2014 Ludian earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
2014 Ludian earthquake
Yunnan in China (+all claims hatched).svg
Location of Yunnan Province in China
Ludian earthquakemap.jpg
A map of the Ludian earthquake. Size of red circles represent number of deceased per county.
Date 3 August 2014
Origin time 08:03:13 UTC
Magnitude 6.5 ML[1][2][3][4][5] 6.1 Mw[6]
Depth 10.0 km (6.2 mi)
Epicenter 27°14′42″N 103°25′37″E / 27.245°N 103.427°E / 27.245; 103.427Coordinates: 27°14′42″N 103°25′37″E / 27.245°N 103.427°E / 27.245; 103.427
Areas affected

Yunnan, China

Total damage $6 billion[7]
Max. intensity VIII (Severe)[8][9]
Casualties

617 dead
(As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10] [11][12][13][14]
3,143 injured
(As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [7][10]
112 missing
(As of 8 August 7:00 UTC)

[10][15]

The 2014 Ludian earthquake struck Ludian County, Yunnan, China, with a moment magnitude of 6.1 on 3 August.[16] The earthquake killed at least 617 people, injuring at least 2,400 others.[17][18] As of 5 August 2014, 112 people remain missing.[19] Over 12,000 houses collapsed and 30,000 were damaged.[20] According to the United States Geological Survey, the earthquake occurred 29 km (18 mi) WSW of Zhaotong city at 16:03 local time (08:03 UTC).[21][22][23][24]

Tectonic setting[edit]

The Ludian earthquake occurred at 16:03, Beijing time (08:03 UTC), on 3 August 2014. American geological surveys indicated that the epicenter was 29 km (18 mi) WSW of Zhaotong city at a depth of 10.0 km (6.2 mi),[25] in the quake-prone province of Yunnan in southwestern China, about 18 km (11 mi) from Zhaotong. It was especially felt in the province of Yunnan, and less in the provinces of Guizhou and Sichuan.[26]

ShakeMap of the earthquake from the United States Geological Survey.

The magnitude of the earthquake was 6.1 on the moment magnitude scale,[16] with an intensity of up to VII (Very strong) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The quake was the result of a strike-slip fault, whose fault plane has a southwest-northeast strike.[27]

Seismicity in this region of southeast Asia is the direct result of the orogenic activity of the Himalayan mountain belt. Due to the complex interaction between the Eurasian Plate and Indo-Australian Plate from Afghanistan in the west to Burma and China in the east, many shallow sub-surface faults are present in both southwest China and neighbouring Myanmar.

Recent earthquakes[edit]

This particular part of Yunnan Province was struck by the Mw 6.3 Burma earthquake in 2003.[28] Similar events have occurred in recent years due to strike-slip faulting in the nearby vicinity, such as the 2006 Yunnan earthquake of magnitude 5.0, which killed 19 people,[29] the largest of recent times, the Mw 7.9 2008 Sichuan earthquake, which killed over 69,000 people, the Mw 6.9 2011 Shan earthquake,[30] and more recently, the 2012 Yunnan earthquakes, which was the result of reverse faulting and not strike-slip faulting like the Ludian earthquake,[31] killing 81 people and injuring 821 others.[32]

Damage and casualties[edit]

Zhoujiaping (周家坪村), after the earthquake
Longtoushan Town(龙头山镇) after the earthquake.
Casualties Ludian Qiaojia Zhaoyang Huize Total
Deaths 526 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13] 78 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13] 1 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13] 12 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13] 617 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13]
Injured 1,713 (As of 5 August 6:30 UTC) [17][18] 290 (As of 5 August 6:30 UTC) [17][18]  ? 370 (As of 5 August 6:30 UTC) [17][18] 3,143
(As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13]
Missing 109 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13] 3 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13] 0 0 112 (As of 8 August 7:00 UTC) [10][12][13]

The earthquake caused significant damage in the immediate vicinity of the epicenter, principally in the city of Zhaotong, where power outages and significant structural damage were reported.[33] Chinese authorities announced that the quake left at least 391 dead, and over 1,801 injured.[34][35]

According to the South China Morning Post, the tremor was felt in nearby towns, including the capital of Yunnan, Kunming, also in Chongqing, Leshan and Chengdu in the neighboring province of Sichuan.[36] Road access to Longquan Village (龙泉村) of Longtoushan Town (龙头山镇), Ludian County, was blocked, where buildings collapsed.[37] In Ludian, it was reported that around 12,000 homes had collapsed, many of them being aged brick structures.[38]

Aftershock[edit]

