2015 Valencian regional election

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2015 Valencian regional election

← 2011 24 May 2015 2019 →

All 99 seats in the Corts Valencianes
50 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered3,609,265 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.7%
Turnout2,510,459 (69.6%)
Red Arrow Down.svg0.6 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Alberto Fabra 2015b (cropped).jpg Ximo Puig 2015 (cropped).jpg Mònica Oltra 2015 (cropped).jpg
Leader Alberto Fabra Ximo Puig Mónica Oltra
Party PP PSPV–PSOE Compromís
Leader since 28 July 2011 31 March 2012 31 January 2015
Leader's seat Valencia Castellón Valencia
Last election 55 seats, 49.4% 33 seats, 28.0% 6 seats, 7.2%
Seats won 31 23 19
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg24 Red Arrow Down.svg10 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg13
Popular vote 658,612 509,098 456,823
Percentage 26.6% 20.6% 18.5%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg22.8 pp Red Arrow Down.svg7.4 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg11.3 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Carolina Punset 2015 (cropped).jpg Antonio Montiel 2015b (cropped).jpg Ignacio Blanco 2015 (cropped).jpg
Leader Carolina Punset Antonio Montiel Ignacio Blanco
Party C's Podemos/Podem AC
Leader since 2 February 2015 14 February 2015 8 November 2014
Leader's seat Valencia Valencia Valencia (lost)
Last election Did not contest Did not contest 5 seats, 7.6%[a]
Seats won 13 13 0
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg13 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg13 Red Arrow Down.svg5
Popular vote 309,121 282,389 106,917
Percentage 12.5% 11.4% 4.3%
Swing New party New party Red Arrow Down.svg3.3 pp

ValencianCommunityProvinceMapCorts2015.png
Constituency results map for the Corts Valencianes

President before election

Alberto Fabra
PP

Elected President

Ximo Puig
PSPV–PSOE

The 2015 Valencian regional election was held on Sunday, 24 May 2015, to elect the 9th Corts of the Valencian Community. All 99 seats in the Corts were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

While incumbent President Alberto Fabra's People's Party (PP) remained as the party with the most votes, it lost 24 seats and 22 percentage points compared to its 2011 result, and lost the absolute majority it had held in the Corts since 1999. This result was attributed to the party's management of the economic crisis, as well as the various corruption scandals that affected the PP throughout the entire 2011–2015 period, some of which were unveiled just weeks before the election. The Socialist Party of the Valencian Country (PSPV–PSOE) came second, with 23 seats, 10 fewer than in 2011 and the worst electoral result in its history.

Three other parties achieved representation, of which two were newly formed since 2011: Compromís, with 19 seats, Podemos and C's. EUPV, the main party in a coalition of other forces known as Acord Ciutadà (Valencian for "Citizen Agreement"), did not reach the 5% minimum threshold to achieve representation and therefore lost all of its seats in the Corts. Turnout was, at 69.6%, the lowest since 1999. Subsequently Alberto Fabra announced he would retire from his party's leadership in the region after a PSPV–Compromís coalition with Podemos' support expelled the PP from the regional government after 20 years in power. Ximo Puig from the PSPV–PSOE was elected as new regional President.

Overview[edit]

Background[edit]

The 2011 regional election had resulted in the People's Party increasing its absolute majority despite losing votes, thanks to the collapse of the Socialist Party of the Valencian Country vote, which scored its worst historical result up to that point. However, after 16 years of uninterrupted rule, corruption scandals involving the PP began to erupt. Two months after the election, President Francisco Camps resigned because of his alleged implication in the Gürtel case,[1] being replaced as President of the Generalitat Valenciana by Alberto Fabra.[2] The following years saw the unveiling of a series of corruption scandals that rocked the PP, involving party MPs,[3] mayors,[4] local councillors,[5] regional councillors,[6] Courts' speakers[7] and former regional president José Luis Olivas.[8] At one point, up to 20% of the party MPs in the Corts Valencianes (11 out of 55) were charged in different corruption cases; a joke popularized at the time said that they would become the third political force in the Corts Valencianes, only behind PP and PSOE, if they were to form their own parliamentary group.[9] The regional party leadership also had to cope with accusations of illegal financing[10] as well as possible embezzlement in the additional costs incurred in the Formula 1 project and Pope Benedict XVI's 2006 visit to Valencia.[11][12]

