2017 in spaceflight

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2017 in spaceflight
8423 20181 1saturn2016.jpg
NASA's Cassini probe ended its mission by intentionally plunging into Saturn's atmosphere on 15 September 2017.
Orbital launches
First 5 January
Last 26 December
Total 90
Successes 84
Failures 5
Partial failures 1
Catalogued 86
National firsts
Satellite
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Manned flights
Orbital 4
Total travellers 11
EVAs 10

Notable spaceflight activities in 2017 included the maiden flight of India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (also called LVM3) on 5 June and the first suborbital test of Rocket Lab's Electron rocket, inaugurating the Mahia spaceport in New Zealand. The rocket is named for its innovative Rutherford engine which feeds propellants via battery-powered electric motors instead of the usual gas generator and turbopumps.

China launched its new missile-derived Kaituozhe-2 variant on 2 March. The Japanese SS-520-4, a suborbital sounding rocket modified for orbital flight, failed to reach orbit in January.[citation needed] If successful, it would have become the smallest and lightest vehicle to ever put an object in orbit.[1]

The venerable Russian Soyuz-U workhorse was retired after its 786th mission on 22 February. On 30 March, the SES-10 mission was launched with a previously-flown Falcon 9 first stage, achieving a key milestone in the SpaceX reusable launch system development program; several other Falcon 9 first-stage boosters were re-used since then.

After a record-breaking 13-year mission observing Saturn, its rings and moons, the Cassini space probe was deliberately destroyed by plunging into Saturn's atmosphere, on 15 September 2017.[2] Compared to 2016, 5 more orbital launches were conducted, which amounts to an aproximate 8.6% increase of orbital launches.

Orbital launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

5 January
15:18
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-2[3] China CASC
China TJS 2 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 January
04:11:12
China Kuaizhou 1A China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASIC
China Lingqiao / Jilin-1 03 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Caton-1 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Xingyun Shiyan 1 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 January
17:54:39
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Iridium NEXT 1–10 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Return to flight mission for Falcon 9 after an accident in September 2016. First stage landed on a drone ship.
14 January
23:33
Japan SS-520[5] Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan TRICOM-1 Low Earth Technology demo 14 January Launch failure
Contact lost at +20 sec after launch. Aborted ignition of 2nd stage.[4]
21 January
00:42
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-273 / SBIRS GEO-3 US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile warning In orbit Operational
24 January
07:44
Japan H-IIA 204 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan DSN-2 DSN / JSDF Geosynchronous Communications (military) In orbit Operational
28 January
01:03:34
Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Spain Hispasat AG1 Hispasat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First GTO launch by Soyuz at the Guiana Space Centre

February[edit]

14 February
21:39
European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Intelsat 32e /
Brazil SkyBrasil-1
Intelsat / SKY Brasil Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Indonesia Telkom-3S Telkom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 February
03:58
India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Cartosat-2D ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
India INS-1A, 1B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States Flock-3p × 88 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Israel BGUSAT Ben Gurion University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Switzerland DIDO-2 SpacePharma Low Earth (SSO) Microgravity research In orbit Operational
Israel/Germany/Netherlands/Belgium PEASS PEASS Consortium Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Kazakhstan Al-Farabi 1 KazGU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United Arab Emirates Nayif 1 EIAST/AUS Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
PSLV-C37 launch with 104 satellites on-board, setting a record for the largest flock of spacecraft ever launched on a single rocket.
19 February
14:38:59
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-10 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 19 March 2017, 14:46 Successful
Carries the SAGE III and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) Earth-observation instruments to the ISS. First stage returned to Landing Zone 1.
22 February
05:58
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-05 / 66P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
786th and final flight of Soyuz-U.

March[edit]

1 March
17:50
United States Atlas V 401 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States United Launch Alliance
United States NROL-79 / Intruder 8 / USA-274 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
2 March
23:53
China Kaituozhe-2 China Jiuquan China CASIC
China Tiankun-1 CASIC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Maiden flight.
7 March
01:49:24
European Union Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
European Union Sentinel-2B ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
16 March
06:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Echostar 23 EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Due to the satellite's heavy mass (~5,600 kg),[6] the rocket flew in its expendable configuration and the first-stage booster was not recovered.[7]
17 March
01:20:00
Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Radar 5 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
19 March
00:18
United States Delta IV M+(5,4) United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States United Launch Alliance
United States WGS-9 / USA-275 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
30 March
22:27
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
Luxembourg SES-10 SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First flight of a Falcon 9 re-used first stage.[8] SpaceX recovered the stage again.

