2017 Saint Petersburg Metro bombing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2017 Saint Petersburg Metro bombing
Part of Terrorism in Russia and Islamic terrorism in Europe
Мемориал из цветов на станции Технологический институт.png
Memorial of flowers at the metro station Tekhnologichesky Institut after terrorist attack
2017 Saint Petersburg Metro bombing (Central Saint Petersburg)
2017 Saint Petersburg Metro bombing (European Russia)
LocationOn a Saint Petersburg Metro train between Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut stations, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Coordinates59°54′59″N 30°19′07″E / 59.91639°N 30.31861°E / 59.91639; 30.31861
Date3 April 2017
14:40[1] (FET (UTC +3))
Attack type
Suicide bombing[2]
WeaponsNail bomb
Deaths16 (including the perpetrator)
PerpetratorImam Shamil Battalion[4]
AssailantsAkbarzhon Jalilov

On 3 April 2017, a terrorist attack using an explosive device took place on the Saint Petersburg Metro between Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut stations.[5] Seven people (including the perpetrator) were initially reported to have died, and eight more died later from their injuries, bringing the total to 15.[6][7][8][9][10]

At least 45 others were injured in the incident.[11][12] The explosive device was contained in a briefcase.[11] A second explosive device was found and defused at Ploshchad Vosstaniya metro station.[9] The suspected perpetrator was named as Akbarzhon Jalilov, a Russian citizen who was an ethnic Uzbek born in Kyrgyzstan.[13]


In 2016, ISIL had plotted to target St. Petersburg due to Russia's military involvement in Syria, resulting in arrests.[14] No public transport system in Russia had been bombed since the 2010 Moscow Metro bombings.[15]

ISIL propaganda was being circulated prior to this incident. It encouraged supporters to launch strikes on Moscow. ISIL propaganda showed bullet holes through Putin's head and a poster circulated before the attack of a falling Kremlin and included the message "We Will Burn Russia."[16] However, as some researchers have said, Russia faces a "sophisticated and complex" threat from domestic terrorism, linked to many different groups.[5]

Vladimir Putin was visiting Saint Petersburg, where he was born, on the day of the attack.[16]


Location of the two stations and the tunnel in the Saint Petersburg Metro where the explosion occurred.

On 3 April 2017, a device containing 200–300 grams (0.44–0.66 lb) of explosives detonated on a train travelling through a tunnel between the Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut stations of the Saint Petersburg Metro.[11][17][18] According to a statement from the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the bomb was detonated on the third carriage of the train.[19] Eyewitnesses said the blast occurred near the door. Immediately after the explosion, smoke filled the platform. Video from social media showed multiple victims on the platform and a metal door twisted by the force of the blast.[19] Following reports of the explosion, all metro stations in Saint Petersburg were quickly closed.[11] In the late evening, metro services were resumed on Lines 3, 4, and 5.[9]

A second bomb was discovered and disarmed at Ploshchad Vosstaniya station.[20] The device had ball bearings, screws, and shrapnel[21] and was hidden within a fire extinguisher containing an equivalent of about 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of TNT.[22] Jalilov's DNA was found on a bag which contained the extinguisher,[23] suggesting that he intentionally left this bag inside a carriage as witnessed by some passengers.[19][9]


Security was heightened after the attack. Metal detectors, installed countrywide following another metro attack seven years before, were all implemented after not having been in use for several years. The Moscow Metro security department said they were ready to assist the Saint Petersburg Metro in case of any help being needed.[24] Local media reported that authorities had found suspicious packages in three Moscow metro stations, Nagatinskaja, Savelovskaya and Ugrezhskaya (CIP). Authorities later cordoned off the area.[19] The security of Pulkovo International Airport was also heightened in response to the blast.[19] A possible suspect was sighted on Metro surveillance cameras, according to unconfirmed reports.[9] The Investigative Committee of Russia said the train operator's decision to drive it to the next station helped to avoid an even higher number of casualties.[25][26]

Because of the terrorist attack, security measures were also strengthened in the Nizhny Novgorod metro.[27]

Two weeks later, FSB released a statement says that Russian security operatives have detained Abror Azimov (born 1990), the alleged mastermind of the bombing, in Moscow in which he trained the suicide attacker.[citation needed]


