2016 Bulgarian presidential election

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2016 Bulgarian presidential election

← 2011 6 November 2016 (first round)
13 November 2016 (second round)
2021 →
Turnout56.28% (first round)
50.44% (second round)
  Rumen Radev official portrait (cropped).jpg Tsetska Tsacheva - 2017 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Rumen Radev Tsetska Tsacheva
Party Independent (BSP) GERB
Running mate Iliana Iotova Plamen Manushev
Popular vote 2,063,032 1,256,485
Percentage 59.37% 36.16%

President before election

Rosen Plevneliev

Elected President

Rumen Radev

Presidential elections were held in Bulgaria on 6 November 2016,[1] alongside a referendum on changes to the electoral system and political party funding. The second round was held on 13 November 2016, resulting in the victory of Rumen Radev.

Electoral system[edit]

The President of Bulgaria is elected using the two-round system.[2] For the first time, voters were allowed to vote for none of the above.[3]


The incumbent President, Rosen Plevneliev, announced in May 2016 that he would not be running for re-election.[4]

Official candidates[edit]

Presidential candidate Born Vice presidential running-mate Party Notes
Reuven Rivlin March 2018 (8750) (cropped).jpg
Maj.Gen.Rumen Radev
18 June 1963
(age 53)
Town Dimitrovgrad, Region Haskovo, Bulgaria
Iliana Iotova Independent supported by Bulgarian Socialist Party General Radev, the former commander of the Bulgarian Air Force,[5] is supported by the Bulgarian Socialist Party and was originally endorsed by the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival, but on 23 August 2016 the Bulgarian Socialist Party denied plans for a common coalition for the presidential elections.[6] Iotova is an MP in the European Parliament.
Tsetska Tsacheva
24 May 1958
(age 58)
Village Dragana, Municipality Ugarchin, Region Lovech, Bulgaria
Plamen Manushev GERB Tsacheva is the incumbent Chairwoman of the National Assembly of Bulgaria.[7] Manushev is MP.
Krasimir Karakachanov 2017-12-18.jpg
Krasimir Karakachanov
29 March 1965
(age 51)
Rousse, Bulgaria
Yavor Notev United Patriots Karachanov is co-chairman of the Patriotic Front and a Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly.[8] Notev is the Deputy Chair of the Attack party and a Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly.
Трайчо Трайков - Снимка.jpg
Traycho Traykov
19 April 1970
(age 46)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Sabi Sabev Reformist Bloc Traykov is the former Minister of Economy, Energy and Tourism and is currently a municipal councilor in Sofia.[9] Sabev is a general in the Bulgarian army.
Kalfin, Ivailo-9709.jpg
Ivaylo Kalfin
30 May 1964
(age 52)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Lyubomir Halachev Kalfin President Coalition Kalfin is a Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Former Minister of Labour and Social Policy, as well as the BSP presidential candidate in the 2011 election.[10]
Tatyana Doncheva 28 January 1960
(age 56)
Tryavna, Bulgaria
Mincho Spasov Movement 21
National Movement for Stability and Progress
Doncheva is a jurist and a former MP;[11] Spasov is a jurist and former MP.
Plamen Oresharski.jpg
Plamen Oresharski
21 February 1960
(age 56)
Dupnitsa, Bulgaria
Danail Papazov Independent supported by Movement for Rights and Freedoms Oresharski is a former Prime Minister of Bulgaria;[12] Papazov is a former minister of Transport.
George Ganchev 29 August 1939
(age 77)
Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Kolyo Paramov Christian Social Union Ganchev is a former MP and three-time presidential candidate.[13] Paramov is an economist and former MP.
Velizar Enchev 7 January 1953
(age 63)
Galabovo, Bulgaria
Bilyana Grancharova Movement for Radical Change Bulgarian Spring Enchev is an independent MP;[14] Grancharova is a jurist.

Veselin Mareshki
26 March 1967
(age 49)
Varna, Bulgaria
Petar Petrov Independent Mareshki is a businessman.[15]
Dimitar Marinov 15 August 1955
(age 61)
Karaisen, Bulgaria
Radoslav Petrov (aka Rado Shisharkata) Bulgarian National Unification Marinov (known as Mityo The Pistol) is a popular entertainer and reality show star, having appeared in VIP Brother 1, a spinoff of the Big Brother franchise;[16] Petrov (known as Rado the Fircone) is a pop-folk singer.
Vladimir Kuzov 16 June 1966
(age 50)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Borislav Noev Independent Kuzov and Noev are former MPs from the union around the Attack party;[17]
Their registration in the elections was denied due to insufficient number of signatures gathered.[18]
Alexandar Tomov cskabg.jpg
Aleksandar Tomov
27 April 1954
(age 62)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Radoslav Radoslavov Bulgarian Socialdemocratic-Euroleft Tomov is a businessman.
Gospodin Tonev 29 November 1955
(age 60)
Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria
Andrey Andreev Bulgarian Democratic Community
Kamen Popov Bulgaria Georgi Nedelchev Independent Popov is a businessman, sportsman.

