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2018 FIFA World Cup

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"2018 World Cup" redirects here. For other competitions of that name, see 2018 World Cup (disambiguation).
2018 FIFA World Cup
Чемпионат мира по футболу 2018 (Chempionat mira po futbolu 2018)[1]
2018 FIFA WC.svg
Tournament details
Host country Russia
Dates 14 June – 15 July 2018 (32 days)
Teams 32 (from 5 or 6 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 11 host cities)
2014
2022

The 2018 FIFA World Cup will be the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament for men's national teams organised by FIFA. It is scheduled to take place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July 2018,[2] after the country was awarded the hosting rights on 2 December 2010. This will be the first World Cup held in the area of the former Soviet Union and the first to be held in Europe since 2006.

The final tournament will involve 32 national teams, which include 31 teams determined through qualifying competitions and the automatically qualified host team. A total of 64 matches will be played in 12 venues located in 11 cities across European Russia. The final is expected to take place in Moscow at the Luzhniki Stadium.[3][4][5]

The winners will qualify for the 2021 FIFA Confederations Cup.

Host selection

Russian bid personnel celebrate the awarding of the 2018 World Cup to Russia.

The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest.[6] Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings,[7] and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid.[8] During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Spain/Portugal.

The twenty-two-member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments.[9] Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Spain/Portugal bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England's bid to host its second tournament fell at the first hurdle.[10]

The voting results were as follows:[11]

2018 FIFA bidding (majority 12 votes)
Bidders Votes
Round 1 Round 2
Russia 9 13
Portugal / Spain 7 7
Belgium / Netherlands 4 2
England 2 Eliminated

Branding

The typeface used for branding

The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October 2014 by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme. Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country.[12] For the branding, a typeface called Dusha (from Душа, Russian for soul) was created by Portuguese design agency Brandia Central in 2014.

Qualification

The qualifying draw was held at the Konstantinovsky Palace.

Apart from Russia, who qualified automatically for the tournament as the hosts, all FIFA member associations were eligible to enter the qualification process.

Myanmar, having successfully appealed against a ban from the competition for crowd trouble during a 2014 World Cup qualifying tie against Oman, were obliged to play all their home matches outside the country.[13] On 12 March 2015, prior to the start of qualification, Zimbabwe were expelled from the tournament for failing to pay former coach José Claudinei.[14] Indonesia were suspended and then expelled before playing a single qualifying match, as part of punishment for government interference in the Football Association of Indonesia.[15]

The qualifying draw took place at the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, Saint Petersburg on 25 July 2015 at 18:00 local time (UTC+3).[16][17][18] Qualifying matches for AFC and CONCACAF started in March 2015, prior to the qualifying draw.[2]

The allocation of slots for each confederation was decided to be unchanged by the FIFA Executive Committee on 30 May 2015 in Zürich, after the FIFA Congress.[19][20]

Qualified teams

Team Order of
qualification
Method of
qualification
Date of
qualification
Finals
appearance
Last
appearance
Previous best
performance
FIFA Ranking
at start of event
 Russia 1st Host 2 December 2010 11th 2014 Fourth place (1966)[21]

Previous and defunct proposal for expansion

In October 2013, UEFA President Michel Platini proposed that the World Cup finals should be expanded from 32 to 40 teams starting from 2018. The format would be the same as now, being groups of five instead of four.[22] This was in response to FIFA President Sepp Blatter's comments that Africa and Asia deserve more spots in the World Cup finals at the expense of European and South American teams.[23] However, FIFA general secretary Jérôme Valcke said that expansion in 2018 is "unlikely", while Russian sports minister Vitaly Mutko said that the country is "preparing on the basis that 32 teams will be taking part."[24][25]

Venues

Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg.[26] All the cities are in or just outside European Russia to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The Russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding FIFA's minimum requirement. Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed."[27]

In October 2011 Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to 14. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Spartak Stadium was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first.[28]

The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list.[29]

Sepp Blatter stated in July 2014 that due to concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to 10. He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa, where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums".[30]

In October 2014, on their first official visit to Russia, FIFA's inspection committee and its head Chris Unger visited St Petersburg, Sochi, Kazan and both Moscow venues. They were satisfied with the progress.[31]

