2013 Southeast Asian Games
|Host city||Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar|
|Motto||Green, Clean and Friendship|
|Events||460 in 34 sports|
|Opening ceremony||11 December|
|Closing ceremony||22 December|
|Officially opened by||Nyan Tun|
Vice President of Myanmar
|Officially closed by||Nyan Tun|
Vice President of Myanmar
|Athlete's Oath||Sandi Oo|
|Torch lighter||Maung Wai Lin Tun|
|Main venue||Wunna Theikdi Stadium|
|Website||2013 Southeast Asian Games|
The 2013 Southeast Asian Games (Burmese: ၂၀၁၃ ခုနှစ် အရှေ့တောင် အာရှ အားကစား ပြိုင်ပွဲ), officially known as the 27th Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event took place in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Around 4730 athletes from 11 participating nations participated at the games, which featured 460 events in 34 sports. The games were held from 11 to 22 December 2013.
It was the third time Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian Games. The country hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, then capital of the country. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium. Nay Pyi Taw became the second city in Myanmar to host the Southeast Asian Games. The games were opened and closed by Nyan Tun, the Vice-president of Myanmar at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium.
The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by host Myanmar and Vietnam. Several Games and national records were broken during the games. Though there were several controversies, the Games were generally deemed successful with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.
Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter three nations hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries were less favored to host this edition.
Myanmar held the longest interval between hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years. The Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF) Council met in Jakarta on 31 May 2010 unanimously agreed to award the Myanmar Olympic Committee the right to host the 27th edition of the games. The official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar would host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010. ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar would host the games.
Development and preparation
The Myanmar SEA Games Organising Committee (MYASOC) was formed to oversee the staging of the event.
- Nay Pyi Taw
Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex
- Main Stadium (Opening and Closing Ceremony, Athletics)
- Indoor Stadium (Badminton, Chinlone, Karate, Sepak takraw, Wushu, Taekwondo, Table tennis)
- Futsal Indoor Stadium (Futsal)
- Boxing Indoor Stadium (Boxing, Muay)
- Billiard & Snooker Indoor Stadium (Billiards and snooker)
- Aquatic Centre (Diving, Swimming)
- Equestrian Field (Equestrian)
- Games village (Petanque)
- Archery field (Archery)
Zayarthiri Sports Complex
- Main Stadium (Football (men))
- Indoor Stadium (Volleyball, Judo, Vovinam, Pencak Silat, Basketball)
- Swimming Pool (Water Polo)
- Mount Pleasant (Cycling BMX, cross country, downhill)
- Ngalaik Dam (Canoeing, Rowing, Traditional Boat Race)
- Road of Leway, Pyinmana, Tatkon (Cycling – Road)
- Royal Myanmar Golf Course (Golf)
- Zabuthiri Hotel (Chess)
- Thuwunna Stadium (Football (men))
- Thuwunna Indoor Stadium (Wrestling, Kenpō)
- Thein Phyu Stadium (Weightlifting)
- Hockey Field (Field Hockey)
- North Dagon Shooting Range (Shooting)
- Myanmar Convention Center (Bodybuilding)
- Mandalarthiri Stadium (Football (women))
- Ngwesaung Beach (Sailing)
As Naypyidaw was yet to be fully developed into a city, only shuttle bus services were provided throughout the games and were used to ferry athletes and officials to and from the airport, games venues and games village. The co-host cities of the games, Yangon, Mandalay and Ngwesaung also provided the same services during the games.
The official countdown to the games' opening ceremony began a year prior on 11 December 2012. The countdown clocks were located in Nay Pyi Taw and other cities in Myanmar that co-hosted the games.
The logo of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is an image of the map of Myanmar. The Southeast Asian Games Federation logo at the tip of the logo, has eleven rings which resembling the 11 Southeast Asian countries and the Southeast Asian Games Federation. Yellow, green and red, the national colours on Myanmar's National Flag, represents Myanmar as the games' host nation. The yellow circle represents equality and fraternity, green color represents love of nature and the green economy, while the red color represents courage and hard working nature of Myanmar. The circular shape represents complete perfection and endless prosperity among the Southeast Asian countries.
The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is a couple of owls named Shwe Yoe and Ma Moe. The owls are considered lucky charms in Burmese tradition. The owl is globally taken to be the wisest, calmest and balanced animal. But, in Myanmar, it is also taken to be auspicious and believed to bring forth luck and prosperity to the family, for which the owl dolls are kept at their homes as lucky charms. The owl as the official mascot of Myanmar SEA Games 2013 has a personality: wise, calm, lucky, loyal, and friendly. The personality of an owl was intended to bring forth co-operation, friendship, and better understanding among the participating countries. The mascots are named after a famous Burmese dance, U Shwe Yoe and Daw Moe.
Several songs, including the theme of the games "Colourful Garden", were written for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.
The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event since 1969. It was led with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.
The ceremony began with fireworks displays at the stadium. The theme song "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organising Committee, Vice-President Nyan Tun opened the Games with another explosion of colourful fireworks. The Games' torch was relayed by six former Burmese athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.
