asian Games after Thailand.

The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by host Myanmar and Vietnam. Several Asian, Games and National records were broken during the games. Though there were several controversies, the Games were deemed generally successful with Myanmar games hosting experience after 44 years and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.


Host city[edit]

Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand have revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter three nations hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries are ineligible to host this edition.[6][7]

Myanmar held the largest time interval of hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years.[8] The Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF) Council met in Jakarta on 31 May 2010 unanimously agreed to award the Myanmar Olympic Committee the right to host the 27th edition of the games.[9] Official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar would host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010.[10] ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar would host the games.[11]

Development and preparation[edit]

The Myanmar SEA Games Organising Committee (MYASOC) led by U Tint Hsan was formed to oversee the staging of the event.[12]


2013 Southeast Asian Games is located in Myanmar
Host cities
Wunna Theikdi Indoor Stadium

Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex

  • Main Stadium (Opening and Closing Ceremony, Athletics)
  • Indoor Stadium (Sepak Takraw, Wushu, Badminton, Karate, Taekwondo, Table Tennis)
  • Futsal Indoor Stadium (Futsal)
  • Boxing Indoor Stadium (Boxing, Muay)
  • Billiard & Snooker Indoor Stadium (Billiard)
  • Aquatic Centre (Diving, Swimming)
  • Equestrian Field (Equestrian)
  • Cycling Field (Cycling – Track)

Zayarthiri Sports Complex

  • Main Stadium (Football)
  • Indoor Stadium (Volleyball, Judo, Vovinam, Pencak Silat, Basketball)
  • Swimming Pool (Water Polo)

Other venues

  • Mount Pleasant (Cycling BMX,cross country, downhill)
  • Ngalike Dam (Canoeing, Rowing, Traditional Boat Race)
  • Road of Leway, Pyinmanar, Tatkon (Cycling – Road)
  • Royal Myanmar Golf Course (Golf)
  • Zabuthiri Hotel (Chess)
  • Thuwunna Stadium (Football)
  • Thuwunna Indoor Stadium (Wrestling, Kenpō)
  • Thein Phyu Stadium (Weightlifting)
  • Hockey Field (Field Hockey)
  • North Dagon Shooting Range (Shooting)
  • Myanmar Convention Center (Bodybuilding)
  • Ngwesaung Beach (Sailing)

Public Transport[edit]

As Naypyidaw is yet to be fully developed into a city, only shuttle bus services were provided throughout the games and were used to ferry athletes and officials to and from the airport, games venues and games village. The co-host cities of the games, Yangon, Mandalay and Ngwesaung also provided the same services during the games.


Logo and mascot[edit]

The logo of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is the map of Myanmar. The ball with eleven rings resembling the 11 Southeast Asian countries and the Southeast Asian Games Federation represents the successful holding of Southeast Asian Games in Myanmar and yellow, green and red are the three national colours represented in Myanmar's National Flag. The yellow circle represents equality and fraternity, green color represents love of nature and the green economy and red color represents courage and hard working nature of Myanmar. The circular shape represents complete perfection and endless prosperity among the Southeast Asian countries.[13]

Shwe Yoe & Ma Moe, the official mascot

The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is a couple of owls named Shwe Yoe and Ma Moe. The owls are considered lucky charms in Myanmar tradition. Owl is globally taken as the wisest, calmest and balanced animal. But, in Myanmar it is also taken to be auspicious and believed to bring forth luck and prosperity to the family, for which the owl dolls are kept at their homes as lucky charms.[13] The owl as official mascot of Myanmar SEA Games 2013 has a personality: wise, calm, lucky, loyal, and friendly. The personality of an owl is expected to bring forth co-operation, friendship, and better understanding among the participating countries.[14]


There were several songs composed for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games, which includes the theme song of the games, "Colourful Garden" and many other campaign songs for the games.


A total of 18 sponsors, comprising 14 official sponsors and 4 official supporters sponsored the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.[15]

The Games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

27th SEA Games opening ceremony at Wunna Theikdi Stadium in Naypyidaw

The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event hosted since 1969. It was led with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.

Fireworks displays was made upon the entrance of President Thein Sein into the stadium. The theme song "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organising Committee, Vice-President Nyan Tun declared the Games open with another explosion of colourful fireworks that lit up the night. Torch relay was passed through the hands of six former Myanmar athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.