April[edit]

12 April
11:04
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-2[3] China CASC
China Shijian 13[9] CNSA Geosynchronous Communications
Technology demo
In orbit Operational
18 April
15:11
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States Cygnus CRS OA-7
SS John Glenn[10]
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 12 June 2017 Successful
United States Altair 1 Millennium Space Systems Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States IceCube GSFC Low Earth Technology demo
Atmospheric research
In orbit Operational
United States HARP UM Low Earth Technology demo
Atmospheric research
In orbit Operational
United States CSUNSat 1 CSUN Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States CXBN 2 MSU Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
United States OPEN UND Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States Violet Cornell University Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States/Australia/Canada/United Kingdom Biarri-Point Project Biarri Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
 QB50 x 31 Various Low Earth Technology demo
Atmospheric research
In orbit Operational
QB50 mission includes first Finnish satellite Aalto-2
20 April
07:13:44
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-04 / 50S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 51/52 3 September 2017
01:22
Successful
Crewed flight with two cosmonauts.[11]
20 April
11:41:35
China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianzhou 1 CNSA Low Earth (Tiangong 2) Tiangong 2 resupply 22 September 2017
10:00
Successful
China SilkRoad-1 / Silu 1[12] Xi'an Institute of Surveying and Mapping Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
SilkRoad-1 was released on 1 August from Tianzhou 1.[12]

May[edit]

1 May
11:15
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States NROL-76 / USA-276 NRO Low Earth[13] Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
First stage returned to Landing Zone 1.
4 May
21:50
European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
South Korea Koreasat-7 KT Corporation Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Brazil SGDC-1 Telebras Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
5 May
11:27
India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-9 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 May
23:21
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United Kingdom Inmarsat-5 F4 Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Due to the satellite's heavy mass (6,070 kg),[14] the rocket flew in its expendable configuration and the first-stage booster was not recovered.[7]
18 May
11:54:53
Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-MT[15] France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Luxembourg SES-15 SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
25 May
04:20:00
New Zealand Electron New Zealand Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1 United States Rocket Lab
It's a Test Rocket Lab Low Earth Flight test 25 May Launch failure
Flight terminated by range safety after an error in ground tracking equipment.[16]
25 May
06:33
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia EKS-2 VKS Molniya Missile early warning In orbit Operational

June[edit]