Moscow Moscow Saint Petersburg Kaliningrad
Luzhniki Stadium Otkrytiye Arena Zenit Arena Kaliningrad Stadium
Capacity: 81,000
(upgraded)
Capacity: 44,929
(new stadium)
Capacity: 66,881
(new stadium)
Capacity: 35,000[32]
(new stadium)
Moscow — Luzhniki Stadium.jpg Spartak stadium (Otkrytiye Arena), 23 August 2014.JPG Zenit stadium (December 2014).jpg Baltic Arena - WC2018.jpg
Kazan Nizhny Novgorod
Kazan Arena Nizhny Novgorod Stadium
Capacity: 45,105[33]
(new stadium)
Capacity: 44,899
(new stadium)
RubinKazanNewStadium.png Nizhny Novgorod. Model of Strelka Side in future.jpg
Samara Volgograd
Cosmos Arena
(new stadium)
Central Stadium
(rebuilt or replaced)
Capacity: 44,918 Capacity: 45,015
Central Stadium (Volgograd).jpg
Saransk Rostov-on-Don Sochi Yekaterinburg
Mordovia-Arena
(new stadium)
Levberdon Arena
(new stadium)
Fisht Olympic Stadium
(new stadium)
Central Stadium
(upgraded)
Capacity: 45,015 Capacity: 43,702 Capacity: 47,659 Capacity: 35,000[32]
Стадион Фишт.JPG Центральный вход после реконструкции.jpg

Media related to Stadiums of FIFA World Cup 2018 at Wikimedia Commons

Schedule

The full schedule was announced by FIFA on 24 July 2015 (without kick-off times, which will be confirmed later).[34][35] Russia will be placed in position A1 in the group stage and play in the opening match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 14 June, which will also host the second semi-final on 11 July and the final on 15 July. The Zenit Arena in Saint Petersburg will host the first semi-final on 10 July and the third place match on 14 July.[19]

Group stage

Group A

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Russia (H) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 A2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 A3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 A4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 14 June 2018. Source: FIFA
(H) Host.

14 June 2018 (2018-06-14)
Russia  Match 1 A2

15 June 2018 (2018-06-15)
A3 Match 2 A4

19 June 2018 (2018-06-19)
Russia  Match 17 A3

20 June 2018 (2018-06-20)
A4 Match 18 A2

25 June 2018 (2018-06-25)
A4 Match 33  Russia

25 June 2018 (2018-06-25)
A2 Match 34 A3

Group B

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 B1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 B2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 B3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 B4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 15 June 2018. Source: FIFA

15 June 2018 (2018-06-15)
B1 Match 3 B2

15 June 2018 (2018-06-15)
B3 Match 4 B4

20 June 2018 (2018-06-20)
B1 Match 19 B3

20 June 2018 (2018-06-20)
B4 Match 20 B2

25 June 2018 (2018-06-25)
B4 Match 35 B1

25 June 2018 (2018-06-25)
B2 Match 36 B3

Group C

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 C1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 C2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 C3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 C4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 16 June 2018. Source: FIFA

16 June 2018 (2018-06-16)
C1 Match 5 C2

16 June 2018 (2018-06-16)
C3 Match 6 C4

21 June 2018 (2018-06-21)
C1 Match 21 C3

21 June 2018 (2018-06-21)
C4 Match 22 C2

26 June 2018 (2018-06-26)
C4 Match 37 C1

26 June 2018 (2018-06-26)
C2 Match 38 C3

Group D

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 D1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 D2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 D3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 D4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 16 June 2018. Source: FIFA

16 June 2018 (2018-06-16)
D1 Match 7 D2

16 June 2018 (2018-06-16)
D3 Match 8 D4

21 June 2018 (2018-06-21)
D1 Match 23 D3

22 June 2018 (2018-06-22)
D4 Match 24 D2

26 June 2018 (2018-06-26)
D4 Match 39 D1

26 June 2018 (2018-06-26)
D2 Match 40 D3

Group E

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 E1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 E2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 E3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 E4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 17 June 2018. Source: FIFA

