2017 Northern India riots

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2017 Northern India riots
Date 25–26 August 2017[1]
Location Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and New Delhi
Caused by Rape conviction of Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh
Methods Rioting, arson
Casualties
Death(s) 41+[2]
Injuries 300+
Arrested 524 (Haryana)[3]
19 (Punjab)[4]
3 (Delhi)[5]
Detained ~1,000[6]
Charged Honeypreet Insan[2]

On 25 August 2017, widespread rioting in northern India broke out after Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh, the religious leader of Dera Sacha Sauda, was convicted of rape. The riots began in Panchkula and later spread to other parts of the northern Indian states of Haryana,Punjab,Uttar Pradesh and the capital, New Delhi.[2][7] At least 41 people were killed, the majority of them in Panchkula, where 32 people were allegedly killed by police gunfire.[8] More than 300 others were injured.[9]

Background[edit]

Since 23 August 2017, parts of Haryana, Punjab and Chandigarh had been under a security lockdown as 200,000 supporters of Ram Rahim amassed in Panchkula ahead of the verdict.[10] A heavy contingent of security was deployed for the verdict including 97 CRPF companies; 16 Rapid Action Force; 37 Sashastra Seema Bal; 12 Indo-Tibetan Border Police and 21 Border Security Force companies. Another 10 companies were kept on standby.[11]

The authorities had suspended internet services for 48 hours and Section 144 of the Indian Penal Code (prohibiting an assembly of more than four people) was imposed in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan (Ram Rahim's birth-village) in light of the expected verdict. Electricity was cut in a few residential areas in Panchkula as a precautionary measure.[11]

On 25 August 2017, around 15:00 (IST), a special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court in Panchkula, Haryana, delivered its verdict in a 2002 sexual assault case of two sadhvis (female followers) of Dera Sacha Sauda (DSS). The court found the DSS chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh — known as "the guru of bling"[12]  — guilty of rape. The sentence was scheduled to be pronounced on 28 August 2017.[13][14][11] He faced a minimum of seven years' imprisonment. Before the verdict, Ram Rahim appealed to his followers to remain calm, after having made the 250 km (156 mi) journey from the sect's headquarters in Sirsa to Panchkula in a 100-vehicle convoy.[15]

Soon afterwards, Ram Rahim's 'Z+ security cover' was withdrawn.[16] He was one of only 36 people in India under that level of government-provided security cover.[17] Ram Rahim was later taken into judicial custody[18] and was reportedly moved to the Western Command Headquarters in Chandimandir Cantonment.[11] Later, he was flown by helicopter to a jail in the nearby town of Rohtak.[19] After the verdict, Ram Rahim supporters were evicted from Panchkula and Chandigarh. Police and paramilitary forces used tear gas shelling in Sector 3, Panchkula, to control Dera supporters which led to clashes.[11]

Violence[edit]

Following the conviction his supporters went on a rampage setting fire to vehicles, government buildings, petrol stations, media vans and railway stations.[7][20] Ram Rahim's followers took to streets brandishing sticks and throwing rocks upon hearing news of his conviction.[21]

According to an Indian Railways spokesman, two railway stations were burnt in (Malout and Balluanna) Punjab and two empty train coaches of Rewa Express were set on fire in Delhi's Anand Vihar station.[11][22] The arsonists also attempted to set fire to Dagru railway station.[13] PTC News reporters were attacked and a video journalist has gone missing since the assault. The rioters attacked the NDTV channel's OB Van and injured an engineer.[5] An India Today TV crew was attacked and its cameraman injured in Sirsa. Its OB van was also attacked by rioters in Panchkula. An Income Tax Department's building[13] and two police vehicles were set on fire in Mansa, Punjab. Twenty-eight vehicles were burnt in Panchkula, including some belonging to the government.[16] A telephone exchange was torched by the protesters in Chananwal in Punjab's Barnala district.[11] A sewa kendra was set ablaze near Faridkot.[13] A Vita milk plant and a power substation were damaged in Sirsa.[23]

According to Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, 7 people from Punjab died in the clashes. He further stated that in Punjab, 52 minor incidents took place barring the incident when a railway station was burnt.[24] At least 32 people were killed in Panchkula and six others were killed in Sirsa in India's northern Haryana state.[8] More than 300 people were injured in the violence after police and paramilitary forces fired on charged mobs.[9][25] Police fired tear gas, water cannons and live ammunition while trying to disperse the mobs in Panchkula and near DSS ashram in Sirsa.[15]