1 June
00:17:46
Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-2 CAO Tundra/Quasi-Zenith Orbit[17] Navigation In orbit Operational
1 June
23:45
European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States ViaSat-2 ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
France Eutelsat 172B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
This mission carried the heaviest and most expensive commercial payload ever launched, valued at $800 million[18] with a combined payload mass of 9,969 kg for both satellites (10,865 kg total launch mass with dual-deployment hardware).[19]
3 June
21:07
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-11 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 3 July 2017, 12:12 Successful
United States NICER[20] NASA Low Earth (ISS) X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
Japan TOKI KIT Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
Ghana GhanaSat-1 All Nations University Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
Mongolia Mazaalai National University of Mongolia Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
Bangladesh BRAC ONNESHA BRACU Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
Nigeria Nigeria EduSat-1 FUTA Low Earth Technology demo In orbit Operational
First stage returned to Landing Zone 1. TOKI, GhanaSat-1, Mazaalai, BRAC ONNESHA, and Nigeria EduSat-1 were carried to ISS as the cargo of SpaceX CRS-11 and deployed into orbit on 7 July 2017.
5 June
11:58
India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-19 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Maiden orbital flight.
8 June
03:45
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia United States International Launch Services
United States Echostar 21 EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
14 June
09:20
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-06 / 67P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
15 June
03:15
China Long March 4B China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China HXMT CAS / IHEP Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
China Zhuhai-1 01/02 Zhuhai Orbita Control Enginerring Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Argentina ÑuSat 3 Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China CAS-4A CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
China CAS-4B CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
18 June
16:12
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China ChinaSat 9A (Zhongxing-9A)[23] China Satcom Geosynchronous (intended) Communications In orbit Partial failure
Payload was inserted into a wrong orbit.[21][22] After 16 days of orbit raising maneuvers, the satellite raised its orbit from 16,420 km to 36,000 km, and corrected its longitude to 101.4°E.
23 June
03:59
India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Cartosat-2E[24] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
India NIUSAT Noorul Islam University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Japan CE-SAT-1 Canon Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Italy Max Valier Sat Max Valier school, Bozen Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy
Technology demo
In orbit Operational
Italy D-SAT D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States Australia Israel Blue Diamond Sky and Space Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
United States Australia Israel Green Diamond Sky and Space Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
United States Australia Israel Red Diamond Sky and Space Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
Austria Pegasus QB-50 FH Wiener Neustadt Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere research In orbit Operational
United Kingdom InflateSail QB-50 University of Surrey Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo 3 September 2017, 01:27 Operational
United Kingdom UCLSat QB-50 University College London Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere research In orbit Operational
China NUDTSat QB-50 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere research In orbit Operational
Germany COMPASS-2 QB-50 FH Aachen Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Lithuania Lituanica SAT-2 QB-50 Vilnius University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Italy URSA MAIOR QB-50 Sapienza University Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere research In orbit Operational
Czech Republic VZLUSat 1 QB-50 VZLU Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere research In orbit Operational
Chile SUCHAI-1 University of Chile Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere research In orbit Operational
Latvia Venta 1 Ventspils University College Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational
Finland Aalto-1 Aalto University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
France ROBUSTA-1B University of Montpellier Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Slovakia skCUBE University of Zilina Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States CICERO-6 GeoOptics Inc Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States Tyvak-53b Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
23 June
18:04
Russia Soyuz-2-1v + Volga Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos 2519 VKS Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational
Napryazhenie / 14F150 / Nivelir[25]
23 June
19:10
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
Bulgaria BulgariaSat-1 Bulsatcom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Second flight of a Falcon 9 re-used first stage.[26]
25 June
20:25:14
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Iridium NEXT 11–20 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
28 June
20:59
European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United Kingdom EuropaSat /
Greece Hellas Sat 3
Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
India GSAT-17 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

July[edit]

2 July
11:23:23
China Long March 5 China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Shijian 18[9] CAST Geosynchronous Communications
Technology demo
2 July Launch failure
Second stage was unable to place the satellite in orbit due to a high pressure in one of the rocket engines.
5 July
23:38
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust[28] United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Intelsat 35e Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Due to the satellite's heavy mass (6,761 kg),[27] the rocket flew in its expendable configuration and the first-stage booster was not recovered.[7]
14 July
06:36:49
Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kanopus-V-IK[32] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Germany Flying Laptop Institute of Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Germany TechnoSat microsat TU Berlin Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Japan WNISAT-1R microsat Weathernews Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Norway NORSAT-1 microsat Norsk Romsenter Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Norway NORSAT-2 microsat Norsk Romsenter Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
United States Flock-2k × 48 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States CICERO × 3 GeoOptics Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Corvus-BC × 2 Astro Digital Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Failure[33]
United States Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States NanoACE Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Russia Mayak MPU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Partial failure
Russia Iskra-MAI-85 MAI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Ecuador/Russia Ecuador-UTE-YuZGU UTE / YuZGU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo In orbit Operational
Russia MKA-N × 2 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Failure[30][34]
Delivery of 73 satellites in three orbital altitudes with a single launch.[29] Some cubesats were deployed into unintended orbit or having communication problem.[30] Mayak fails to deploy solar reflector.[31]
28 July[35]
15:41[36]
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-05 / 51S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 52/53 14 December 2017
08:48
Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.