Aftershock: 21 August 6:00 a.m. until 9 UTC in times or more (more than nine times more than M 3.0) up by China Seismic Bureau). The largest aftershock earthquake M 4.2.[39]

Number Date (° N) (°E) Focal depth (Km) Magnitude Location Earthquake time (BJT)
1[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.3 12 6.5 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 16:03:10
2[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.4 5 3.3 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 16:45:18
3[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.4 5 3.1 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 18:12:41
4[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.4 9 3.1 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 18:34:00
5[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.4 5 4 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 19:07:20
6[39] 2014-8-3 27 103.4 8 3.1 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 19:46:31
7[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.4 5 4.1 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 21:47:07
8[39] 2014-8-3 27.1 103.3 11 4.1 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 22:28:29
9[39] 2014-8-4 27.1 103.4 5 4.2 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 3:30:31
10[39] 2014-8-4 27.1 103.4 5 3.1 Ludian County, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province 7:06:10

Response and relief[edit]

Mourning held in Baogunao (包谷垴乡) for victims in Ludian earthquake on 8 August 2014.

The Chinese government sent a 30-man team to the epicentre region immediately after the earthquake struck, as well as 2,000 tents, 3,000 folding beds, 3,000 quilts, and 3,000 coats to provide shelter for the displaced and homeless.[33] The majority of the injured have been transported to safe areas.[34]

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, who flew to the epicenter on the morning of 4 August,[40][41] sent a joint working group to investigate and assist the locals in the rescue.[42]

Donation[edit]

As of 17:00 (UTC+8) on 15 August 2014, Yunnan Province received 536 million Yuan in donated money and 50 million Yuan in donated goods.[43]

Government and organizations[edit]

Name Donations (CNY)
Beijing Government 10,000,000[44]
Shanghai Government 10,000,000[45]
Li Ka Shing Foundation 30,000,000[46]
Zhangjiakou Bureau of Finance 1,000,000[47]
Shanxi Government 5,000,000[48]
Liaoning Government 5,000,000[49]
Shenzhen Government 5,000,000[50]
Yongshan Government 1,000,000[51]
Macao Red Cross 300,000[52]
Jiangxi Province Red Cross Society 100,000[53]
Communist Party of China
Yunnan Provincial Organization Department
1,000,000[54]
USA San Francisco Chinese Community 307,895[55]

Company[edit]

Name Donations (CNY)
Yunnan Provincial Tobacco Monopoly Bureau 10,000,000[56]
Yunnan Tobacco Industry Limited Liability Company 10,000,000[57]
China National Petroleum Corporation 5,000,000[58]
Yunnan Province Rural Credit Cooperatives 5,000,000[59]
GE 3,000,000[60]
Wuliangye 4,000,000[61]
China Resources 5,000,000[62]
Dalian Wanda Group 10,000,000[63]
Tencent Foundation 5,000,000[64]
Baidu Foundation 5,000,000[65]
Xiaomi 1,000,000[66]
NetEase 3,000,000[67]
Qihoo 3,000,000[68]
JD.com 5,000,000[69]
Alibaba Group 5,000,000[70]
Thunder Networking Technologies 1,000,000[71]
Yili Group 5,000,000[72]
Haier 6,000,000[73]
Evergrande Real Estate Group 10,000,000[74]
Taiwan Compatriots Investment Enterprises Association 2,000,000[75]
Want Want 2,000,000[76]
Beijing City Association of enterprises with investment of Taiwan compatriots 1,000,000[77]
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China 5,000,000[78]
China Construction Bank 5,000,000[79]
China Development Bank 5,000,000[80]
Apple Inc. 10,000,000[81]
China Pacific Insurance 5,000,000[82]
Nikon 3,000,000[83]
Samsung Group 30,000,000[84]
China Merchants Bank 5,000,000[85]
Bank of Communications 5,000,000[86]
GOME Electrical Appliances 5,000,000[87]
People's Insurance Company of China 10,000,000[88]
JDB Group 200 tents, Kata Boryocha and water[89]
Mengniu Dairy 2000 boxes of milk[90]

Personal[edit]

