2014 Winter Olympics medal table
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event held in Sochi, Russia, from 7 to 23 February. A total of 2,873 athletes from 88 nations participated in 98 events in 7 sports across 15 different disciplines.
Initially, host nation Russia matched the Soviet Union's 1976 achievement of thirteen gold medals,[α] but 4 gold medals (13 overall) were stripped later due to doping. Norway achieved the leading position in the medal table on 24 November 2017, when Russia was stripped of two gold medals in bobsleigh.[β] However, at the end of January 2018, the Court of Arbitration for Sport cleared 28 Russian athletes and 9 out of 13 medals (including 3 gold) were reinstated, allowing Russia to return to the top position.
The Netherlands achieved four podium sweeps in the speed skating, dominating the men's 500 metres, men's 5,000 metres, men's 10,000 metres, and women's 1,500 metres, surpassing the previous record of two podium sweeps.
Slovenia won its first Winter Olympics gold medal ever, in alpine skiing. This was also the first Winter Olympic gold medal tie. Luger Armin Zöggeler of Italy became the first athlete to achieve six Winter Olympic medals over six consecutive games, all achieved at the men's singles event.
Speed skater Ireen Wüst from the Netherlands achieved five medals (two gold and three silver), more than any other athlete. Korean-born Russian short track speed skater Viktor Ahn, Norwegian cross-country skier Marit Bjørgen, and Belarusian biathlete Darya Domracheva tied for the most gold medals, with three each.
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The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won, where nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee (NOC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals.
In the women's downhill event in alpine skiing, two gold medals were awarded for a first place tie. No silver medal was awarded for the event. In the men's super-G alpine skiing, two bronze medals were awarded for a third place tie.
Host nation (Russia)
|4||United States (USA)||9||7||12||28|
|13||South Korea (KOR)||3||3||2||8|
|15||Czech Republic (CZE)||2||4||2||8|
|19||Great Britain (GBR)||1||1||2||4|
|Total (26 NOCs)||97||95||99||291|
Russian team doping case
On 9 December 2016, a World Anti-Doping Agency report expanded upon the previous report and included the note that "Two [Russian] [sport] athletes, winners of 4 Sochi Olympic Gold medals, and a female Silver medal winner in [sport] had samples with salt readings that were physiologically impossible" and that "Twelve [Russian] medal winning athletes ... from 44 examined samples had scratches and marks on the inside of the caps of their B sample bottles, indicating tampering".
In December 2016, following the release of the McLaren Report on Russian doping at the Sochi Olympics, the International Olympic Committee announced the initiation of an investigation of 28 Russian athletes at the Sochi Olympic Games. La Gazzetta dello Sport reported the names of 17 athletes, of whom 15 were among the 28 under investigation (the number later rose to 46).
Three ladies artistic skaters were named as being under investigation. They are Adelina Sotnikova, the singles gold medalist, as well as pairs skaters Tatiana Volosozhar and Ksenia Stolbova. Volosozhar and Stolbova won gold and silver medals, respectively, in pairs skating. Both also won gold medals in the team event, which also puts the other eight team medalists at risk of losing their golds. In November 2017 the proceeding against Sotnikova was dropped.
Six cross-country skiers were suspended from competition on the basis of the McLaren Report: Evgeniy Belov, Alexander Legkov, Alexey Petukhov, Maxim Vylegzhanin, Yulia Ivanova and Evgenia Shapovalova. Legkov won a gold and silver medals, and Vylegzhanin won three silver medals. The IOC disqualified all six from Sochi, imposed lifetime bans and, in the process, stripped Legkov and Vylegzhanin of the medals they had won in four events (three individual medals and one team medal). On 1 February 2018, the Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld five out of six appeals (except for Ivanova whose appeal was overturned), and their results were restored. Nikita Kryukov, Alexander Bessmertnykh and Natalya Matveyeva were disqualified on 22 December 2017. These decisions were also overturned by the CAS on 1 February 2018. The IOC intends to appeal these decisions.
The International Biathlon Union suspended two Russian biathletes who were in the Sochi games: Olga Vilukhina and Yana Romanova. Vilukhina won silver in sprint, and both women were on a relay team that won the silver medal. They were disqualified and stripped of their medals on 27 November 2017.
The International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation suspended four Russian skeleton sliders. They were Alexander Tretyakov, Elena Nikitina, Maria Orlova and Olga Potylitsina. Tretyakov won a gold medal, and Nikitina won a bronze. On 22 November 2017, the IOC stripped these medals and imposed lifetime Olympic bans on all four.
Seven Russian female ice hockey players were to have hearings before the Oswald Commission on 22 November 2017. The identities of the seven players have not been revealed. Two of the seven are accused of submitting samples showing readings that were physically impossible to be held by a woman. The Russian women's ice hockey team finished sixth at Sochi 2014. On December 12, 2017 six of them were disqualified. Tatiana Burina and Anna Shukina were also disqualified ten days later.
