2017 America's Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

35th America's Cup
Oracle Racing AC50.jpg
The defending yacht 17
Defender  United States
Defender club: Golden Gate Yacht Club
Yacht: 17[1]
Challenger  New Zealand
Challenger club: Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron
Yacht: Aotearoa[2]
Competition
Location: Great Sound, Bermuda
Dates: 17–26 June 2017
Rule: AC50
Winner: Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron
Score: United States 1 New Zealand 7

The 2017 America's Cup was the 35th staging of the America's Cup yacht race. The challenger, Emirates Team New Zealand, won by a score of 7 to 1 over the defender, Oracle Team USA. It was held on the Great Sound in Bermuda from June 17 to June 26. The races were conducted using hydrofoiling AC50 America's Cup Class yachts, which are slightly larger than the AC45F yachts used in the 2015–16 America's Cup World Series.

It was Oracle's second defence of the America's Cup, four years after its first successful defence. Emirates Team New Zealand will now hope to defend the cup in the 36th America's Cup.[3][4]

Venue[edit]

The 2017 America's Cup course was on the Great Sound in Bermuda, the venue at the Royal Naval Dockyard.

In June 2014, media reported the venue of the 34th America's Cup, San Francisco, was no longer in consideration to host the 35th edition. San Diego, Chicago and Bermuda were listed as being still in the running.[5] In July 2014, americascup.com reported that Chicago was dropped from the running,[6] and finally on 2 December 2014, Bermuda was announced as the host of the 2017 America's Cup. The Premier of Bermuda, Michael Dunkley, welcomed the teams, sponsors, and spectators at a press conference in New York.[7]

The financial package included in the bid by Bermuda was worth approximately US$77 million, including a $15 million sponsorship fee, $25 million for infrastructure improvements, $12 million operating costs and a $25 million guarantee against commercial sponsorships. Dr. Grant Gibbons, Bermuda's Minister for Economic Development, stated that the America's Cup had a possibility of generating revenue of up to US$250 million in Bermuda.[8]

Security arrangements at the Dockyard were assumed by HM's Royal Bermuda Regiment after termination of contract between the local security provider and the AC35.

Challenger of Record[edit]

On 1 October 2013, Australia's Hamilton Island Yacht Club[9] was confirmed as the "Challenger of Record" for the 35th America's Cup,[10] after submitting their paperwork only moments after the win by Oracle Team USA. The HIYC challenge was accepted by the Golden Gate Yacht Club, who was the Defender and Trustee of the America's Cup.[11] Australian businessman Bob Oatley, founder of Rosemount and owner of famed super maxi yacht Wild Oats XI, was confirmed to be the main financial backer of the Hamilton Island Yacht Club challenge.[12]

On 19 July 2014 Russell Coutts, Director of the America's Cup Event Authority (ACEA), announced that the Hamilton Island Yacht club had withdrawn Team Australia from the 35th America's Cup.[13][14] Team Australia claimed that the entry fee rules agreed to in the official protocol created too much risk due to the uncertainty of the then unknown venue and schedule of the event.

The Challenger of Record Committee (CORC) represents all of the challengers' interests and negotiates with Oracle over mutual concerns.[15] Luna Rossa replaced HIYC as the challenger of record.[16] In April 2015, Luna Rossa withdrew its challenge bid, pulling out of the 2017 America's Cup in protest at rule changes reducing the size of the boats.[17]

Rule changes[edit]

On 5 June 2014, it was announced that the regatta would be sailed in 62-foot-long (18.9 m) foiling catamarans, the AC62. The entry fee was $3 million. Each challenging team could build only one boat while Oracle Team USA could build two.[18] A nationality rule was agreed, requiring 25 percent of the crew to be from the entry's country. This nationality rule had been lifted prior to the 2003 America's Cup. The rules specified the combined weight of the crew could not exceed 525 kg. The neutral International adjudicating yachting panel was dropped in favour of a three-man panel appointed by the defender.