Name Donations (CNY)
Adili Maimaitito 500,000[91]
Han Hong 1,000,000[92]
Huang Xiaoming 100,000[92]
Zhang Guoli 500,000[92]
Jay Chou 500,000[92]
Mickey He 500,000[92]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 中国地震台网. "云南省昭通市鲁甸县6.5级地震". 中国地震台网. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  2. ^ China Earthquake Network statistics
  3. ^ Government announcement
  4. ^ China Earthquake Administration statistics
  5. ^ Yahoo! Finance article
  6. ^ "M6.1 - 11km WNW of Wenping, China". United States Geological Survey. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Armand Vervaeck (3 August 2014). "Deadly earthquake in Ludian county (Yunnan), China – at least 398 people killed + over 6 bn USD in damage.". Earthquake-Report.com. 
  8. ^ "云南鲁甸发生6.5级地震 极震区预估烈度达VIII度". Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 3 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "[北京您早]云南鲁甸发生6.5级地震 此次地震最高烈度为VIII度". 中国经济网 (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China (2014-08-08). "云南鲁甸地震遇难人数增至617人". Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  11. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-08/08/c_133542789.htm
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ministry of Civil Affairs of Yunnan province (2014-08-06). "云南省鲁甸县6.5级地震造成589人死亡9人失踪". Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ministry of Civil Affairs of Yunnan province (2014-08-06). "昭通市鲁甸县发生6.5级地震(续报二十一)". Ministry of Civil Affairs of Yunnan province. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  14. ^ Euan McKirdy (6 August 2014). "Chinese earthquake death toll rises to 589". CNN. 
  15. ^ 云南省鲁甸县6.5级地震已造成589人死亡 9人失踪. 和讯新闻 (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "M6.1 – 11km WNW of Wenping, China". United States Geological Survey. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c d Ministry of Civil Affairs of Yunnan province (5 August 2014). 云南省鲁甸县6.5级地震造成410人死亡12人失踪 (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c d Ministry of Civil Affairs of Yunnan province (5 August 2014). 昭通市鲁甸县发生6.5级地震(续报十八) (in Chinese). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  19. ^ 云南鲁甸县6.5级地震造成381人死亡3人失踪 (in Chinese). Government of China. 4 August 2014. 
  20. ^ "Un séisme fait au moins 367 morts en Chine". Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  21. ^ "Earthquake kills 26 in south-west China". BBC News. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  22. ^ "China quake death toll rises to 381, over 1,800 injured – state media". Russia: RT. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  23. ^ "At least 175 dead after quake hits southwest China". Reuters. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "Earthquake killed 398 people and more than 1.800 were injured". BBC News. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  25. ^ "6.1 magnitude earthquake 29 km from Zhaotong city, Yunnan, China". Earthquaketrack.com. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  26. ^ "W Chinach zatrzęsła się ziemia. Zginęło prawie 400 osób". Tvp.info (in Polish). Telewizja Polska S.A. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  27. ^ 云南鲁甸县6.5级地震遇难人数已升至367人. People's Daily (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "Historic Earthquakes: Moment Tensor Solution". United States Geological Survey. 7 August 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  29. ^ "M5.0 – eastern Sichuan, China". United States Geological Survey. 25 August 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  30. ^ "USGS WPhase Moment Solution". United States Geological Survey. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  31. ^ "M5.5 – Sichuan-Yunnan-Guizhou region, China". United States Geological Survey. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  32. ^ 云南彝良地震死亡人数增至81人 通讯基本恢复 (in Chinese). China News Service. 9 September 2012. 
  33. ^ a b "6.5-magnitude quake hits southwest China's Yunnan: CENC – Xinhua | English.news.cn". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  34. ^ a b 云南鲁甸地震遇难人数增至391人 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. 4 August 2014. 
  35. ^ 云南昭通鲁甸县地震 (in Chinese). Netease. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  36. ^ "Fuerte sismo en China dejó al menos 367 personas muertas". Univision.com (in Spanish). Univision Communications Inc. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  37. ^ 朱峰 (3 August 2014). 交通部门保通救灾 沙坝村至龙泉村道路今晚打通无望 (in Chinese). China News Service. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  38. ^ Jack Change (3 August 2014). "Strong Quake Kills at least 175 in Southern China". Associated Press. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k China Earthquake Administration. "截至8月6日20时00分 云南鲁甸6.5级地震共记录到余震763次". China Earthquake Administration. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  40. ^ 李克强赶赴云南鲁甸地震灾区指导抗震救灾. People's Daily (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  41. ^ "Li Keqiang flies to Sichuan quake zone". Financial Times. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. (Subscription required (help)). 
