2015 Singaporean general election
89 elected (+ 3 NCMP seats offered to opposition)
to the Parliament of Singapore
45 elected seats needed for a majority
Results by constituency:
People's Action Party
Workers' Party of Singapore
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politics and government of
The election was the first since Singapore's independence which saw all seats contested. Most of the seats were contested between two parties, with the only three-cornered fights occurring in three Single Member Constituencies. Using first-past-the-post voting, the election was also the first after the March 2015 death of Lee Kuan Yew (the nation's first Prime Minister and an MP until his passing) and Singapore's 50th anniversary celebration on 9 August that year.
Out of 89 seats, the People's Action Party (PAP) contested all and won 83, with the other 6 seats won by The Workers' Party of Singapore (WP); the single seat from Punggol East Single Member Constituency was the only seat to change hands, recaptured by PAP. Voter turnout was 93.56%, discounting overseas votes. PAP won its best results since 2001 with 69.86% of the popular vote, an increase of 9.72% from the previous election in 2011. WP scored 39.75% of votes in the 28 seats it contested, a drop of 6.83%. In the overall popular vote, WP scored 12.48% and the remaining seven parties less than 4% each. Three candidates failed to secure at least 12.5% of votes in their area and thus lost their electoral deposit.
The maximum term of a Singaporean parliament is five years, within which it must be dissolved by the President and elections held within three months, as stated in the Constitution. As like the previous elections since 1959, voting is compulsory and results are based on the first-past-the-post system. Elections are conducted by the Elections Department, which is under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister's Office.
The General Election was the 17th General Election in Singapore and is the 12th since independence in 1965. The election coincides with the golden jubilee of the Republic of Singapore's founding.
The governing People's Action Party (PAP) have secured their 14th consecutive term in office since 1959. This will be the PAP's third election with Lee Hsien Loong as its Secretary-General, and the country's first election after the passing of its founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Some analysts suggested that an early election was indeed possible to garner "sympathy votes" might well backfire. It is also the country's first election where there are no walkovers in any of the constituencies, as voting will take place in Tanjong Pagar GRC for the first time.
The governing People's Action Party (PAP) has been in power since 1959 and is currently led by the Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong. The leading Opposition party is The Worker's Party, led by Low Thia Khiang, with 7 elected seats and 2 NCMP seats. The Singapore People's Party led by Chiam See Tong has 1 NCMP seat. A total of eight Opposition parties challenged the ruling party in this election.
|Party||Abbreviation||Leader||Year formed||Seats before GE2015||Parliamentary presence|
|People's Action Party||PAP||Lee Hsien Loong||
City Council Elections:
|Workers' Party||WP||Low Thia Khiang||
7 + 2 NCMPs
City Council Elections:
|Singapore People's Party||SPP||Steve Chia||
|Singapore Democratic Party||SDP||Chee Soon Juan||
|National Solidarity Party||NSP||Spencer Ng||
|Singapore Democratic Alliance||SDA||Desmond Lim Bak Chuan||
|Tan Jee Say||
|People's Power Party||PPP||Goh Meng Seng||
The Electoral Boundaries Review Committee is convened before every general election to review electoral boundaries in view of population growth and shifts. The committee is appointed by the prime minister. The new electoral divisions were published on 24 July 2015, indicating the beginning of an election cycle.
|Group representation constituencies||
|Single member constituencies||
|Voters (overseas votes inclusive)||
Changes in Group Representation Constituencies
|Name of GRC||Changes|
|Aljunied GRC||No Change in Boundaries|
|Ang Mo Kio GRC||Absorbed Punggol South division from Pasir Ris–Punggol GRC (renamed to Sengkang South) and Western portions of Fernvale from Sengkang West SMC |
Carved out a majority of Kebun Baru division to Nee Soon GRC, while the Southern portion merged with Yio Chu Kang division
|Bishan–Toa Payoh GRC||Absorbed northern portions of Moulmein division (Balestier, MacRitchie Reservoir and Novena) from Moulmein–Kallang GRC|
Divisions for Bishan East, Toa Payoh East and Toa Payoh West were renamed Bishan East-Thomson, Toa Payoh East-Novena and Toa Payoh West-Balestier, respectively
|Chua Chu Kang GRC||Ward downsized to four members|
Carved out eastern portions of Yew Tee division to Marsiling–Yew Tee GRC, while Lim Chu Kang and western portions of Yew Tee was transferred to Nanyang Division
|East Coast GRC||Ward downsized to four members|
