2016 Summer Paralympics
|XV Paralympic Games|
The Official Paralympic emblem/logo was launched on November 26, 2011.
|Host city||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Opening ceremony||September 7|
|Closing ceremony||September 18|
|Paralympic Stadium||Maracana Stadium|
The 2016 Summer Paralympics (Brazilian Portuguese: Jogos Paralímpicos de Verão de 2016), the fifteenth Summer Paralympic Games are an upcoming major international multi-sport event for disabled athletes governed by the International Paralympic Committee, to be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from September 7 to September 18, 2016 making them the first Summer Paralympics to be held during the host city's wintertime. This will mark the first time a Latin American and South American city hosts the event, the second Southern Hemisphere city and nation, the first one being the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, and also the first time a Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country hosts the event. These Games will see the introduction of two new sports to the Paralympic program; canoeing and the paratriathlon.
As part of a formal agreement between the International Paralympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee first established in 2001, the winner of the bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics would also host the 2016 Summer Paralympics. Following the third and final round of voting at the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen on October 2, 2009, the right to host the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were awarded to Rio de Janeiro.
|2016 Summer Olympics bidding results|
|City||NOC||Round 1||Round 2||Round 3|
|Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||26||46||66|
Development and preparation
Rio de Janeiro was the first city to ever host both the Pan American Games and Parapan American Games in the same year; its organization of the two events in 2007 helped provide the city experience hosting both multi-sport events and Paralympic sporting events. Andrew Parsons, president of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee, remarked that the organizing teams responsible for the Olympics and Paralympics were maintaining a good relationship and "speaking the same language" in relation to their organizational duties. Parsons praised how well-organized the 2012 Summer Paralympics were, and felt that his team had learned lessons from London that could be applied in Rio.
As in past years, the 2016 Summer Paralympics will share most of its venues with the Olympics. Barra da Tijuca will host most of the venues of the Games; the rest will be located in Copacabana Beach, Maracanã and Deodoro; Barra da Tijuca will also house the Olympic Village.
- Olympic Aquatics Stadium - Swimming
- Olympic Hockey Stadium - 5 and 7-a-side Football
- Olympic Tennis Stadium - Wheelchair Tennis
- Olympic Training Centre - Goalball, Judo, Wheelchair Basketball
- Riocentro - Boccia, Powerlifting, Table Tennis
- Rio Olympic Arena - Wheelchair Rugby
- National Shooting Centre - Shooting
- Fencing Arena - Wheelchair Fencing
- National Equestrian Centre - Equestrian
- Maracana Stadium -Opening and Closing Ceremonies
- João Havelange Stadium - Athletics
- Maracanazinho - Sitting Volleyball
- Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí - Archery
- Copacabana Beach - Triathlon
- Flamengo Park - Cycling and Marathon
- Marina da Glória - Sailing
- Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas - Canoeing and Rowing
One city will be selected in each of the five Regions of Brazil (the North, Northeast, Center-West, Southeast and South) and each city will have its own relay that will end with a special Paralympic cauldron being lit. Meanwhile, another flame will be lit in Stoke Mandeville, United Kingdom and then all six flames will be sent to Rio, where they will combine to form the Paralympic flame at 5 September.
The official mascots of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on November 24, 2014; the Paralympic mascot represents Brazilian flora, and "is always growing and overcoming obstacles." The mascots' fictional backstories state that they were both born the joy of Brazilians after it was announced that Rio would host the Games. Brand director Beth Lula stated that the mascots are intended to reflect the diversity of Brazil's culture and people. The names of the mascots were determined by a public vote, whose results were unveiled on December 14, 2014,on the Rede Globo's Sunday primetime show Fantástico; the shortlist of names for the Paralympic mascot name winner is "Tom",named after Brazilian music Tom Jobim.
The following National Paralympic Committees are scheduled to send athletes to the Games having earned qualifying places.
|Participating National Paralympic Committees|
- Nicaragua (8)
Following criticism of its minimal coverage of past Paralympics (in London, it broadcast only five-and-a-half hours of highlights), NBC acquired the rights to the 2014 and 2016 Paralympics in September 2013. NBC has planned more extensive coverage for both games, initially announcing that NBC and NBCSN would carry at least 66 hours of coverage from Rio.
- Rio 2016 Paralympic Games Emblem To Be Revealed, International Paralympic Committee (IPC), 24 November 2011
- IPC announces medal event and athlete quotas for Rio 2016™ Paralympics
- "Rio to stage 2016 Olympic Games". BBC News. October 2, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
- "Paralympics 2012: London to host 'first truly global Games'". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Rio to stage 2016 Olympic Games". BBC. October 2, 2009. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- Wilson, Bill. "Rio up and running for 2016 Paralympic Games". BBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- "Rio to stage 2016 Olympic Games". Rio 2016 Official Site. April 26, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- "Meet the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games mascots and help choose their names". Rio 2016 Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Rio 2016: Olympic and Paralympic mascots launched". Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Rio 2016 mascots inspired by animals and plants of Brazil". Reuters. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Los Murciélagos, subcampeones del mundo". El Día (Argentinian newspaper). Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Ten countries guarantee their place in the Rio 2016 Paralympic sailing competition". Rio 2016 Official Website. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- "RESULTS BOOK 2014 IPC Shooting World Championships Suhl, Germany (Olympic quotas page 49)" (PDF). 30 August 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- 2016 Official Website "Australia wins Wheelchair Rugby World Championship to guarantee a place at the Rio 2016 Games". 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- 2016 Official Website "Athletes from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iran, China and USA are first to qualify for Rio 2016". 20 June 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- 2016 Official Website "Five goalball teams book their places at Rio 2016 Paralympic Games". 5 July 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "First equestrian spots confirmed for Rio 2016". International Paralympic Committee. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- [http://www.delfi.lt/sportas/kitos-sporto-sakos/lietuvos-vyru-golbolo-rinktine-uzsitikrino-pasaulio-zaidyniu-medalius.d?id=67988352 Goalball Team
- "Ukraine wins football 7-a-side European title – and qualifies for Rio 2016 Paralympic Games". Rio 2016 Official Website. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Canoeing and triathlon added to 2016 Paralympic Games". BBC News (bbc.co.uk). 11 December 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- "C4 opens Paralympic tender process". Broadcast Now. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- "Channel 4 pays £7m to screen 2014 and 2016 Paralympic Games". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- "Paralympic Movement given huge boost as American channels NBC and NBCSN will cover next two Games". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- Rio de Janeiro 2016 Official Homepage
- Rio de Janeiro 2016 from the International Paralympic Committee