2016 California wildfires

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2016 California wildfires
SherpaFireSkyCraneDrop.jpg
A Skycrane makes a drop on the Sherpa Fire in June.
Statistics[1]
Total fires7,349
Total area669,534 acres (2,709.51 km2)[2]
Cost>$480.3 million (2016 USD)[3][2]
Fatalities6 civilians killed, 2 firefighters killed[2]
Non-fatal injuriesUnknown
Season
← 2015
2017 →

In 2016, a total of 7,349 fires had burned an area 669,534 acres (2,709.51 km2) in California, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.[1][2]

Climatologists had predicted an extreme version of El Niño, known as a Super El Niño, to occur during the winter of 2015–16. Although the Pacific Ocean’s warming water had been expected to bring strong storms to parts of the southwestern United States, actual precipitation totals generally underperformed those expectations.[4] Early in 2016, The National Interagency Fire Center predicted that conditions from May through at least August would put much of the western United States in above-normal wildfire danger.[5]

Events[edit]

In June, the United States Forest Service estimated that over 26 million trees had died across 760,000 acres (310,000 ha) in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. This brought the number of dead trees to over 66 million during the past four years of drought.[6]

On August 15, the National Interagency Fire Center showed the state leading the nation in the quantity, size and intensity of wildfires.[6] A day later, on August 16, San Bernardino County announced that nearly 85,000 people were evacuated because of the Blue Cut Fire near Cajon Pass.[7] Authorities arrested a 40-year-old man in connection to the Clayton Fire, and charged him with 17 counts of arson.[6]

Fires[edit]

Below is a list of all fires that exceeded 1,000 acres (400 ha) during the 2016 California wildfire season, as well as the fires that caused significant damage.[8] The information is taken from CAL FIRE's list of large fires, and other sources where indicated.

Name County Acres Start Date Containment Date Notes Ref
Roberts San Luis Obispo 3,712 May 18, 2016 May 20, 2016 [9]
Metz Monterey 3,876 May 22, 2016 May 25, 2016 [10]
Coleman Monterey 2,520 June 4, 2016 June 17, 2016 [11]
Pony Siskiyou 2,860 June 7, 2016 June 30, 2016 [12]
Sherpa Santa Barbara 7,474 June 15, 2016 July 12, 2016 [13]
Border San Diego 7,609 June 19, 2016 June 30, 2016 2 fatalities, 5 homes and 11 outbuildings destroyed [14]
Pine Ventura 2,304 June 19, 2016 July 17, 2016 [15]
San Gabriel Complex Los Angeles 5,399 June 20, 2016 July 23, 2016 Reservoir Fire burned 1,146 acres; Fish Fire burned 4,253 acres [16]
Erskine Kern 48,019 June 23, 2016 July 12, 2016 2 fatalities, 285 homes destroyed, 12 damaged [17]
Trailhead Placer 5,646 June 28, 2016 July 18, 2016 [18]
Deer Kern 1,785 July 1, 2016 July 11, 2016 [19]
Curry Fresno 2,944 July 1, 2016 July 5, 2016 [20]
Sage Los Angeles 1,109 July 9, 2016 July 16, 2016 [21]
Roblar San Diego 1,245 July 21, 2016 July 30, 2016 [22]
Sand Los Angeles 41,432 July 22, 2016 August 3, 2016 2 fatalities, 18 homes destroyed, 4 damaged [23] [24]
Soberanes Monterey 132,100 July 22, 2016 October 12, 2016 1 fatality, 3 injuries, 57 homes and 11 outbuildings destroyed. [25]
Goose Fresno 2,241 July 30, 2016 August 9, 2016 4 homes, 5 outbuildings destroyed [26]
Cold Yolo 5,731 August 2, 2016 August 12, 2016 2 outbuildings destroyed [27]
Pilot San Bernardino 8,110 August 7, 2016 August 16, 2016 [28]
Mineral Fresno 7,050 August 9, 2016 August 18, 2016 2 structures destroyed [29]
Chimney San Luis Obispo 46,344 August 13, 2016 September 6, 2016 48 structures destroyed [30]
Clayton Lake 3,929 August 13, 2016 August 26, 2016 300 buildings destroyed [31]
Blue Cut San Bernardino 36,274 August 16, 2016 August 23, 2016 105 homes, 213 outbuildings destroyed [32]
Cedar Kern 29,322 August 16, 2016 September 30, 2016 [33]
Rey Santa Barbara 32,606 August 18, 2016 September 16, 2016 [34]
Gap Siskiyou 33,867 August 27, 2016 September 17, 2016 [35]
Bogart Riverside 1,470 August 30, 2016 September 2, 2016 1 outbuilding destroyed [36]
Willard Lassen 2,575 September 11, 2016 September 22, 2016 5 structures destroyed [37]
Owens River Mono 5,443 September 17, 2016 October 15, 2016 [38]
Canyon Santa Barbara 12,518 September 17, 2016 September 24, 2016 1 firefighter killed in crash [39]
Sawmill Sonoma 1,547 September 25, 2016 September 29, 2016 [40]
Marshes Tuolumne 1,080 September 26, 2016 October 4, 2016 [41]
Loma Santa Clara 4,474 September 26, 2016 October 12, 2016 28 structures destroyed [42]