Carved out Fengshan division into SMC, and Coney Island to Pasir Ris–Punggol GRC
|Holland–Bukit Timah GRC||Absorbed a portion of West Coast GRC and parts of Moulmein division (Adam Road) from Moulmein–Kallang GRC|
|Jalan Besar GRC||New Constituency|
Formed from Moulmein–Kallang GRC (and a small portion of Moulmein division), Kreta Ayer–Kim Seng division from Tanjong Pagar GRC, and Whampoa SMC
|Jurong GRC||Absorbed Clementi division from West Coast GRC|
Carved out Bukit Batok division into SMC
|Marine Parade GRC||Absorbed Joo Chiat SMC|
Carved out MacPherson division into SMC
|Marsiling–Yew Tee GRC||New Constituency|
Formed with Yew Tee division (and carving out Limbang division) from Chua Chu Kang GRC, and Marsiling and Woodgrove divisions from Sembawang GRC
|Nee Soon GRC||Absorbed Kebun Baru division from Ang Mo Kio GRC|
Carved out Canberra and eastern and northern Yishun portions to Sembawang GRC
|Pasir Ris–Punggol GRC||Carved out Punggol South division to Ang Mo Kio GRC|
Northern portions of Punggol North and Punggol West were carved to form Punggol Coast division
|Sembawang GRC||Absorbed Canberra division and portions of Chong Pang, Nee Soon East and Nee Soon South divisions from Nee Soon GRC (forming Gambas division)|
Carved out Marsiling and Woodgrove divisions to Marsiling–Yew Tee GRC
|Tampines GRC||No Change in Boundaries|
|Tanjong Pagar GRC||Absorbed a majority of Moulmein division from Moulmein–Kallang GRC|
Carved out Kreta Ayer–Kim Seng division to Jalan Besar GRC
|West Coast GRC||Ward downsized to four members|
Carved out Clementi division (and Faber private estate from Ayer Rajah division) to Jurong GRC
|24 July||Publication of Electoral Boundaries report|
|27 July||Certification of Registers of Electors|
|25 August||Dissolution of 12th Parliament; Writ of Election issued|
|28 August||Deadline of Submission of Political Donation Certificates|
|1 September||Nomination Day/Live Forum Broadcast|
|1–9 September||Campaigning Period|
|3 September||First Live Political Party Broadcast|
|10 September||Cooling-off Day/Second Live Political Party Broadcast|
|11 September||Polling Day|
|15 September||Overseas Votes Counting|
|16 September||Candidates revealed for Non-Constituency Member of Parliament|
|1 October||13th Parliament assembled|
|15 January 2016||Opening of 13th Parliament|
Pre-nomination day events
The Elections Department issued the following information upon the issuance of the writ of election
- Date: 1 September 2015
- Time: 11:00 p.m. to 12.00 p.m.
- Returning Officer: Ng Wai Choong
- Election Deposit: S$14,500 (down from S$16,000 in 2011)
|Nomination centre||Electoral division(s)|
|Assumption Pathway School||Bukit Panjang SMC |
Holland–Bukit Timah GRC
|Bendemeer Primary School||Jalan Besar GRC |
Radin Mas SMC
Tanjong Pagar GRC
|Chua Chu Kang Primary School||Chua Chu Kang GRC |
Hong Kah North SMC
|Fengshan Primary School||East Coast GRC |
Pasir Ris–Punggol GRC
Punggol East SMC
|Keming Primary School||Bukit Batok SMC |
West Coast GRC
|Kong Hwa School||MacPherson SMC |
Marine Parade GRC
Potong Pasir SMC
|Poi Ching School||Hougang SMC |
|Raffles Institution||Aljunied GRC |
Ang Mo Kio GRC
Bishan–Toa Payoh GRC
Sengkang West SMC
|Yishun Primary School||Marsiling–Yew Tee GRC |
Nee Soon GRC
Nomination day and campaigning events
Campaigning began from 1 September and ended on 9 September to canvass votes through physical rallies and stream on various media platforms. A live debate was held on 1 September in English and Chinese channel platforms, followed by two party political broadcasts airing on 3 and 10 September. The eve of polling day, known as cooling-off day, prohibits party from campaigning except for party political broadcasts.
Outgoing incumbents and incoming candidates
A total of 72 candidates made their political debut this election, among which the PAP team include a former Second Permanent Secretary, a former MediaCorp television personality, a former police assistant commissioner, a founder of an organisation focusing animal welfare, and a former Chief of Defence Force. 14 MPs from the 12th Parliament stepped down this election, and one MP died during the term in office on 23 March this year, which is former Minister Mentor and first Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew, who served the Tanjong Pagar division for a record 60 years, the longest tenure for any elected MPs.
After polls closed at 8pm, vote counting began. Results were announced by Ng Wai Choong, chief executive director of the Energy Market Authority, who acted as the Returning Officer for the election. The first result was declared at 11.31pm on 11 September where PAP candidate Lam Pin Min won the Sengkang West Single Member Constituency with a majority of 17,564. The last result was declared at 3.10am on 12 September where Workers' Party team contesting Aljunied Group Representation Constituency, led by party's secretary-general Low Thia Khiang, won the constituency by a narrow margin of 1.9%/6.84°, or a majority of 2,612.
