12–15 January – Perth Hills Fire; A total of 55 homes were razed, 1 fatality, and a damage bill in excess of $13 million.
15–20 January - Grampians Fire - A fire starts as a result of lightning strikes in the northern Grampians National Park on 15 January. Extreme fire conditions on 17 January saw the fire grow in size to over 50,000 hectares (123,553 acres). The fire was bought under control on 18 January. By the time the fire is contained on 20 January, it had burnt out 55,000 hectares (135,908 acres) hectares. The estimated losses included 90 structures, 32 homes and 3000 sheep.
20 January - New South Wales Premier Barry O'Farrell uses special legislation to cancel three coal licences worth hundreds of millions of dollars issued by corrupt former Labor minister Ian Macdonald and deny the companies that own them any compensation.
21 January - New South Wales Premier Barry O'Farrell announces the introduction of the "one-punch" laws, which introduce mandatory eight-year jail sentences for fatal one-punch attacks fuelled by alcohol, in an effort to curb alcohol-related violence in Sydney. The laws also include expanded Sydney CBD lockout zones, a freeze on new liquor licences, and the statewide closure of bottle shops at 10:00pm.
The Federal Government rejects a $25 million assistance request from SPC Ardmona, a fruit processing company which sought help from the Victorian and Federal governments to restructure its operations, arguing the high Australian dollar and cheap imports had made it hard to compete. Prime Minister Tony Abbott says SPC Ardmona's parent company, Coca Cola Amatil, has the resources to carry out that restructure without the need for government funding.
4 February - Ken Smith resigns as Speaker of the Victorian Parliament after launching an attack on independent MP Geoff Shaw during the first question time of the year, being replaced by deputy speaker Christine Fyffe. Smith told Parliament that Shaw had been "colluding" with Labor to destabilise the state government.
Victorian Premier Denis Napthine announces a $22 million assistance package for SPC Ardmona, Australia's largest food processor and packaging company to transform and modernize its operations at the company's Shepparton plant.
15 March – State elections are held in South Australia and Tasmania. The Liberal Party defeats the GiddingsLabor government in Tasmania, after 16 years in opposition. In South Australia, the result is a hung parliament, with Jay Weatherill's Labor government remaining in power after the support of one of the crossbench independents.
25 March - Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces that the titles of knights and dames will be reintroduced into the Order of Australia honours list after being abolished in 1986. The first to receive the award will be the outgoing Governor-General, the Queen's representative in Australia, who will be known as Dame Quentin Bryce. Incoming Governor-General Peter Cosgrove and all future holders of the post will also receive the honour.
13 May - Federal Treasurer Joe Hockey delivers the 2014 Australian federal budget, the first budget of the Abbott Government. The budget features significant structural reform to redress a growing deficit. This includes a dramatic downsizing of government bureaucracy. It also contained significant changes to welfare, new initiatives for a medical research fund and spending on roads. A budget surplus is not expected until 2023. A controversial measure is the implementation of a $7 co-payment for patients' visits to general practitioners, to take effect from 1 July 2015.
23 May – Queensland MP Dr Chris Davis quits as Member for Stafford after he could not support the Newman government's move that only political donations of more than $12,400 would have to be declared to the Electoral Commission. Dr Davis was sacked Assistant Health Minister a week earlier after he spoke out against doctor contracts and changes to the Crime and Misconduct Commission.
27 May – Speaker of the House of Representatives, Bronwyn Bishop, rejects allegations she breached protocol as Speaker by hosting a Liberal Party fundraiser in the Speaker's suite and says she will not be bound by stricter party political requirements agreed between Labor and the Greens which require the Speaker not to attend Party caucus meetings.
3 June - Queensland Treasurer Tim Nicholls hands down the State budget, revealing the Government's plans to privatise $33.6 billion worth of assets to bring the budget back into surplus. The Government blames a crash in coal royalties and a deferral of federal disaster relief payments for the blowout. Resources for sale include long term leases on the Townsville and Gladstone Ports, and selling power companies Stanwell and CS energy, despite public fervour against privatising assets in the state.
12 June – Queensland Premier Campbell Newman announces that Tim Carmody will be the next Chief Justice of Queensland, sparking controversy among the legal profession over Mr. Carmody's elevation to the role from the position of Chief Magistrate. Mr. Carmody's strong public support for the Newman government's anti-bikie (VLAD) laws was also critically viewed as a factor in his appointment.
29 June – NRL player Todd Carney is sacked from the Cronulla Sharks due to a photograph leaked on social media in which he appears to urinate into his mouth, a practice colloquially known as "bubbling".
30 June – A London jury finds Australian entertainer, Rolf Harris, guilty of indecently assaulting four girls in Britain between 1968 and 1986. Calls are made by locals from Mr Harris' home town of Bassendean, Western Australia for the removal of memorial plaques placed in Harris' honour.