At the same time, the regional government had to deal with the effects of the ongoing financial crisis. Despite the community's decision to ask for a bailout from the central government headed by Mariano Rajoy in July 2012,[13] its economic situation remained severe. Fabra's government had to close down RTVV, the regional public television broadcasting channel, because of financing issues; a decision which was met with widespread protest.[14][15]

The 2014 European Parliament election resulted in enormous losses for the People's Party, which, in the largest Valencian cities, lost almost half of its votes in percentage terms compared to the previous elections. Both the economic crisis and corruption helped hasten the party's decline, which had already seen support drop in opinion polls since 2011. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party found itself unable to gain any of the PP's lost support and lost votes too, to the benefit of until then minority parties such as United Left, Union, Progress and Democracy, Citizens or the newly created Podemos party.[16]

Electoral system[edit]

The Corts Valencianes were the devolved, unicameral legislature of the Valencian autonomous community, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[17] Voting for the Corts was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Valencian Community and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Additionally, Valencians abroad were required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[18]

The 99 members of the Corts Valencianes were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Alicante, Castellón and Valencia. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 20 seats, with the remaining 39 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations on the condition that the seat to population ratio in any given province did not exceed three times that of any other.[17][19]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[19][20][21]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Corts Valencianes expired four years after the date of their previous election, unless they were dissolved earlier. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Journal of the Valencian Community, with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication. The previous election was held on 22 May 2011, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 22 May 2015. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 28 April 2015, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Corts on Sunday, 21 June 2015.[17][19][20][21]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Corts Valencianes and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Corts were to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[17]

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 50 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Corts Valencianes.

Color key:   Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls   Exit poll

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 24 May 2015 Corts Valencianes election results
ValenciaCortsDiagram2015.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 658,612 26.61 –22.81 31 –24
Socialist Party of the Valencian Country (PSPV–PSOE) 509,098 20.57 –7.47 23 –10
Commitment Coalition: BlocInitiativeGreens (Compromís) 456,823 18.46 +11.27 19 +13
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 309,121 12.49 New 13 +13
We Can (Podemos/Podem) 282,389 11.41 New 13 +13
Citizen Agreement (EUPVEVERPVAS)1 106,917 4.32 –3.33 0 –5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 28,754 1.16 –1.32 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 19,781 0.80 +0.42 0 ±0
Let's Win Valencian Country (Ganemos) 18,322 0.74 New 0 ±0
Vox (Vox) 10,336 0.42 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 7,509 0.30 –0.20 0 ±0
We Are Valencian (SOMVAL) 6,835 0.28 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 3,569 0.14 +0.09 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 2,925 0.12 –0.02 0 ±0
Zero Cuts (Recortes Cero) 2,906 0.12 New 0 ±0
Citizens of Democratic Centre (CCD) 2,510 0.10 New 0 ±0
Democratic People (Poble) 2,210 0.09 New 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 1,806 0.07 New 0 ±0
Together (Junts)2 1,476 0.06 +0.03 0 ±0
United for Valencia (UxV) 1,438 0.06 –0.09 0 ±0
Forward (Avant) 1,322 0.05 New 0 ±0
Democratic Forum (FDEE) 1,310 0.05 New 0 ±0
Libertarian Party (P–LIB) 1,219 0.05 New 0 ±0
The Greens–The Ecologist Alternative (EV–AE) 1,149 0.05 New 0 ±0
Citizen Hope (EsC) 1,129 0.05 New 0 ±0
The National Coalition (LCN) 1,106 0.04 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 603 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 34,083 1.38 –1.10
Total 2,475,258 99 ±0
Valid votes 2,475,258 98.60 +0.23
Invalid votes 35,201 1.40 –0.23
Votes cast / turnout 2,510,459 69.56 –0.63
Abstentions 1,098,806 30.44 +0.63
Registered voters 3,609,265
Sources[22][23][24]
Popular vote
PP
26.61%
PSPV–PSOE
20.57%
Compromís
18.46%
C's
12.49%
Podemos/Podem
11.41%
AC
4.32%
UPyD
1.16%
Others
3.61%
Blank ballots
1.38%
Seats
PP
31.31%
PSPV–PSOE
23.23%
Compromís
19.19%
C's
13.13%
Podemos/Podem
13.13%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PP PSPV Compromís C's Podemos
% S % S % S % S % S
Alicante 27.7 11 22.7 9 12.5 5 14.1 5 12.2 5
Castellón 29.5 8 24.0 6 14.3 4 11.1 3 11.6 3
Valencia 25.3 12 18.6 8 22.9 10 11.8 5 10.9 5
Total 26.6 31 20.6 23 18.5 19 12.5 13 11.4 13