Fifteen people died during the attack, of whom seven during the attack and eight later from their injuries. As reported by the Russian Ministry of Health, 64 people were injured[28][29] Thirty-nine people were hospitalised, of whom six had critical injuries.[29] Children were among those injured.[8]

The fifteen people killed were identified as thirteen Russian citizens, a Kazakh man and an Azerbaijani woman.[30][31][32][33][34][35]


The suspected perpetrator behind the attacks was identified by Kyrgyzstan and Russian intelligence services as Akbarzhon Jalilov (sometimes spelled Akbarjon Djalilov), an ethnic Uzbek[36][37][38] 22-year-old Kyrgyz-born Russian citizen.[23][39][40] He was sentenced to life in prison.

Jalilov was born in 1995 in Osh, Kyrgyzstan, and arrived in Moscow around 2011.[39] According to Russian newspaper Moskovskij Komsomolets, Gazeta.ru reported he had worked as a cook at a sushi bar in 2015,[19][41] while other sources claimed Jalilov had worked in a garage before disappearing weeks prior to the attack.[19] Interfax said authorities believe he had ties to radical Islamic groups.[42] Russian media has reported that he traveled to Syria in 2014 and trained with Islamic State militants.[43] On 26 April, a group called the Imam Shamil Battalion has claimed responsibility the attack, and said that the bomber was acting on orders from al-Qaeda. The statement, posted by SITE Intelligence Group, said the bomber, Akbarzhon Jalilov, had acted on instructions from al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri.[44][45] In considering the incident, researchers had already illustrated that 'analysis should not focus exclusively on recent developments and Daesh', but rather look at the 'broader context' including the 'range of groups with which Central Asian radicals are involved.'[46]

Initial reports[edit]

On 3 April 2017, investigators said they believed the attack was a suicide bombing and identified a Central Asian as the suspected perpetrator.[47] Some reports initially misidentified the suspect as a 22-year-old from Kazakhstan who was an IT student at St. Petersburg State University of Economics. He had been reported missing.[48][49] This individual was later correctly identified as a victim of the attack.[50][51] The suspect was later identified as a 23-year-old native of Kyrgyzstan with Russian citizenship and with links to international militant groups.[47][52] The man with a beard wearing a skullcap contacted police to clear his name. Interfax later said only one person was involved.[53][47] The man with the beard turned out to be a former paratrooper from Bashkortostan.[54]



President Vladimir Putin was in the city when the attack happened and pledged a thorough investigation. During an unrelated meeting with President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, Putin said they are "considering all possible causes, including terrorism." He later visited the area of the attack, which was prohibited by the Federal Protective Service due to security concerns. This information was later denied by RIA Novosti.[19][11] His statement was followed by Lukashenko expressing his sadness over the bombing.[citation needed] Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin expressed his condolences to the victims of the attack and ordered the strengthening of security measures around the capital's transport infrastructure, according to the Mayor's and city government's Press Secretary Gulnara Penkova.[9] Head of the Ministry of Health Veronika Skvortsova instructed federal doctors to help doctors in St. Petersburg to assist the victims.[19]

The Head of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov called for the identification and punishment of the perpetrators.[9]

The All-Russian Union of Insurers said relatives of the victims will be able to receive 2.025 million rubles.[19]

A makeshift memorial was made to honour the victims of the bombing. Saint Petersburg declared three days of mourning in response to the attack. Mayor Georgi Poltavchenko, Governor of Leningrad Alexander Drozdenko, and President Vladimir Putin visited the site and laid flowers to pay respect.[19]


Condolences and sympathies for those affected were offered by several international figures, including representatives of Algeria,[55] China,[56] the Czech Republic, Norway,[57] Denmark,[58] Finland,[59] France,[60] Georgia,[61] Hungary,[62][63] India,[56] Indonesia,[64] Iran,[9] Israel,[65] Japan,[66] Laos,[67] Malaysia,[56] Pakistan,[56] Poland,[68][69] Portugal,[70] Singapore,[71] Thailand,[72] Ukraine,[73] the United Kingdom, the United States,[74] Vietnam,[75] NATO, and the European Union.[60]

Ukraine tightened security around its metro stations in fear of an attack.[76][importance?]

