2014 World Touring Car Championship
|2014 World Touring Car Championship season|
The 2014 FIA World Touring Car Championship was a motor racing competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) for Super 2000 Cars. It was the eleventh FIA World Touring Car Championship, and the tenth since the series was revived in 2005.
After making a race-winning début on home soil during the 2013 campaign, Argentina's José María López won the drivers' championship after performing strongest during the season. Driving for the Citroën team, López won ten races during the season, significantly more than team-mates Yvan Muller – the defending series champion – and Sébastien Loeb, who was in his first season in the championship. López finished all but one race during the season, with his only retirement coming during the second race in Russia, and finished the season 126 points clear of his next closest challenger, which was Muller. Muller took four victories during the season, all coming from pole position. Loeb finished a further 41 points behind Muller, taking a pair of victories, in Morocco and the only race in Slovakia.
Only one other driver won more than one race, as Robert Huff won the first races for Lada Sport in the World Touring Car Championship. Huff won the second races in Beijing and Macau; his win in the latter was his seventh at the circuit, over the previous seven years. Single race winners during 2014 were Gabriele Tarquini (Japan), Tom Chilton (Beijing), Gianni Morbidelli (Hungary), Mehdi Bennani (Shanghai) and Ma Qing Hua in Russia. Morbidelli's win was his first in the series, while the victories for Bennani and Ma were the first in FIA competition for their respective countries, Morocco and China.
Citroën dominated the manufacturers' championship, taking a total of 17 overall wins out of the 23 races. The marque finished almost 300 points clear of Honda, who finished in second position. In the TC2-only Yokohama Drivers' Trophy, Franz Engstler finished well clear of the field in his final WTCC season before moving to the TCR International Series. Engstler achieved 20 victories and a pair of second places from 23 starts, and finished 90 points clear of closest rival John Filippi, who won the second race in Japan. The other race winners were Pasquale Di Sabatino in Hungary, and ETCC regular Petr Fulín, who won the race in Slovakia. In the Yokohama Teams' Trophy for non-manufacturer teams, ROAL Motorsport, with Chilton and Tom Coronel as its drivers, finished 91 points clear of the single-car team of Zengő Motorsport and driver Norbert Michelisz. The Yokohama Performer of the Year award went to López, taking the most fastest laps of the season, with eleven.
- 1 Teams and drivers
- 2 Regulation changes
- 3 Calendar
- 4 Results and standings
- 5 Footnotes
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Teams and drivers
For the 2014 season, the series' technical regulations were altered. Cars built to the 2014 specifications were classified as "TC1", whilst cars built prior to 2014 were classified as "TC2".
- French car manufacturer Citroën entered the championship in 2014, with a works team, competing with the Citroën C-Elysée model. The team entered three cars for the full season, and added an additional entry for Ma Qing Hua in five rounds of the championship.
- Honda expanded to become a four-car operation, with two cars entered by the works Honda World Touring Car Team. Two additional cars were supplied to Proteam Racing and Zengő Motorsport with each team running one car.
- Lada Sport expanded to run three cars.
- In September 2013, SEAT announced that they would not return to the WTCC in 2014 in order to focus on the revived SEAT León Eurocup. Some private entries used old-specification SEAT cars in the TC2 class.
- Münnich Motorsport had originally intended to enter one car for team owner René Münnich in selected races in the TC2 class, but later elected to remain in TC1, competing with two 2014-specification Chevrolet Cruzes.
- The RML Group shifted its focus in 2014, withdrawing their team in order to become a constructor and supply 2014-specification Chevrolet Cruzes to customer teams.
- Campos Racing and ROAL Motorsport ran RML built TC1-specification Chevrolet Cruzes. Each team fielded two TC1 cars, while Campos Racing also fielded one full-time and two part-time TC2-specification SEAT León WTCC cars.
- Bamboo Engineering left the series to run a single Aston Martin V8 Vantage in the World Endurance Championship.
- NIKA Racing switched to a TC2-specification Honda Civic WTCC for the 2014 season after racing with a Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T for the last two seasons.