Popov struck the leader of Attack party Volen Siderov.[19]

Svetoslav Vitkov 26 January 1971
(age 45)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Ivan Velkov Independent supported by People's Voice
The Greens
Vitkov is a musician, and a municipal councilor in Sofia;[20] Velkov is a Deputy Chairman of the municipal councilor in Sofia.
Their registration in the elections was denied due to insufficient number of signatures gathered.[18]
Kemil Ramadan Bulgaria Momchil Dobrev Balkanic Democratic League
Nikolay Banev 16 August 1959
(age 57)
Lyubimets, Bulgaria
Sali Ibrayim Independent Banev is a businessman;[21] Ibrayim is a former mayor of Momchilgrad.
Biser Milanov Bulgaria Krasimir Nastev Independent Milanov is a recidivist;[22] Nastev is a businessman.
Diana Dimitrova Bulgaria Gabriel Gerasimov Independent
Yordanka Koleva Bulgaria Veselin Hristov Independent
Plamen Paskov Bulgaria Svetozar Saev Independent
Rumen Galabinov Bulgaria Veska Voleva Independent


Candidate Born Party Notes
Rosen Plevneliev 2016.jpg
President Rosen Plevneliev
14 May 1964
(age 52)
Town Gotse Delchev, Region Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
Independent [23]
Boyko Borissov 2017-11-03.jpg
Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
13 June 1959
(age 57)
Town Bankya, Region Sofia, Bulgaria
GERB Endorsed Tsetska Tsacheva[24]

Opinion polls[edit]

First round[edit]

  Qualifying for the second round
Pollster Date Radev Tsacheva Karakachanov Mareshki Oresharski Traykov Kalfin Others
Market Links[permanent dead link] 4 October 2016 14.9 19.8 7.9 1.1 4.5 5.4 46.4
Mediana[permanent dead link] 8 October 2016 18 25.4 9.9 3.2 1.3 4.2 6.1 31.9
Gallup International[permanent dead link] 12 October 2016 15.1 19.2 7.2 4.7 1.3 5.2 4.9 42.4
Alpha Research[permanent dead link] 13 October 2016 21.4 29.3 8.7 3.3 0.5 5.0 6.8 25
TSAM[permanent dead link] 22 October 2016 22 32 9.1 5.3 2.8 5.6 6.3 16.9
IMP[permanent dead link] 22 October 2016 21.1 26.6 9.7 1.8 4.9 8.6 27.3
Gallup International[permanent dead link] 25 October 2016 16.3 20.2 8.1 5 3.8 5.2 5.3 36.1
Market Links[permanent dead link] 30 October 2016 18.1 19.4 8.5 4.3 2.2 3.8 3.5 40.2
Online Solutions[permanent dead link] 3 November 2016 18 19 16 15 32
Barometre Bulgaria[permanent dead link] 3 November 2016 14.4 19.3 19.1 4.4 4.8 4.6 4.2 29.2

Second round[edit]

Pollster Date Radev Tsacheva Others
Gallup International[permanent dead link] 12 October 2016 29.6 26.4 44
Alpha Research[permanent dead link] 13 October 2016 31.3 32.6 36.1
Sova Harris[permanent dead link] 15 October 2016 37.8 38.7 23.5
TSAM[permanent dead link] 22 October 2016 41 43 16
Gallup International[permanent dead link] 25 October 2016 32.1 31.3 36.6
Market Links[permanent dead link] 30 October 2016 30.7 25 44.3
Mediana[permanent dead link] 31 October 2016 37.2 36.2 26.6
Pollster Date Radev Karakachanov Others
Market Links[permanent dead link] 30 October 2016 27.2 26.1 46.7
Pollster Date Tsacheva Karakachanov Others
Alpha Research[permanent dead link] 13 October 2016 31.3 25.1 43.4


CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Rumen RadevIliana IotovaIndependent (Bulgarian Socialist Party)973,75425.442,063,03259.37
Tsetska TsachevaPlamen ManushevGERB840,63521.961,256,48536.16
Krasimir KarakachanovYavor NotevUnited Patriots573,01614.97
Veselin MareshkiPetar PetrovIndependent427,66011.17
Plamen OresharskiDanail PapazovIndependent253,7266.63
Traycho TraykovSabi SabevReformist Bloc224,7345.87
Ivailo KalfinLyubomir HalachevAlternative for Bulgarian Revival125,5313.28
Tatyana DonchevaMincho SpasovMovement 21NDSV69,3721.81
George GanchevKolyo ParamovChristian Social Union27,9280.73
Velizar EnchevBilyana GrancharovaMovement for Radical Change Bulgarian Spring18,2130.48
Dimitar MarinovRadoslav PetrovBulgarian National Unification14,9740.39
Rumen GalabinovVeska VolevaIndependent10,2860.27
Plamen PaskovSvetozar SaevIndependent10,1030.26
Aleksandar TomovRadoslav RadoslavovBulgarian Social Democracy–EuroLeft9,5130.25
Gospodin TonevAndrey AndreevBulgarian Democratic Community6,8550.18
Kemil RamadanMomchil DobrevBalkanic Democratic League6,0890.16
Kamen PopovGeorgi NedelchevIndependent5,2120.14
Diana DimitrovaGabriel GerasimovIndependent4,3620.11
Nikolay BanevSali IbrayimIndependent4,1960.11
Yordanka KolevaVeselin HristovIndependent4,1820.11
Biser MilanovKrasimir NastevIndependent3,2150.08
None of the above214,0945.59155,4114.47
Valid votes3,827,65096.963,474,92898.14
Invalid/blank votes119,9253.0466,0361.86
Total votes3,947,575100.003,540,964100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,014,72356.287,020,11950.44
Source: Electoral Commission of Bulgaria


Following the results of the second round, Prime Minister and GERB leader Boiko Borisov tendered his resignation.[25] Two days later, on 16 November, the National Assembly voted 218–0 to accept it, resulting in early parliamentary elections.[26]


  1. ^ Global elections calendar NDI
  2. ^ Bulgaria IFES
  3. ^ Bulgaria’s 2016 presidential elections: Voters to have ‘I don’t support anyone’ option Sofia Glove, 9 October 2016
  4. ^ "Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev Won't Seek Second Term in 2016 Elections". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  5. ^ "The President of the Republic of Bulgaria Gen. Rumen Radev MiG 29 Fulcrum MEMORABLE Flight Display". 8 November 2014 – via YouTube.
  6. ^ "Румен Радев – генералът, когото левицата избра да води битката ѝ".
  7. ^ "Борисов обяви официално Цецка Цачева за кандидат-президент на ГЕРБ: Нацията има нужда и от майка (допълнена)" (in Bulgarian). Dnevnik. 2 October 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Каракачанов и Нотев - "патриотичната двойка" за "Дондуков" 2" (in Bulgarian). dir.bg. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  9. ^ Traicho Traikov is the Reformist Bloc's presidential candidate Archived 13 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine BNT, 1 September 2016
  10. ^ "Първо в "24 часа": Калфин ще е кандидатът на АБВ за президент".
  11. ^ "Татяна Дончева и Минчо Спасов влизат заедно в кандидатпрезидентската битка (допълнена)".
  12. ^ "Пламен Орешарски се кандидатира за президент". Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Жорж Ганчев и Кольо Парамов убедени, че ще спечелят президентските избори". 31 May 2016.
  14. ^ "И Велизар Енчев влиза в битката за държавен глава". 8 September 2016.
  15. ^ "Марешки все пак ще се кандидатира за президент".
  16. ^ "Митьо Пищова и Радо Шишарката щурмуват президентството". 12 September 2016.
  17. ^ "Предозиране: И Владимир Кузов поиска да е президент".
  18. ^ a b "Светослав Витков и Владимир Кузов отпадат от изборите, не са събрали подписи" [Svetoslav Vitkov and Vladimir Kuzov drop out of the elections, they have not gathered signatures]. dnevnik.bg (in Bulgarian). 5 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  19. ^ "Камен Попов – рокерът кандидат-президент – bgonair.bg".
  20. ^ news.bg (14 September 2016). "Светльо Витков и "Зелените" отиват заедно на президентския вот".
  21. ^ Рошкев, Стоил. "Кои са кандидатпрезидентските двойки". Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  22. ^ "Бисер Миланов се включва в президентската надпревара – БЛИЦ – Новини от България и света".
  23. ^ "Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev Won't Seek Second Term in 2016 Elections". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  24. ^ Bulgaria's PM to Run for President in 5 Years Novinite, 1 September 2016
  25. ^ Bulgarian PM Borisov tenders his government resignation Reuters, 14 November 2016
  26. ^ "Bulgarian MPs Accept PM Borisov's Resignation". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.