2018 Nobel Peace Prize

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The Nobel Peace Prize
Awarded for Outstanding contributions to peace
Date 5 October 2018 (2018-10-05)
Location Oslo
Country Norway
Presented by Norwegian Nobel Committee
Reward(s) 9.0 million SEK ($ 1.01M, M)
First awarded 1901
2018 laureate Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad
Website nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2018/summary/

The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict," according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee announcement on 5 October 2018 in Oslo, Norway.[1] "Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, such war crimes," according to the award citation.[2] After reading the citation, Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen told reporters that the impact of this year's award is to highlight sexual abuse with the goal that every level of governance take responsibility to end such crimes and impunities.

The citation also highlighted the historic context of the 2018 award: "This year marks a decade since the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1820 (2008), which determined that the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict constitutes both a war crime and a threat to international peace and security. This is also set out in the Rome Statute of 1998, which governs the work of the International Criminal Court. The Statute establishes that sexual violence in war and armed conflict is a grave violation of international law.  A more peaceful world can only be achieved if women and their fundamental rights and security are recognised and protected in war."[1]

Mukwege is the first Congolese and Murad the seventeenth woman and first Iraqi to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Award announcement[edit]

Denis Mukwege is a gynecologist specializing in the treatment of women victimized by sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nadia Murad is a Yazidi human rights advocate who survived sexual slavery by the Islamic State in Iraq and published a memoir of the ordeal.[3] "Each of them in their own way has helped to give greater visibility to war-time sexual violence, so that the perpetrators can be held accountable for their actions," reads the award citation.[1]

Norwegian Nobel Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen commented on whether the Me Too movement inspired the Committee's award decision: "Metoo and war crimes are not quite the same. But they have in common that they see the suffering of women, the abuse of women and that it is important that women leave the concept of shame behind and speak up."[4]

At the time of the announcement in Oslo, neither awardee could be reached and informed of winning the prize.[5] "I was in the operating room so when they started to make noise around (it) I wasn't really thinking about what was going on and suddenly some people came in and told me the news," Mukwege told Norwegian daily VG after completing his second surgery of the day, "It was so touching when I was operating and I heard people start to cry and it was so, so, so touching."[6] "I can see in the faces of many women how they are happy to be recognised, and this is really so touching," he said when informed by phone of the news.[7] Later addressing colleagues and supporters at the hospital, he said: "dear survivors around the world, I want to tell you that through this prize the world is listening to you and refuses indifference ... We hope that the world will no longer delay taking action in your favour, with force and determination, because the survival of humanity depends on you. It's you women who carry humanity."[8]

"I hope that it will help bring justice for those women who suffered from sexual violence," said Murad, learning of the award while in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[9] She said she will share her award "with Yazidis, Iraqis, Kurds, other persecuted minorities and all of the countless victims of sexual violence around the world" and will be thinking of her mother, who was slain by IS militants.[8] Middlebury College President Laurie L. Patton wrote in an email, "This is by far the best cancellation notice I have ever had to write," when Murad had to cancel as guest speaker delivering the night of the award announcement a presentation entitled "Hope Has an Expiration Date: Exploring the Plight of Victims of Ethnic and Religious Violence in the Middle East."[10]

Nominations considered by the Nobel Committee number 331, of which 216 were individuals and 115 were organizations, second highest to the record 376 candidates in 2016.[11] Odds makers' favorites included the Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un, the President of South Korea Moon Jae-in, and the President of the United States Donald Trump for their role in the 2018 thaw of the North Korea–South Korea relations.[12][13][14][15][16] The PRIO Director's "shortlist" included the World Food Programme for addressing hunger and food security; Dr. Denis Mukwege, Nadia Murad and Tarana Burke for their respective advocacies against sexual violence; SOS Méditerranée, Doctors Without Borders and the International Rescue Committee for their respective humanitarian work on migration crises in the Mediterranean region and Libya; Oby Ezekwesili and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative for championing anti-corruption and transparency in the link between armed conflict and extractive natural resource governance; and Reporters Without Borders for highlighting injustices against journalists reporting on conflicts and atrocities.[17]

Early reactions[edit]

Tweeted reactions began pouring in immediately following the announcement, with Human Rights Watch executive director Kenneth Roth calling it a "long awaited Nobel recognition", Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council Jan Egeland calling it "the best Nobel Prize in a long time", and the government of Iraq expressing "deepest respect" for Murad.[18] The only Yazidi in Iraq's Parliament, Vian Dakhil wrote in a statement that Murad "proved to the whole world that the will of life and peace is above the savagery of terrorism and hard-liner ideas," and Iraqi President Barham Salih tweeted that "Nadia's honor reflects the world's recognition of the Yazidis tragedy, and all victims of terrorism in Iraq."[19] "We hope that this recognition will help Nadia and Yazidis endeavours to bring justice, peace, and coexistence", tweeted the non-governmental organization Yazda.[20] Hussam Abdullah of the Yazidi Organization for Documentation said "this win represents the international recognition of the genocide that was committed by Daesh," referring to the Sinjar massacre in August 2014.[8]