August[edit]

2 August
01:58
European Union Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy OPTSAT-3000 Italian Defense Ministry Low Earth (SSO) IMINT (Reconnaissance) In orbit Operational
Israel / France VENµS ISA / CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 August
16:31
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-12 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 17 September 2017, 16:19 Successful
United States OSIRIS-3U Penn State Low Earth Space weather In orbit Operational
United States Kestrel Eye 2M US Army Low Earth Reconnaissance  
United States Dellingr/RBLE GSFC Low Earth Technology Demonstration/Heliophysics In orbit Operational
United States ASTERIA MIT/JPL Low Earth Technology Demonstration In orbit Operational
First flight of Falcon 9 "block 4" upgrade.[37] Last flight of a newly-built Dragon capsule; further missions will use refurbished spacecraft.[38] Carried cosmic-ray detector ISS-CREAM to be installed on the station, and several cubesats to be later deployed from the ISS. ASTERIA and Dellingr/RBLE were deployed into orbit from ISS on 20 November 2017,[39] and OSIRIS-3U was deployed on 21 November 2017.[40]
16 August
22:07
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Blagovest-11L[41] VKS Geosynchronous Communications (military) In orbit Operational
18 August
12:29
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States TDRS-M NASA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 August
05:29
Japan H-IIA 204 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-3 CAO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
24 August
18:50
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Taiwan FormoSat-5 NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
26 August
06:04
United States Minotaur IV / Orion 38 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-46 United States Orbital ATK
United States ORS-5 ORS Low Earth Space surveillance In orbit Operational
31 August
13:30
India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1H ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation 31 August Launch failure
Fairing didn't separate, so it was not possible to separate the satellite from the stage.

September[edit]

7 September
14:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States X-37B / OTV-5 / USA-277 US Air Force Low Earth Technology demo (classified) In orbit Operational
11 September
19:23:41
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
Spain Amazonas 5 Hispasat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
12 September
21:17:02
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-06 / 52S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 53/54 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.[11][42]
22 September
00:02:32
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 752 VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
24 September
05:49:47
United States Atlas V 541 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States United Launch Alliance
United States NROL-42 / Trumpet / USA-278 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
28 September
18:52:16
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
Hong Kong AsiaSat 9 AsiaSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 September
04:21
China Long March 2C China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China Yaogan-30 A CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Yaogan-30 B CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Yaogan-30 C CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
29 September
21:47
European Union Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Intelsat 37e Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Japan BSAT-4a BSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

October[edit]

9 October
04:13
China Long March 2D[43] China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
Venezuela VRSS-2 ABAE / MPPCTII Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
9 October
12:37
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Iridium NEXT 21–30 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
9 October
22:01:37
Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-4 CAO Tundra Navigation In orbit Operational
11 October
22:53
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
Luxembourg SES-11 /
United States EchoStar 105
SES S.A. / EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Third time a Falcon 9 first stage is re-used.[44]
13 October
09:27:44
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 European Union / Russia Eurockot
European Union Sentinel-5 Precursor ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 October
08:46:53
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-07 / 68P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
Russia/India Iskra 5 Moscow Aviation Institute / Space Kidz India Low Earth Communications  
Originally intended to debut a new two-orbit rendezvous profile, profile reverted to standard 34-orbit profile after the first launch attempt was scrubbed.[45]
15 October
07:28
United States Atlas V 421 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States NROL-52 / Quasar 21 / USA-279 NRO Geosynchronous (TBC)[46] Communications (military) In orbit Operational
30 October
19:34
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
South Korea Koreasat 5A KT Corporation Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
31 October
21:37
United States Minotaur-C United States Vandenberg LC-576E United States Orbital ATK
United States SkySat x 6 Terra Bella Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Flock-3m x 4 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Return to flight mission for Minotaur-C after a failed launch in March 2011.

November[edit]

