2018 Liège attack

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2018 Liège attack
Part of Islamic terrorism in Europe (2014–present)
Ecusson de la Belgian Blue Line en hommage aux victimes policières de l'attentat islamiste de Liège du 29 mai 2018.jpg
LocationLiège, Belgium
Coordinates50°38′08″N 5°34′03″E / 50.63556°N 5.56750°E / 50.63556; 5.56750Coordinates: 50°38′08″N 5°34′03″E / 50.63556°N 5.56750°E / 50.63556; 5.56750
Date29 May 2018 (2018-05-29)
10:30 CEST (UTC+2)
TargetPolice officers, civilians
Attack type
Shooting, hostage-taking
WeaponsKnife, handguns
Deaths4 (including perpetrator)
Non-fatal injuries
4 (including 1 critical)
PerpetratorBenjamin Herman

On 29 May 2018, Benjamin Herman, a prisoner on temporary leave from prison, stabbed two female police officers, took their guns, shot and killed them and a civilian in Liège, Belgium.[1][2] The gunman took a woman hostage before he was killed by police.[3] The attacker had since 2017 been suspected of having been radicalised in prison after converting to Islam, and was reported to be part of the entourage of a prison Islamist recruiter.[4][5] The method of the attack was said by investigators to match and be specifically encouraged by the Islamic State which claimed the attack.[6] Prosecutors say they are treating the attacks as "terrorist murder".[1] The attack is treated as "jihadist terrorism" by Europol.[7]

Background[edit]

Recent stabbing attacks on police officers in Belgium have included the 2016 stabbing of Brussels police officers, the 2016 stabbing of Charleroi police officers and the stabbing of two officers on 7 September 2016 in Molenbeek.[8][3][9]

Belgium, which had been on high alert since a Brussels-based Islamic State (IS) cell was involved in the November 2015 Paris attacks and the March 2016 Brussels bombings that killed 32 people,[1] lowered its alert level in January 2018 citing the defeat of ISIS and a reduction in the number of people coming to Belgium from Syria.[9]

The Belgian parliament issued a report last year warning that convicts in the country had been behind several recent attacks in Europe and further expressed concerns that hundreds of prisoners deemed radical by authorities are due to be released in the coming years.[10]

Stabbing and shooting[edit]

At about 10:30, outside the Aux Augustins café in Liege's city centre,[11] the attacker shouted "Allahu Akbar", according to Federal Magistrate Wenke Rogen[12] and according to a video reported by La Repubblica.[13][3] He was armed with a knife that he used to stab[11] two female officers, Lucile Garcia and Soraya Belkacemi,[14] from behind as they were checking parking meters.[1] He took one of the officers' handguns (he was later pictured with two handguns) and fatally shot the officers.[11] A 22-year-old male, Cyril Vangriecken, was also killed in an attempted car-jacking before the perpetrator went into the Athénée de Waha high school and tried to take a female cleaner hostage who was left unharmed after she told the attacker that she was a Muslim who observed Ramadan, and persuaded him to not harm the pupils.[15][16][14] All the students had been evacuated to the nearby Botanical Garden. [11]

The perpetrator then left the school and shot two police officers in the leg, leaving one officer in a serious condition.[11] Two other officers received injuries to their arms before the attacker was shot dead when the police returned fire.[17][18]

Catherine Collignon, a spokesman for the Liège prosecutors, confirmed the deaths of four people, including the assailant.[11] She later claimed the attack matched the style of similar IS-inspired attacks and told a press conference the attack "qualified as terrorist murder and attempted terrorist murder."[16]

A terrorism investigation was launched after the attack.[1][9] The method of the attack, repeatedly stabbing the policewomen before using their own firearms to kill them, while shouting "Allahu Akbar", was said by investigators to be specifically encouraged by the Islamic State.[6]

Perpetrator[edit]

Benjamin Herman, a 31-year-old Belgian, was reported as the perpetrator[15] who had been released from prison on 28 May[17] on a one-day parole after being held for drug offences. Investigators sought to determine if he had been radicalised in prison[11] as he had reportedly been in contact with radicalised Islamists while confined [1] although he wasn't listed as an extremist threat.[11] During a search of his cell after the attack, investigators found a Quran and a prayer rug.[19]

He was from Rochefort, about an hour from Liège. He was known to police for crimes such as robbery, assault and drug dealing. His family leave was given in order to prepare for his re-integration into society despite a prison service assessment that he was very violent.[1]

The night before the attack, Herman also killed Michael Wilmet in Marche-en-Famenne,[20] repeatedly hitting him with a hammer. Wilmet was a former prisoner, convicted on drug charges, whom Herman had met in jail.[17][21]

