2015–16 Formula E season

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2015–16 FIA Formula E season
Drivers' Champion: Sébastien Buemi
Teams' Champion: Renault e.dams
Previous: 2014–15 Next: 2016–17
Sébastien Buemi won the Drivers' Championship by 2 points
Lucas di Grassi (pictured in 2010) finished the season second, following a controversial crash with Buemi in the final race
Nicolas Prost (pictured in 2012) finished the season third
Renault e.dams won the Teams' Championship

The 2015–16 FIA Formula E season was the second season of the FIA Formula E championship, held from 24 October 2015 to 3 July 2016. The season sees the introduction of eight manufacturers, who are allowed to develop new power trains, specifically the e-motor, the inverter, the gearbox and the cooling system.[1] Nelson Piquet Jr. was the defending Drivers' Champion and Renault e.dams successfully defended teams champion. After ten rounds, Sebastien Buemi won the championship by just two points over Lucas di Grassi after setting the fastest lap in the final race, where neither driver finished following an opening lap crash and several attempts to set the fastest lap in their second cars.

Teams and drivers[edit]

The second season was planned to again feature 10 teams that were essentially identical from the inaugural season. But, the withdrawal of Trulli after failing to enter the first two races left 9 teams competing for the 2015–16 season.[2] Additionally, there are 8 manufacturers of power trains that work together with or are part of the individual teams. Initially only Team Aguri decided to keep the power train from the previous season, while Dragon use the Venturi power train. Due to the regulations, all teams use the same chassis as in the first season. The 8 manufacturers were homologated by the FIA in August 2015.[1] After troublesome preseason testing, Andretti decided to revert to the power train from the inaugural season.[3]

Team Manufacturer Powertrain No. Drivers Rounds
China NEXTEV TCR Formula E Team         Spark-NEXTEV[4] NEXTEV TCR FormulaE 001 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr.[5]         All
88 United Kingdom Oliver Turvey[6] All
United Kingdom DS Virgin Racing Formula E Team         Spark-Citroën Virgin DSV-01 2 United Kingdom Sam Bird[7] All
25 France Jean-Éric Vergne[7] All
Monaco Venturi Formula E Team Spark-Venturi Venturi VM200-FE-01 4 France Stéphane Sarrazin[8] All
12 Canada Jacques Villeneuve[9]   1–3
United Kingdom Mike Conway[10] 4–10
United States Dragon Racing Spark-Venturi Venturi VM200-FE-01 6 France Loïc Duval[8] All
7 Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio[11]       All
France Renault e.Dams Spark-Renault[4] Renault Z.E 15 8 France Nicolas Prost[8] All
9 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi[8] All
Switzerland Trulli Formula E Team Spark-Motomatica[12] Motomatica JT-01 10 Mexico Salvador Durán[13] 1‡
Italy Jarno Trulli[14] 2‡
18 Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi[13] 1–2‡
Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport         Spark-Abt Sportsline ABT Schaeffler FE01 11 Brazil Lucas di Grassi[15] All
66 Germany Daniel Abt[16] All
India Mahindra Racing Formula E Team Spark-Mahindra Mahindra M2ELECTRO 21 Brazil Bruno Senna[17] All
23 Germany Nick Heidfeld[17] 1–2, 4–10
United Kingdom Oliver Rowland[18] 3
United States Amlin Andretti Formula E Spark-McLaren[3] SRT01-e 27 Netherlands Robin Frijns[19] All
28 Switzerland Simona de Silvestro[20]       All
Japan Team Aguri Spark-McLaren[21] SRT01-e 55 Portugal António Félix da Costa[22]       1–7, 9–10
Germany René Rast[23] 8
77 France Nathanaël Berthon[24] 1–3
Mexico Salvador Durán[25] 4–6
China Ma Qing Hua[26] 7–10
Source:[1]

‡ Drivers were present at the first two rounds of the championship, but the team failed to pass scrutineering both times

Team changes[edit]

  • All ten teams from the first season intended to compete in season two, with some name changes due to sponsorship changes or manufacturer cooperations.[1]
  • Eight teams became manufacturers and produce components either by themselves or with a technology partner: Abt (with Schaeffler), Andretti, e.Dams (with Renault) Mahindra, NEXTEV, Trulli (with Motomatica), Venturi, and Virgin (with DS/Citroën).[1] On 25 August 2015, Andretti decided to retain the powertrain from the previous season.[3]
  • After failing to pass scrutineering of their new drivetrain for the first two races, Trulli withdrew from the championship, leaving 9 teams to compete for the rest of the season.[2]