17 June 2018 (2018-06-17)
E1 Match 9 E2

17 June 2018 (2018-06-17)
E3 Match 10 E4

22 June 2018 (2018-06-22)
E1 Match 25 E3

22 June 2018 (2018-06-22)
E4 Match 26 E2

27 June 2018 (2018-06-27)
E4 Match 41 E1

27 June 2018 (2018-06-27)
E2 Match 42 E3

Group F

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 F1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 F2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 F3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 F4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 17 June 2018. Source: FIFA

17 June 2018 (2018-06-17)
F1 Match 11 F2

18 June 2018 (2018-06-18)
F3 Match 12 F4

23 June 2018 (2018-06-23)
F1 Match 27 F3

23 June 2018 (2018-06-23)
F4 Match 28 F2

27 June 2018 (2018-06-27)
F4 Match 43 F1

27 June 2018 (2018-06-27)
F2 Match 44 F3

Group G

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 G1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 G2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 G3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 G4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 18 June 2018. Source: FIFA

18 June 2018 (2018-06-18)
G1 Match 13 G2

18 June 2018 (2018-06-18)
G3 Match 14 G4

23 June 2018 (2018-06-23)
G1 Match 29 G3

24 June 2018 (2018-06-24)
G4 Match 30 G2

28 June 2018 (2018-06-28)
G4 Match 45 G1

28 June 2018 (2018-06-28)
G2 Match 46 G3

Group H

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 H1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Knockout stage
2 H2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 H3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 H4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 19 June 2018. Source: FIFA

19 June 2018 (2018-06-19)
H1 Match 15 H2

19 June 2018 (2018-06-19)
H3 Match 16 H4

24 June 2018 (2018-06-24)
H1 Match 31 H3

24 June 2018 (2018-06-24)
H4 Match 32 H2

28 June 2018 (2018-06-28)
H4 Match 47 H1

28 June 2018 (2018-06-28)
H2 Match 48 H3

Knockout stage

 
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
                           
 
30 June – Sochi
 
 
Winner Group A
 
6 July – Nizhny Novgorod
 
Runner-up Group B
 
Winner Match 49
 
30 June – Kazan
 
Winner Match 50
 
Winner Group C
 
10 July – Saint Petersburg
 
Runner-up Group D
 
Winner Match 57
 
2 July – Samara
 
Winner Match 58
 
Winner Group E
 
6 July – Kazan
 
Runner-up Group F
 
Winner Match 53
 
2 July – Rostov-on-Don
 
Winner Match 54
 
Winner Group G
 
15 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)
 
Runner-up Group H
 
Winner Match 61
 
1 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)
 
Winner Match 62
 
Winner Group B
 
7 July – Sochi
 
Runner-up Group A
 
Winner Match 51
 
1 July – Nizhny Novgorod
 
Winner Match 52
 
Winner Group D
 
11 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)
 