8 July – New Queensland Chief Justice Tim Carmody is sworn in at a private ceremony in Brisbane's court district, the first time in almost a century that the state's new Chief Justice is sworn in behind closed doors – a move which prompts further criticism from the legal profession.
15 July – A Queensland Supreme Court jury finds Gerard Baden-Clay guilty of murdering his wife Allison in April 2012 and he is given a sentence of life imprisonment.
8 August – New Zealand woman Warriena Tagpuno Wright falls to her death from the Surfers Paradise apartment balcony owned by Gable Tostee, a 28-year-old man whom she met on dating app Tindr. The incident subsequently receives international coverage.
14 August – New South Wales Premier Mike Baird is forced to declare that he has never accepted an illegal donation after repeatedly failing to give the guarantee in Parliament, after Government Swansea MP Garry Edwards is moved to the crossbench over allegations of receiving tainted funds.
18 August - Former treasurer Wayne Swan addresses the National Press Club of Australia, defending his economic legacy and attacks the budget measures of the Abbott Government. He said it would not be long before "necessity" forced a future government to return to carbon pricing and a tax on natural resources.
17 September - Queensland Treasurer Tim Nicholls announces that the Queensland Government is looking at potentially leasing ports, power stations and distribution assets, for periods of 50 to 99 years as an alternative to selling those assets.
18 September – Australian police mount raids in the cities of Sydney and Brisbane on alleged Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant sympathisers based on intelligence claims that they were planning a public execution in Australia with fifteen people arrested.
19 September – Australia raises security for its Parliament after conducting raids that arrest dozens of suspected terrorists.
5 October – Mayang Prasetyo, an Indonesian trans-gender woman is murdered and cooked by her husband, chef Marcus Peter Volke, at their Teneriffe apartment in Brisbane. Mr Volke slit his own throat after fleeing from police.
5 November – A public memorial service is held at Sydney Town Hall to honour former Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam. Former Prime Ministers Julia Gillard and Kevin Rudd are temporarily embarrassed when it appears that they have been seated next to each other during the service.
7 November – Palmer United Senator Jacqui Lambie declares she'll vote against every piece of Government legislation until the Federal Government improves its proposed below inflation 1.5 per cent pay rise for defence force personnel.
10 November – Prime Minister Tony Abbott arrives in Beijing for the APEC Summit.
13 November – Divisions within the Palmer United Party become more public with Clive Palmer labelling his Senator, Jacqui Lambie a "drama queen".
18 November – India's Prime minister Narendra Modi makes a speech to Federal Parliament in which he expresses his desire for Australian resources to fuel development in India.
19 November – Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull announces in Adelaide that the nation's two public broadcasters, the ABC and SBS, will lose more than $300 million in funding over the next five years, prompting subsequent public criticism that the Federal Government had broken an election promise not to cut funding to these two public broadcasting channels.
22 November – Foreign Minister Julie Bishop warns the UN Security Council not to be complacent in the fight against Ebola.
3 December – The funeral of cricketer Phillip Hughes is held in his home town of Macksville.
7 December – Prime Minister Abbott announces changes to the Government's paid parental leave scheme such as the introduction of means testing and the cutting off of eligibility for women earning over $150,000 a year or more, but left the elaboration of the finer details of the changes for a later date.
9 December – A court in Lismore convicts the former National Rugby League player Craig Field of the manslaughter of Kelvin Kane outside the Kingscliff Hotel in 2012.
Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces that the Federal Government will abandon plans to introduce the controversial $7 Medicare co-payment.
11 December - Prime Minister Tony Abbott publicly defends his Chief of Staff, Peta Credlin, against growing criticism from within his own party, levelling accusations of sexism against her critics.
13 December – The Federal Government announces that it will scrap over 200 government agencies.
Federal Treasuer Joe Hockey is criticised for delivering his Mid Year Fiscal Outlook when the nation's attention is diverted by the Martin Place siege. Mr Hockey announces that foreign aid will be slashed by $3.7 billion in order to boost national security spending.
16 December – The hostage situation in Martin Place ends with gunman Man Haron Monis and two hostages dead and four others injured.
20 December – Queensland police arrest an Australian mother for murder in the stabbing deaths of eight children.
22 December – Prime Minister Abbott causes controversy and is accused of sexism when he states that women are particularly "focused on the household budget"- a budget which he claimed was about $550 a year better off with the carbon tax gone.
Former partner of Man Monis, the Martin Place gunman, Amirah Droudis is refused bail.
23 December – The new Federal Cabinet is sworn in.
31 December – Australia concludes its two-year term on the United Nations Security Council. Australia decides to vote against a Palestinian-proposed United Nations resolution that demanded the end of Israeli occupation within three years. Australia is one of only two nations, along with the United States, Israel's closest ally, to vote against the resolution.