2015 IKEA stabbing attack

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2015 IKEA stabbing attack
Erikslund Shopping Center location map - 01.png
Location within Västerås
LocationVästerås, Sweden
Coordinates59°36′32.9″N 16°27′16.9″E / 59.609139°N 16.454694°E / 59.609139; 16.454694Coordinates: 59°36′32.9″N 16°27′16.9″E / 59.609139°N 16.454694°E / 59.609139; 16.454694
DateAugust 10, 2015
TargetSwedish-looking people[1]
Attack type
Stabbing
WeaponsKnife
Deaths2
Non-fatal injuries
1 (the perpetrator)
PerpetratorAbraham Ukbagabir
MotiveRevenge for being denied asylum in Sweden

The 2015 IKEA stabbing attack occurred on 10 August when Abraham Ukbagabir fatally stabbed two people in an IKEA store in the Erikslund Shopping Center in Västerås, Sweden as revenge for not being granted asylum in Sweden.[2] The stabbing attracted worldwide attention.[3][4] Ukbagabir was convicted of two first degree murder charges and sentenced to life in December 2015.

Attack[edit]

The perpetrator, Abraham Ukbagabir, a 36-year-old Eritrean Christian,[4] took a knife from the kitchenware department at IKEA in Västerås and began looking for Swedish-looking people to attack.[1] He attacked two victims;[5] Carola Herlin (55) and her son Emil Herlin (28). The victims were on a visit from their hometown outside of Skellefteå in northern Sweden.[6][7] The attack was not caught on any surveillance cameras, but according to eyewitness accounts made to the Aftonbladet newspaper, the attacker stabbed the mother in her stomach. Her son died from wounds inflicted by the perpetrator when he tried to fend off the attack. The perpetrator then proceeded to stab himself in the stomach.[8]

Swedish police were silent about the case, which is standard procedure during criminal investigations in Sweden to prevent potential contamination of evidence, such as witness testimony.[9] Information usually only becomes public after indictment, when the preliminary investigation is finished.[10] A spokesperson for the police did however say that incident did not appear to have been an act of terrorism, and it did not have an obvious political or religious motive.[5]

Perpetrator[edit]

Abraham Ukbagabir (born 25 February 1979) confessed to the attack, three days after, in a court hearing via telephone from his hospital bed.[2][11] According to sources at the temporary accommodation he was staying at, Ukbagabir had lived in Italy two to three months prior to his arrival in Sweden, where he had worked as a fisherman. He had been denied asylum in Sweden just hours before the attack, and was scheduled for deportation back to Italy, where he had acquired a residence permit.[2][12] His 23-year-old companion, also Eritrean, was initially arrested as an accessory to murder, but later released.[13] On August 31, 2015, the companion was cleared of all charges.[14]

Ukbagabir remained for a period in hospital, watched by security guards, prison officers and under police surveillance. The district court ordered that he should undergo a full psychiatric assessment. The police expected to interview up to 600 people.[15][16]

In October 2015, Ukbagabir was found guilty of two first degree murders and was sentenced to life, as well as permanent extradition. Svea Court of Appeal confirmed the sentence in December 2015. Ukbagabir told in court that he felt treated unfairly when his appeal for asylum was rejected and he decided to kill someone as revenge.[17]

While in prison, Ukbagabir was attacked and injured by fellow prisoners on multiple occasions requiring hospital care.[18]

Reactions[edit]

Following the attack, the Västerås IKEA temporarily closed and then suspended the sale of knives out of concern for the staff.[12][19] Rumours about the attack run rampant in social media. A particularly widespread rumour was that the perpetrator was Somali and had been heard shouting "Allahu Akbar" after decapitating the victims. The police refused to address any rumours, citing confidentiality during the preliminary investigation.[9][20] This led to a debate about Swedish journalism ethics and lack of references in news based on race and religion versus the alternative media and their lack of ethics.[21][22]

On August 13, three days after the attack, the police were forced to break up an illegal demonstration outside the asylum centre where the two men linked to the murders had lived. A group of about ten men carrying symbols of an extreme-right wing youth organization held anti-immigration placards, shouted anti-Arab slogans and threw eggs at the building.[23][24] Two days later, the asylum centre closed down after police found two bags of flammable liquid nearby.[25]

Aftermath[edit]

The murders came at a time when public debate on questions of immigration and immigrant integration were becoming increasingly heated in Sweden, Scandinavia, and all of Europe.[4][26] In the immediate aftermath of the murders, online rumors flew about possible Islamic motivations of the perpetrators, but Eva Morén, assistant prosecutor for the Västmanland District Court, told The Washington Post that both Ukbagabir and Mahari are Christian.[4]