Runner-up Group C
 
Winner Match 59
 
3 July – Saint Petersburg
 
Winner Match 60 Third Place
 
Winner Group F
 
7 July – Samara 14 July – Saint Petersburg
 
Runner-up Group E
 
Winner Match 55 Loser Match 61
 
3 July – Moscow (Spartak)
 
Winner Match 56 Loser Match 62
 
Winner Group H
 
 
Runner-up Group G
 

Round of 16

30 June 2018 (2018-06-30)
Winner Group A Match 49 Runner-up Group B

30 June 2018 (2018-06-30)
Winner Group C Match 50 Runner-up Group D

1 July 2018 (2018-07-01)
Winner Group B Match 51 Runner-up Group A

1 July 2018 (2018-07-01)
Winner Group D Match 52 Runner-up Group C

2 July 2018 (2018-07-02)
Winner Group E Match 53 Runner-up Group F

2 July 2018 (2018-07-02)
Winner Group G Match 54 Runner-up Group H

3 July 2018 (2018-07-03)
Winner Group F Match 55 Runner-up Group E

3 July 2018 (2018-07-03)
Winner Group H Match 56 Runner-up Group G

Quarter-finals

6 July 2018 (2018-07-06)
Winner Match 49 Match 57 Winner Match 50

6 July 2018 (2018-07-06)
Winner Match 53 Match 58 Winner Match 54

7 July 2018 (2018-07-07)
Winner Match 51 Match 59 Winner Match 52

7 July 2018 (2018-07-07)
Winner Match 55 Match 60 Winner Match 56

Semi-finals

10 July 2018 (2018-07-10)
Winner Match 57 Match 61 Winner Match 58

11 July 2018 (2018-07-11)
Winner Match 59 Match 62 Winner Match 60

Third place match

14 July 2018 (2018-07-14)
Loser Match 61 Match 63 Loser Match 62

Final

15 July 2018 (2018-07-15)
Winner Match 61 Match 64 Winner Match 62

Controversies

As with the 2014 Winter Olympics, the choice of Russia as host has been challenged. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football,[36][37] and discrimination against LGBT people in wider Russian society.[38][39] Russia's alleged involvement in the ongoing conflict in Ukraine has also caused calls by some US and UK politicians for the tournament to be moved, particularly following the annexation of Crimea.[40][41] FIFA President Sepp Blatter said: "The World Cup has been given and voted to Russia and we are going forward with our work".[42]

Allegations of corruption in the bidding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups caused threats from England's FA to boycott the tournament.[43] FIFA appointed Michael J. Garcia, a US attorney, to investigate and produce a report (the Garcia Report) on the corruption allegations. Although the report was never published, FIFA released a 42-page summary of its findings as determined by German judge Hans-Joachim Eckert. Eckert's summary cleared Russia and Qatar of any wrongdoing, but was denounced by critics as a whitewash.[44] Garcia criticised the summary as being "materially incomplete" with "erroneous representations of the facts and conclusions", and appealed to FIFA's Appeal Committee.[45][46] The committee declined to hear his appeal, so Garcia resigned in protest of FIFA's conduct, citing a "lack of leadership" and lack of confidence in the independence of Eckert.[47]

On 3 June 2015, the FBI confirmed that the federal authorities were investigating the bidding and awarding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups.[48][49] In an interview published on 7 June 2015, Domenico Scala, the head of FIFA's Audit And Compliance Committee, stated that "should there be evidence that the awards to Qatar and Russia came only because of bought votes, then the awards could be cancelled."[50][51]

Due to the financial crisis in the Russian economy, the budget for the preparations was cut a few times. In June 2015, a government decree cut the budget by $560 million, to a total of $11.8 billion.[52]

Russian visa policy

The general visa policy of Russia will not apply to the World Cup participants and fans, who will be able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship.[53]

Broadcasting rights

Country Broadcaster Ref.
Algeria ENTV [54]
Argentina TV Pública, TyC Sports [citation needed]
Australia SBS [55][56]
Brazil Rede Globo [57]
Canada CTV, RDS, TSN [56][58]
Chile Canal 13, TVN [citation needed]
Germany ARD, ZDF [59][60][61]
Indonesia RCTI [citation needed]
Iran IRIB [54]
Ireland RTÉ [62]
Kosovo RTK [63][64][65]
Malaysia Astro, RTM [citation needed]
Mexico Televisa, TV Azteca, Univisión [citation needed]
Nepal NTV [citation needed]
Portugal RTP [66]
Slovakia RTVS [citation needed]
South Korea SBS (Major distributor in South Korea), KBS, MBC [67]
Sweden SVT, TV4 [59][61]
Switzerland SRG SSR [68]
United Kingdom BBC, ITV [60]
United States Fox Sports, Telemundo [69][70]
Region Broadcaster Ref.
Caribbean[n 1] DirecTV [71]
Europe[n 2] EBU [59][72]
Middle East and North Africa[n 3] beIN Sports Arabia [54][73][74]
Oceania[n 4] SBS [citation needed]
  1. ^ The FIFA/DirecTV deal covers the rights for 22 countries: Antigua & Barbuda, Anguilla, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago and the Turks and Caicos.
  2. ^ The FIFA/EBU deal covers the rights for 37 countries: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine
  3. ^ The FIFA/beIN Sports Arabia deal covers the rights for 21 countries: Algeria (ENTV), Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran (IRIB), Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia
  4. ^ The FIFA/SBS deal covers the rights for all countries in Oceania except New Zealand

