2016 World Touring Car Championship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 2016 FIA WTCC Race of Portugal)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2016 World Touring Car Championship
Previous: 2015 Next: 2017
Support series:
European Touring Car Cup

The 2016 World Touring Car Championship is the thirteenth season of the FIA World Touring Car Championship, and the twelfth since the series was revived in 2005.[1]

In 2016 a new manufacturer Polestar (with Volvo S60) entered while Citroën reduced the number of official entries to two, and announced their retirement in 2017. A new team time trial format was introduced for manufacturers, titled Manufacturers Against the Clock (MAC3), consisting in three cars per manufacturer completing two laps at the same time (only one lap at the Nürburgring) against the clock, whereby the total time of the last car determines the result. The cars must finish in a 15 seconds gap.

Teams and drivers[edit]

Team Car No. Drivers Rounds
Manufacturer entries
Russia Lada Sport Rosneft[2] Lada Vesta WTCC[2] 2 Italy Gabriele Tarquini[3] All
7 France Hugo Valente[3] All
10 Netherlands Nick Catsburg[3] All
Japan Honda Racing Team JAS[4] Honda Civic WTCC[5] 5 Hungary Norbert Michelisz[5] All
34 Japan Ryo Michigami[6] 9
Japan Castrol Honda World Touring Car Team[5] 12 United Kingdom Robert Huff[5] All
18 Portugal Tiago Monteiro[5] All
France Citroën Racing[7] Citroën C-Elysée WTCC[7] 37 Argentina José María López[7] All
68 France Yvan Muller[7] All
Sweden Polestar Cyan Racing[8] Volvo S60 Polestar TC1 61 Sweden Fredrik Ekblom[9] 1–6, 10
62 Sweden Thed Björk[9] All
63 Sweden Robert Dahlgren[10] 7–8, 11
81 Argentina Néstor Girolami[11] 9
Independent entries
France Sébastien Loeb Racing[12] Citroën C-Elysée WTCC 3 United Kingdom Tom Chilton[13] All
11 France Grégoire Demoustier[14] All
25 Morocco Mehdi Bennani[12] All
Germany ALL-INKL.COM Münnich Motorsport Chevrolet RML Cruze TC1 8 Germany Sabine Schmitz 5
15 United Kingdom James Thompson[15] 2, 4, 6–11
77 Germany René Münnich[4] 1, 3
Italy ROAL Motorsport Chevrolet RML Cruze TC1 9 Netherlands Tom Coronel[4] All
Spain Campos Racing[4] Chevrolet RML Cruze TC1[4] 27 France John Filippi[16] All
86 Argentina Esteban Guerrieri[17] 8
Hungary Zengő Motorsport[4] Honda Civic WTCC[4] 55 Hungary Ferenc Ficza[18] 1–7, 9–11
99 Hungary Dániel Nagy[18] 1, 7–11

Calendar[edit]

The provisional 2016 schedule was revealed on 2 December 2015.[19] With the confirmation of the 2016 SMP F4 Championship calendar, it was originally confirmed the season would start at the Sochi Autodrom, with the Russian round of the championship switching from Moscow Raceway.[20] However, on 9 February 2016, the calendar was adjusted, leaving the Russian round at Moscow in June.[21]

Rnd. Race Race Name Circuit Date
1 1 JVC Kenwood Race of France France Circuit Paul Ricard 3 April
2
2 3 Race of Slovakia Slovakia Automotodróm Slovakia Ring 17 April
4
3 5 Race of Hungary Hungary Hungaroring 24 April
6
4 7 Afriquia Race of Morocco Morocco Circuit International Automobile Moulay El Hassan 8 May
8
5 9 Race of Germany Germany Nürburgring Nordschleife 28 May
10
6 11 Rosneft Race of Russia Russia Moscow Raceway 12 June
12
7 13 Race of Portugal Portugal Circuito Internacional de Vila Real 26 June
14
8 15 Race of Argentina Argentina Autódromo Termas de Río Hondo 7 August
16
9 17 JVC Kenwood Race of Japan Japan Twin Ring Motegi 4 September
18
10 19 Race of China China Shanghai International Circuit 25 September
20
11 21 Race of Qatar Qatar Losail International Circuit 25 November
22


Calendar changes[edit]

  • The Race of Thailand was cancelled after the organiser Eurosport Events and the Thai ASN failed to come to an agreement. No replacement race will be held, reducing the calendar to 11 race weekends. [22]

Results and standings[edit]

Compensation weights[edit]

The most competitive cars keep an 80 kg compensation weight. The other cars get a lower one, calculated according to their results for the three previous rounds. The less the cars get some good results, the less they get a compensation weight, from 0 kg to 80 kg. For the first two rounds, Citroën C-Elysée WTCC had an 80 kg compensation weight.