On 24 November 2017, the IOC disqualified and imposed lifetime Olympic bans on bobsledder Alexandr Zubkov who won two gold medals and speed skater Olga Fatkulina who won a silver medal. All their results were disqualified, resulting in Russia losing its first place in the medal standings. On 27 November 2017, Russian bobsledders Aleksei Negodaylo, Dmitry Trunenkov, and skeleton racer Sergei Chudinov were sanctioned as well. Three other athletes who didn't win medals (Alexander Kasjanov, Ilvir Huzin, Aleksei Pushkarev) were banned on November 29, 2017. Biathlete Olga Zaitseva who won silver in a relay was disqualified on 1 December 2017. Two other athletes, Anastasia Dotsenko and Yuliya Chekalyova, were also banned, bringing the total to 31 (six Russian ice hockey players were sanctioned shortly after). Speed skaters Ivan Skobrev and Artyom Kuznetsov, lugers Albert Demchenko and Tatiana Ivanova, bobsledders Liudmila Udobkina and Maxim Belugin were disqualified on 22 December 2017, bringing the total to 43. Demchenko and Tatiana Ivanova were also stripped of their silver medals.
As of January 2018, the IOC had sanctioned 43 Russian athletes from the 2014 Winter Olympics and banned them from competing in the 2018 edition and all other future Olympic Games as part of the Oswald Commission. All but one of these athletes appealed against their bans to the Court of Arbitration for Sport. The court overturned the sanctions on 28 athletes meaning that their Sochi medals and results are reinstated but decided that there was sufficient evidence against 11 athletes to uphold their Sochi sanctions. The IOC said in a statement that “the result of the CAS decision does not mean that athletes from the group of 28 will be invited to the Games. Not being sanctioned does not automatically confer the privilege of an invitation” and that “this [case] may have a serious impact on the future fight against doping”. The IOC found it important to note that CAS Secretary General "insisted that the CAS decision does not mean that these 28 athletes are innocent” and that they would consider an appeal against the courts decision. The court also decided that none of the 39 athletes should be banned from all future Olympic Games, but only the 2018 Games. 3 Russian athletes are still waiting for their hearing which will be conducted after the 2018 Games.
Changes in medal standings
|Ruling date||Sport / event||NOC||Total||Comment|
|List of official changes in medal standings (after the Games)|
|1 November 2017||Cross-country skiing
Men's 50 kilometre freestyle
Men's 4 × 10 kilometre relay
|Russia (RUS)||−1||−1||−2||On 1 November 2017, the IOC disqualified cross country skier Alexander Legkov and he was stripped of his gold and silver medals.|
|9 November 2017||Cross-country skiing
Men's 50 kilometre freestyle
Men's team sprint
|Russia (RUS)||−2||−2||On 9 November 2017, the IOC disqualified cross country skier Maxim Vylegzhanin and he was stripped of his two silver medals (alongside with the stripped silver medal in the team relay with Legkov).|
|22 November 2017||Skeleton
|Russia (RUS)||−1||−1||−2||On 22 November 2017, the IOC disqualified men's gold medallist Alexander Tretyakov and women's bronze medallist Elena Nikitina.|
|24 November 2017||Bobsleigh
|Russia (RUS)||–2||−2||On 24 November 2017, the IOC disqualified bobsledder Alexandr Zubkov and he was stripped of his two gold medals. His teammates in four-man bobsled Alexey Negodaylo and Dmitry Trunenkov were disqualified three days later. On 18 December 2017, Zubkov's teammate in two-man bobsled and four-man bobsled, Alexey Voyevoda was also disqualified.|
|24 November 2017||Speed skating
Women's 500 metres
|Russia (RUS)||–1||−1||On 24 November 2017, the IOC disqualified speedskater Olga Fatkulina and she was stripped of her silver medal.|
|27 November 2017||Biathlon
|Russia (RUS)||–1||−1||On 27 November 2017, the IOC disqualified biathlete Olga Vilukhina and she was stripped of her silver medal.|
|27 November 2017||Biathlon
|Russia (RUS)||–1||−1||On 27 November 2017, the IOC disqualified biathletes Olga Vilukhina and Yana Romanova and they were stripped of their relay silver. On 1 December 2017, fellow team member Olga Zaitseva was also disqualified.|
|22 December 2017||Luge
|Russia (RUS)||–2||−2||On 22 December 2017, the IOC disqualified lugers Albert Demchenko and Tatiana Ivanova who won a combined two silver medals. Their results were made void.|
|1 February 2018||Cross-country skiing
Men's 50 kilometre freestyle
Men's team sprint
Men's 4 × 10 kilometre relay
Women's 500 metres
|Russia (RUS)||+2||+6||+1||+9||On 1 February 2018, the Court of Arbitration for Sport reinstated the results for medalists Aleksander Tretyakov and Elena Nikitina in skeleton, Alexander Legkov and Maxim Vylegzhanin in cross-country skiing, Albert Demchenko and Tatiana Ivanova in luge, and Olga Fatkulina in speed skating.|
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