On March 1, five people who were picketing next to the Federation Council building against the invasion of Ukraine were arrested. The next day about 200 people protested at the building of the Russian Ministry of Defense in Moscow against Russian military involvement. About 500 people also gathered to protest on the Manezhnaya Square in Moscow and the same number of people on the Saint Isaac's Square in Saint Petersburg. On March 2, about eleven protesters demonstrated in Yekaterinburg against Russian involvement, with some wrapped in the Ukrainian flag. Protests were also held in Chelyabinsk on the same day. The opposition to the military intervention was also expressed by rock musician Andrey Makarevich, who wrote in particular: "You want war with Ukraine? It will not be the way it was with Abkhazia: the folks on the Maidan have been hardened and know what they are fighting for – for their country, their independence. [...] We have to live with them. Still neighborly. And preferably in friendship. But it's up to them how they want to live". The Professor of the Department of Philosophy at the Moscow State Institute of International RelationsAndrey Zubov was fired for his article in Vedomosti, criticizing Russian military intervention.
On 2 March, one Moscow resident protested against Russian intervention by holding "Stop the war" banner, but he was immediately harassed by passers-by and when the police was arresting him, a woman offered them fabricating a serious charge (beating up a child) against him; however, the proposal was rejected by the police. Andrei Zubov, a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations, who compared Russian actions in Crimea to the Anschluss of Austria, was threatened. Akexander Chuyev, the leader of the pro-Kremlin Spravedlivaya Rossiya party, also objected to Russian intervention in Ukraine. Boris Akunin, popular Russian writer, predicted that Russia's moves would lead to political and economic isolation.
Anti-war demonstrations on 15 March 2014. Sight from the inside.
Some observers and newspapers claimed as many as 100,000 participants overall, thus for the first time in many years marking Russian Opposition rally in Moscow to be bigger than a government led manifestation.
Protesters holding a banner saying: Occupation of the Crimea is a shame of Russia.
Thousands of people around the world supported this event by holding anti-war demonstrations on the same day. In the US, San Francisco, New York, Washington DC, Los Angeles, Seattle, Houston and Boston took part in the protest activities.
Professor Andrey Zubov speaking at the anti-war congress in Moscow
On 19 March 2014, the anti-war congress of Russian intelligentsia took place in Moscow. The memorandum issued by the Congress, proclaims:
We, the representatives of the Russian intelligentsia feel ourselves obliged to warn the authorities from making historical mistake - the desire to take control of a part of Ukraine, the country which was considered as a brotherly one.