- Robert Huff left the Münnich Motorsport team to join Lada Sport.
- Nine-time World Rally Champion Sébastien Loeb entered the championship with Citroën Total WTCC.
- José María López joined Citroën for a full-season campaign after making his World Touring Car Championship debut at his home race in Argentina during the 2013 season.
- Yvan Muller left RML after four years with the team, joining Citroën's campaign alongside Loeb.
- Dušan Borković entered the series with a Chevrolet Cruze alongside Hugo Valente at Campos Racing in the TC1 class.
- Tom Chilton left RML and moved to ROAL Motorsport alongside Tom Coronel.
- Stefano D'Aste and Fredy Barth did not compete in the series, in the 2014 season.
- Darryl O'Young and Alex MacDowall left the series to compete for Bamboo Engineering in the World Endurance Championship.
- James Nash and Marc Basseng left the series to join Belgian Audi Club Team WRT in the Blancpain Endurance Series and Blancpain Sprint Series respectively.
- Ma Qing Hua entered the series, driving the fourth Citroën car at five meetings.
- John Filippi entered the series, driving for Campos Racing in a SEAT León in the TC2 class.
- Yukinori Taniguchi returned to the series for 2014, driving for NIKA Racing.
- Race distances were fixed at 60 kilometres (37 miles), and all races utilised a standing start.
- Qualifying was held in three parts, with the top five going into Q3.
- The balance of performance—introducing various waivers and differentiated base weights of the cars to equalise the field— but compensation weights were used once again.
The series introduced a raft of changes to the technical regulations for the 2014 season. The cars were still built to Super 2000 regulations, but with significant changes compared to the 2011 generation of cars. The minimum weight of the cars was reduced from 1,150 kilograms (2,540 pounds) to 1,100 kilograms (2,400 pounds), and was accompanied by an increase in the power output of the engine, which rose to 380 bhp, an increase of between 50 and 60 bhp depending on the engine being used. The size of the wheels being used increased to 18", with MacPherson strut suspension being introduced to all cars. The dimensions of the cars changed, with a maximum width of 1,950 mm (77 in), and a 100 mm (3.9 in) front splitter. Changes to the aerodynamic package allowed teams to use flat floors, and introduce single-plane rear wings that were allowed, but to be no higher than the roof of the car.
The provisional 2014 schedule was announced on 4 November 2013. The season was once again contested over twenty-four races at twelve circuits, but saw several changes of venue. The races at Monza and the Circuito da Boavista were removed from the schedule. The Races of France and Belgium returned to the calendar, with the Circuit Paul Ricard making its series debut, and the championship returned to the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps for the first time since 2005.
On 4 January, the FIA announced that the full Grand Prix circuit at Suzuka would be utilised, for the Race of Japan. On 22 January it was announced that the opening round at the Circuit International Automobile Moulay El Hassan would be delayed by one week. On 2 June it was announced that the Race of the United States would be discontinued due to logistical issues, and would be replaced by an additional round in China.
|1||1||Race of Morocco||Circuit International Automobile Moulay El Hassan||13 April|
|2||3||JVC Kenwood Race of France||Circuit Paul Ricard||20 April|
|3||5||Race of Hungary||Hungaroring||4 May|
|4||7||Race of Slovakia||Automotodróm Slovakia Ring||11 May|
|5||9||Race of Austria||Salzburgring||25 May|
|6||11||Lukoil Race of Russia||Moscow Raceway||8 June|
|7||13||Race of Belgium||Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps||22 June|
|8||15||Race of Argentina||Autódromo Termas de Río Hondo||3 August|
|9||17||Race of Beijing||Goldenport Park Circuit||5 October|
|10||19||Race of Shanghai||Shanghai International Circuit||12 October|
|11||21||JVC Kenwood Race of Japan||Suzuka Circuit||26 October|
|12||23||Guia Race of Macau||Guia Circuit||16 November|
Results and standings
The most competitive cars keep a 60 kg compensation weight. The other cars get a lower one, calculated according to their results for the three previous rounds. The less the cars get some good results, the less they get a compensation weight, from 0 kg to 60 kg. The compensation weights were introducted starting from the third round.