4S Ranch brush fire[edit]

On Thursday, May 5, 2016, shortly before 3 P.M. PDT, a small brush fire ignited off the 15000 block of Dove Creek Road, in a creek bed, in 4S Ranch, San Diego County.[43][44] As the fire began spreading eastward, students and staff at the nearby Oak Valley Middle School were ordered to stay indoors, though parents were allowed to pick up their children.[44][45] However, as the fire continued to spread, evacuation orders were issued for some homes along Palomino Valley Road and Oak Valley Middle School, with the students from Oak Valley Middle School being relocated by bus to Westview High School.[43] The sudden change caused some confusion and chaos among parents attempting to pick up their children, and drew criticism towards the last-minute evacuation plan.[45] The brush fire quickly grew to 5 acres (0.020 km2), but within a couple of hours, the fire was contained and further growth was stopped.[46] At 4:34 PM PDT, the evacuation orders for the homes on Palomino Valley Road were lifted, as the fire was brought to 90% containment.[43] Just before 5:30 PM PDT, the brush fire was fully extinguished, and Rancho Santa Fe fire officials declared 100% containment of the fire. The fire did not cause any injuries or structural damage.[46] The brush fire was determined to have been accidentally caused by sparks coming from a welder.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Report of Wildland Fires and Acres Burned by State 2016" (PDF). National Interagency Fire Center. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Ken Pimlott (2017). "2016 Wildfire Activity Statistics" (PDF). CAL FIRE. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  3. ^ Gilpin, Lyndsey (October 5, 2016). "The Most Expensive Wildfires in US History". High Country News. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  4. ^ Blankenbuehler, Paige (June 22, 2016). "El Niño adds fuel to Southwestern fires". The Journal. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  5. ^ Grenoble, Ryan (May 2, 2016). "Here's Where The 2016 Wildfire Season Risk Is The Highest". The Huffington Post. The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Fears, Darryl (August 16, 2016). "California is in flames right now, with fires fueled by historic drought". Washington Post. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  7. ^ "More than 82,000 people flee Southern California wildfire". Chicago Tribune. August 16, 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  8. ^ "Large Fires 2016" (PDF). CAL FIRE. March 29, 2017. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  9. ^ "Roberts Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  10. ^ "Metz Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  11. ^ "Coleman Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  12. ^ "Pony Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  13. ^ "Sherpa Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "Border Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  15. ^ "Pine Fire". Inciweb. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  16. ^ "San Gabriel Complex". InciWeb. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  17. ^ "Erskine Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  18. ^ "Trailhead Fire Updates". CAL FIRE Incident Information. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  19. ^ "Deer Fire Updates". CAL FIRE Incident Information. CAL FIRE. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  20. ^ "Curry Fire Updates". CAL FIRE Incident Information. CAL FIRE. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
  21. ^ "Sage Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  22. ^ "Roblar Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  23. ^ Carr, Ada & Wright, Pam (July 24, 2016). "Body Found As Firefighters Continue to Battle 'Sand Fire' Near Los Angeles; 18 Homes Destroyed". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on July 25, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  24. ^ "Sand Fire". Inciweb. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  25. ^ "Soberanes Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  26. ^ "Goose Fire Updates". CAL FIRE Incident Information. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  27. ^ "Cold Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  28. ^ "Pilot Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  29. ^ "Mineral Fire". CAL FIRE. Archived from the original on August 12, 2016. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  30. ^ "ChimneyFire". CAL FIRE. Archived from the original on August 23, 2016. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  31. ^ "Clayton Fire". Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  32. ^ "Blue Cut Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  33. ^ "Cedar Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  34. ^ "Rey Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  35. ^ "Gap Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  36. ^ "Bogart Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  37. ^ "Willard Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved September 11, 2016.
  38. ^ "Owens River Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
  39. ^ "Canyon Fire" (PDF). Vandenberg Air Force Base. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
  40. ^ "Sawmill Fire". CAL FIRE. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  41. ^ "Marshes Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  42. ^ "Loma Fire". CAL FIRE. Archived from the original on September 28, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  43. ^ a b c "Crews Battle Fire In 4S Ranch". KPBS News. May 26, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  44. ^ a b c Kristina Audencial (May 27, 2016). "4S Ranch brush fire sparked by welders". Fox 5 San Diego. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  45. ^ a b Abbie Alford (May 27, 2016). "Investigation under way after 4S Ranch fire". CBS News 8. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  46. ^ a b "Firefighters contain 4S Ranch brush fire". ABC 10News. May 26, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2017.

External links[edit]