On 30 May, Amaq News Agency, linked to the Islamic State, claimed that a "soldier of the Caliphate" had responded to the proscribed group's call to attack citizens of countries in the international coalition fighting it.[22][23]

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

The monarchy of Belgium offered its condolences, while King Philippe of Belgium visited the scene along with Prime Minister Charles Michel, who also offered his condolences. Belgium's national threat level remained at two out of four, indicating an average risk of an attack.[11]

As part of the initial investigation reasons, Deputy Prime Minister Alexander De Croo asked: "Everyone in Belgium is asking the same question: how is it possible that someone convicted for such serious acts was allowed to leave prisons?" Justice Minister Koen Geens then claimed that there was not any reason to suspect this time would be different from his earlier furloughs and that Herman’s latest temporary leave was the 14th time since his detention and was intended to help him prepare for eventual reintegration into society in 2020. "I don’t think those are mistakes. It is not a clear-cut case of radicalisation — otherwise he would have been flagged by all services." Michel concurred with the assessment that Herman had not figured directly on the primary national register of threats.[10]

The day after the attack, a ceremony honouring the victims was held in Espace Tivoli in Liège at 13:00 which was observed by many police officers, politicians, and members of the public. Seven minutes of silence were observed, ending with spontaneous applause from the crowd.[24]

International[edit]

Belgium-based NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg offered his condolences and solidarity.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Crisp, James (29 May 2018). "Belgium shooting: Terror investigation launched after 'released prisoner' kills two police officers before taking hostage in Liege". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Belgium shooting: Two police officers, passerby killed in Liege". CNN. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Liege shooting: Two police and passer-by dead in Belgium". BBC. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Belgium under scrutiny over release of "radicalised" convict before attack". Reuters. 30 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Belgium shooting: 'Radicalised' prisoner on day release kills two female police officers in Liege". The Telegraph. 29 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Belgian investigators shed light on Liège gunman as IS group claims attack". France 24. 30 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Terrorist threat in the EU remains high despite the decline of IS in Iraq and Syria". Europol. 20 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Policières attaquées en Belgique: six interpellations". AFP. 30 November 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Pop, Valentina (29 May 2018). "Three Killed in Suspected Terror Attack in Belgium Assailant killed two police officers and a passerby before being shot dead in the center of Liege". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Belgium officials criticize security failure after". presstv.com. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Allen, Peter (29 May 2018). "Gunman 'shouting Allahu Akbar' kills two police officers and passer-by in Liege". mirror. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  12. ^ "The Latest: Islamic State group claims deadly Belgium attack". Associated Press. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018. Belgian federal magistrate [...] Wenke Roggen said that the attacker shouted “Allahu akbar,” the Arabic phrase for God is great, several times during the shooting rampage
  13. ^ "Belgio, il killer di Liegi urla "Allah Akbar": la testimone riprende la scena e lo insulta dal balcone". la Repubblica (in Italian). RTBF Info. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018. In the amateur video one sees the Liege attacker, before being killed by authorities, shouting «Allah Akbar.»
  14. ^ a b "Liege terrorist was released from prison today after being radicalised inside". metro.co.uk. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  15. ^ a b Crisp, James (30 May 2018). "Belgium terrorist attack: Hero hostage convinced Liege gunman to spare schoolchildren". The Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2018. After asking if she was Muslim and observed Ramadan, Herman said he would not harm her.
  16. ^ a b "Belgium terrorist attack: Liege gunman 'murdered another man' night before shooting rampage". The Telegraph. 30 May 2018.
  17. ^ a b c "Belgium gunman 'had killed the day before'". 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  18. ^ "Ce que l'on sait des victimes de l'attaque à Liège". FIGARO (in French). 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  19. ^ "'Radicalized' Belgian convict kills three before being shot dead". Reuters. 29 May 2018.
  20. ^ Newmedia, RTL. "Le ministre Jan Jambon confirme: Benjamin Herman a bien tué Michael Wilmet lundi soir à Marche-en-Famenne". RTL Info. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  21. ^ Boffey, Daniel (30 May 2018). "Belgian gunman 'killed person day before deadly Liège attack'". the Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Islamic State group claims deadly Belgium attack". ITV News. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  23. ^ News, ABC. "Killings by Belgian inmate treated as terror; IS claims role". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
  24. ^ "Hommage silencieux, hier, aux victimes de la fusillade". Today in Liège (in French). 31 May 2018.
  25. ^ "#NATO stands in solidarity with our host nation and the Belgium police after the attack in #Liège. My deepest condolences to the victims and their loved ones". Twitter. Retrieved 29 May 2018.

External links[edit]