A showcase of arts and culture about history of Burma was made, with dance performances accompanied the ending of the ceremony.[16]

Closing ceremony[edit]

The Games had its closing ceremony held at Wunna Theikdi Stadium on 22 December 2013. It was started with an hour of music following the performance of "Colorful Garden", the theme song for the Games and subsequently, "Loyalty of Blood" was later presented by well-known artists May Sweet and May Kha Lar. The musical hors d'oeuvres concluded with all artists joining together in "Be Peaceful". President Thein Sein and his wife Khin Khin Win then entered the stadium, following which the Closing Ceremony was officially opened with a pyrotechnic display.

Four performances were presented with the first directly connected the SEA Games to Myanmar tradition, celebrating the sport of chinlone, which is believed to have first appeared in Myanmar in the 5th century. It then followed with the "Elephant Dance" which about paying tribute to the elephants in Myanmar.

The Closing Ceremony then paid homage to the 135 officially recognised ethnic races diversity of the country with the performance of "Everlasting Myanmar", depicting the rich diversity of the population, and simultaneously the many obstacles on the path to realising a new, peaceful and prosperous modern state.

Medal winners of every participating countries were then paraded onto the stadium floor to the beat of martial music – chants of "Myanmar" ringing through the stadium.

With the procession complete, Vice-President Nyan Tun officially announced the 27th SEA Games concluded, as strobe lights searched the sky and a cornucopia of fireworks exploded over the stadium.

The first SEA Games in Myanmar in 44 years was then finally put to rest with one last volley of fireworks and round of musical performances following the official handing over of SEA Games responsibilities to Singapore, host of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games.[17]

Participating nations[edit]

  Host nation

Country Athletes Officials Reference
IOC Code Name Men Women Total Men Women Total
BRU Brunei Brunei
CAM Cambodia Cambodia
INA Indonesia Indonesia
LAO Laos Laos
MAS Malaysia Malaysia
MYA Myanmar Myanmar
PHI Philippines Philippines
SIN Singapore Singapore
THA Thailand Thailand
TLS East Timor Timor-Leste
VIE Vietnam Vietnam
Total 2842 1888 4730


Myanmar hosted 37 sports, less than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia.[9] Organisers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dancesports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women.[36] Tennis and Gymnastics, are Olympic sports were not played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball was also contested as a demonstration sport.[37] The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.

¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.

Medal table[edit]

A total of 1531 medals comprising 461 gold medals, 459 silver medals and 611 bronze medals were awarded to athletes. The host Myanmar performance was the best ever yet in Southeast Asian Games history, and were only second to Thailand as overall champion. Athletics awarded 46 gold medals with maximum ones in that year's SEA Games.[38][39][40]


  *   Host nation (Myanmar)

2013 Southeast Asian Games medal table
 Rank  NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Thailand (THA) 108 94 82 284
2  Myanmar (MYA)* 84 63 84 231
3  Vietnam (VIE) 74 85 86 245
4  Indonesia (INA) 64 84 110 258
5  Malaysia (MAS) 43 38 79 160
6  Singapore (SIN) 35 28 45 108
7  Philippines (PHI) 29 35 37 101
8  Laos (LAO) 13 17 49 79
9  Cambodia (CAM) 8 11 28 47
10  Timor-Leste (TLS) 2 3 5 10
11  Brunei (BRU) 1 1 6 8
Total (11 NOCs) 461 459 611 1531
Source: Source
Medal change

2 gold medalists from Myanmar, namely Saw Mar Lar Nwe and Min Zaw Oo, both from athletics and bodybuilding respectively and an Indonesian swimmer, Indra Gunawan were tested positive for a banned drug, thus were stripped off their gold and silver medals.[41][42][43][44]

Ruling date Sport Event Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
2013 Athletics Women's 20 kilometres walk  Myanmar –1 +1 –1 –1
 Vietnam +1 −1 0
 Thailand +1 +1
2013 Bodybuilding 80 kg  Myanmar –1 –1
 Thailand +1 −1 0
 Indonesia +1 −1 0
 Malaysia +1 +1
2014 Swimming Men's 100 metre breaststroke  Indonesia −1 –1
 Philippines +1 −1 0
 Thailand +1 +1
2014 Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metre medley relay  Indonesia –1 –1
 Singapore +1 −1 0
 Thailand +1 −1 0
 Malaysia +1 +1