5 November
11:45:00
China Long March 3B / YZ-1 China Xichang China CASC
China BeiDou-3 M1 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
China BeiDou-3 M2 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
8 November
01:42:30
European Union Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Morocco MN35-13 Morocco Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
12 November
12:19
United States Antares 230 United States MARS LP-0A United States Orbital ATK
United States Cygnus CRS OA-8E
SS Gene Cernan[47]
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
United States ISARA JPL Low Earth Technology Demonstration  
United States EcAMSat NASA Low Earth Microbiology In orbit Operational
United States Lemur-2 x 3 Spire Global Low Earth Earth Observation  
United States CHEFsat NRL Low Earth Technology Demonstration  
United States Asgardia 1 Asgardia Space Low Earth Technology Demonstration  
United States OSCD x 2 The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology Demonstration  
United States PropCube 2 NPS Low Earth Technology Demonstration  
United States TechEdSat 6 SJSU/UI/NASA Ames Low Earth Technology Demonstration In orbit Operational
EcAMSat was deployed into orbit from ISS on 20 November 2017,[39] and TechEdSat-6 was deployed on 21 November 2017.[40]
14 November
18:35
China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LA-9[48] China CAST
China Fengyun 3D[49] CMA Low Earth (polar) Meteorology In orbit Operational
Netherlands Head-1[49] Head Aerospace Low Earth (polar) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational
18 November
09:47:36
United States Delta II 7920 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States United Launch Alliance
United States NOAA-20 NOAA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Operational
Australia Buccaneer RMM UNSW, DSTO Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States EagleSat ERAU Low Earth (SSO) Education In orbit Operational
United States MakerSat 0 NNU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States MiRaTA MIT Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States RadFxSat (Fox 1B) AMSAT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Last flight of the Delta II 7920 configuration, penultimate flight of Delta II
21 November
04:50
China Long March 6 China Taiyuan LA-16 China CASC
China Jilin-1 04 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Jilin-1 05 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Jilin-1 06 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
24 November
18:10
China Long March 2C China Xichang China CASC
China Yaogan-30 D CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan-30 E CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan-30 F CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
28 November
05:41:46[36]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S[51] Russia Roscosmos
Russia Meteor-M No.2-1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology 28 November 2017 Launch failure
Russia Baumanets 2 Bauman University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demo 28 November 2017 Launch failure
Canada LEO Vantage 2 TeleSat Canada Low Earth (SSO) Communications (experimental) 28 November 2017 Launch failure
Japan IDEA-OSG 1 Astroscale Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 28 November 2017 Launch failure
Norway AISSat-3 NSC Low Earth (SSO) Traffic monitoring 28 November 2017 Launch failure
United States Corvus BC x 2 Astro Digital Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 28 November 2017 Launch failure
United States Lemur-2 x 10 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 28 November 2017 Launch failure
Germany D-Star One German Orbital Systems Low Earth (SSO) Communications (experimental) 28 November 2017 Launch failure
Sweden SEAM Multiple users Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 28 November 2017 Launch failure
The Fregat upper stage suffered an apparent programming failure resulting in the loss of all 19 satellites.[50]

December[edit]

2 December
10:43:26
Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos-2524 (Lotos No.2 803) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
3 December
04:11
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LC-43 China CASC
China LKW-1[52] CAS Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
10 December
16:41 [53]
China Long March 3B China Xichang LC-2 China CAST
Algeria Alcomsat-1 Algerian Space Agency Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First Algerian geostationary communications satellite
12 December
18:36:07
European Union Ariane 5 ES France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 15-18 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
Second Galileo launch with Ariane 5 (9th overall), carrying Nicole, Zofia, Alexandre, and Irina.
15 December
15:36
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-13 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 13 January 2018 Successful
Re-used the first-stage booster from CRS-11 (2017) and the Dragon capsule from CRS-6 (2015)[54]
17 December
07:21
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-07 / 53S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 54/55 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.
23 December
01:26:22[55]
Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan GCOM-C JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Japan SLATS JAXA Low Earth Atmospheric sciences
Technology demo
In orbit Operational
23 December
01:27:23[36]
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Iridium NEXT 31–40 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Re-using a first-stage booster.[56] This rocket flew in its expendable configuration so the first-stage booster was not recovered[57]
23 December
04:14[58]
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LC-43 China CASC
China LKW-2 CAS Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
25 December
19:44
China Long March 2C China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China Yaogan-30 G CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Yaogan-30 H CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Yaogan-30 I CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
26 December
19:00:03
Ukraine Zenit-3F / Russia Fregat-SB Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 45/1 Russia Roscosmos
Angola AngoSat 1 Republic of Angola Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure[61]
First satellite of Angola. Launch was successful but contact was lost quickly afterwards.[59] On 28 December 2017, communication was temporarily restored and telemetry was received.[60]

Suborbital flights[edit]