During the whole season, the Citroën C-Elysée was the reference car with the best races results and so was handicapped by a 60 kg compensation weight to limit its performances, as well as during the qualifications than during the races.
Yet, the Citroën C-Elysée could continue to get pole positions and wins in both qualifications order for the Races 1 and inverted grid for the Races 2.
|Car||Hungaroring||Slovakia Ring||Salzburgring||Moscow||Spa-Francorchamps||Termas de Río Hondo||Beijing||Shanghai||Suzuka||Macau|
|Citroën C-Elysée WTCC||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg||+60 kg|
|Honda Civic WTCC||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||+20 kg||+20 kg||+20 kg||+30 kg||+20 kg||+30 kg||+30 kg|
|Chevrolet RML Cruze TC1||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||+20 kg||+20 kg||+40 kg||+20 kg||+40 kg||+30 kg||+40 kg|
|Lada Granta 1.6T||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg||0 kg|
Bold – Pole
† – Drivers did not finish the race, but were classified as they completed over 75% of the race distance.
World Touring Car Championship promoter Eurosport Events organised the Yokohama Drivers' Trophy and the Yokohama Teams' Trophy within the 2014 FIA World Touring Car Championship.
Yokohama Drivers' Trophy
All TC2 entries were eligible for the Yokohama Drivers' Trophy.
Bold – Pole
Yokohama Teams' Trophy
All non-manufacturer teams were eligible to score points towards the Yokohama Teams' Trophy.
|4||ALL-INKL.COM Münnich Motorsport||15||6||11||9||9||1||6||C||10||6||12||8||4||6||12||12||4||7||11||13||10||8||10||11||156|
|6||Liqui Moly Team Engstler||12||7||16||16||14||14||16||C||15||11||16||13||18||16||15||14||10||14||13||14||15||15||14||10||59|
|—||RPM Racing Team||18||14||0|
† – Drivers did not finish the race, but were classified as they completed over 75% of the race distance.
Yokohama Performer of the year
|1||José María López||11|
|Ma Qing Hua||1|
Eurosport Asia Trophy
|1||Felipe De Souza||14||Ret||16||16||Ret||15||17||13||60|
|2||Mak Ka Lok||18||14||16|
- The team was renamed Lada Sport from the Race of Beijing onwards following Lukoil's decision to terminate sponsorship with immediate effect.
- Sébastien Loeb had claimed his first career pole by setting the fastest time, ahead of team-mates José María López and Yvan Muller. Loeb and López eventually lost their front row positions and their qualifying points after the automatic fuel cut-off system did not function correctly in scrutineering on their respective cars. Both drivers started the two races from the back of the grid and Muller was promoted to pole.
- Gianni Morbidelli had claimed his first career pole and the first of the season for a non-Citroën car by setting the fastest time, ahead of Yvan Muller and Sébastien Loeb. Morbidelli eventually received a five place penalty for improving his time under yellow flag during Q1 but was entitled to keep the five championship points for pole position.
- "2014 Sporting regulations – FIA World Touring Car Championship" (PDF). FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 18 July 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Standings – Drivers' Championship". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 28 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Race 2 – Ma writes motorsport history". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 8 June 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- "Race 2 – Huff is the King of Macau". FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- "Bennani overwhelmed by first WTCC win". Crash.net. Crash Media Group. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
Mehdi Bennani says he feels like he is 'living in a dream' as he became the first Moroccan to win a world championship motorsport event with victory in Shanghai.