The closing ceremony was held at Wunna Theikdi Stadium on 22 December 2013. It was started with an hour of music following the performance of "Colorful Garden", the theme song for the Games and subsequently, "Loyalty of Blood" was later presented by well-known artists May Sweet and Maykhala. The musical hors d'oeuvres concluded with all artists joining together in "Be Peaceful". President Thein Sein and his wife Khin Khin Win then entered the stadium, following which the Closing Ceremony was officially opened with pyrotechnic displays.
Four performances were presented with the first directly connected the SEA Games to Burmese tradition, celebrating the sport of chinlone, which is believed to have first appeared in Myanmar in the 5th century. It then followed with the "Elephant Dance" which about paying tribute to the elephants in Myanmar.
The Closing Ceremony then paid homage to the 135 officially recognised ethnic races diversity of the country with the performance of "Everlasting Myanmar", depicting the rich diversity of the population, and simultaneously the many obstacles on the path to realising a new, peaceful and prosperous modern state.
Medal winners of every participating countries were then paraded onto the stadium floor to the beat of martial music – chants of "Myanmar" ringing through the stadium.
Myanmar hosted 34 sports, fewer than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia. Organisers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dance sports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women. Tennis and Gymnastics, two Olympic sports, were not played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball was also contested as a demonstration sport. The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.
¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Gold medal events||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Traditional boat race||6||4||4||3||17|
|Daily medal events||2||2||0||6||6||16||19||2||21||42||49||43||36||29||42||44||46||53||2||460|
|10||East Timor (TLS)||2||3||5||10|
|Totals (11 nations)||461||459||611||1531|
- Medal change
Myanmar gold medalists Saw Marla Nwe (athletics) and Min Zaw Oo (bodybuilding), along with Indonesian gold and silver medalist Indra Gunawan (swimming), tested positive for a banned drug and were stripped of their medals.
|2013||Athletics||Women's 20 kilometres walk||Myanmar||–1||+1||–1||–1|
|2014||Swimming||Men's 100 metre breaststroke||Indonesia||−1||–1|
|2014||Swimming||Men's 4 × 100 metre medley relay||Indonesia||–1||–1|
International Broadcast Center was constructed in Maniyadana Jade Hall in Naypyidaw.
Host nation (Myanmar)
Concerns and controversies
- Event cut down
- Myanmar SEA Games Organizing Committee's decision to include Burmese traditional sports Chinlone and Sittuyin, and to exclude Olympic disciplines sports like gymnastics and tennis were not received well. The Philippines decided to send 208 athletes only, which its smallest delegation in 14 years.
- Football hooliganism
Following the shocking defeat of Myanmar football team to Indonesia in the group match that causing them failed to qualify the semi-finals, Myanmar hooligan supporters tore up seats, hurled stones at officers as well burning Southeast Asian Games memorabilia and other billboards.
- Controversial decision
- The 100m freestyle swimming event for women which was held on 12 December was restarted after Thailand protested and appealed for a re-swim. Thailand claimed that its swimmer participating in the sporting event stopped in the middle of the event after hearing the second horn which signalled a false start. The other swimmers did not stop and the race was not interrupted. Pinky Brosas, national head coach of the Philippine national swimming team criticised the organisers for not interrupting the race and noted that the officials did not put down the 50m flag.
- In the kata team event for women, the Vietnamese team protested the decision of the jurors, which gave the gold medal to the host team Myanmar. Subsequently, the juror committee had to have a meeting and admitted their mistakes. They released an apology to Vietnamese women kata team for their faults but the decision of juror could not be changed.
- In the Pencak Silat Men's 55–60 kg, the committee did not give the gold medal that had to be given to Indonesia after Mohammad Adhan won the final against Ye Kyaw Thu from Myanmar because Myanmar protested the decision of the jurors decision, and even their protest being rejected by the jurors, the committee still keep the medal and instead of cancelling all of Men's 55–60 kg Tarung event result.
- In the football event for women, the coach of Myanmar women's national football team vowed to make an official complaint over the alleged lack of expertise of the Indian referee during the team's SEA Games defeat on penalties to Thailand. Burmese fans were outraged by decisions that disallowed a Burma goal for offside but allowed a contentious goal by Thailand to stand.
- In the Judo event, Indonesian Judo team refused one silver and two bronze medals awarded to them as a protest of alleged referee unfairness against host athlete. According to Indonesian Judo team coach, the referee should stop the match when the host athlete locked Indonesian athlete shoulder in illegal foul moves, but the referee decided to overlook it and continue the match resulting in the defeat and injury of Indonesian athlete.
- In 20 km walk event for women, Nguyen Thi Thanh Phuc, the defending champion and the Asian silver medallist, failed to defend her title as the host athlete Saw Marla Nwe walked much of the distance as if she was running, especially the last few metres to the finish. None of the judges warned her, while Viet Nam's complaint was ignored. Phuc cried when receiving the silver medal. Yet, in April 2014, the ASEAN Sports Federation announced the results of SEA Games' doping cases, including of Saw Marla Nwe. Nwe tested positive for a banned drug and her result would be cancelled. Phuc, the silver medallist, received the gold medal.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2013 Southeast Asian Games.|
- "2013 Southeast Asian Games Official Website". Archived from the original on 26 February 2014.
- 27th SEA Games Community Site
- World Muay Thai Federation on 27th SEA Games
- Results list
| Southeast Asian Games
XXVII Southeast Asian Games (2013)