See also

References

  1. ^ Standard Russian pronunciation is [tɕɪmʲpʲɪɐˈnat ˈmʲirə pə fʊdˈbolʊ dʲvʲɪ ˈtɨsʲɪtɕɪ vəsʲɪmˈnatsətʲ]
  2. ^ a b "Ethics: Executive Committee unanimously supports recommendation to publish report on 2018/2022 FIFA World Cup™ bidding process" (Press release). FIFA.com. 19 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Russia united for 2018 FIFA World Cup Host Cities announcement". FIFA.com. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "FIFA Picks Cities for World Cup 2018". En.rsport.ru. 29 September 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Russia budget for 2018 Fifa World Cup nearly doubles". BBC News. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  6. ^ Goff, Steve (16 January 2009). "Future World Cups". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  7. ^ "Mexico withdraws FIFA World Cup bid". FIFA. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 10 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Indonesia's bid to host the 2022 World Cup bid ends". BBC Sport. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Combined bidding confirmed". FIFA. 20 December 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2008. 
  10. ^ "England miss out to Russia in 2018 World Cup Vote". BBC News. 2 December 2010. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  11. ^ Doyle, Paul; Busfield, Steve (2 December 2010). "World Cup 2018 and 2022 decision day – live!". The Guardian (London). 
  12. ^ "'Russia’s heart & soul': World Cup 2018 logo unveiled in Moscow (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". RT. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Myanmar appeal partially upheld". FIFA. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Zimbabwe expelled from 2018 World Cup". BBC Sport. 12 March 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "IMPACT OF FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION OF INDONESIA SUSPENSION". AFC. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "FIFA World Cup™ Preliminary Draw: 1 week to go". FIFA.com. 18 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "Organising Committee for the FIFA World Cup extends its responsibilities to cover 2018 and 2022". FIFA.com. 19 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "Konstantinovsky Palace to stage Preliminary Draw of the 2018 FIFA World Cup". FIFA.com. 10 October 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "2022 FIFA World Cup to be played in November/December". FIFA.com. 20 March 2015. 
  20. ^ "Current allocation of FIFA World Cup™ confederation slots maintained". FIFA.com. 30 May 2015. 
  21. ^ Russia's best result under its current name is the group stage in 1994, 2002 and 2014. However, FIFA considers Russia as the successor team of the Soviet Union.
  22. ^ "UEFA chief Platini calls for 40 team World Cup". Reuters. 28 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "Blatter wants more Africa slots for World Cup". Confederation of African Football. 26 October 2013. 
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  33. ^ Вместимость футбольного стадиона Казани к ЧМ могут увеличить до 60 тыс. мест (in Russian). Tatar-inform.ru. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2011. 
  34. ^ "Match schedules for FIFA Confederations Cup 2017 and 2018 FIFA World Cup™ unveiled". FIFA.com. 24 July 2015. 
  35. ^ "FIFA World Cup Russia 2018 - Match Schedule" (PDF). FIFA.com. 
  36. ^ Syal, Rajeev (3 December 2010). "World Cup 2018 win raises Russian racism fears". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
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  38. ^ J.P. McCormick (25 March 2014). "Campaigns demand FIFA bans Russia from hosting 2018 World Cup due to anti-gay law". Pink News. 
  39. ^ J. Lavin (28 February 2014). "Why FIFA Needs to Move the World Cup". advocate.com. 
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  42. ^ "Sepp Blatter: Russia will host 2018 World Cup despite Crimea". BBC Sport. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  43. ^ Ornstein, David (17 November 2014). "World Cup: Former FA chief David Bernstein calls for boycott". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  44. ^ Dunbar, Graham. "FIFA under fire after report on Qatar, Russia". Associated Press. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
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  49. ^ "James Riach "FBI investigating Fifa’s awarding of 2018 and 2022 World Cups – report", The Guardian". 3 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  50. ^ "'Russia & Qatar may lose World Cups' - Fifa official". BBC News. 7 June 2015. 
  51. ^ Owen Gibson (7 June 2015). "Russia and Qatar may lose World Cups if evidence of bribery is found". The Guardian. 
  52. ^ Russia Orders $560-Million Cuts on World Cup 2018 Spending, June 22, 2015
  53. ^ "Russia to ease visa regime for World Cup fans in 2018". Voice of Russia. 11 July 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
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