2016 in public domain

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When a work's copyright expires, it enters the public domain. The following is a list of works that enter the public domain in 2016. Since laws vary globally, the copyright status of some works are not uniform.

Authors entering the public domain[edit]

Authors entering the public domain in Europe[edit]

With the exception of Belarus, a work enters the public domain in Europe 70 years after the creator's death, if it was published during the creator's lifetime. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator that entered the public domain on January 1, 2016.[1][2]

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Nikola Avramov Bulgaria Bulgaria 21 May 1897 15 June 1945 still life paintings
Milena Pavlović-Barili Serbia Serbia 5 November 1909 6 March 1945 Painter, poet
Maurice Baring United Kingdom United Kingdom 27 April 1874 14 December 1945 Writer
Béla Bartók Hungary Hungary 25 March 1881 26 September 1945 Composer Concerto for Orchestra
Robert Benchley United States USA 15 September 1889 21 November 1945 Humorist newspaper and magazine columns
Ursula Bethell New Zealand New Zealand 6 October 1874 15 January 1945 Poet Collected poetry
Vilhelms Bokslafs Latvia Latvia
Russian Empire Russian Empire
12 October 1858 9 March 1945 architect Most notable buildings are Jaunmokas Manor near Tukums and Commercial school in Riga (Now Art Academy of Latvia)
Nicola Bombacci Italy Italy 24 October 1879 28 April 1945 Marxist-Fascist journalist Il mio pensiero sul bolscevismo (1941),
I contadini nella Russia di Stalin (1942),
I contadini nell'Italia di Mussolini (1943)
Dietrich Bonhoeffer Germany Germany 4 February 1906 9 April 1945 Theologian
Robert Brasillach France France 31 March 1909 6 February 1945 Writer Je suis partout
Miles J. Breuer United States USA 3 January 1889 14 October 1945 Writer "The Gostak and the Doshes" (1930) and other science fiction stories
Fritz Brupbacher [de] Switzerland Switzerland 30 June 1874 1 January 1945 Writer Der Sinn des Lebens
Thomas Burke United Kingdom United Kingdom 29 November 1886 22 November 1945 Writer Limehouse Nights
Alexander Stirling Calder United States USA 11 January 1870 7 January 1945 Sculptor George Washington as President
David Young Cameron United Kingdom United Kingdom 28 June 1865 16 September 1945 Artist
Franklin Carmichael Canada Canada 5 May 1890 24 October 1945 Artist
Anica Černej Slovenia Slovenia 3 April 1900 3 May 1945 Author, poet
Benjamin De Casseres United States USA 3 April 1873 7 December 1945 Journalist, poet The Shadow-Eater
Margaret Deland United States USA 23 February 1856 13 January 1945 Writer John Ward, Preacher
Mário de Andrade Brazil Brazil 9 October 1893 25 February 1945 Writer Macunaíma
Robert Desnos France France 4 July 1900 8 June 1945 Poet
Maurice Donnay France France 12 October 1859 31 March 1945 Dramatist
Lord Alfred Douglas United Kingdom United Kingdom 12 June 1859 20 March 1945 Writer Two Loves
Theodore Dreiser United States USA 27 August 1871 28 December 1945 Writer, journalist Sister Carrie, An American Tragedy
E. R. Eddison United Kingdom United Kingdom 24 November 1882 18 August 1945 Writer The Worm Ouroboros
Gus Edwards United States USA 18 August 1879 7 November 1945 Songwriter "By the Light of the Silvery Moon", "In My Merry Oldsmobile"
Eleanor Fortescue-Brigdale United KingdomUnited Kingdom 1871 10 March 1945 Artist The Uninvited Guest, Riches
Anne Frank Germany Germany
Netherlands Netherlands
12 June 1929 February 1945 Diarist The Diary of a Young Girl
Zinaida Gippius Russia Russia 20 November 1869 9 September 1945 Writer, poet
Adolf Hitler Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
20 April 1889 30 April 1945 Politician, Dictator of Nazi Germany Mein Kampf, Zweites Buch
Suphi Nuri İleri Turkey Turkey 1887 1945 Writer
Ljubomir Ivanović Serbia Serbia 24 February 1882 23 November 1945 Printmaker, draughtsman
Malcolm Jameson United States USA 21 December 1891 16 April 1945 Writer Writer for American pulp magazines during the Golden Age of Science Fiction
Joseph Jastrow United States USA 30 January 1863 8 January 1945 Psychologist
Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski Poland Poland 24 February 1885 8 August 1945 Writer, journalist
Osman Cemal Kaygılı Turkey Turkey 4 October 1879 9 January 1945 Writer
Käthe Kollwitz Germany Germany 8 July 1867 22 April 1945 Artist The Prisoners
Julius Korngold Austria Austria 24 December 1860 25 September 1945 Music critic
Jaroslav Kratochvil [cs] Czech Republic Czech Republic 17 January 1885 20 March 1945 Writer
René Lalique France France 6 April 1860 1 May 1945 Glass designer
Else Lasker-Schüler Germany Germany 11 February 1869 22 January 1945 Writer poetry and plays
James Leatham[3] United Kingdom United Kingdom 19 December 1865 14 December 1945 Writer, printer, publisher