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
Ximo Puig (PSPV)
Ballot → 25 June 2015
Required majority → 50 out of 99 ☑Y
50 / 99
44 / 99
5 / 99
Absentees
0 / 99
Sources[24]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aggregated data for EUPV, VyE and ERPV in the 2011 election.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
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  2. ^ "Encuestas y resultados - elecciones autonómicas y municipales del 24 de mayo de 2015". GAD3 (in Spanish). 28 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Ciudadanos empataría con el PSPV en unas generales". El Mundo (in Spanish). 17 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Rajoy cree un éxito ser el más votado aunque pierda plazas simbólicas". ABC (in Spanish). 17 May 2015.
  5. ^ "El PP mantendría sin apoyos Castilla y León, Castilla-La Mancha, Murcia y La Rioja". La Razón (in Spanish). 17 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Comuniadad Valenciana: Un frente de izquierdas podría desbancar del poder a los populares". La Razón (in Spanish). 17 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Comunidad Valenciana. Encuesta mayo 2015" (PDF). La Razón (in Spanish). 17 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Alberto Fabra revive en la Comunidad Valenciana, pero Albert Rivera decide". El Mundo (in Spanish). 18 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Intención de voto Comunidad Valenciana. Gráfico". El Mundo (in Spanish). 18 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Alberto Fabra gana pero tendrá difícil gobernar". Encuestamos (in Spanish). 17 May 2015. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015.
  11. ^ "El PP se acerca pero EU aún da la mayoría a la izquierda en la Comunidad Valenciana". El Mundo (in Spanish). 10 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Tracking electoral". El Mundo (in Spanish). 10 May 2015.
  13. ^ "El PP perderá el poder en Valencia por la fuga de más del 38% de su electorado autonómico". Público (in Spanish). 8 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Ciudadanos erosiona al PP a la carrera y amenaza con superar al PSPV". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 9 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Mayoría absoluta para la izquierda". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 18 May 2015.
  16. ^ "El PP pierde la mayoría absoluta en Valencia y dependería de Ciudadanos para gobernar". Telecinco (in Spanish). 15 May 2015.
  17. ^ "El PP pierde 22 escaños en la Comunidad Valenciana y necesitará a Ciudadanos". ABC (in Spanish). 15 May 2015.
  18. ^ "Esquerra Unida araña un escaño al PSPV mientras el PP se queda en 31". El Mundo (in Spanish). 3 May 2015.
  19. ^ "Tracking electoral". El Mundo (in Spanish). 3 May 2015.
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  23. ^ "COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA, Abril 2015. Sondeo SigmaDos". Electograph (in Spanish). 3 May 2015.
  24. ^ "El PP podría perder Generalitat y Ayuntamiento de Valencia, incluso con el apoyo de Ciudadanos". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 23 April 2015.
  25. ^ "El ObSERvatorio de la Cadena SER. Estudio preelectoral de la Comunidad Valenciana (24/4/2015)" (PDF). MyWord (in Spanish). 24 April 2015.
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  27. ^ "Sánchez se lanza al ataque como "única alternativa a la derecha"". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 8 May 2015.
  28. ^ "El PP se desploma en la Comunidad Valenciana en favor de Ciudadanos". El País (in Spanish). 18 April 2015.
  29. ^ "Clima político en la Comunidad Valenciana/ Abril de 2015". Metroscopia (in Spanish). 19 April 2015.
  30. ^ "La izquierda arrebata al PP la Comunidad Valenciana". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 April 2015.
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  32. ^ "El PP seguirá siendo el más votado en las CC AA pese a la caída en apoyos". La Razón (in Spanish). 20 April 2015.
  33. ^ "Comunidad Valenciana: PP y C's sumarían la mayoría absoluta frente al bloque de izquierdas". La Razón (in Spanish). 20 April 2015.
  34. ^ "Comunidad Valenciana. Encuesta marzo 2015" (PDF). La Razón (in Spanish). 20 April 2015.
  35. ^ "Ciudadanos tiene la llave para decidir el próximo Gobierno de la Comunitat". Las Provincias (in Spanish). 23 March 2015.