Car Paul Ricard Slovakia Ring Hungaroring Marrakech Nürburgring Moscow Vila Real Termas de Río Hondo Motegi Shanghai Losail
Citroën C-Elysée WTCC +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg +80 kg
Honda Civic WTCC 0 kg 0 kg +70 kg +40 kg +40 kg +30 kg +60 kg +60 kg +80 kg +60 kg +30 kg
Chevrolet RML Cruze TC1 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg +10 kg 0 kg +10 kg 0 kg 0 kg
Lada Vesta WTCC 0 kg 0 kg +50 kg +30 kg +40 kg +20 kg +70 kg +50 kg +50 kg 0 kg 0 kg
Volvo S60 Polestar TC1 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg 0 kg

Races[edit]

Race Race Name MAC3 winner Pole Position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning team Winning manufacturer Independent winner Report
1 France Race of France France Citroën United Kingdom Robert Huff United Kingdom Robert Huff Japan Castrol Honda Japan Honda Morocco Mehdi Bennani Report
2 Argentina José María López France Yvan Muller Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani
3 Slovakia Race of Slovakia France Citroën
Japan Honda
United Kingdom Robert Huff Portugal Tiago Monteiro Japan Castrol Honda Japan Honda Morocco Mehdi Bennani Report
4 France Yvan Muller Argentina José María López Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani
5 Hungary Race of Hungary Japan Honda Argentina José María López Morocco Mehdi Bennani France Sébastien Loeb Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani Report
6 Argentina José María López Argentina José María López Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën United Kingdom Tom Chilton
7 Morocco Race of Morocco France Citroën France Hugo Valente Netherlands Tom Coronel Italy ROAL Motorsport United States Chevrolet Netherlands Tom Coronel Report
8 United Kingdom Robert Huff Italy Gabriele Tarquini Argentina José María López[N 1] France Citroën Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani
9 Germany Race of Germany Japan Honda United Kingdom Tom Chilton Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën United Kingdom Tom Chilton Report
10 Argentina José María López Morocco Mehdi Bennani Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën United Kingdom Tom Chilton
11 Russia Race of Russia Japan Honda Netherlands Nick Catsburg Italy Gabriele Tarquini Russia Lada Sport Rosneft Russia Lada United Kingdom James Thompson Report
12 Netherlands Nick Catsburg Hungary Ferenc Ficza Netherlands Nick Catsburg Russia Lada Sport Rosneft Russia Lada United Kingdom James Thompson
13 Portugal Race of Portugal France Citroën Argentina José María López Netherlands Tom Coronel Italy ROAL Motorsport United States Chevrolet Netherlands Tom Coronel Report
14 Portugal Tiago Monteiro United Kingdom Robert Huff Portugal Tiago Monteiro Japan Castrol Honda Japan Honda Morocco Mehdi Bennani
15 Argentina Race of Argentina Japan Honda Argentina José María López United Kingdom Tom Chilton France Sébastien Loeb Racing France Citroën United Kingdom Tom Chilton Report
16 Argentina José María López Argentina José María López Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën Netherlands Tom Coronel
17 Japan Race of Japan France Citroën Sweden Thed Björk Hungary Norbert Michelisz Japan Honda Racing Team JAS Japan Honda United Kingdom Tom Chilton Report
18 Argentina José María López Argentina José María López France Yvan Muller France Citroën Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani
19 China Race of China Japan Honda Sweden Thed Björk Sweden Thed Björk Sweden Polestar Cyan Racing Sweden Volvo Netherlands Tom Coronel Report
20 Argentina José María López Argentina José María López Argentina José María López France Citroën Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani
21 Qatar Race of Qatar France Citroën Italy Gabriele Tarquini Italy Gabriele Tarquini Russia Lada Sport Rosneft Russia Lada United Kingdom Tom Chilton Report
22 Morocco Mehdi Bennani Netherlands Nick Catsburg Morocco Mehdi Bennani France Sébastien Loeb Racing France Citroën Morocco Mehdi Bennani