  Host nation

2013 SEA Games Broadcasters rights in Southeast Asia
IOC Code Country Broadcast network Television network Radio network
BRU Brunei Brunei RTB RTB1
Radio Nasional Brunei
CAM Cambodia Cambodia NTK TVK RNK Radio
INA Indonesia Indonesia SCM (part of Emtek Group)
Indika Group
Radio & Television of the Republic of Indonesia
Elshinta TV
O Channel
Radio Elshinta News & Talk
LAO Laos Laos Lao National Television LNTV LNR
MAS Malaysia Malaysia Media Prima
Radio Televisyen Malaysia
TV3 Malaysia
TV9 Malaysia
Astro SuperSport
RTM Nasional FM
Hot FM
Fly FM
MYA Myanmar Myanmar MRTV-4 MRTV-4
For Sports
Sky Net
PHI Philippines Philippines ABS-CBN Corporation ABS-CBN
Studio 23
DZMM TeleRadyo
DZMM Radyo Patrol 630
SIN Singapore Singapore MediaCorp MediaCorp Channel 5
MediaCorp HD5
MediaCorp Channel NewsAsia International
MediaCorp Okto
StarHub TV
Mio TV
MediaCorp Radio 938LIVE
THA Thailand Thailand T.V.Pool Channel 3
Channel 5
Channel 7
Modernine TV
Modern Radio, NBT Radio
TML East Timor Timor Leste RTTL Televisão Timor Leste Radio Timor Leste
VIE Vietnam Vietnam VTV
Voice of Vietnam
2013 SEA Games Broadcasters outside of Southeast Asia
IOC Code Country Network Station Television Station Radio Station
 Hong Kong
China Central Television CCTV-1 (General Channel)
CCTV-2 (Finance Channel)
CCTV-5 (Sports Channel)
CCTV-7 (Military & Agriculture Channel)
CCTV-5+ (Sport Plus Channel)
China National Radio
China Radio International
HKG  Hong Kong Fox Sports Networks STAR Sports Asia
Fox Sports

Concerns and controversies[edit]