In March 2015, the teams voted to reduce the size of the boats to the 45- to 50-foot range,[19] leading to the withdrawal in protest of Luna Rossa. This in turn led to a joint statement from four teams attacking Team New Zealand which had supported Luna Rossa.[20]

Teams[edit]

The America's Cup was contested by its defender Oracle Team USA, who represent the Golden Gate Yacht Club. The challenger was Emirates Team New Zealand, for Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron, who had defeated the other four challengers to win the Louis Vuitton America’s Cup Challenger Playoffs trophy.[21][22][23]

Technology[edit]

Teams were allowed to take onedesign AC45s out of measurement by modifying crossbeams, wings and rudders, adding hydraulic systems, as well as produce a maximum of six custom daggerboards to test on the existing platform ahead of building their race boat. All teams took advantage of this opportunity: Oracle Racing modified three AC45s, selling their first development boat to SoftBank Team Japan as part of their technology-sharing agreement and subsequently conducted a two-boat testing program with their last two boats; Land Rover BAR modified three AC45s and conducted a two-boat testing program with their last two boats; Artemis Racing modified two AC45s and conducted a two-boat testing program with them. Groupama Team France, Luna Rossa and Emirates Team New Zealand modified one AC45 each.[24] Luna Rossa later gifted their boat to Team New Zealand.[25]

Emirates Team New Zealand also modified SL33 foiling wingsail catamarans to try new ideas for its race boat, in which they produced a number of distinct features absent from other boats in the fleet: The two four-handed grinding pedestals on their development AC45 were replaced by four cycling stations; Peter Burling was the only helmsman to be relieved of daggerboard controls in order to focus on steering only; instead cyclor Blair Tuke undertook daggerboard deployment, trim and overall responsibility of pitch angle and ride height; Daggerboards were lengthier than those of other teams by virtue of a distinct dihedral bend in the middle of the hydrofoil tip.[26]

The rise in foiling catamarans encouraged competing teams to enter into technical partnerships with companies specializing in aerospace technologies. Land Rover BAR allied with Red Bull Advanced Technologies, headed by ten-time Formula 1 World Constructor's Championship car designer Adrian Newey. Oracle Team USA entered a technical partnership with Airbus. Artemis Racing allied with high performance engineering giant Cosworth. Luna Rossa Challenge had partnered with Lenovo to analyze and predict race simulations, assisting in the design of their boat.

Qualifying events[edit]

The America's Cup World Series was won by Land Rover BAR, earning two points to take into the 2017 Louis Vuitton America's Cup Qualifiers Round. The runner up was Oracle Team USA, earning one point to take into the Qualifiers Round.[27]

Oracle Team USA won the 2017 Louis Vuitton America's Cup Qualifiers Round, earning one point to take into the 2017 America's Cup competition. Emirates Team New Zealand, Land Rover BAR, Artemis Racing and SoftBank Team Japan advanced from the 2017 Louis Vuitton America's Cup Qualifiers Round to the Challenger Playoffs Semi-finals, while Groupama Team France was eliminated from further competition.[28]

Emirates Team New Zealand eliminated Land Rover BAR in the 2017 Louis Vuitton America's Cup Challenger Playoffs Semi-finals, advancing to the Challenger Playoffs against Artemis Racing who had eliminated SoftBank Team Japan in the other semi-final.[28]

Emirates Team New Zealand won the 2017 Louis Vuitton America's Cup Challenger Playoffs Final against Artemis, 5–2, advancing to face Oracle Team USA in the 2017 America's Cup.[28]

Cup Match[edit]

Races were held from 17 June. The first team to seven points wins and becomes the Defender of the America's Cup. Due to Oracle Team USA's win in the America's Cup Qualifiers, Emirates Team New Zealand started the match with a score of −1.