Jonas Lie Norway Norway 31 December 1899 11 May 1945 Writer, minister
David Lindsay United Kingdom United Kingdom 3 March 1876 16 July 1945 Writer A Voyage to Arcturus
Eoin MacNeill Republic of Ireland Ireland 15 May 1867 15 October 1945 Writer Phases of Irish History
Tobias Matthay United Kingdom United Kingdom 19 February 1858 15 December 1945 Teacher, pianist, composer writings on piano playing
Arthur Mendel [ro] (Wikidata) Romania Romania 1872 1945 Painter
Régis Messac France France 2 August 1893 1945 Writer, poet, translator
James V. Monaco United States USA 13 January 1885 16 October 1945 Songwriter "You Made Me Love You (I Didn't Want to Do It)"
Arthur Morrison United Kingdom United Kingdom 1 November 1863 4 December 1945 Writer A Child of the Jago
Benito Mussolini Italy Italy 29 July 1883 28 April 1945 Politician My Autobiography
Moritz Nähr Austria Austria 4 August 1859 29 June 1945 Photographer
Alla Nazimova United States USA 3 June 1879 13 July 1945 Writer, actor
Dobri Nemirov [bg] Bulgaria Bulgaria 3 February 1882 30 September 1945 Writer When I was young
Otto Neurath Austria Austria 10 December 1882 22 December 1945 Writer Anti-Spengler
Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen Denmark Denmark 21 June 1863 21 February 1945 Sculptor Equestrian Statue of King Christian IX, Copenhagen
Charles Gilman Norris United States USA 23 April 1881 25 July 1945 Writer, playwright Salt (1919)
George S. Patton United States USA 11 November 1885 21 December 1945 General War As I Knew it
Calel Perechodnik Poland Poland 8 September 1916 September 1945 Diarist
Ion Pillat Romania Romania 31 March 1891 17 April 1945 Poet Pe Argeș în sus, Poeme într-un vers
Karel Poláček Czech Republic Czech Republic 22 March 1892 21 January 1945 Writer
Vilhelms Purvītis Latvia Latvia
Russian Empire Russian Empire
3 March 1872 14 January 1945 Landscape painter and educator
Ernö Rapée United States USA 4 June 1891 26 June 1945 Composer silent film music
Edward Prosser Rhys United Kingdom United Kingdom 4 March 1901 6 February 1945 Writer Cerddi Prosser Rhys
Albert Richards United Kingdom United Kingdom 19 December 1919 5 March 1945 Artist Art work produced during the Second World War about the British war effort
Alexander Roda Roda Austria Austria 13 April 1872 20 August 1945 Writer
Hando Ruus Estonia Estonia 16 May 1917 31 March 1945 Military captain, artist
Felix Salten Austria Austria 6 September 1869 8 October 1945 Writer Bambi. Eine Lebensgeschichte aus dem Walde
Alexander Siloti Ukraine Ukraine 9 October 1863 8 December 1945 Pianist, composer
Kārlis Skalbe Latvia Latvia
Russian Empire Russian Empire
7 November 1879 14 April 1945 Writer, poet, and activist
Paul Smărăndescu [ro] (Wikidata) Romania Romania 26 June 1881 12 January 1945 Architect
Antal Szerb Hungary Hungary 1 May 1901 27 January 1945 Writer The Pendragon Legend
Ong Schan Tchow China China 19 September 1900 20 December 1945 Artist Book of Chrysanthemums
Nikolai Tcherepnin Russia Russia 15 May 1873 26 June 1945 Composer
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy Russia Russia 15 May 1873 26 June 1945 Writer Aelita, The Garin Death Ray, The Road to Calvary
Teodor Trayanov [bg] Bulgaria Bulgaria 30 January 1882 15 January 1945 Poet Song of songs, Regina Mortua, Hymns and Ballads
Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil Turkey Turkey 1866 27 March 1945 Writer
Anton Webern Austria Austria 3 December 1883 15 September 1945 Composer
Franz Werfel Austria Austria 10 September 1890 26 August 1945 Writer The Song of Bernadette
Charles Williams United Kingdom United Kingdom 20 September 1886 15 May 1945 Writer Descent into Hell
John R. Commons United States United States 13 October 1862 11 May 1945 Economist Institutional Economics
August Lösch Germany Germany 15 October 1906 30 May 1945 Economist Die räumliche Ordnung der Wirtschaft
David Lloyd George United Kingdom United Kingdom 17 January 1863 26 March 1945 Politician The Truth About The Peace Treaty, War Memoirs
Joseph Goebbels Germany Germany 29 October 1897 1 May 1945 Politician Goebbels Diaries

Entering the public domain in the United States[edit]

The Copyright Term Extension Act means no published works will enter the public domain in this jurisdiction until 2019.[4] Only unpublished works whose authors died in 1945 enter the public domain.

Works entering in public domain in 2016 by media[edit]

Books[edit]

Images[edit]

Music[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EU Extends Copyright Term To 70 Years | Billboard". Billboard.biz. 2011-09-12. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  2. ^ Directive 2006/116/EC
  3. ^ Crick, Martin (1994). The History of the Social-Democratic Federation. Edinburgh University Press. p. 311. ISBN 978-1-85331-091-1.
  4. ^ "Copyright and the Public Domain". Public Domain Information Project. Archived from the original on 2014-08-01. Retrieved 2015-12-13.