Other reactions[edit]

Tel Aviv city hall building was lit with the colours of the Russian flag. In Brussels, where a similar attack took place a year earlier, the ING Marnix building near the Throne metro station was also decorated with a moving Russian flag animation.[citation needed] At midnight (01:00 of April 5 in Moscow time), the lights of the Eiffel Tower were switched off to honor the victims.[77]

The Independent reported that some supporters of ISIL on unnamed internet forums linked the attack to Russia's support of Bashar al-Assad, and shared photos and video of people injured and killed by the blast.[20]


  1. ^ "'Мы начали ехать, я увидел взорванный вагон': что писали очевидцы о взрыве в Петербурге" ['We started moving, I saw a blown up train car': what did eyewitnesses write about an explosion in Petersburg]. TASS. ТАСС информационное агентство. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  2. ^ Denis Pinchuk. "Eleven killed in suspected suicide bombing on Russian metro train". Reuters. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Russia Bomber Is Identified, Officials Say, as Death Toll Rises". The New York Times. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. In addition to killing 14, the blast on Monday wounded 64 others, Aleksandr Rzhanenkov, a St. Petersburg official, said at a news briefing.
  4. ^ "St Petersburg bombing: Group says al-Qaeda chief ordered attack". BBC News. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  5. ^ a b Youngman, Mark (6 April 2017). "Russia's domestic terrorism threat is serious, sophisticated and complex". The Conversation. The Conversation Trust (UK). Retrieved 9 April 2017. The April 3 bombing on the St Petersburg metro was the highest-profile terror attack on Russian soil since a suicide bombing at Moscow's Domodedovo airport in January 2011.
  6. ^ "Число жертв теракта в Петербурге выросло до 14 человек [Number of fatalities of the terrorist act in Petersburg has grown to fourteen people". Meduza. Meduza. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. В результате взрыва в метро Санкт-Петербурга погибли 14 человек, сообщила министр здравоохранения России Вероника Скворцова. [In the aftermath of explosion in the metro of Saint Petersburg 14 people have died, reported by the minister of health of Russia Veronika Skvortsova]
  7. ^ "Signs of terror attack in St. Petersburg subway blast obvious – Kremlin". TASS. Saint Petersburg. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. The Russian Investigative Committee has qualified the blast as a terrorist attack, but other versions are looked into.
  8. ^ a b MacFarquhar, Neil; Nechepureneko, Ivan (3 April 2017). "Explosion in St. Petersburg Metro Kills at Least 10". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Взрыв в метро Санкт-Петербурга: погибли 10 человек" [Explosion in Metro St. Petersburg, killing 10 people] (in Russian). BBC Russia. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  10. ^ "В петербургской больнице скончались двое пострадавших при взрыве в метро" [Two injured in the explosion in the subway died in the St. Petersburg hospital] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e "St Petersburg metro explosions kill ten – media". BBC. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  12. ^ "At least 10 people may have been killed by Russia metro blast: TASS". Reuters. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  13. ^ "St Petersburg metro bombing suspect 'from Kyrgyzstan'". BBC News. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  14. ^ Bergen, Peter (4 April 2017). "The likely culprits behind the St. Petersburg bombing". CNN. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  15. ^ Ioffe, Julia (4 April 2017). "How Russians Got Used to Terrorism". The Atlantic. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  16. ^ a b Griffin, Andrew (4 April 2017). "St Petersburg attacks: Isis celebrates explosions that killed 10 people". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  17. ^ "В Санкт-Петербурге произошел взрыв в метро. Онлайн-трансляция" [In St. Petersburg, there was an explosion in the Metro]. RBC (in Russian). Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  18. ^ Jansen, Bart (3 April 2017). "Russian subway bombing reveals terror vulnerability". USA Today. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Взрыв в метро Санкт-Петербурга: онлайн-трансляция". MK. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  20. ^ a b "St Petersburg attacks: Isis celebrates explosions that killed 10 people". The Independent. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017. Isis supporters are cheering what they claim is a terror attack, and sharing images of people caught up in and killed by the blasts.
  21. ^ "St Petersburg Metro explosion: CCTV image of suspect emerges after at least 10 killed by 'briefcase' bomb". The Daily Telegraph. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017. Another 39 injured people remain in hospital following the blast on the Russian city's subway network on Monday afternoon that is reported to have involved a shrapnel-filled device.