Driver changes[edit]

Mid season changes[edit]

Rule changes[edit]

  • The rules were opened up for the second season, in keeping with the series' long-term plan to use a single car over the course of a race instead of two separate chassis. Teams are free to pursue their own development of the powertrain, including the e-motor, inverter, gearbox and cooling system.[34]
  • The maximum power usage during the race was increased from 150 kW to 170 kW. The total allowed energy consumption from the battery remains limited at 28 kWh.[35]

Calendar[edit]

The season was scheduled to include 11 races, held between October 2015 and July 2016. The final calendar was approved by the World Motor Sports Council in October.[36] However, in May 2016, the Moscow ePrix was cancelled "due to recent and unforeseen circumstances related to road closures",[37] reducing the season to 10 races.

Round ePrix Country Track Date
1 Beijing ePrix  China Beijing Olympic Green Circuit 24 October 2015
2 Putrajaya ePrix  Malaysia Putrajaya Street Circuit 7 November 2015
3 Punta del Este ePrix  Uruguay Punta del Este Street Circuit 19 December 2015
4 Buenos Aires ePrix  Argentina Puerto Madero Street Circuit 6 February 2016
5 Mexico City ePrix  Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez 12 March 2016
6 Long Beach ePrix  United States Long Beach Street Circuit 2 April 2016
7 Paris ePrix  France Paris Street Circuit 23 April 2016
8 Berlin ePrix  Germany Berlin Street Circuit 21 May 2016
9 London ePrix Race 1  United Kingdom Battersea Park Street Circuit 2 July 2016
10 London ePrix Race 2 3 July 2016
Source:[36][38]

Calendar changes[edit]

Race results[edit]

Round Race Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning team Report
1 China Beijing Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Switzerland Sébastien Buemi France Renault e.Dams Report
2 Malaysia Putrajaya Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Brazil Lucas di Grassi Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport Report
3 Uruguay Punta del Este Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Switzerland Sébastien Buemi France Renault e.Dams Report
4 Argentina Buenos Aires United Kingdom Sam Bird Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio United Kingdom Sam Bird United Kingdom DS Virgin Racing Formula E Team Report
5 Mexico Mexico City Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio France Nicolas Prost[N 1] Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio[N 2] United States Dragon Racing Report
6 United States Long Beach United Kingdom Sam Bird[N 3] Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Brazil Lucas di Grassi Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport Report
7 France Paris United Kingdom Sam Bird Germany Nick Heidfeld Brazil Lucas di Grassi Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport Report
8 Germany Berlin France Jean-Eric Vergne Brazil Bruno Senna Switzerland Sébastien Buemi France Renault e.Dams Report
9 United Kingdom London France Nicolas Prost Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. France Nicolas Prost France Renault e.Dams Report
10 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Switzerland Sébastien Buemi France Nicolas Prost France Renault e.Dams
Notes
  1. ^ Jérôme d'Ambrosio set the fastest lap during the race, but his lap was removed due to corner-cutting.
  2. ^ Lucas di Grassi and Audi Sport Abt were the initial winners but were disqualified when di Grassi's car was found to be underweight.
  3. ^ António Félix da Costa set the pole position, but he was excluded due to an irregular tyre pressure level.

Championship standings[edit]

Points system

Championship points are awarded as follows:

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th  Pole FL
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 3 2

Unlike the previous season, all results count towards the total.