  42. ^ 李克强就云南地震作批示 中央派出联合工作组. China News Service (in Chinese). 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  43. ^ 云南省级共接收鲁甸6.5级地震捐款5.36亿元
  44. ^ 鲁甸地震爱心捐赠汇总:北京市政府1000万(图). Sohu (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  45. ^ 上海市委市政府捐款1000万元支援抗震救灾. gov.cn (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  46. ^ 香港机构向云南鲁甸灾区捐款 李嘉诚基金会捐3000万. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  47. ^ 云南接收鲁甸地震捐款超亿元 省红会仅获13万捐款. Sohu (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  48. ^ 山西500万元拨向云南地震灾区. 牛图网 (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  49. ^ 辽宁省委省政府向云南灾区捐助500万. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  50. ^ 全国各地纷纷向鲁甸灾区捐款捐物. Hexun (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  51. ^ 高清:永善县向鲁甸灾区捐款100万元 消防官兵一线抢险救灾. yunnan.cn (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  52. ^ 澳门红十字会紧急拨款支援云南地震灾区. NetEase (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  53. ^ 江西省红十字会为鲁甸地震灾区募捐10万元 公布捐款账号. 今视网 (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  54. ^ 云南省委组织部拨100万元党费支援灾区 号召当地党员投身抗震救灾. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  55. ^ 心系云南地震灾区 全美各地华人展开募捐行动赈灾. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  56. ^ 云南烟草专卖局向鲁甸地震灾区捐款1000万. Tencent (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  57. ^ 云南中烟向地震灾区捐款1000万支持抗震救灾. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  58. ^ 云南省共接收昭通鲁甸"8.03"地震捐款27474.38万元. Xinhua News Agency (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  59. ^ 云南接收鲁甸"8.03"地震捐款超亿元. 人民政协网 (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  60. ^ "GE300万元医疗设备 抵达云南鲁甸". Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  61. ^ 五粮液公司400万救灾物资送达鲁甸地震灾区. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  62. ^ 华润向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万元. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  63. ^ 万达集团通过中华慈善总会向灾区捐款1000万(1/1). 未来网 (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  64. ^ 互联网公司向云南地震灾区捐款 腾讯捐500万. Tencent (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  65. ^ 百度基金会宣布向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万. China News Service (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  66. ^ 小米公司宣布向云南和台湾受灾地区捐款. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  67. ^ 网易宣布捐款300万支援云南地震灾区. NetEase (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  68. ^ 360公司宣布向地震灾区捐款300万. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  69. ^ 京东宣布向云南地震灾区捐款500万. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  70. ^ 阿里巴巴捐赠500万元. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  71. ^ 迅雷宣布向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款100万元. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  72. ^ 内蒙古伊利集团向云南地震灾区捐赠500万目前已经运往灾区. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  73. ^ 海尔集团捐款捐物600万 用于灾区救援及灾后重建. Qilu Evening News (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  74. ^ 恒大集团为云南地震捐1000万元. Phoenix Television (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  75. ^ 全国台企联捐200万. Tencent (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  76. ^ 中央下拨6亿紧急救灾 工作组在灾区指导救灾工作. Yangtse Evening News (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  77. ^ 台资企业踊跃捐款捐物 支援云南鲁甸地震灾区. 中国政府网 (in Chinese). 4 August 2014. 
  78. ^ 工行向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万元. 新华网 (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  79. ^ 中国建设银行决定向云南地震灾区捐款500万元. 人民网 (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  80. ^ 国开行向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万元. 人民网 (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  81. ^ 苹果向云南地震灾区捐款1000万人民币元. Tencent (in Chinese). 8 August 2014. 
  82. ^ 太平洋保险捐款500万 支援鲁甸地震灾区. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 9 August 2014. 
  83. ^ 尼康集团向云南地震灾区捐款300万元. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 9 August 2014. 
  84. ^ 中国三星向云南鲁甸捐赠3000万. Sina Corp (in Chinese). 9 August 2014. 
  85. ^ 招商银行向鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万. Xinhua News Agency (in Chinese). 9 August 2014. 
  86. ^ 交通银行向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万元. ifeng.com (in Chinese). 9 August 2014. 
  87. ^ 国美在线向云南鲁甸地震灾区捐款500万元—— 国美首批救灾物资送往灾区. Hexun (in Chinese). 8 August 2014. 
  88. ^ 中国人民保险集团积极投入抗震救灾向鲁甸地震灾区捐款1000万元. ifeng.com (in Chinese). 7 August 2014. 
  89. ^ 驰援鲁甸灾区 加多宝捐赠生命之水. ifeng.com (in Chinese). 8 August 2014. 
  90. ^ 中国红十字基金会启动"天使之旅-鲁甸行动". 新华网 (in Chinese). 5 August 2014. 
  91. ^ 切糕"灾中送甜"涌动着民族团结正能量. People's Daily (in Chinese). 6 August 2014. 
  92. ^ a b c d e ifeng.com. "多位明星支援地震灾区 韩红慈善基金捐100万". ifeng.com. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Yunnan at Wikimedia Commons