Wins marked in green
Date United States Oracle Team USA New Zealand Emirates Team New Zealand Delta Score
United States New Zealand
pre-match qualifiers' champion 0 −1
17 June 21'37.697" 21'07.495" 00'30.202" 0 0
23'08.208" 21'40.662" 01'27.546" 0 1
18 June 20'02.219" 19'13.434" 00'48.785" 0 2
22'26.887" 21'15.216" 01'11.671" 0 3
24 June 22'38.055" 20'33.942" 02'04.113" 0 4
20'47.878" 20'59.180" 00'11.302" 1 4
25 June 20'35.000" 20'23.324" 00'11.676" 1 5
19'43.585" 19'13.593" 00'29.992" 1 6
26 June 22'18.190" 21'23.776" 00'54.414" 1 7

The first race of the day is scheduled each time at 2:00 pm ADT.[29] The race data were published on the official noticeboard.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USA, ORACLE TEAM. "Spithill: "This is the boat we're going to use to win the America's Cup"". Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Zealand, Emirates Team New. "EMIRATES TEAM NEW ZEALAND WILL CHALLENGE FOR THE AMERICA'S CUP - Emirates Team New Zealand". etnzblog.com. 
  3. ^ "Pedal power and poker faces: what drove New Zealand's America's Cup success". Guardian. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "America's Cup: How Emirates New Zealand Was Able to Rout Oracle Team USA". The New York Times. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "America's Cup: Coutts eliminates San Francisco as 2017 venue". sail-world.com. 11 June 2014. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bermuda and San Diego shortlisted as Americas Cup venues". americascup.com. 8 July 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Bermuda is the home of the 2017 America's Cup". americascup.com. 2 December 2014. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Bermuda to pay $77 million to host America's Cup". sailingscuttlebutt.com. 8 December 2014. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  9. ^ "Yacht Club Holiday Villas for Sale". Hamilton Island. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "AMERICA'S CUP FINAL PRESS CONFERENCE - DAY 15". YouTube.com. 25 September 2013. 
  12. ^ Stensholt, John (30 September 2013). "Bob Oatley funds Hamilton Island-based bid for America's Cup". BRW. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "America's Cup: Aussie challenge have pulled out". 19 July 2014 – via New Zealand Herald. 
  14. ^ "Coutts 'disappointed' by Aussie withdrawal". Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2017 – via TVNZ. 
  15. ^ "America's Cup 2017? – Defenders and Challengers for the 35th Defense: Team List – from CupInfo". Cupinfo.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. 
  16. ^ Italy hosting America's Cup World Series opener in coastal city of Cagliari stuff.co.nz, 23 January 2015
  17. ^ "Luna Rossa pull out of America's Cup in protest over reduced boat size". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "That sinking feeling it's time to bail out of America's Cup", 7 June 2014, DUNCAN GARNER, "Comment" column in The Dominion Post
  19. ^ "America’s Cup Votes to Race Smaller Boats in 2017" Archived 1 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine., The New York Times, 1 April 2015
  20. ^ "America’s Cup boat size row escalates as teams close ranks after Luna Rossa exit' Archived 14 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine., The Guardian, 3 April 2015
  21. ^ http://www.rnzys.org.nz/2017/06/12/etnz-punches-ticket-to-the-americas-cup/
  22. ^ http://www.sailingscuttlebutt.com/2017/05/24/new-trophy-americas-cup-challenger/
  23. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/luxury/design/americas-cup-louis-vuitton-unveils-new-challengers-cup-trophy/
  24. ^ Team New Zealand chasing in the development race, New Zealand Herald, 21 June 2016 
  25. ^ http://www.stuff.co.nz/sport/other-sports/71320389/team-nz-get-luna-rossa-boat-as-sidelined-italians-help-kiwi-americas-cup-campaign
  26. ^ Jardine, Mark (19 June 2017), Kiwi America's Cup domination – What can Oracle Team USA do about it? 
  27. ^ "Land Rover Bar Wins America's Cup World Series". Sailing World. 21 November 2016. 
  28. ^ a b c "Results". Americascup.com. Archived from the original on 30 January 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  29. ^ Cup, 35th America's. "AC35 Race Schedule". Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "Noticeboard". noticeboard.americascup.com. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. 

External links[edit]