  22. ^ Lister, Tim; Burrows, Emily; Dewan, Angela. "St. Petersburg metro explosion: At least 10 dead in Russia blast". Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  23. ^ a b "Russian investigators confirm Kyrgyz-born Russian citizen was behind St Petersburg subway attack with an explosive device". The Straits Times. SPH Digital News. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. "The investigation identified the man who set off the bomb in the carriage of the Saint Petersburg metro. It was Akbarjon Djalilov," [sic] a statement by the committee said, adding that Djalilov's "genetic trace" was also found on a bag with a second bomb that was found at a different station.
  24. ^ "Moscow metro beefs up security after blast in St. Petersburg subway". Tass. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  25. ^ "Suspect in St. Petersburg Subway Attack is Identified; Stations Reopened After Bomb Threat". 4 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  26. ^ "St Petersburg Metro Explosion: Russian Investigators Believe Suicide Bomber Caused Blast That Killed 14 as Suspect Named". 4 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  27. ^ "Меры безопасности усилены в нижегородском метрополитене в связи со взрывами в Санкт-Петербурге | ИА "НТА Приволжье" Новости Нижнего Новгорода". www.nta-nn.ru. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  28. ^ "Скворцова уточнила данные о погибших в результате взрыва в Петербурге" [Skvortsova clarifies the data about casualties because of the explosion in Petersburg]. Interfax. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  29. ^ a b "St. Petersburg metro explosion: 11 dead in Russia blast". CNN. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017. Thirty-nine people have been hospitalised, six of whom had critical injuries, the health ministry said, putting the number of dead at 11.
  30. ^ "Champion of Russia in hand-to-hand fighting is victim of St. Petersburg terrorist attack". Crime Russia. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  31. ^ "Mom sacrifices herself to save daughter in Russian subway attack". New York Post. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  32. ^ "St Petersburg metro bomb victims identified". BBC. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  33. ^ "Названо имя предполагаемого террориста-смертника в Санкт-Петербурге". mk.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  34. ^ "Verdächtiger Kasache ist unter den Opfern". n-tv (in German). Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  35. ^ "Azerbaijani woman confirmed dead in St. Petersburg metro blast – UPDATED". apa.az Mail. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  36. ^ "St Petersburg metro bomber 'from Kyrgyzstan'". BBC News. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  37. ^ "St. Petersburg bomber came from 'very good' family, say neighbours". NRT. Nalia Media Corporation. 4 April 2017. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017. A Reuters reporter visited a house in Osh, southern Kyrgyzstan, which neighbours said was the family home of Jalilov.
  38. ^ "St. Petersburg metro bomber reportedly identified as Kyrgyz-born ethnic Uzbek". MarketWatch. MarketWatch. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017. The man who killed 14 people and wounded dozens of others at the St. Petersburg subway station was identified Tuesday as a Kyrgyz-born suicide bomber, according to the Central Asian country's security service.
  39. ^ a b Jamieson, Alastair (4 April 2017). "St. Petersburg Subway Bomb Suspect Named as Akbarzhon Jalilov: Reports". NBC News. Moscow. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  40. ^ Walker, Shaun (4 April 2017). "St Petersburg metro bombing suspect 'from Kyrgyzstan'". The Guardian. Moscow. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  41. ^ "Появились новые фото предполагаемого смертника из метро Петербурга". Газета.Ru. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  42. ^ Sharman, Jon (4 April 2017). "Russia attack: Kyrgyzstan releases name of suspect in St Petersburg metro bombing". Independent. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  43. ^ Filipov, David; Roth, Andrew (6 April 2017). "Russia arrests possible accomplices of presumed St. Petersburg bomber". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 April 2017. The Fontanka.ru agency said Dzhalilov had traveled to Syria in 2014 and trained with Islamic State militants. The report said that Russian investigators were trying to determine his travels but that they had ascertained that the device used in the subway attack bore the hallmarks of "Syrian know-how," specifically traces of burned sugar.
  44. ^ "Islamist group claim responsibility for St Petersburg metro attack". 25 April 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  45. ^ "Group with alleged al-Qaeda ties claims St. Petersburg metro bombing - DW - 25.04.2017". DW.COM. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  46. ^ After St Petersburg: Russia and the Threat from Central Asian Terror Networks Mark Youngman and Cerwyn Moore, RUSI, 20 April 2017 https://rusi.org/commentary/after-st-petersburg-russia-and-threat-central-asian-terror-networks