- Hudson, Neil (20 November 2013). "Dušan Borković to step up to the WTCC in 2014". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "Citroen to enter WTCC with Loeb". Autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (7 August 2013). "Citroën sign Yvan Muller for a two-year deal in WTCC". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (28 February 2014). "Ma Qing Hua confirmed as Citroën Racing's fourth driver". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (16 December 2013). "José María López joins Muller and Loeb at Citroën". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (10 September 2013). "Honda to take the fight to Citroën with four cars". TouringCarTimes.com. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "Honda retains Tarquini and Monteiro for 2014 WTCC season". autosport.com. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Team ROAL continues in the 2014 WTCC". ROAL Motorsport. ROAL Motosport. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (20 November 2013). "Tom Chilton to return next year with new RML-built Cruze". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "New Honda Civic for Michelisz in 2014". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (18 November 2013). "Hugo Valente is the first driver to sign for a new RML Chevrolet". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (21 December 2013). "Dušan Borković switches to Chevrolet for WTCC debut". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- "Oriola replaces Borković at Campos Racing". World Touring Car Championship. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (3 November 2013). "Münnich Motorsport confirm reduced programme in 2014". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Mills, Peter (11 March 2014). "Munnich to enter two 2014 Chevrolets in WTCC, Morbidelli to return". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Tremayne, Sam (18 September 2013). "Lada eyes third car in 2014 World Touring Car Championship expansion". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (3 October 2014). "LUKOIL leave the WTCC with immediate effect". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- Tremayne, Sam (3 November 2013). "Rob Huff secures Lada World Touring Car Championship deal for 2014". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (26 October 2013). "Proteam Racing switch to Honda for 2014". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "TWO BMW CARS FOR TEAM ENGSTLER". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "DI SABATINO JOINS ENGSTLER MOTORSPORT". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "ECHEVARRÍA JOINS FOR HOME RACES". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (12 September 2014). "Filipe de Souza replaces Pasquale Di Sabatino at Engstler". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- Tremayne, Sam (20 November 2013). "Dusan Borkovic first to join World Touring Car Championship TC2 class". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "Campos Racing confirms its racing program for WTCC next year". Campos Racing. Campos Racing. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- Casillo, Pietro (18 October 2014). "Henry Kwong announced for Campos Racing at Suzuka". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
- "Petr Fulin joins Campos Racing for Marrakech". Campos Racing. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "FILIPPI IN CAMPOS RACING'S SEAT LEÓN". World Touring Car Championship. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- Casillo, Pietro (4 October 2014). "William Lok to race for Campos in Shanghai". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (6 June 2014). "Granta Cup champion Nikita Misiulia joins Moscow grid". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Kakas, Péter (16 June 2014). "Még egy magyar a WTCC-ben" [Another Hungarian in the WTCC] (in Hungarian). Origo.hu. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
- "NORBERT NAGY TO RACE WITH CAMPOS". World Touring Car Championship. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Bailey, Richard (1 October 2014). "WTCC: Soong to race at Goldenport". RichardsF1.com. RichardsF1.com. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
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- "22 CARS ENTERED FOR THE SEASON". World Touring Car Championship. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (26 March 2014). "Yukinori Taniguchi to drive for Nika Racing in TC2". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "CITROËN NAMES C-ELYSÉE FOR WTCC CAMPAIGN". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- Hudson, Neil (2 July 2013). "Details on new 2014 sporting and technical regulations". TouringCarTimes. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- Tremayne, Sam (10 September 2013). "RML to build Chevrolets for new World Touring Car rules". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (26 February 2014). "Bamboo Engineering to take 2014 sabbatical". TouringCarTimes. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Watkins, Gary (28 February 2014). "Bamboo Engineering links up with Aston Martin for 2014 WEC". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (11 January 2014). "Stefano D'Aste rules out WTCC return in 2014". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "Belgian Audi Club Team WRT announces its line-up for 2014". 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
- "Beijing confirmed as Sonoma replacement". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (19 April 2014). "Sébastien Loeb claims his first career pole in France". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (19 April 2014). "Citroën's Loeb and López excluded from qualifying in France". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (24 May 2014). "Gianni Morbidelli takes shock pole position in Austria". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- Hudson, Neil (24 May 2014). "Gianni Morbidelli loses Austrian pole, Yvan Muller inherits". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 24 May 2014.