2014 Shanghai stampede
|Date||31 December 2014|
|Location||The Bund, Shanghai, China|
On December 31, 2014, a deadly stampede occurred in Shanghai, near Chen Yi Square on the Bund, where around 300,000 people had gathered for the new year celebration. 36 people were killed and there were 49 injured, 13 seriously. As of January 3, 2015, 9 remained in a serious condition.
The stampede began at about 23:35 local time on New Year's Eve. The incident centered on a stairway leading up to a viewing platform overlooking the river. Some people were trying to climb to the platform while others were trying to go down, causing panic and confusion. People standing on the steps to the viewing platform began to fall down the stairs, collapsing into each other.
There were reports that a planned New Year's light show had been canceled at the last minute and that the crowd control measures required for such a show were not in place.
Rumors of cash coupons
|Video (in Chinese)|
Early reports stated that people were throwing cash coupons resembling U.S. dollars into the crowd. One of the victims stated that cash coupons were thrown onto the street from a bar and that several of the people had rushed to grab them. However, the Shanghai police later denied social media reports that the stampede was triggered by people stopping to pick up coupons, saying that "video footage showed that the bills had been thrown after the crush took place". An 18-year-old witness told news portal Sina: "I've seen people saying that the stampede happened because people were throwing fake money. But I don't think that's the main reason — there was so much distance, there's no way the money could have blown over to the viewing platform."
At approximately 23:50, people started to realize the danger and began to retreat from the crowd. The police at the scene also started to instruct people to evacuate from the second level. At 23:55, police and citizens had formed a wall to make way for ambulances. The injured were then sent to local hospitals.
After the accident, the government of Shanghai formed a working group to coordinate the rescue, led by mayor Yang Xiong.
As a result of the stampede, similar New Year celebration events on December 31, 2015 were cancelled.
President and General Secretary of the Communist Party Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang ordered the Shanghai government to "go all out" in its rescue efforts. On January 1, Xi and Li called for an immediate investigation into the source of the accident. Xi Jinping also said a profound lesson should be learned from the incident.
The local government cancelled all New Year celebration activities on January 1, including the New Year's marathon and Shanghai Tower light show. Guyi Garden, Fangta Garden and Yu Garden's Lantern Festival were also cancelled. On the morning of the 1st, citizens mourned for the victims at the Bund.
This stampede was front page on local newspapers on the morning of January 1. The media needed to seek authorization for reporting this news, which was impossible to obtain at midnight. The official WeChat account of local government released relevant news at 9 a.m. the next day.
Media reports indicated that the cancellation of a planned light show led to a reduction in the number of police assigned to the event, resulting in only 700 police officers (as compared to 6000 in 2013) at the scene. However, the crowd was no smaller than in previous years, possibly because a scaled-down version of the light show was being held at different venue with a similar name.
Media outlets have faced criticism for publishing personal information posted online by victims or their families.
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- 东方早报 - 2015年1月1日 - 封面
- 文汇报 - 2015年1月1日 - 封面
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- 上海发布 - 外滩陈毅广场昨夜发生拥挤踩踏事故，致数十人伤亡