  36. ^ "C. VALENCIANA, Marzo 2015. Sondeo SigmaDos". Electograph (in Spanish). 23 March 2015.
  37. ^ "Un sondeo del PSPV prevé que Fabra no gobernaría ni con Ciudadanos y da a Puig varias opciones de tripartito". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 20 March 2015.
  38. ^ "C. VALENCIANA, Marzo 2015. Sondeo interno PSPV-PSOE". Electograph (in Spanish). 20 March 2015.
  39. ^ "C. VALENCIANA, Marzo 2015. Sondeo interno PP". Electograph (in Spanish). 5 March 2015.
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  41. ^ "C. VALENCIANA, Enero 2015. Sondeo interno PSPV-PSOE". Electograph (in Spanish). 21 February 2015.
  42. ^ "ODEC". Electograph (in Spanish). 21 February 2015.
  43. ^ "El 'primo' de riesgo". El Mundo (in Spanish). 8 February 2015.
  44. ^ "Pactos sí, pero todos quieren la Presidencia de la Generalitat". El Mundo (in Spanish). 25 January 2015.
  45. ^ "C. VALENCIANA, Enero 2015. Sondeo interno PP". Electograph (in Spanish). 4 January 2015.
  46. ^ "El reparto del poder territorial en España en 2015" (PDF). desarrollando-ideas.com (in Spanish). 31 October 2014.
  47. ^ "El PP cae por debajo del 30% a siete meses de elecciones y el PSPV sufre para evitar el 'sorpasso' de Podemos". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 5 November 2014.
  48. ^ "El PP, 41 escaños, y Podemos tercera fuerza, según un sondeo". El Mundo (in Spanish). 15 October 2014.
  49. ^ "COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA, Octubre 2014. Sigma Dos". Electograph (in Spanish). 15 October 2014.
  50. ^ "El PSPV necesitaría de un cuatripartito contra natura para gobernar en 2015". ABC (in Spanish). 26 September 2014.
  51. ^ "El PP se hunde en la Comunidad Valenciana frente a la izquierda". El País (in Spanish). 8 October 2014.
  52. ^ "Intención de voto en la Comunidad Valenciana". El País (in Spanish). 8 October 2014.
  53. ^ "Clima Político en la Comunidad Valenciana". Metroscopia (in Spanish). 10 October 2014.
  54. ^ "Ladran, luego cabalgamos". El Mundo (in Spanish). 7 September 2014.
  55. ^ "Proyección del resultado de las europeas en los parlamentos autonómicos". El País (in Spanish). 31 May 2014.
  56. ^ "L'Observatori PSPV-PSOE. Abril 2014" (PDF). PSPV (in Spanish). 24 April 2014.[permanent dead link]
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  58. ^ "El voto líquido". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 30 March 2014.
  59. ^ "PP y PSPV siguen buscando su suelo electoral". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 26 March 2014.
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  61. ^ "Fabra acosa a sus imputados por un sondeo que deja al PP sin opciones de gobernar". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 5 March 2014.
  62. ^ "Fabra maneja una encuesta que le concede hasta 25 diputados menos en las Cortes Valencianas". Información (in Spanish). 5 March 2014.
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  65. ^ "El PP se hunde hasta los 34 escaños y no gobernaría ni con UPyD". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 8 January 2014.
  66. ^ "El PP ganaría de nuevo en 9 de 13 autonomías". La Razón (in Spanish). 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  67. ^ "Encuesta autonómicas NC Report noviembre 2013" (PDF). La Razón (in Spanish). 18 November 2013.
  68. ^ "El PP perdería el Gobierno valenciano incluso con el apoyo de UPyD". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 7 November 2013.
  69. ^ "La izquierda de la Comunidad Valenciana consolida su mayoría". El País (in Spanish). 8 October 2013.
  70. ^ "Clima político en la Comunidad Valenciana". El País (in Spanish). 8 October 2013.
  71. ^ "Barómetro electoral en la Comunidad Valenciana". Metroscopia (in Spanish). 10 October 2013.
  72. ^ "El PSPV maneja sondeos en los que el PP cae hasta el 30 % y la izquierda gobernaría". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 29 July 2013.
  73. ^ "El terremoto Bárcenas también alcanza a Alberto Fabra". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 16 July 2013.
  74. ^ "Un estudio de Compromís coloca a la coalición a cuatro escaños del PSPV". ABC (in Spanish). 13 June 2013. Archived from the original on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  75. ^ "El PP mantiene el poder autonómico". La Razón (in Spanish). 13 May 2013.
