2018 FIFA World Cup

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"2018 World Cup" redirects here. For other competitions of that name, see 2018 World Cup (disambiguation).
2018 FIFA World Cup
Чемпионат мира по футболу 2018 (Chempionat mira po futbolu 2018)[1]
FIFA World Cup 2018 Logo.png
Tournament details
Host country Russia
Dates 14 June – 15 July 2018 (32 days)
Teams 32 (from 5 or 6 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 11 host cities)
2014
2022

The 2018 FIFA World Cup will be the 21st FIFA World Cup, an international men's football tournament, that is currently scheduled to take place between 14 June and 15 July 2018 in Russia.[2] This will be the first World Cup held in the area of the former Soviet Union and the first since 2006 to be held in Europe.

The finals tournament will involve 32 national teams, including that of the host nation, assuming the current format of the finals is maintained. The final is expected to take place in Moscow at the Luzhniki Stadium.[3][4][5]

Host selection[edit]

Russian bid personnel celebrate the awarding of the 2018 World Cup to Russia.

The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest.[6] Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings,[7] and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid.[8] During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Spain/Portugal.

The twenty-two-member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments.[9] Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Spain/Portugal bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England's bid to host its second tournament fell at the first hurdle.[10]

The voting results were as follows:[11]

2018 FIFA bidding (majority 12 votes)
Bidders Votes
Round 1 Round 2
Russia 9 13
Portugal / Spain 7 7
Belgium / Netherlands 4 2
England 2 Eliminated

Branding[edit]

The typeface used for branding

The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October 2014 by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme. Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country.[12] For the branding, a typeface called Dusha (from Душа, Russian for soul) was created by Portuguese design agency Brandia Central in 2014.

Qualification[edit]

The qualifying draw will be held at the Konstantinovsky Palace

The qualification process for the 2018 World Cup has not yet been announced. All FIFA member associations, of which there are 209 as of March 2013, are eligible to enter qualification. Myanmar, having successfully appealed against a ban from the competition for crowd trouble during a 2014 World Cup qualifying tie against Oman, will be obliged to play all their 'home' matches outside the country.[13] On 12 March 2015, prior to the start of qualification, Zimbabwe were expelled from the tournament for failing to pay former coach José Claudinei.[14] Indonesia were suspended and then expelled before playing a single qualifying match, as part of punishment for government interference in the Football Association of Indonesia.[15] Russia, as hosts, qualify for the tournament automatically.

The qualifying draw will take place at the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, Saint Petersburg on 25 July 2015.[16][17] Qualifying matches for AFC and CONCACAF started in March 2015, prior to the qualifying draw.[2]

The allocation of slots for each confederation was decided to be unchanged by the FIFA Executive Committee on 30 May 2015 in Zürich after the FIFA Congress.[18][19]

Qualified teams[edit]

Team Order of
qualification
Method of
qualification
Date of
qualification
Finals
appearance
Last
appearance
Previous best
performance
FIFA Ranking
at start of event
 Russia 1st Host 2 December 2010 11th 2014 Fourth place (1966)[20]

Proposal for expansion[edit]

In October 2013, UEFA President Michel Platini proposed that the World Cup finals should be expanded from 32 to 40 teams starting from 2018. The format would be the same as now, being groups of five instead of four.[21] This was in response to FIFA President Sepp Blatter's comments that Africa and Asia deserve more spots in the World Cup finals at the expense of European and South American teams.[22] However, FIFA general secretary Jérôme Valcke said that expansion in 2018 is "unlikely", while Russian sports minister Vitaly Mutko said that the country is "preparing on the basis that 32 teams will be taking part."[23][24]

Venues[edit]

Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg.[25] All the cities are in or just outside European Russia to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The Russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding FIFA's minimum requirement. Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed."[26]

In October 2011 Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to 14. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Spartak Stadium was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first.[27]

The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list.[28]

Sepp Blatter stated in July 2014 that due to concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to 10. He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa, where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums".[29]

In October 2014, on their first official visit to Russia, FIFA's inspection committee and its head Chris Unger visited St Petersburg, Sochi, Kazan and both Moscow venues. They were satisfied with the progress.[30]

Moscow Moscow Saint Petersburg Kaliningrad
Luzhniki Stadium Otkrytiye Arena Zenit Arena Kaliningrad Stadium
Capacity: 81,000
(upgraded)
Capacity: 44,929
(new stadium)
Capacity: 66,881
(new stadium)
Capacity: 35,000[31]
(new stadium)
Moscow — Luzhniki Stadium.jpg Spartak stadium (Otkrytiye Arena), 23 August 2014.JPG Zenit stadium (December 2014).jpg Baltic Arena - WC2018.jpg
Kazan Nizhny Novgorod
Kazan Arena Strelka Stadium
Capacity: 45,105[32]
(new stadium)
Capacity: 44,899
(new stadium)
RubinKazanNewStadium.png Nizhny Novgorod. Model of Strelka Side in future.jpg
Samara Volgograd
Cosmos Arena
(new stadium)
Central Stadium
(rebuilt or replaced)
Capacity: 44,918 Capacity: 45,015
Central Stadium (Volgograd).jpg
Saransk Rostov-on-Don Sochi Yekaterinburg
Mordovia-Arena
(new stadium)
Levberdon Arena
(new stadium)
Fisht Olympic Stadium
(new stadium)
Central Stadium
(upgraded)
Capacity: 45,015 Capacity: 43,702 Capacity: 47,659 Capacity: 35,000[31]
Стадион Фишт.JPG