Sweden Democrats MP Björn Söder referenced the Ikea murders in a Facebook post and called on Swedes to consign their long-standing "sjuklöverns" ("seven-clover", disparaging term for the mainstream parties) approach to immigration to the "trash heap." [4][27][28] Some MPs from other parties accused him of using the Ikea stabbings to push an anti-migrant agenda and raised questions about his fitness to serve as second deputy speaker of the Riksdag.[29] The New York Times also reported that the attack aroused "fears of an anti-immigrant backlash".[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mördarens val av offer: "De såg svenska ut"". Vestmanlands Läns Tidning. 21 October 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Lundberg, Angelica; Malmgren, Kim; Hellberg, Magnus; Reinholdsson, Hanna; Lennander, Fredrik (10 August 2015). "Två dödade i en knivattack på Ikea". Expressen (in Swedish). Bonnier. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  3. ^ Edström, Anders; Enbäck, Johanna (14 August 2015). "Hans film från gripandet sprids världen över" (in Swedish). Vestmanlands Läns Tidning. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e Miller, Michael (29 September 2015). "In Sweden's Ikea attack, two migrants, two slayings and rampant fear of refugees". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  5. ^ a b Miller, Michael (11 August 2015). "'Mad' stabbings turn Ikea store in Sweden into a house of horrors". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Skellefteborna som föll offer för knivattacken på Ikea". Norran. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  7. ^ Hellerud, Emil (11 August 2015). "Swedish police: 2 arrested in IKEA stabbings were asylum-seekers". CNN. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  8. ^ Eriksson, Niklas; Aschberg, Richard (12 August 2015). "Nya uppgifter om Ikeamorden: Så gick attacken till". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  9. ^ a b Mederyd Hårdh, Martin (13 August 2015). "Rykten väcker förskräckliga krafter till liv". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Schibsted. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Sekretess under pågående förundersökning" (in Swedish). Swedish Prosecution Authority. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Eritrean Suspect Confesses to Ikea Stabbing in Sweden". ABC News. AP. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Suspect in Ikea knife attack was Eritrean, due to be deported". DW. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  13. ^ Hellberg, Magnus; Lennander, Fredrik; Ronge, Johan (13 August 2015). "23-åringen släpps fri för Ikea-morden". Expressen (in Swedish). Bonnier Group. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  14. ^ "Expressen: Åtalstiden för morden på Ikea förlängs". Expressen. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  15. ^ Sannemalm, Ann-Sofie (29 August 2015). "På polisens lista: 600 förhör". Vestmanlands Läns Tidning. p. Swedish. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  16. ^ Lisinski, Stefan (25 August 2015). "Misstänkt för knivattacken på Ikea ska psykundersökas" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  17. ^ Hellberg, Magnus (21 December 2015). "Abraham Ukbagabir får livstids fängelse". Expressen. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  18. ^ "Ikea-mördaren misshandlad igen". Aftonbladet. 10 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  19. ^ "Ikea stoppar sin knivförsäljning". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). 11 August 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Källkritiken är viktigare än någonsin" (in Swedish). Svenska Dagbladet. 15 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  21. ^ "Aktuellt: Är medierna för återhållsamma?". Aktuellt (in Swedish). 18 August 2015. Sveriges Television. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  22. ^ Swahn, Isabelle (26 August 2015). "Het debatt efter dubbelmordet på Ikea". Radio Sweden (in Swedish). Radio Sweden. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  23. ^ "Demonstration vid Kallstensgården" (in Swedish). Vestmanlands Läns Tidning. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  24. ^ "Demonstration vid Kallstensgården" (in Swedish). sv:Bärgslagsbladet/Arboga Tidning. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  25. ^ Kihlström, Staffan; Lagerwall, Katarina (16 August 2015). "Brandfarlig vätska hittad vid asylboende" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  26. ^ Bilefski, Dan (11 January 2016). "Swedish Police, Accused of Cover-Up, Look Into Reports of Sex Assault at Festival". New York Times. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  27. ^ "Björn Söder kritiseras för inlägg om Ikeadådet". DN.se. 12 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  28. ^ Lapidus, Arne (13 August 2015). "Näthetsen efter tragedin i Västerås". Expressen. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  29. ^ "Kritiken mot Söders inlägg: "Osmakligt"". Aftonbladet. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  30. ^ Bilefsky, Dan (23 October 2013). "Sweden School Attack, Treated as a Hate Crime, Prompts Soul-Searching". New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2016.