  47. ^ a b c "St Petersburg Metro explosion: police suspect suicide bombing after at least 11 killed by underground blast". The Telegraph. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  48. ^ Schrek, Carl (5 April 2017). "From 'Suspected' Terrorist To Apparent Victim: Kazakh Man Caught Up In Russia Subway Blast". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  49. ^ Tamkin, Emily; Gramer, Robbie (5 April 2017). "Explosion in St. Petersburg Metro Kills 14, Wounds Over 50". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  50. ^ "Terror in St. Petersburg metro bomb: 11 dead, 45 injured". TGCOM24. Mediaset. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  51. ^ "Общественный транспорт Петербурга 4 апреля будет работать в особом режиме" [Public transport of St. Petersburg on 4 April will operate in a special mode]. Fontanka (in Russian). 4 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  52. ^ "В эпицентре взрыва в метро Петербурга нашли тело выходца из Средней Азии" [At the epicenter of the explosion in the subway Petersburg found the body of a native of Central Asia]. RIA Novosti. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  53. ^ "St Petersburg metro explosion leaves 11 dead and dozens wounded". The Guardian. London. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  54. ^ Balmforth, Tom (4 April 2017). "Migrants Warned To Lay Low in St. Petersburg, As Activists Fear Police Clampdown". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  55. ^ "President Bouteflika "vigorously" condemns "cowardly" attack on Saint-Petersburg Metro". Algeria Press Service. 3 April 2017. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  56. ^ a b c d "Asian leaders extend condolences to Russia over bomb blast". Asian Correspondent. 4 April 2017. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  57. ^ "Prezident republiky zaslal kondolenční telegram ruskému prezidentovi". hrad.cz (in Czech). 3 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  58. ^ "World leaders send their sympathies to St Petersburg bombing victims' families". The Independent. 3 April 2017. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  59. ^ "Sauli Niinistö sent his condolences to Putin". Finnish national broadcasting company Yle (in Finnish). 3 April 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  60. ^ a b "Bombing on St Petersburg metro leaves at least 9 dead". The Independent. 3 April 2017. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  61. ^ "PM Kvirikashvili saddened by St. Petersburg metro explosions". agenda.ge. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  62. ^ "Saint Petersburg bombing – Viktor Orbán writes letter to Vladimir Putin". Website of the Hungarian Government. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  63. ^ "Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade on the terrorist attack in Saint Petersburg". Website of the Hungarian Government. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  64. ^ "Indonesia Condemns Russia's St. Petersburg Terror Attack". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  65. ^ "Netanyahu says Israel stands with Russia after deadly metro attack". The Jerusalem Post. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  66. ^ "Japanese PM condemns St. Petersburg terror attack, stresses solidarity with Russia". TASS. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  67. ^ "Condolences Message to the Russian Federation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Laos. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  68. ^ "Sankt Petersburg: eksplozja w metrze. Są zabici i ranni [NA ŻYWO]" [St. Petersburg: the explosion in the subway. There are dead and wounded [LIVE]]. Gazeta.PL (in Polish). Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  69. ^ "Rosja. Wybuch w metrze w Sankt Petersburguc" [Inferfax: The bomb was in a suitcase. The offender was recorded on monitoring cameras]. TVN24.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  70. ^ "Explosão no metro de São Petersburgo provoca vários mortos [Explosion in the subway of St. Petersburg causes several deaths]". RTP News. Rádio e Televisão de Portugal. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  71. ^ "Singapore strongly condemns heinous terror attack at St Petersburg". Astro Awani. Bernama. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  72. ^ "Thailand condemns subway blast in Russia". Bangkok Post. Associated Press. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  73. ^ "Ukrainian foreign minister condoles with families of people killed in St. Pete". Interfax Ukraine. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  74. ^ Oliphant, Roland; Boyle, Danny (3 April 2017). "St Petersburg Metro explosion: Russian investigators believe suicide bomber caused blast that killed 14 as suspect named". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  75. ^ "Vietnam strongly condemns subway attack in St. Petersburg". Vietnam Net. Vietnam News Agency. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  76. ^ "Ukraine tightens security in light of St. Pete metro blast". Interfax Ukraine. 3 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  77. ^ "'Eiffel Tower lights go out to honor victims of St. Petersburg metro attack". TASS.

External links[edit]