Championship standings[edit]

Drivers' championship[edit]

Pos. Driver FRA
France
SVK
Slovakia
HUN
Hungary
MAR
Morocco
GER
Germany
RUS
Russia
PRT
Portugal
ARG
Argentina
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
QAT
Qatar
 Pts. 
1 Argentina José María López 6 11 5 13 13 11 2 11 1 11 5 8 5 55 5 11 4 21 4 11 9 33 381
2 France Yvan Muller 13 43 7 51 12 2 3 23 Ret DNS2 3 11 9 22 3 54 5 12 3 23 4 64 257
3 Portugal Tiago Monteiro 4 22 1 2 11 34 DSQ DSQ Ret DNS 6 5 10 11 4 4 3 34 10 8 Ret 5 214
4 Hungary Norbert Michelisz 3 3 6 44 DNS 10 DSQ DSQ 3 24 10 35 8 33 6 82 1 8 2 11 5 45 213
5 Morocco Mehdi Bennani 2 8 2 6 1 8 6 5 5 5 9 10 4 8 8 7 16 43 11 34 16 11 206
6 United Kingdom Robert Huff 1 6 3 145 10 63 DSQ DSQ 4 4 7 4 6 44 2 3 2 9 9 13 3 8 199
7 Netherlands Nick Catsburg 8 55 11 32 3 13 Ret 72 9 6 2 11 3 7 13 12 7 11 5 42 8 14 175
8 United Kingdom Tom Chilton 11 9 9 7 2 5 5 DSQ 2 35 14 16 2 10 1 9 8 65 Ret 9 2 Ret 163
9 Italy Gabriele Tarquini Ret Ret 4 13 5 Ret 4 3 7 9 1 22 12 13 14 13 10 10 16† 5 1 7 147
10 Sweden Thed Björk 7 Ret DSQ DSQ 15 45 9 105 Ret 8 Ret 15 7 6 11 14 6 7 1 75 6 22 117
11 Netherlands Tom Coronel 9 114 15 9 14 72 1 84 Ret DNS3 12 Ret 1 16 7 23 17 14 7 10 12 9 111
12 France Hugo Valente 5 7 12 Ret 6 9 Ret 4 6 10 4 73 Ret 9 Ret Ret Ret 13 6 12 Ret Ret 78
13 Sweden Fredrik Ekblom NC 10 10 8 4 11 7 11 8 7 13 12 8 6 47
14 United Kingdom James Thompson 16 11 Ret 6 8 64 11 11 9 11 13 12 12 14 10 10 24
15 Argentina Néstor Girolami 9 5 12
16 France Grégoire Demoustier 10 13 13 12 7 Ret 8 Ret 11 14 16 13 16 12 12 15 17 15 13 17 15 12 11
17 Argentina Esteban Guerrieri Ret 65 9
18 France John Filippi 12 12 14 10 8 12 Ret 9 Ret 12 11 14 15 14 10 10 14 16 Ret 15 14 13 9
19 Sweden Robert Dahlgren 13 Ret 16 16 7 Ret 6
20 Hungary Ferenc Ficza DNS DNS Ret DNS DSQ DSQ DSQ DSQ 12 13 15 9 14 15 WD WD 18 18 14 16 13 11 2
21 Germany René Münnich 14 Ret 9 14 2
22 Germany Sabine Schmitz 10 11 1
 — Hungary Dániel Nagy WD WD 17 Ret 15 17 15 19 15 18 11 15 0
 — Japan Ryo Michigami 11 17 0
Pos. Driver FRA
France
SVK
Slovakia
HUN
Hungary
MAR
Morocco
GER
Germany
RUS
Russia
PRT
Portugal
ARG
Argentina
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
QAT
Qatar
 Pts. 
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Withdrew (WD)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not participate (DNP)
Excluded (EX)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest Lap

† – Drivers did not finish the race, but were classified as they completed over 75% of the race distance.

Championship points were awarded on the results of each race at each event as follows:

Position[1]  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points[1] 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Notes
  • 1 2 3 4 5 refers to the classification of the drivers after the qualifying for the main race (second race), where bonus points are awarded 5–4–3–2–1.

