2016 elections in India

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The elections in India in 2016 include the five state legislative assembly elections.[1] The tenure of the state legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala, Puducherry, Assam, expired during the year.[2][3] More than 18,000 Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPATs) in 64 Assembly constituencies will be used in these 5 elections.[4] The dates of these elections were announced on 4 March 2016.[5]

List[edit]

Start date End date Election Jurisdiction Winning party Elected leader
4 April 2016 11 April 2016 Assam Legislative Assembly election, 2016 Assam BJP Sarbananda Sonowal
4 April 2016 5 May 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, 2016 West Bengal AITC Mamata Banerjee
16 May 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 2016 Kerala CPI(M) Pinarayi Vijayan
16 May 2016 Puducherry Legislative Assembly election, 2016 Puducherry INC V. Narayanasamy
16 May 2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016 Tamil Nadu AIADMK Jayalalitha

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Legislative Assembly elections[edit]

Tamil Nadu[edit]

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu expired on May 22, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016 for the 234 seats of the Legislative Assembly in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.[6] In the previous election in 2011, the AIADMK, under the leadership of Jayalalithaa, won a majority and formed the government.[7] The results declared on 19 May 2016 and AIADMK was able to retain power with a comfortable majority of 133 seats out of 231.


e • d Summary of the 2016 Tamil Nadu legislative election[8]
Party Abbr Alliance Votes % Seats
Contested Won +/-
  All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ADMK 17,617,060 41.06% 227 134 Decrease16
  Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK DMK 13,670,511 31.86% 176 89 Increase66
  Indian National Congress INC DMK 2,774,075 6.47% 41 8 Increase3
  Indian Union Muslim League IUML DMK 313,808 0.73% 5 1 Increase1
  Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 2,300,775 5.36% 232 0 Decrease3
  Bharatiya Janata Party BJP NDA 1,228,692 2.86% 232 0 Steady
  Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK PWF 1,034,384 2.41% 104 0 Decrease29
  Independents IND 617,907 1.44% 232 0 Steady
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 458,104 1.07% 232 0 Steady
  Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK PWF 373,713 0.87% 28 0 Steady
  Communist Party of India CPI PWF 340,290 0.79% 25 0 Decrease9
  Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK PWF 331,849 0.77% 25 0 Steady
  Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPM PWF 307,303 0.72% 25 0 Decrease10
  Tamil Maanila Congress TMC(M) PWF 230,711 0.54% 26 0 Steady
Puthiya Tamilagam PT DMK 219,830 0.51% 4 0 Decrease2
  Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MAMAK DMK 197,150 0.46% 4 0 Decrease2
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 167,560 0.39% n/a 0 Steady
  Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 97,823 0.23% n/a 0 Steady
  Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 65,978 0.15% n/a 0 Steady
  None of the above NOTA 561,244 1.31% 232
Total 42,908,767 100.00% 232 232 Decrease2

Election to two assembly constituencies were cancelled by the Election Commission on confirmed reports of bribing voters in Aravakurichi and Thanjavur.[9][10]


West Bengal[edit]

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal expired on May 29, 2016. Like in 2011, the polls for the next assembly were held in six phases. The first phase, held in Naxal-affected areas, had two polling dates — April 4 and April 11. The other phases were held on April 17, 21, 25, 30 and May 5.[11][12]

West Bengal election results were announced along with other four assemblies on 19 May 2016. All India Trinamool Congress under Mamata Banerjee won 211 seats, and thus was reelected with an enhanced majority.[13]

Pos Party Contested Seats Swing Votes Vote % Vote swing
1 All India Trinamool Congress flag.svg Trinamool Congress 293 211 Increase27 24,564,523 44.9 Increase5.97
2 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Congress 92 44 Increase2 6,700,938 12.3 Increase3.21
Cpim party symbol.svg Left Front 199 32 Decrease30 14,216,327 25.9 Decrease14.13
3 BJP 294 6 Increase3 5,809,760 10.7 Increase5.92
4 SUCI 0 Decrease1 365,996 0.7 Increase0.26
5 Independents 1 Decrease1 1,184,047 2.2 Decrease0.93
6 NOTA 831,845 1.5
Total 294

Kerala[edit]

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Kerala expired on May 31, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016. The Left Democratic Front won a clear victory with 91 in 140 seats.[14]

LDF+ SEATS UDF+ SEATS NDA+ SEATS OTHERS SEATS
CPI(M) 58 INC 22 BJP 1 P. C. George (IND) 1
CPI 19 IUML 18 BDJS 0
JD(S) 3 KC(M) 6 KC 0
NCP 2 KC(J) 1 JRS 0
IND 5 CMP 0 JSS 0
IC(S) 1 JD(U) 0
KC(B) 1 RSP 0
RSP(L) 1
CMP 1
KC 0
KC(D) 0
INL 0
TOTAL (2016) 91 TOTAL (2016) 47 TOTAL (2016) 1 TOTAL (2016) 1
TOTAL (2011) 68 TOTAL (2011) 72 TOTAL (2011) 0 TOTAL (2011) 0
TOTAL (2006) 98 TOTAL (2006) 42 TOTAL (2006) 0 TOTAL (2006) 0
TOTAL (2001) 40 TOTAL (2001) 99 TOTAL (2001) 0 TOTAL (2001) 1

Puducherry[edit]

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Puducherry expired on June 2, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016 to elect members of the 30 constituencies in the non-contiguous territory. INC won 15 out of 30 seats.

Party Contested Won Change Votes Vote % Vote Swing
  INC 21 15 Increase8 244,886 30.6 Increase 5.54
  DMK 9 2 Steady 70,836 8.9 Decrease 1.78
  AINRC 30 8 Decrease7 225,082 28.1 Decrease 3.65
  AIADMK 30 4 Decrease1 134,597 16.8 Increase 3.05
  BJP 30 0 Steady 19,303 2.4 Increase 1.08
  Independents 1 Steady 62,884 7.9
  NOTA 13,240 1.7
Total 30
Source: International Business Times

Assam[edit]

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Assam expired on June 5, 2016. The polls for the incumbent assembly were held in two phases on April 4 and 11 2016 to elect members of the 126 constituencies in Assam. BJP won 60 seats and became biggest party in the election.

Flag Party Alliance Contested Won +/- Votes %
  Bharatiya Janata Party align="rightNDA 89 60 Increase55 4,992,185 29.5
  Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad NDA 30 14 Increase5 1,377,482 8.1
  BPF-Flag.svg Bodoland People's Front NDA 13 12 Steady 666,057 3.9
Rabha Jatiya Aikya Manch NDA 1 0 Steady
Tiwa Jatiya Aikya Manch NDA 1 0 Steady
  Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress UPA 122 26 Decrease53 5,238,655 31.0
United People’s Party UPA 4 0 Steady
  AIUDF-flag.svg All India United Democratic Front G.A 74 13 Decrease5 2,207,945 13.0
  RJD Flag.svg Rashtriya Janata Dal G.A 12 0 Steady
  Janata Dal (United) Flag.jpg Janata Dal (United) G.A 12 0 Steady
  Cpim party symbol.svg Communist Party of India (Marxist) Left 19 0 Steady 93,508 0.6
  CPI-banner.svg Communist Party of India Left 15 0 Steady 37,243 0.2
  Independents 1 Decrease2 1,867,532 11.0
Total 126

References[edit]

External links[edit]