Drivers' Championship[edit]

Pos. Driver BEI
China
PUT
Malaysia
PDE
Uruguay
BUE
Argentina
MEX
Mexico
LBH
United States
PAR
France
BER
Germany
LON
United Kingdom
Pts
1 Switzerland Sébastien Buemi 1 12 1 2 2 16 3* 1* 5* Ret* 155
2 Brazil Lucas di Grassi 2 1 2 3* DSQ* 1* 1 3 4* Ret* 153
3 France Nico Prost Ret 10 5 5 3 11 4 4 1 1 115
4 United Kingdom Sam Bird 7* 2 Ret* 1* 6 6 6 11 7 Ret 88
5 Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio 5 14† 3 16 1 7* 11 16 8 3 83
6 France Stéphane Sarrazin 9 4 9* 4 9 2 5 10* 10 5* 70
7 Germany Daniel Abt 11 7 8 13 7 3 10 2 Ret 2 68
8 France Loïc Duval 4 16† 4 6 4 8 Ret* Ret Ret 4 60
9 France Jean-Éric Vergne 12 Ret 7* 11* 16* 13 2* 5 3 8 56
10 Germany Nick Heidfeld 3 9* 7 8 4* 12 7* 13* 7 53
11 Brazil Bruno Senna 13 5 Ret 10 10 5 9 15 2 6 52
12 Netherlands Robin Frijns 10 3 10 8 5 15 7 6 Ret Ret 45
13 Portugal António Félix da Costa Ret 6 6 Ret Ret Ret 8 6 11 28
14 United Kingdom Oliver Turvey 6* Ret* 12 9 11 12 13 12 15† 10 11
15 Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. 15†* 8* 15† 12 13 Ret Ret 13 12 9 8
16 United Kingdom Mike Conway 15 12 10 14 8 9 13 7
17 France Nathanaël Berthon 8 15 14 4
18 Switzerland Simona de Silvestro Ret 13 11 14 14 9 15 9 14 Ret 4
19 China Ma Qing Hua Ret 14 11 12 0
20 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 14 11 DNS 0
21 United Kingdom Oliver Rowland 13 0
22 Mexico Salvador Durán DNP Ret 15* 14 0
23 Germany René Rast NC 0
Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi DNP DNP 0
Italy Jarno Trulli DNP 0
Pos. Driver BEI
China
PUT
Malaysia
PDE
Uruguay
BUE
Argentina
MEX
Mexico
LBH
United States
PAR
France
BER
Germany
LON
United Kingdom
Pts
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Withdrew (WD)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not participate (DNP)
Excluded (EX)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest Lap
* – FanBoost

Notes

† – Drivers did not finish the race, but were classified as they completed more than 90% of the race distance.

Teams' Championship[edit]

Pos. Team No. BEI
China
PUT
Malaysia
PDE
Uruguay
BUE
Argentina
MEX
Mexico
LBH
United States
PAR
France
BER
Germany
LON
United Kingdom
Points
1 France Renault e.Dams 8 Ret 10 5 5 3 11 4 4 1 1 270
9 1 12 1 2 2 16 3* 1* 5* Ret*
2 Germany ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport 11 2 1 2 3* DSQ* 1* 1 3 4* Ret* 221
66 11 7 8 13 7 3 10 2 Ret 2
3 United Kingdom DS Virgin Racing 2 7* 2 Ret* 1* 6 6 6 11 7 Ret 144
25 12 Ret 7* 11* 16* 13 2* 5 3 8
4 United States Dragon Racing 6 4 16† 4 6 4 8 Ret* Ret Ret 4 143
7 5 14† 3 16 1 7* 11 16 8 3
5 India Mahindra Racing 21 13 5 Ret 10 10 5 9 15 2 6 105
23 3 9* 13 7 8 4* 12 7* 13* 7
6 Monaco Venturi 4 9 4 9* 4 9 2 5 10* 10 5* 77
12 14 11 DNS 15 12 10 14 8 9 13
7 United States Amlin Andretti 27 10 3 10 8 5 15 7 6 Ret Ret 49
28 Ret 13 11 14 14 9 15 9 14 Ret
8 Japan Team Aguri 55 Ret 6 6 Ret Ret Ret 8 NC 6 11 32
77 8 15 14 Ret 15* 14 Ret 14 11 12
9 China NEXTEV TCR 1 15†* 8* 15† 12 13 Ret Ret 13 12 9 19
88 6* Ret* 12 9 11 12 13 12 15† 10
Switzerland Trulli 10 DNP DNP 0
18 DNP DNP
Pos. Team No. BEI
China
PUT
Malaysia
PDE
Uruguay
BUE
Argentina
MEX
Mexico
LBH
United States
PAR
France
BER
Germany
LON
United Kingdom
Points
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Withdrew (WD)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not participate (DNP)
Excluded (EX)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest Lap
* – FanBoost

