2017 Fipronil eggs contamination

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2017 Fipronil eggs contamination
Chemical structure of fipronil
Location European Economic Area (EEA), South Korea and Hong Kong
Cause Insecticide used inside Dutch poultry farms

The 2017 Fipronil eggs contamination is an incident in Europe and Asia involving the spread of fipronil insecticide which contaminated human consumed chicken eggs and egg products.

History[edit]

Issue[edit]

Chicken eggs were found to contain fipronil and distributed to 15 European Union countries, Switzerland, and Hong Kong.[1][2] Approximately 700,000 eggs are thought to have reached shelves in the UK alone.[3] Fipronil contaminated eggs may have been sold for a long time prior to the discovery of high levels.[4] Fipronil was used in a remedy to destroy the poultry mite.[5]

Initial actions[edit]

Authorities in the Netherlands were alerted by an anonymous source in November 2016 that fipronil was being used in poultry farms, but failed to communicate the findings.[6][7] In July/August 2017 millions of chicken eggs were blocked from sale or withdrawn from the market in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and France after elevated levels of fipronil were discovered by the Dutch food and product safety board.[4] About 180 Dutch farms were temporarily shut down.[4] In early August, Aldi reported removing all eggs for sale in their German stores as a precaution.[8]

Investigations[edit]

Because the use of fipronil is illegal in the production of food for human consumption in Europe, a criminal investigation has been initiated.[4][9]

Early investigation led to two companies: ChickFriend, a provider of pest control services in the Netherlands suspected of knowingly using and selling DEGA-16 mixed with fipronil to hundreds of chicken farmers and Poultry Vision in Belgium accused of selling DEGA-16 mixed with fipronil to ChickFriend. DEGA-16 is a cleaning and sanitising natural product, that is approved to clean chicken stables. The Dutch owners of ChickFriend were arrested during a large scale operation conducted by Dutch law enforcement agencies on the 10th of August.[10][11] First results of an investigation by Belgian police led to the discovery of 6 cubic meters of fipronil that Poultry Vision had imported from a chemical manufacturing company in Romania.[12][13]

The Dutch Safety Board announced on the 8th of August that an official investigation has been initiated.[14][15]

In South Korea, fipronil contaminated eggs, which were produced in Namyangju, were found by the authority on August 14.[16] E-mart, Homeplus, and Lotte Mart stopped selling eggs temporarily on the same day.[17][18]

Scientific tests carried in Germany on imported eggs to Malta found that eight of twenty had traces of fipronil, and the Maltese were informed to take measures in limiting the consumption to not more than two eggs per day.[19]

Reported fipronil concentrations[edit]

The Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) of fipronil in eggs is set at the detection limit of 0.005 mg/kg within the European Union, as is outlined in Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 February 2005.[20] Fipronil is classed as a WHO Class II moderately hazardous pesticide, and has a rat acute oral LD50 of 97 mg/kg.

The Dutch food and product safety board (NVWA) reported that the test results of one batch of eggs originating from one poultry farm in the Netherlands exceeded the threshold of 0.72 mg/kg. Eggs containing fipronil values above this threshold could have possible negative health effects.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eggs containing fipronil found in 15 EU countries and Hong Kong". BBC News. 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2017-08-11. 
  2. ^ News, ABC. "EU: 17 nations get tainted eggs, products in growing scandal". ABC News. Retrieved 2017-08-11. 
  3. ^ Boffey, Daniel (11 August 2017). "Egg contamination scandal widens as 15 EU states, Switzerland and Hong Kong affected". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d Daniel Boffey (August 3, 2017). "Millions of eggs removed from European shelves over toxicity fears". The Guardian. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Fipronil causes commotion at Rikilt (video)". resource.wageningenur.nl. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  6. ^ "Fipronil scandal: Belgium accuses Netherlands of tainted eggs cover-up". 9 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "Kabinet zei bewust niets over fipronil-tip van vorig jaar" (in Dutch). NOS. 10 August 2017. 
  8. ^ "Fipronil contamination scare: Aldi pulls all eggs from shelves in Germany". Deutsche Welle. August 4, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Fipronil in eggs". FoodQuality news.com. August 3, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Eigenaren Chickfriend opgepakt, invallen in Barneveld en Nederhemert". Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "Nederlanders gingen van deur naar deur met bloedluisverdelger Chickfriend". Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "'Bedrijf Chickfriend wist dat het verboden middel kocht'" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  13. ^ Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg. "Giftige Eier: Spur führt zu rumänischer Chemiefabrik - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Wirtschaft". SPIEGEL ONLINE. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "Onderzoeksraad voor Veiligheid - Onderzoeken & Publicaties - Onderzoek vanwege fipronil in voedselketen". www.onderzoeksraad.nl. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "Dierenpartij wil Kamer terug van reces om eierencrisis". Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  16. ^ "국내산 계란에서 살충제(피프로닐 등) 검출" (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  17. ^ "이마트·홈플러스, `살충제 논란` 계란 판매 중단(종합)". mk.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  18. ^ "'살충제 달걀' 파문 확산…대형마트 3사 계란 판매 중단". hankyung.com (in Korean). 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  19. ^ Ltd, Allied Newspapers. "Weeks after alarm in Europe, tainted eggs found in Malta". Times of Malta. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  20. ^ "EUR-Lex - 32005R0396 - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  21. ^ Overig, C&V. "Vragen en antwoorden fipronil in eieren van leghennen voor consumenten". www.nvwa.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2017-08-31.