2015 Senegal mid-air collision

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2015 Senegal mid-air collision
Accident
Date5 September 2015 (2015-09-05)
SummaryMid-air collision, probable instrument malfunction
SiteApprox 130 km (80 mi) east of Tambacounda, Senegal
13°32′N 12°29′W / 13.53°N 12.48°W / 13.53; -12.48Coordinates: 13°32′N 12°29′W / 13.53°N 12.48°W / 13.53; -12.48
Total fatalities7
Total survivors112
First aircraft
Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines Boeing 737-8FB at Faro Airport.jpg
A B737-800 of Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines similar to the aircraft involved
TypeBoeing 737-8FB
OperatorCeiba Intercontinental Airlines
IATA flight No.C271
ICAO flight No.CEL071
Call signCEIBA LINE 071
Registration3C-LLY
Flight originLéopold Sédar Senghor International Airport, Dakar, Senegal
StopoverCotonou Cadjehoun Airport, Cotonou, Benin
DestinationMalabo International Airport, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Occupants112
Passengers104
Crew8
Fatalities0
Survivors112 (all)
Second aircraft
British Aerospace HS-125-700B AN1072949.jpg
An HS-125-700 similar to the aircraft involved
TypeHawker Siddeley HS-125-700A
OperatorSenegalair
Registration6V-AIM
Flight originOuagadougou Airport, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
DestinationLéopold Sédar Senghor International Airport, Dakar, Senegal
Occupants7
Passengers4
Crew3
Fatalities7 (all)
Survivors0

On 5 September 2015, Ceiba Intercontinental Flight 71, a Boeing 737 passenger jet en route from Dakar, Senegal, to Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, collided mid-air with a Hawker Siddeley HS-125 air ambulance jet operated by Senegalair. The 737 was slightly damaged and managed to land safely at Malabo, but the HS-125, after remaining airborne for almost an hour with the crew unresponsive, eventually crashed into the ocean, killing all seven people on board.

Accident[edit]

The two aircraft collided at 18:13 approximately 130 km (80 mi) east of Tambacounda, Senegal, while cruising at an altitude of 35,000 feet (11,000 m) along the same airway in opposite directions, in an area with no radar coverage.[1] The impact sheared off the top 1-metre section of the Boeing's right winglet and was registered on the on-board flight data recorder as a brief oscillation and an uncommanded yaw promptly corrected by the autopilot.[2]

It is believed that air ambulance 6V-AIM was struck on the fuselage, resulting in the loss of cabin pressure and the incapacitation of the crew. The HS-125 continued flying for a further 55 minutes without the crew responding to any of the several attempts made to contact them. It flew past Dakar, its intended destination, before presumably running out of fuel and crashing into the Atlantic Ocean around 110 km (70 mi) west of Dakar. The wreckage was not recovered.[3]

The crew of the Ceiba 737 in the meantime had assessed that their aircraft was operating normally, and decided to skip the scheduled stopover at Cotonou, Benin, and instead continue directly to Malabo (the airline's operating base), where it landed without further incident.[4][5]

Aircraft[edit]

The Ceiba aircraft was a Boeing 737-8FB with Equatorial Guinean registration 3C-LLY, which had been in service since February 2014. The air ambulance was a Hawker Siddeley HS-125-700A, Senegalese registration 6V-AIM, that had been in service since 1979.[3][6]

Passengers[edit]

Of the deceased victims, three were Senegalese, two were Algerian, and one each were from the Democratic Republic of Congo and France.[7]

Investigation[edit]

In August 2017, the Senegalese Bureau of Enquiry and Analysis for Civil Aviation Safety (BEA Sénégal) released a final report stating that the probable cause of the accident was the failure of the HS-125 crew to maintain the assigned flight level, which the crew had correctly acknowledged and read back to the air traffic control.[8]

The report also noted that there had been previous incidents involving 6V-AIM in which a significant discrepancy was registered between the altitude indicated by the plane's altimeters and transponder, suggesting a possible fault in the aircraft's pitot-static system that may also have contributed to the accident. The report also lists as a possible contributing factor a failure by Senegalair's crew and maintenance staff to comply with established procedures, mentioning several previous detected instances.[9][4]

Both aircraft were equipped with TCAS collision avoidance system, and the Ceiba 737's unit was subsequently analysed and found to be working correctly. Despite this, the Ceiba crew received no TCAS warnings prior to the collision, a circumstance that according to the report could have been the result of the HS-125's instrument failure and resulting discrepancy between the altitude information shown on the altimeter and the one fed to the transponder and TCAS systems.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BEA Sénégal 2017, Annex 1.
  2. ^ BEA Sénégal 2017, section 1.11.3.
  3. ^ a b "ASN Aircraft accident Hawker Siddeley HS-125-700A 6V-AIM Dakar, Senegal". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b Hradecky, Simon (21 August 2017). "Accident: Ceiba Intercontinental B738 over Senegal on Sep 5th 2015, midair collision with ambulance jet (updated)". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  5. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David (22 August 2017). "BAe 125 altimeter flaw suspected after 737 mid-air collision". FlightGlobal. Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  6. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-8FB (WL) 3C-LLY Tambacounda". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  7. ^ BEA Senegal, p. 13 (PDF p. 14).
  8. ^ BEA Sénégal 2017, section 3.2.1.
  9. ^ BEA Sénégal 2017, section 3.2.2.
  10. ^ BEA Sénégal 2017, p. 108.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]