Deep-space rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
2 February Juno 4th perijove of Jupiter A decision was made to cancel a period reduction maneuver and remain in a 53-day orbit for the remainder of the mission over engine concerns.[91]
27 March Juno 5th perijove of Jupiter
22 April[92] Cassini 127th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 979 kilometres (608 mi).
19 May Juno 6th perijove of Jupiter
11 July Juno 7th perijove of Jupiter
1 September Juno 8th perijove of Jupiter
15 September Cassini End of mission Intentional destructive entry into Saturn's atmosphere
23 September OSIRIS-REx Flyby of Earth Gravity assist to accelerate the probe towards its destination
24 October Juno 9th perijove of Jupiter
16 December Juno 10th perijove of Jupiter

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
6 January
12:23
6 hours
31 minutes
18:54 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
The crew completed the installation of new batteries on the Station's power channel 3A, and then executed a series of tasks to get ahead for the next EVA. Kimbrough collected photos of the AMS-02, then they removed a broken light on the S3 truss and routed ethernet cables on the Z1 truss.
13 January
11:22
5 hours
58 minutes
17:20 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
The crew completed the installation of new batteries on the Station's power channel 1A, and then executed a series of get ahead tasks. First they installed a new camera on the Mobile Transporter Relay Assembly, then Pesquet replaced a Worksite Interface Adapter on Canadarm-2 and collected photos of Z1 truss and S0 truss, meanwhile Kimbrough removed 2 handrails from the Destiny module. Then they picked up a bundle of covers and brought them to the Tranquillity module where will be installed when Pressurized Mating Adapter 3 will be moved from Node 3 to Node 2. When removed, the PMA's Common Berthing Mechanism will be covered up to protect it from the space environment.
24 March
11:24
6 hours
34 minutes
17:58 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
Kimbrough replaced the External Control Zone 2 (EXT-2) Multiplexer-Demultiplexer (MDM) with an upgraded "EPIC MDM" and prepared PMA-3 for its robotic relocation on Sunday. Pesquet inspected the Radiator Beam Valve Module for ammonia leaks, then lubricated one of the Latching End Effectors of Dextre. Kimbrough then replaced a pair of cameras on the Kibo module, and a light on one of the CETA carts.
30 March
11:29
7 hours
4 minutes
18:33 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
Kimbrough replaced the External Control Zone 1 (EXT-1) Multiplexer-Demultiplexer (MDM) with an upgraded "EPIC MDM" while Whitson connected heater power and heater feedback telemetry to enable PMA-3 to be repressurized, then released a series of straps to free up a cover that protected the APAS. The astronauts then installed 4 axial shields on PMA-3's former location on Tranquillity module and installed covers on PMA-3.
12 May
13:01 [93]
4 hours
13 minutes
17:21 Expedition 51
ISS Quest
  • EXT-1 MDM Remove & Replace
  • Lab EWC Antenna Install
23 May
11:20 [94]
2 hours
46 minutes
14:06 Expedition 51
ISS Quest
Throughout this hurriedly planned ‘contingency’ spacewalk, both Fischer and Whitson successfully replaced a failed multiplexer-demultiplexer (MDM), and installed a pair of antennas on station to enhance wireless communication for future spacewalks.[95]
17 August
14:36 [96]
7 hours
34 minutes
22:10 Expedition 52
ISS Pirs
  • Test of an upgraded version of the Orlan space suit, the Orlan MKS
  • Restavratsiya retrieval
  • Deployment of 5 small satellites
  • Impakt installation
  • Adapter installation on Poisk sensors
  • BKDO (БКДО) reposition
  • Test sample collection
  • Hand rail and exposure init installation
5 October
12:05
6 hours
55 minutes
19:00 Expedition 53
ISS Quest
  • Removal of LEE-A from SSRMS
  • Removal of POA LEE via 6 EDF Bolts
  • Installation of POA LEE as new SSRMS LEE-A
  • Installation of former LEE-A on POA
  • SSRMS Power-Up & Checkout
10 October
11:56
6 hours
26 minutes
18:22 Expedition 53
ISS Quest
  • ESP-1 PFCS Rotate by 90°
  • CP9 Camera Group R/R
  • LEE-A Ballscrew Lubrication
  • POA LEE Socket Removal
  • MT Camera Lens Replacement
  • Hand Rail Removal (x2)
20 October
11:47
6 hours
49 minutes
18:36 Expedition 53
ISS Quest
  • Dextre EOTP Fuse Replacement
  • Canadarm2 LEE-A CLA Remove & Replace
  • CP3 HD Camera Installation
  • MLI Removal from ORUs (x2)