Notes

† – Drivers did not finish the race, but were classified as they completed more than 90% of the race distance.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b "Trulli Formula E Team announce withdrawal from championship". fiaformulae.com. 15 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "Andretti reverts to season one powertrain". fiaformulae.com. 2015-08-27. 
  4. ^ a b Watkins, Gary (26 March 2015). "Formula E targeting races without car changes by 2018/19 season". Autosport. Haymarket. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Nelson Piquet Jr signs multi-year Formula E deal". Motorsport.com. 16 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Mitchell, Scott (September 14, 2015). "Team China Racing confirms Oliver Turvey for Formula E season". Autosport. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c "DS Virgin Racing confirms Sam Bird and Jean-Eric Vergne". electricautosport.com. 2015-08-08. 
  8. ^ a b c d Smith, Sam (4 August 2015). "Duval set to remain with Dragon Racing | Formula E news | Motorsport.com". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 8 August 2015. 
  9. ^ a b DeGroot, Nick (7 August 2015). "Villeneuve signs with Venturi for upcoming Formula E season | Formula E news | Motorsport.com". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 8 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Mike Conway to race for Venturi in Buenos Aires". Formula E. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Jerome D'Ambrosio to remain at Dragon next season". fiaformulae.com. 27 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Watkins, Gary (18 March 2015). "Jarno Trulli to assess driving future after maiden Formula E season". Autosport. Haymarket. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c Thorn, Laurence (24 August 2015). "Durán signs with Trulli for season 2; will partner Liuzzi". e-racing.net. e-racing.net. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Malaysia Formula E: Jarno Trulli in for Salvador Duran in Putrajaya". Autosport. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
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  16. ^ "Daniel Abt extends deal with Audi Sport ABT". Formula E. 21 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Smith, Topher (10 August 2015). "Mahindra confirm Senna and Heidfeld for season two". e-racing.net. e-racing.net. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "Oliver Rowland replaces injured Heidfeld". fiaformulae.com. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "Andretti Formula E team welcomes Robin Frijns". Andretti Autosport. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
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  21. ^ Biesbrouck, Tim (8 July 2015). "Exclusive: Team Aguri's Mark Preston on season two and beyond". Electric Autosport. Formula Blue Media. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  22. ^ "Team Aguri confirms Da Costa to race in season two". Formula E. 9 October 2015. 
  23. ^ a b Smith, Topher (18 May 2016). "Rast to debut at Berlin ePrix". e-racing.net. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  24. ^ a b "Berthon secures second Aguri Formula E seat". Motorsport.com. 16 October 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "Salvador Duran joins Team Aguri". fiaformulae.com. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  26. ^ a b "Ma Qing Hua replaces Salvador Duran at Team Aguri". fiaformulae.com. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  27. ^ Giordmaina, Jack (6 August 2015). "Chandhok Set to Walk away from Formula E". Formula E Zone. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  28. ^ Giordmaina, Jack (6 August 2015). "Alguersuari Rules Himself out of Virgin Drive". Formula E Zone. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  29. ^ Thorn, Laurence (24 August 2015). "Trulli steps aside from driving duties". e-racing.net. e-racing.net. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  30. ^ Waring, Bethonie (4 December 2015). "Heidfeld replaced for Punta del Este". e-racing.net. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  31. ^ Grzelak, Antonia (22 January 2016). "Conway to replace Villeneuve at Venturi". e-racing.net. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  32. ^ "Salvador Duran joins Team Aguri". fiaformulae.com. 28 January 2016. 
  33. ^ https://twitter.com/afelixdacosta/status/724995450785435648
  34. ^ "Alejandro Agag fan Q&A – Part 1". FIA Formula E. 29 September 2014. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  35. ^ "Race mode power hike for season two". fiaformulae.com. 2015-09-11. 
  36. ^ a b c d Biesbrouck, Tim (1 October 2015). "Updated Formula E calendar and rules for season 2". Electric Autosport. Retrieved 1 October 2015. 
  37. ^ a b "Formula E will not race in Moscow on June 4". fiaformula.com. 6 May 2016. 
  38. ^ "2015–16 FIA Formula E Championship". formulae.com. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2015-08-07. 
  39. ^ "New central location for Berlin ePrix". fiaformulae.com. 15 February 2016. 

External links[edit]