Manufacturers' Championship[edit]

Pos. Manufacturer France FRA Slovakia SVK Hungary HUN Morocco MAR Germany GER Russia RUS Portugal PRT Argentina ARG Japan JPN China CHN Qatar QAT  Pts. 
M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2 M R1 R2
1 France Citroën 1 2 11 1 2 11 2 1 11 1 2 11 2 1 11 2 5 84 1 1 22 2 1 11 1 4 11 Ret 3 11 1 2 11 957
6 43 5 53 2 2 3 33 5 52 9 105 5 54 3 53 5 22 4 23 4 33
2 Japan Honda 3 1 22 1 1 24 1 10 32 DSQ DSQ DSQ 1 3 23 1 6 33 2 6 11 1 2 32 2 1 3 1 2 8 DNP 3 44 675
3 35 3 45 11 63 DSQ DSQ 4 4 7 4 8 33 4 44 2 8 9 11 5 55
3 Russia Lada 2 5 54 Ret 4 32 3 3 95 2 4 32 DNP 6 64 3 1 11 3 3 7 3 13 125 3 7 105 2 5 42 DNP 1 7 536
8 7 11 13 5 13 Ret 45 7 9 2 22 12 9 14 13 10 11 6 55 8 14
4 Sweden Volvo DNP 7 10 DNP 10 8 DNP 4 44 DNP 7 104 DNP 8 75 DNP 13 12 DNP 7 65 DNP 11 14 DNP 6 54 DNP 1 64 DNP 6 22 321
NC Ret DSQ DSQ 15 11 9 11 Ret 8 Ret 15 13 Ret 16 16 9 7 8 7 7 Ret
Pos. Manufacturer France FRA Slovakia SVK Hungary HUN Morocco MAR Germany GER Russia RUS Portugal PRT Argentina ARG Japan JPN China CHN Qatar QAT  Pts. 
Notes

Only the two best placed cars of each manufacturer earned points.

  • 1 2 3 4 5 refers to the classification of the drivers in the main race qualification, where bonus points are awarded 5–4–3–2–1. Points were only awarded to the fastest two cars from each manufacturer.

In MAC3 points are awarded if 3 cars of the same manufacturer within a 15 seconds gap. MAC3 points were awarded as follows:

Position  1st   2nd   3rd 
Points 10 8 6

WTCC Trophy[edit]

WTCC Trophy points are awarded to the first eight drivers classified in each race on the following scale: 10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1. One point is awarded to the highest-placed WTCC Trophy competitor in qualifying and for another for the fastest lap in each race.

Pos. Driver FRA
France
SVK
Slovakia
HUN
Hungary
MAR
Morocco
GER
Germany
RUS
Russia
PRT
Portugal
ARG
Argentina
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
QAT
Qatar
 Pts. 
1 Morocco Mehdi Bennani 2 8 2 6 1 8 6 5 5 5 9 10 4 8 8 7 16 4 11 3 16 1 190
2 United Kingdom Tom Chilton 11 9 9 7 2 5 5 DSQ 2 3 14 16 2 10 1 8 8 6 Ret 9 2 Ret 155
3 Netherlands Tom Coronel 9 11 15 9 14 7 1 8 Ret DNS 12 Ret 1 16 7 2 17 14 7 10 12 9 128
4 United Kingdom James Thompson 16 11 Ret 6 8 6 11 11 9 11 13 12 12 14 10 10 95
5 France John Filippi 12 12 14 10 8 12 Ret 9 Ret 12 11 14 15 14 10 10 14 16 Ret 15 14 13 83
6 France Grégoire Demoustier 10 13 13 12 7 Ret 8 Ret 11 14 16 13 16 12 12 15 17 15 13 17 15 12 77
7 Hungary Ferenc Ficza DNS DNS Ret DNS DSQ DSQ DSQ DSQ 12 13 15 9 14 15 18 18 14 16 13 11 45
8 Hungary Dániel Nagy WD WD 17 Ret 15 17 15 19 15 19 15 18 11 15 22
9 Germany Sabine Schmitz 10 11 12
10 Germany René Münnich 14 Ret 9 14 11
11 Argentina Esteban Guerrieri Ret 6 9
Pos. Driver FRA
France
SVK
Slovakia
HUN
Hungary
MAR
Morocco
GER
Germany
RUS
Russia
PRT
Portugal
ARG
Argentina
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
QAT
Qatar
 Pts. 

WTCC Teams' Trophy[edit]

All the teams taking part in the championship were eligible to score points towards the Teams' Trophy, with the exception of manufacturer teams, with the first two cars from each team scoring points in each race on the following scale: 10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1.