Event cut down
  • The inclusion of Chinlone, an indigenous traditional Burmese sport is not sitting well with many nations and the exclusion of Olympic disciplines sports like gymnastics and tennis infuriated quite a few competing nations, and has become one of the controversial issues heading before the 27th Southeast Asian Games.[45]
  • The host nation also included Sittuyin, a traditional Burmese chess, as a traditional chess number along with common chess competition number. Other competing nations were not familiar with this traditional Burmese chess.[45]
  • Due to the reduction of a number of Olympic sports and addition of non-Olympic sports and sports wherein the host country excels, the Philippines decided to send 208 athletes only, which its smallest delegation in 14 years.[45]
Controversial decision
  • The 100m freestyle swimming event for women which was held on 12 December was restarted after Thailand protested and appealed for a re-swim. Thailand claimed that its swimmer participating in the sporting event stopped in the middle of the event after hearing the second horn which signalled a false start. The other swimmers did not stop and the race was not interrupted. Pinky Brosas, national head coach of the Philippine national swimming team criticised the organisers for not interrupting the race and noted that the officials did not put down the 50m flag.[46][47]
  • In the kata team event for women, the Vietnamese team has protested the decision of the jurors, which gave the gold medal to the host team (Myanmar). Subsequently, the juror committee had to have a meeting and admitted their mistakes. They released an apology to Vietnamese women kata team for their faults but the decision of juror could not be changed. Vietnamese media called this incident as a "gold medal robbery", which regularly occurs within SEA Games.[48]
  • In the Pencak Silat Men's 55–60 kg, the committee didn't give the gold medal that had to be given to Indonesia after Mohammad Adhan won the final against Ye Kyaw Thu from Myanmar because Myanmar protested the decision of the jurors decision, and even their protest being rejected by the jurors, the committee still keep the medal and instead of cancelling all of Men's 55–60 kg Tarung event result.[49]
  • In the football event for women, the coach of Myanmar women's national football team has vowed to make an official complaint over the alleged lack of expertise of the Indian referee during the team's SEA Games defeat on penalties to Thailand.[50] Burmese fans were outraged by decisions that disallowed a Burma goal for offside but allowed a contentious goal by Thailand to stand.[51]
  • In the Judo event, Indonesian Judo team refuses one silver and two bronze medals awarded to them as a protest of alleged referee unfairness against host athlete. According to Indonesian Judo team coach, the referee should stop the match when the host athlete locked Indonesian athlete shoulder in illegal foul moves, but the referee decided to overlook it and continue the match resulting in the defeat and injury of Indonesian athlete.[52]
  • In 20 km walk event for women, Nguyen Thi Thanh Phuc, the defending champion and the Asian silver medallist, failed to defend her title as the host athlete Saw Nar Lar Nwe walked much of the distance as if she was running, especially the last few metres to the finish. None of the judges warned her, while Viet Nam's complaint was ignored. Phuc cried when receiving the silver medal. Yet, in April 2014, the ASEAN Sports Federation announced the results of SEA Games' doping cases, including of Saw Nar Lar Nwe. Nwe tested positive for a banned drug and her result would be cancelled. Phuc, the silver medallist, will now receive the gold medal.[53]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Junta Builds Stadium in Bid to Host 2013 SEA Games". Archived from the original on 12 August 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Myanmar prepares for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games". Retrieved 5 January 2012. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "More hotels to open at Ngwe Saung beach for SEA Games in 2013". Xinhua News. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "We're not hosting SEA Games 2013". Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Singapore not likely to host 2013 SEA Games". Retrieved 8 December 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 2015-08-04. 
  7. ^ Burma hopeful of hosting 2013 SEA Games Archived 19 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "About". 27seagames2013.com. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Myanmar to host 2013 SEA Games". Retrieved 3 June 2010. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "SEA Games updates for 2011, 2013". Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "MYANMAR TO HOST SEA GAMES 2013". Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Myanmar SEA Games Organising Committee". Official Website. Archived from the original on 2014-01-07. 
  13. ^ a b 27th SEA Games > Myanmar 2013 Archived 30 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "SEA Games 2013". Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "Official Website". Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Myanmar Lights Up The Skies For 27th SEA Games". http://www.27seagames2013.com/. Retrieved 12 December 2013.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  17. ^ "Good night and good luck, the flame is extinguished on the 27th Games". http://www.27seagames2013.com/. Retrieved 27 December 2013.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  18. ^ "Athlete List: Brunei". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  19. ^ Yee Chun Leong (1 December 2013). "61 to represent Brunei at Myanmar Games". The Brunei Times. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  20. ^ "Athlete List: Cambodia". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  21. ^ Over 200 Cambodian athletes to join SEA Games in Myanmar next month Archived 12 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ "Athlete List: Indonesia". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  23. ^ "Athlete List: Laos". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  24. ^ "Athlete List: Malaysia". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  25. ^ "Sea Games The Best Platform To Expose Young Athletes – CDM". Bernama. 4 December 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  26. ^ "Athlete List: Myanmar". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  27. ^ "Athlete List: Philippines". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  28. ^ "Meet your Philippine contingent to the Myanmar SEA Games". 10 December 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  29. ^ "Athlete List: Singapore". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  30. ^ "FIRST EVER TRI-CONTINGENT CEREMONY KICKS OFF TEAM SINGAPORE MAJOR GAMES JOURNEY" (PDF). Singapore Sports Council. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  31. ^ "Athlete List: Thailand". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  32. ^ แข่งที่พม่าสะท้อนไทย ‘ศึกซีเกมส์’ กีฬามี ‘มากกว่ากีฬา’ | เดลินิวส์ – อ่านความจริงอ่านเดลินิวส์
  33. ^ "Athlete List: Timor-Leste". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  34. ^ "Athlete List: Vietnam". Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  35. ^ Đoàn Thể thao Việt Nam tham dự SEA Games 27 với 519 VĐV
  36. ^ Satumbaga, Kristel (4 April 2012). "Myanmar Does What Others Do". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  37. ^ "Floorball a demonstration sport in the SEA Games 2013 – 07.02.2013". 
  38. ^ OCA
  39. ^ In Athletics Men's 1500m FINAL has 2 Golds Medal.
  40. ^ No Silver Medal in Athletics : Men's 1500m.
  41. ^ "hafiy found guilty doping by Asia sports medical body". 
  42. ^ "Schooling gets his 6th gold for 2013 SEA Games". 
  43. ^ "SEA Games: Three guilty of doping at Myanmar Games". 
  44. ^ "FINA Announces Two Indonesian Swimmers Banned for Two Years for Doping". 
  45. ^ a b c HS Manjunath (10 December 2013). "Cambodia eye record medal haul". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  46. ^ Jasmine Alkhadi PH Swimmer Gold Medalist Nullified | Philippine News
  47. ^ SEA Games: Alkhaldi gold recalled after Thailand protest; re-swim scheduled | Sports | GMA News Online
  48. ^ Trọng tài karatedo thừa nhận VN mất oan HC vàng – VnExpress
  49. ^ Samarinda Pos Online
  50. ^ ZARNI MANN (19 December 2013). "Burma to Complain About Referee in SEA Games Women's FootballKnockout". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  51. ^ SHANGHAI DAILY (19 December 2013). "Myanmar women football also trips out of gold hope". The Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  52. ^ "Tim Judo Menolak Ambil Medali" (in Indonesian). TribunJabar.com. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  53. ^ http://vietnamnews.vn/sports/254290/phuc-gets-sea-games-gold-medal-nwe-disqualified.html

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Jakarta & Palembang, Indonesia
Naypyidaw, Myanmar
Succeeded by