Media related to Stadiums of FIFA World Cup 2018 at Wikimedia Commons

Schedule[edit]

While the full schedule has not been released yet, the dates and venues of the following matches have been confirmed:[18]

  • The Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow will host the opening match on 14 June, the second semi-final on 11 July, and the final on 15 July.
  • The Zenit Arena in Saint Petersburg will host the first semi-final on 10 July, and the third place match on 14 July.

Controversies[edit]

As with the 2014 Winter Olympics, the choice of Russia as host has been challenged. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football,[33][34] and discrimination against LGBT people in wider Russian society.[35][36][37] Russia's alleged involvement in the ongoing conflict in Ukraine has also caused calls for the tournament to be moved, particularly following the annexation of Crimea[38][39] and Russia's alleged role in the destruction of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.[40] FIFA President Sepp Blatter said: "The World Cup has been given and voted to Russia and we are going forward with our work".[41]

Allegations of corruption in the bidding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups caused threats from England's FA to boycott the tournament.[42] FIFA appointed Michael J. Garcia, a US attorney, to investigate and produce a report (the Garcia Report) on the corruption allegations. Although the report was never published, FIFA released a 42-page summary of its findings as determined by German judge Hans-Joachim Eckert. Eckert's summary cleared Russia and Qatar of any wrongdoing, but was denounced by critics as a whitewash.[43] Garcia criticised the summary as being "materially incomplete" with "erroneous representations of the facts and conclusions", and appealed to FIFA's Appeal Committee.[44][45] The committee declined to hear his appeal, so Garcia resigned in protest of FIFA's conduct, citing a "lack of leadership" and lack of confidence in the independence of Eckert.[46]

On 3 June 2015, the FBI confirmed that the federal authorities were investigating the bidding and awarding processes for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups.[47][48] In an interview published on 7 June 2015, Domenico Scala, the head of FIFA's Audit And Compliance Committee, stated that "should there be evidence that the awards to Qatar and Russia came only because of bought votes, then the awards could be cancelled."[49][50]

Due to the financial crisis in the Russian economy, the budget for the preperations was cut a few times. In June 2015, a government decree cut the budget by $560 million, to a total of $11.8 billion.[51]

Russian visa policy[edit]

The general visa policy of Russia will not apply to the World Cup participants and fans, who will be able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship.[52]

Broadcasting rights[edit]

Country Broadcaster Ref.
Algeria ENTV [53]
Argentina TV Pública, TyC Sports [citation needed]
Australia SBS [54][55]
Brazil Rede Globo [56]
Canada CTV, RDS, TSN [55][57]
Chile Canal 13, TVN [citation needed]
Germany ARD, ZDF [58][59][60]
Kosovo RTK [61][62][63]
Indonesia RCTI [citation needed]
Iran IRIB [53]
Malaysia Astro, RTM [citation needed]
Mexico Televisa, TV Azteca, Univisión [citation needed]
Nepal NTV [citation needed]
Portugal RTP [64]
South Korea SBS (Major distributor in South Korea), KBS, MBC [65]
Sweden SVT, TV4 [58][60]
Switzerland SRG SSR [66]
United Kingdom BBC, ITV [59]
United States Fox Sports, Telemundo [67][68]
Region Broadcaster Ref.
Caribbean[n 1] DirecTV [69]
Europe[n 2] EBU [58][70]
Middle East and North Africa[n 3] beIN Sports Arabia [53][71][72]
Oceania[n 4] SBS [citation needed]
  1. ^ The FIFA/DirecTV deal covers the rights for 22 countries: Antigua & Barbuda, Anguilla, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad & Tobago and the Turks and Caicos.
  2. ^ The FIFA/EBU deal covers the rights for 37 countries: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine
  3. ^ The FIFA/beIN Sports Arabia deal covers the rights for 21 countries: Algeria (ENTV), Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran (IRIB), Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia
  4. ^ The FIFA/SBS deal covers the rights for all countries in Oceania except New Zealand

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Standard Russian pronunciation is [tɕɪmʲpʲɪɐˈnat ˈmʲirə pə fʊdˈbolʊ dʲvʲɪ ˈtɨsʲɪtɕɪ vəsʲɪmˈnatsətʲ]
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External links[edit]