Pos Team FRA
France
SVK
Slovakia
HUN
Hungary
MAR
Morocco
GER
Germany
RUS
Russia
PRT
Portugal
ARG
Argentina
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
QAT
Qatar
 Pts 
1 France Sébastien Loeb Racing 2 8 2 6 1 5 5 5 2 3 9 10 2 8 1 7 8 4 11 3 2 1 335
10 9 9 7 2 8 6 Ret 5 5 14 13 4 10 8 8 16 6 13 9 15 12
2 Italy ROAL Motorsport 9 11 15 9 14 7 1 8 Ret DNS 12 Ret 1 16 7 2 17 14 7 10 12 9 126
3 Germany ALL-INKL.COM Münnich Motorsport 14 Ret 16 11 9 14 Ret 6 10 11 8 6 11 11 9 11 13 12 12 14 10 10 119
4 Spain Campos Racing 12 12 14 10 8 12 Ret 9 Ret 12 11 14 15 14 10 6 14 16 Ret 15 14 13 96
Ret 10
5 Hungary Zengő Motorsport DNS DNS Ret DNS DSQ DSQ DSQ DSQ 12 13 15 9 14 15 15 19 15 18 14 16 11 11 74
WD WD 17 Ret 18 18 15 18 13 15
Pos Team FRA
France
SVK
Slovakia
HUN
Hungary
MAR
Morocco
GER
Germany
RUS
Russia
PRT
Portugal
ARG
Argentina
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
QAT
Qatar
 Pts 

Regulation changes[edit]

The sporting regulations were approved by the FIA, at the December 2015 meeting of the World Motor Sport Council.[23]

Sporting regulations[edit]

  • The reverse grid race of the weekend was switched from race two to race one, with the length of race two being increased by one lap.
  • A new qualifying time trial format was introduced for manufacturers, titled Manufacturers Against the Clock (MAC3), to be held at the end of the regular three-part qualifying session.
  • Compensation weight for the most successful car was increased to 80 kg.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The original winner Robert Huff. However, he was disqualified in the Honda cars of the technical regulation violations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2016 Sporting regulations – FIA World Touring Car Championship
  2. ^ a b Klein, Jamie (6 December 2015). "Huff expecting major step from Lada in 2016". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Lada confirms its 2016 WTCC driver line-up". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "20 car entry announced for the 2016 World Touring Car Championship season". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 2 March 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Honda sign Rob Huff, Tiago Monteiro & Norbert Michelisz for 2016". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 13 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Honda enters fourth car for Japanese race". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d "Citroën to finish its WTCC programme at the end of 2016". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Volvo announce multi-year WTCC programme with the S60 Polestar TC1". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Thed Björk and Fredrik Ekblom confirmed as Volvo drivers for 2016". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 15 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Dahlgren returns to WTCC replacing Ekblom in Volvo". Motorsport.com. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Determined Girolami earns factory WTCC chance in Japan". World Touring Car Championship. 22 August 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-09-23. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Sébastien Loeb Racing could run three cars in 2016". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  13. ^ "Tom Chilton signs with Sébastien Loeb Racing for 2016 WTCC". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  14. ^ "Grégoire Demoustier joins Sébastien Loeb Racing for 2016". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  15. ^ Hudson, Neil (8 April 2016). "James Thompson makes WTCC return with Münnich Motorsport Chevrolet". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  16. ^ "John Filippi present sur la grille du WTCC 2016". Oscaro. Twitter Inc. 9 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Argentinean Guerrieri gets dream WTCC chance". World Touring Car Championship. 20 July 2016. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Ferenc Ficza and Daniel Nagy confirmed for Zengo". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  19. ^ "FIA confirms details of the 2016 WTCC calendar". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  20. ^ Allen, Peter (8 January 2016). "Dutch F4 concept to form part of SMP series from 2016". Paddock Scout. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  21. ^ "WTCC 2016 calendar adjusted". World Touring Car Championship. 9 February 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  22. ^ Hudson, Neil (28 September 2016). "WMSC confirms cancellation of Race of Thailand, José María López confirmed champion". TouringCarTimes. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  23. ^ Abbott, Andrew (2 December 2015). "Sporting regulations tweaked for the 2016 WTCC season". TouringCars.Net. Retrieved 2 December 2015.

External links[edit]