By 7:00 pm (local time), the violence subsided in Panchkula.[14] According to Haryana's Director General of Police, some 10,000 followers of Ram Rahim remained holed up in the DSS headquarters, where security forces were kept on "standby".[3]

Response[edit]

Curfews were imposed in several areas of Chandigarh city and across the state of Punjab.[26] A number of towns were placed under curfew including; Panchkula, Sirsa, Kaithal, Faridpur and Malout.[13] The border between the states of Haryana and Punjab was sealed.[26] By around 9:55 pm (local time), curfew had been imposed in 8 districts of Punjab namely — Mansa, Bathinda, Firozpur, Faridkot, Fazilka, Patiala, Barnala and Sangrur.[7]

The Indian army was called in and about 600 soldiers were deployed in the city of Panchkula to help restore order.[18][15] According to the Indian army sources, six columns of army personnel were deployed in Panchkula and two columns in Sirsa in Haryana. While, one column of army personnel was deployed in Punjab’s Mansa and another column in Mukhtsar.[7]

Section 144 was imposed in parts of Delhi,[15] and in towns of Shamli, Muzaffarnagar, Baghpat, Noida and Ghaziabad.[5] By around 8:00 pm (local time), Section 144 was also imposed in Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts of northern Rajasthan. Until 10:00 pm (local time), Section 144 had been imposed in 9 districts of Uttar Pradesh — Meerut, Saharanpur, Shamli, Muzaffarnagar, Ghaziabad, Noida, Bulandshahar, Bagpat and Hapur.[7] It was also imposed in eleven districts of Delhi including in New Delhi till 8 September 2017 and in Uttarakhand's Nainital.[5]

Following the violence in Panchkula, almost 250 trains to Rohtak Junction were cancelled.[6] Mobile internet and data services remained suspended in Haryana, Punjab and Chandigarh for the next 72 hours.[10] The deputy commissioner in Panchkula requested the district Red Cross Society to send in their trained volunteers.[27] All Delhi Metro stations were kept on alert. The Delhi Petrol Pump Association announced closure of at least 12 fuel stations near the Haryana border in Delhi as a preemptive measure. Delhi Transport Corporation suspended its bus services to the National Capital Region due to incidents of arson. The Delhi–Lahore Bus service was suspended as well. Bagpat district Magistrate directed all schools in the region to remain closed on 26 August.[5]

On 26 August 2017, police sealed the nine congregation centres of the Dera Sacha Sauda in the Kurukshetra district and recovered 2,500 wooden sticks, some sharp-edged weapons and 2.5 litres (0.55 imp gal; 0.66 US gal) of kerosene during the search operation.[28]

Aftermath[edit]

Three people were arrested in connection with arson in Delhi.[5] According to the Advocate General of Punjab 19 rioters had been arrested including Gurdev Singh, a state-level office bearer of Dera Sacha Sauda.[4] According to a Haryana administrator, more than 500 people had been arrested.[3] According to a Haryana police official, more than 1,000 of the guru's supporters had been detained in Panchkula on charges of arson and destruction of public property.[20] After the rioting spread, a court ordered the seizure of the DSS ashram and other properties in compensation for the widespread destruction of public and private property.[15]

According to Haryana's Chief Secretary, D. S. Dhesi, Haryana Police registered two sedition cases when "one AK 47, one mouser, five pistols and two rifles" were recovered from two vehicles that were part of the convoy accompanying Ram Rahim.[29] According to the Haryana Advocate General, twenty-four vehicles were seized and ten petrol bombs were also recovered. A special hearing was held in the Punjab and Haryana High Court for monitoring the law and order situation in the region and other related issues following the riots.[4]

According to Secretary Dhesi, all the 36 people killed on 25 August were Dera Sacha Sauda followers, who were killed by police gunfire and stampedes.[30] Some lawyers objected to use of lethal bullets by police and filed a petition to request use of pellets to disperse the protesting mobs. But the High Court bench rejected the plea because mobs armed with petrol bombs and other weapons had created a war-like situation.[31][32]

Reaction[edit]

The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind tweeted, "Violence and damage to public property after court verdict is highly condemnable; appeal to all citizens to maintain peace".[10][33] Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi condemned the violence and urged "everyone to maintain peace".[34] While reviewing the situation with the National Security Advisor and the Home Secretary, he asked officials to "work round the clock to restore normalcy and provide all possible assistance that is required".[35]