Orbital launch statistics[edit]

By country[edit]

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 18 Europe: 9 India: 5 Iran: 0 Israel: 0 Japan: 7 North Korea: 0 New Zealand: 1 Russia: 20 Ukraine: 1 USA: 29Circle frame.svg
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China 18 16 1 1
 Europe 9 9 0 0
 India 5 4 1 0
 Japan 7 6 1 0
 New Zealand 1 0 1 0
 Russia 20 19 1 0 Includes 2 Soyuz launches from Kourou by Arianespace
 Ukraine 1 1 0 0 1 Zenit launch from Baikonur by Roscosmos
 United States 29 29 0 0
World 90 84 5 1

By rocket[edit]

By family[edit]

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Antares  United States 1 1 0 0
Ariane  Europe 6 6 0 0
Atlas  United States 6 6 0 0
Delta  United States 2 2 0 0
Electron  New Zealand 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight
Falcon  United States 18 18 0 0
H-II (H-IIA and H-IIB)  Japan 6 6 0 0
Kaituozhe  China 1 1 0 0
Kuaizhou  China 1 1 0 0
Long March  China 16 14 1 1
Minotaur  United States 2 2 0 0
R-7  Russia 15 14 1 0
S-Series  Japan 1 0 1 0
SLV  India 5 4 1 0
Universal Rocket  Russia 5 5 0 0
Vega  Europe 3 3 0 0
Zenit  Ukraine /  Russia 1 1 0 0

By type[edit]

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Antares 200  United States Antares 1 1 0 0
Ariane 5  Europe Ariane 6 6 0 0
Atlas V  United States Atlas 6 6 0 0
Delta II  United States Delta 1 1 0 0
Delta IV  United States Delta 1 1 0 0
Falcon 9  United States Falcon 18 18 0 0
Electron  New Zealand Electron 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight
GSLV  India SLV 1 1 0 0
GSLV Mk III  India SLV 1 1 0 0
Kaituozhe-2  China Kaituozhe 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Kuaizhou  China Kuaizhou 1 1 0 0
Minotaur IV  United States Minotaur 1 1 0 0
Minotaur-C  United States Minotaur 1 1 0 0
PSLV  India SLV 3 2 1 0
H-IIA  Japan H-II 6 6 0 0
Long March 2  China Long March 6 6 0 0
Long March 3  China Long March 5 4 0 1
Long March 4  China Long March 2 2 0 0
Long March 5  China Long March 1 0 1 0
Long March 6  China Long March 1 1 0 0
Long March 7  China Long March 1 1 0 0
Proton  Russia Universal Rocket 4 4 0 0
SS-520  Japan S-Series 1 0 1 0
Soyuz  Russia R-7 5 5 0 0
Soyuz-2  Russia R-7 10 9 1 0
Rockot (UR-100)  Russia Universal Rocket 1 1 0 0
Vega  Europe Vega 3 3 0 0
Zenit-3  Ukraine /  Russia Zenit 1 1 0 0

By configuration[edit]

By spaceport[edit]

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan 13 13 0 0
Cape Canaveral  United States 7 7 0 0
Jiuquan  China 6 6 0 0
Kennedy  United States 12 12 0 0
Kourou  France 11 11 0 0
Mahia  New Zealand 1 0 1 0 First launch
MARS  United States 1 1 0 0
Plesetsk  Russia 5 5 0 0
Satish Dhawan  India 5 4 1 0
Taiyuan  China 2 2 0 0
Tanegashima  Japan 6 6 0 0
Uchinoura  Japan 1 0 1 0
Vandenberg  United States 9 9 0 0
Vostochny  Russia 1 0 1 0
Wenchang  China 2 1 1 0
Xichang  China 8 7 0 1

By orbit[edit]

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not Achieved Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 51 48 3 0 including 13 to ISS, 1 to Tiangong-2
Geosynchronous / transfer 33 30 3 0
Medium Earth 3 3 0 1 IRNSS-1H did not separate from rocket's second stage, and was stuck in an elliptical orbit with 6000 km apogee
High Earth 3 3 0 0 including highly elliptical Tundra orbits

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External links[edit]

Generic references: