2016 elections in India
The elections in India in 2016 include the five state legislative assembly elections. The tenure of the state legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala, Puducherry, Assam, expired during the year. More than 18,000 Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPATs) in 64 Assembly constituencies will be used in these 5 elections. The dates of these elections were announced on 4 March 2016.
|Start date||End date||Election||Jurisdiction||Winning party||Elected leader|
|4 April 2016||11 April 2016||Assam Legislative Assembly election, 2016||Assam||BJP||Sarbananda Sonowal|
|4 April 2016||5 May 2016||West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 2016||West Bengal||AITC||Mamata Banerjee|
|16 May 2016||Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 2016||Kerala||CPI(M)||Pinarayi Vijayan|
|16 May 2016||Puducherry Legislative Assembly election, 2016||Puducherry||INC||V. Narayanasamy|
|16 May 2016||Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016||Tamil Nadu||AIADMK||Jayalalitha|
Legislative Assembly elections
The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu expired on May 22, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016 for the 234 seats of the Legislative Assembly in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. In the previous election in 2011, the AIADMK, under the leadership of Jayalalithaa, won a majority and formed the government. The results declared on 19 May 2016 and AIADMK was able to retain power with a comfortable majority of 133 seats out of 231.
|All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||ADMK||17,617,060||41.06%||227||134||16|
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||DMK||DMK||13,670,511||31.86%||176||89||66|
|Indian National Congress||INC||DMK||2,774,075||6.47%||41||8||3|
|Indian Union Muslim League||IUML||DMK||313,808||0.73%||5||1||1|
|Pattali Makkal Katchi||PMK||2,300,775||5.36%||232||0||3|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||BJP||NDA||1,228,692||2.86%||232||0|
|Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam||DMDK||PWF||1,034,384||2.41%||104||0||29|
|Naam Tamilar Katchi||NTK||458,104||1.07%||232||0|
|Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||MDMK||PWF||373,713||0.87%||28||0|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||PWF||340,290||0.79%||25||0||9|
|Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi||VCK||PWF||331,849||0.77%||25||0|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||CPM||PWF||307,303||0.72%||25||0||10|
|Tamil Maanila Congress||TMC(M)||PWF||230,711||0.54%||26||0|
|Manithaneya Makkal Katchi||MAMAK||DMK||197,150||0.46%||4||0||2|
|Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi||KMDK||167,560||0.39%||n/a||0|
|Bahujan Samaj Party||BSP||97,823||0.23%||n/a||0|
|Social Democratic Party of India||SDPI||65,978||0.15%||n/a||0|
|None of the above||NOTA||561,244||1.31%||232||–||–|
The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal expired on May 29, 2016. Like in 2011, the polls for the next assembly were held in six phases. The first phase, held in Naxal-affected areas, had two polling dates — April 4 and April 11. The other phases were held on April 17, 21, 25, 30 and May 5.
West Bengal election results were announced along with other four assemblies on 19 May 2016. All India Trinamool Congress under Mamata Banerjee won 211 seats, and thus was reelected with an enhanced majority.
|Pos||Party||Contested||Seats||Swing||Votes||Vote %||Vote swing|
The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Kerala expired on May 31, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016. The Left Democratic Front won a clear victory with 91 in 140 seats.
|CPI(M)||58||INC||22||BJP||1||P. C. George (IND)||1|
|TOTAL (2016)||91||TOTAL (2016)||47||TOTAL (2016)||1||TOTAL (2016)||1|
|TOTAL (2011)||68||TOTAL (2011)||72||TOTAL (2011)||0||TOTAL (2011)||0|
|TOTAL (2006)||98||TOTAL (2006)||42||TOTAL (2006)||0||TOTAL (2006)||0|
|TOTAL (2001)||40||TOTAL (2001)||99||TOTAL (2001)||0||TOTAL (2001)||1|
The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Puducherry expired on June 2, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016 to elect members of the 30 constituencies in the non-contiguous territory. INC won 15 out of 30 seats.
|Party||Contested||Won||Change||Votes||Vote %||Vote Swing|
|Source: International Business Times|
The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Assam expired on June 5, 2016. The polls for the incumbent assembly were held in two phases on April 4 and 11 2016 to elect members of the 126 constituencies in Assam. BJP won 60 seats and became biggest party in the election.
|Bharatiya Janata Party||align="rightNDA||89||60||55||4,992,185||29.5|
|Asom Gana Parishad||NDA||30||14||5||1,377,482||8.1|
|Bodoland People's Front||NDA||13||12||666,057||3.9|
|Rabha Jatiya Aikya Manch||NDA||1||0|
|Tiwa Jatiya Aikya Manch||NDA||1||0|
|Indian National Congress||UPA||122||26||53||5,238,655||31.0|
|United People’s Party||UPA||4||0|
|All India United Democratic Front||G.A||74||13||5||2,207,945||13.0|
|Rashtriya Janata Dal||G.A||12||0|
|Janata Dal (United)||G.A||12||0|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||Left||19||0||93,508||0.6|
|Communist Party of India||Left||15||0||37,243||0.2|
- "Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal, Assam polls in April–May".
- "Terms of Houses, Election Commission of India". Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- "Assembly polls: Chasing the Muslim vote".
- "VVPAT usage in 64 seats in 5 states Schedule for the General Elections to the Legislative Assemblies of Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Puducherry" (PDF).
- "4 States, Puducherry to go to polls between April 4 and May 16". The Hindu. 4 March 2016.
- "Can BJP give Tamil Nadu's Dravidian parties a jolt in 2016? Possibly". First Post. Retrieved 2014-12-30.
- "General Election to Legislative Assembly Trends & Results 2016". Election Commission of India.
- "EC recommends to TN Governor cancellation of polls to 2 seats". Deccan Herald. 28 May 2016.
- "EC cancels polls". The Hindu. 29 May 2016.
- "West Bengal Assembly Election Schedule 2016 - infoelections.com".
- "It's 'Mamata wave' in West Bengal as voters reject Congress-Left alliance". Ritesh K Srivastava. Zee News. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly Election Results Constituency Wise".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2016 elections in India.|