Chief Minister of Haryana, Manohar Lal Khattar (BJP) admitted that there were lapses but asserted appropriate action was being taken.[7] According to Chief Minister of Punjab Amarinder Singh, the fault in this mayhem lay with allowing people to gather, adding that "this sort of reaction was anticipated".[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dera violence: Uneasy calm prevails in Haryana, Punjab". LiveMint. Press Trust of India. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/dera-violence-chargesheet-against-honeypreet-14-others/articleshow/61838629.cms
  3. ^ a b c McNaughton, Cathal (26 August 2017). "India detains hundreds, cancels more than 300 trains after deadly 'godman' protests". Reuters. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "32 died in violence after conviction of Dera chief: Haryana government". India Times. Press Trust of India. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Priya, Bhanu (25 August 2017). "Gurmeet Ram Rahim Case Live: 9 Cases Of Arson In Delhi As Violence Spreads After Dera Chief Verdict". NDTV. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh conviction live updates: Death toll rises to 28, railways cancel all trains to Rohtak". The Indian Express. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Live updates: 28 dead, 250 injured as Dera chief conviction sets Haryana on fire". The Hindu. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Families torn apart in Haryana violence". The Hindu. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017.  Quote: "Haryana DGP B.S. Sandhu said there were 38 casualties so far, out of which 32 died in Panchkula and six in Sirsa."
  9. ^ a b "Baba behind bars, followers run riot". Times of India. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c "Ram Rahim rape verdict LIVE: 29 killed; dera says 'we have been wronged'". Hindustan Times. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Ram Rahim guilty of rape: What happened through the day". India Today. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  12. ^ Swenson, Kyle (25 August 2017). "India's 'guru of bling' is convicted of raping two followers. After the verdict, deadly violence breaks out". Washington Post. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Sura, Ajay (25 August 2017). "Dera Sacha Sauda chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim found guilty of rape, taken into judicial custody". Times of India. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Singh, Amitoj (25 August 2017). "Ram Rahim Guilty Of Rape, 30 Reported Dead As Sect Erupts: 10 Facts". NDTV. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Violence erupts in India after guru is convicted of rape". The Financial Times. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  16. ^ a b "Death Toll In Haryana Violence Rises To 36, Thirteen Bodies Identified". Huffington Post. Press Trust of India. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  17. ^ John, Tara (25 August 2017). "What to Know About India's 'Guru of Bling' Whose Rape Conviction Sparked Riots". Time. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  18. ^ a b Safi, Michael (25 August 2017). "Ram Rahim Singh: deadly clashes follow Indian guru's rape conviction". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  19. ^ Jain, Rishabh (26 August 2017). "Uneasy calm after 36 die in India riots over guru verdict". Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  20. ^ a b "Ram Rahim Singh's supporters riot after rape conviction". Al Jazeera. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  21. ^ "Violent Protests in India Turn Deadly After Guru's Rape Conviction". New York Times. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  22. ^ "At least 28 dead in riots after Indian guru's rape conviction". Dawn. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  23. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/haryana/in-sirsa-4-killed-6-hurt-in-police-firing/457419.html
  24. ^ a b "Ram Rahim Singh rape case hearing highlights: Curfew may be imposed in Sirsa, army ready to 'give support'". Firstpost. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  25. ^ Bedi, Rahul (25 August 2017). "Twenty-eight dead as violence erupts among devotees of India's 'guru of bling' following rape conviction". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  26. ^ a b "India guru rape case: 12 die in unrest as Ram Rahim Singh convicted". BBC News. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  27. ^ "Deadly clashes break out in India after controversial guru found guilty of rape". CNN. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  28. ^ "Kurukshetra: 9 Dera centres sealed; 2,500 lathis recovered". India Times. Press Trust of India. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  29. ^ "AK-47, pistols recovered; sedition cases against Dera followers". India Times. IANS. 26 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  30. ^ "AK 47s, pistols... firearms haul tied to Dera". Telegraph India. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  31. ^ "HC: If indulging in nonsense, have to be shot". Tribune India. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  32. ^ "Panchkula war-like situation had to be dealt with like that: HC". The Times of India. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  33. ^ India, President of (2017-08-25). "Violence and damage to public property after court verdict is highly condemnable; appeal to all citizens to maintain peace #PresidentKovind". @rashtrapatibhvn. Retrieved 2017-08-30. 
  34. ^ Modi, Narendra (2017-08-25). "The instances of violence today are deeply distressing. I strongly condemn the violence & urge everyone to maintain peace". @narendramodi. Retrieved 2017-08-30. 
  35. ^ "'Deeply distressing': Modi comments on violence following Ram Rahim conviction". Hindustan Times. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.