Contrary to expectations of a tougher contest with all constituencies being contested by the opposition parties, PAP won its best ever results since the 2001 general election, achieving a swing of 9.7% to achieve 69.9% of the vote as compared to the previous election in 2011 when it received 60.1%. The PAP unexpectedly reclaimed the constituency of Punggol East after it was lost to WP in a 2013 by-election, and achieved a swing in Aljunied GRC large enough to force a vote recount although the WP retained the constituency. With six elected seats for WP, three seats for the Non-Constituency Member of Parliament were eligible to complete a minimum of nine opposition members; WP was qualified for all three seats by-virtue of being the top three losing performers for the election (the single member constituencies of Punggol East (later declined) and Fengshan, and one seat (later two) for the East Coast Group Representation Constituency), and thus WP had nine represented seats for the upcoming Parliament.
The victory for the Potong Pasir Single Member Constituency has post its widest swing among all other Single Member Constituencies for this election, with 16.05%, while the largest swing for all contested constituencies was Bishan–Toa Payoh Group Representation Constituency, with 16.66%. This victory resulted in the end of a 31-year reign of Singapore People's Party as they failed to win at least a seat in Parliament (including NCMPs) for the first time, despite Potong Pasir was SPP's best performing constituency for the election. Consequently, this was also the first time since 1986 only one opposition party (Singapore Democratic Party, at the time) represented the Parliament, and after the 1981's Anson's by-election where WP being the only opposition party to represent the Parliament alone, as none of the other seven opposition parties, including SPP and two independents, won contests.
A poll held by the Institute of Policy Studies among 2,000 voters noted that 79 percent believed "The whole election system is fair to all political parties." up from 61 per cent in 2011
Voter turnout for the election was 93.56%/336.8°, with 2,304,331 votes cast.
|Parties and alliances||Leader||Contested seats||Divs won||Seats won||Popular vote||% of valid votes||+/-||% of valid votes in wards contested by party||+/-|
|People's Action Party||Lee Hsien Loong||13||6||8||2||29||89||27||83||1,579,183||69.9||9.8||69.9||9.8|
|Workers' Party||Low Thia Khiang||5||2||3||0||10||28||2||6||282,143||12.5||0.3||39.8||6.8|
|Singapore Democratic Party||Chee Soon Juan||3||2||0||0||5||11||0||0||84,931||3.8||1.0||31.2||5.6|
|National Solidarity Party||Sebastian Teo||2||0||2||0||4||12||0||0||79,826||3.5||8.5||25.3||14.0|
|Reform Party||Kenneth Jeyaretnam||1||1||0||1||3||11||0||0||59,517||2.6||1.7||20.6||11.2|
|Singaporeans First||Tan Jee Say||0||0||2||0||2||10||0||0||50,867||2.3||New||21.5||New|
|Singapore People's Party||Lina Chiam||3||0||1||0||4||8||0||0||49,107||2.2||0.9||27.1||14.0|
|Singapore Democratic Alliance||Desmond Lim||0||0||0||1||1||6||0||0||46,550||2.1||0.7||27.1||3.0|
|People's Power Party||Goh Meng Seng||0||1||0||0||1||4||0||0||25,475||1.1||New||23.1||New|
|Valid votes||29||89||2,260,379||97.9% of total votes cast|
|Invalid (e.g. blank or spoilt) votes||47,367||2.1% of total votes cast|
|Total votes cast||2,307,746||Voter turnout: 93.7% of eligible voters|
|Did not vote||155,180|
|Eligible voters (excluding walkover voters)||2,462,926|
In an election's first, sample counts were released by the Elections Department to prevent speculation and misinformation from unofficial sources while counting is underway. All sample counts were released by 10PM – two hours after polling ended. With the exception of Aljunied and Punggol East, where counts were within a 4% error margin, all other figures showed that PAP had comfortable leads in 26 electoral divisions, while WP led in one electoral division.
Top 14 best PAP performers
- Constituencies with no comparison to 2011 were either due to them being new constituencies or the constituencies experiencing walkovers in the last election.
Top 15 best opposition performers
- Constituencies with no comparison to 2011 were either due to them being new constituencies or the constituencies experiencing walkovers in the last election.
- Only the following constituencies may be compared with 2011 results as they existed in both elections, although most had changes in their electoral boundaries.
Sample count accuracies
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Singaporean general election, 2015.|
- Battleground Singapore: Who's standing where - an interactive map of the 2015 boundaries and changes explained in maps.
- From Nomination Day to Polling Day: Election calendar and rally schedule - an interactive calendar of all the key events and rally schedules for the #GE2015 campaign period from Nomination Day to Polling Day. It also serves as an archive of key photos from each rally and the related ST article.
- Who will be your next MP? - the complete list of all 181 candidates. Includes personal information, their latest tweet, results from previous elections or a Q&A if they are a new candidate.
- GE2015 Candidates - an interactive visualisation of the election candidates showing parties, wards, and diversity representation.
- SG Elections - Interactive maps showing data for differences in vote shares, non-voters, spoiled votes, districts by candidates, etc.
- #GE2015 Social media dashboard - this is a visual representation of the social media trends that fluctuate over the 10-day period of campaigning. There are two graphs updated in real-time, a selected feature of popular tweets and the last 80 Instagram pictures tagged #GE2015.
- GE2015: Live results and full analysis