  76. ^ "Perderían la mayoría absoluta en Madrid, Cantabria y Valencia". La Razón (in Spanish). 13 May 2013.
  77. ^ "El PP ganaría en la mayoría de las autonomías (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 13 May 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  78. ^ "El PP se hunde en Valencia: los datos de la encuesta que lleva a 'los populares' a dar por perdida la Generalitat". El Plural (in Spanish). 8 April 2013.
  79. ^ "Un sondeo de Compromís augura que habrá batalla y da la victoria al 'tripartito' y Rita Barberá cae más que Fabra a la espera del caso Nóos" (PDF). El Mundo (in Spanish). 19 April 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 May 2013.
  80. ^ "Una encuesta de Blanqueries da la mayoría absoluta al PP". La Razón (in Spanish). 30 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
  81. ^ "Un sondeo del PSPV revela que el PP se desploma al 37 % y pierde el poder". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 17 November 2012.
  82. ^ "Una encuesta del "número dos" del PSPV da la mayoría absoluta al PPCV". ABC (in Spanish). 31 March 2013. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  83. ^ "Celeste-Tel niega que el sondeo fuera encargado por el PSPV". ABC (in Spanish). 1 April 2013. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  84. ^ "Vuelco electoral: mayoría de izquierdas". El País (in Spanish). 8 October 2012.
  85. ^ "Intención de voto, situación política, valoración de líderes y de partidos en la Comunidad Valenciana" (PDF). El País (in Spanish). 8 October 2012.
  86. ^ "Comunidad Valenciana: el PP perdería la mayoría absoluta". Metroscopia (in Spanish). 9 October 2012.
  87. ^ "El PSPV continúa perdiendo apoyos en el momento de mayor desgaste del PP". ABC (in Spanish). 30 September 2012.
Other
  1. ^ "Francisco Camps resigns". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2011-07-21.
  2. ^ "Alberto Fabra replaces Camps at the head of the PP and the Generalitat". El País (in Spanish). 2011-07-21.
  3. ^ "The presence of 20% of accused MPs divides the Valencian PP". El País (in Spanish). 2013-06-29.
  4. ^ "Judge charges Castedo again for benefitting the constructor Ortiz". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-09-19.
  5. ^ "The PP has fifty defendants in municipal offices". El País (in Spanish). 2015-01-10.
  6. ^ "Valencian councillor resigns after being accused of leaking a secret report" (in Spanish). Cadena SER. 2012-11-30.
  7. ^ "Juan Cotino, accused for the contracts with Gürtel during the Pope's visit". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-11-10.
  8. ^ "Olivas, imputed for tax fraud in the advising of Vicente Cotino". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2014-06-02.
  9. ^ "Those charged within the Valencian PP would become the third political force in the Courts" (in Spanish). Hoy. 2013-06-09.
  10. ^ "The Judge processes 19 people for the illegal financing of the Valencian PP". El País (in Spanish). 2014-12-16.
  11. ^ "The corruption in the Valencian PP, from A to Z" (in Spanish). El Diario. 2014-08-11.
  12. ^ "The Valencian bonfire of PP corruption". El País (in Spanish). 2014-11-16.
  13. ^ "The Valencian Community asks for a bailout". Público (in Spanish). 2012-07-20.
  14. ^ "Fabra closes down the Valencian television after Justice's overthrowing of the ERE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2013-11-05.
  15. ^ "Protests for the closing down of Channel 9 encircle Fabra and isolate the PP" (in Spanish). El Diario. 2013-12-04.
  16. ^ "The PP vote collapses in the largest cities and gives the key to minority parties". El País (in Spanish). 2014-05-06.
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  18. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  19. ^ a b c "Valencian Electoral Law of 1987". Law No. 2 of 31 March 1987. Official Journal of the Valencian Community (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  20. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  21. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  22. ^ "Electoral Data-Regional Election: 2015". cortsvalencianes.es (in Spanish). Corts Valencianes. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Corts Valencianes election results, 24 May 2015" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of the Valencian Community. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
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