Among various remarks from the United Nations,[21] UN Secretary-General António Guterres: "By honouring these defenders of human dignity, this prize also recognizes countless victims around the world who have too often been stigmatized, hidden and forgotten. This is their award, too... Let us honour these new Nobel laureates by standing up for victims of sexual violence everywhere." And UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet: "Nadia and Denis, I'm sure I speak for all human rights defenders, when I say we salute you, we admire you beyond words. You have fought for the pain women have suffered through sexual abuse to be recognized and confronted, and for their dignity to be restored. We need more people to stand up the way you have stood up for the rights of women, for justice, for the rights of minorities, for the rights of everyone."

Other world leaders applauding the two laureates included DR Congo government spokesman Lambert Mende, President of the European Council Donald Tusk, European Commission spokesperson Natasha Bertaud, Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg, and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel's spokesman Steffen Seibert.[22]

Laureates' work[edit]

Journalist Nicholas Kristoff recounts Dr. Mukwege's efforts in eastern Congo, since interviewing him in 2010, at repairing mass rape victims' horrific internal injuries and speaking out on their behalf at risk of his and his family's life, and Murad's efforts since her abduction and enslavement in 2014 at speaking publicly about the plight of the Yazidis especially women and girls forced into sexual slavery.[23]

Since 1999, at the onset of the Kivu conflict, Mukwege and Panzi Hospital which he founded in Bukavu have treated some 50,000 women sexually victimized and their children born of sexual violence.[24]

Nobel Committee[edit]

The members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee at the time of the 2018 prize are:[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Nobel Prize 2018 Announcement". NobelPrize.org (official website of the Nobel Prize). Nobel Media AB 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Congolese Mukwege, Iraq's Murad win 2018 Nobel Peace Prize". The Canberra Times. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  3. ^ Adomaitis, Nerijus; Solsvik, Terje (5 October 2018). "Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Congolese Mukwege, Iraq's Murad". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  4. ^ Reuters News Service (5 October 2018). "Congolese Mukwege, Iraq's Murad win 2018 Nobel Peace Prize". Cyprus Mail Online. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  5. ^ Weber, Peter (5 October 2018). "Yazidi rape survivor, Congolese doctor win 2018 Nobel Peace Prize for combating sexual violence". The Week. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  6. ^ AFP (Agence France-Press) (5 October 2018). "Nobel's Mukwege Hears News in Surgery As Wild Cheers Erupt". EWN (Eye Witness News, South Africa). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  7. ^ Adam Smith (5 October 2018). "Nobel Peace Prize Telephone Interview: Denis Mukwege". YouTube. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b c The Associated Press (5 October 2018). "The Latest: Nobel winner stands up for persecuted minorities". The Richmond News (British Columbia). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  9. ^ Adam Smith (5 October 2018). "Nobel Peace Prize Telephone Interview: Nadia Murad". YouTube. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Middlebury College speaker bows out to take Nobel Prize". WCAX (Middlebury, Vermont). 5 October 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Nomination and selection of Peace Prize Laureates". NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  12. ^ Aguero, Don (5 September 2018). "Donald Trump A Favorite For The Nobel Peace Prize In 2018". Sports Betting Dime. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  13. ^ Perrigo, Billy (3 October 2018). "Here Are the Favorites to Win the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize". Time. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  14. ^ Henden, Amalie (4 October 2018). "Nobel Peace Prize winner: Who could win the Nobel Peace Prize 2018?". Express (UK). Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  15. ^ "2018 Nobel Peace Prize: it's easier to rule out names than guess the winner". South China Morning Post. 3 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  16. ^ Agence France-Presse (3 October 2018). "Nobel Peace Prize? Many Names, Few Certainties". NDTV (New Delhi, India). Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize 2018: PRIO Director's Shortlist". PRIO (Oslo, Norway). n.d. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  18. ^ Said-Moorhouse, Lauren (5 October 2018). "'The best Nobel Prize in a long time': Human rights groups react". CNN. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  19. ^ Alkhshali, Hamdi (5 October 2018). "Prominent Yazidi MP: Nadia Murad defeated injustice with her courage". CNN. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  20. ^ AFP (Agence France-Press) (5 October 2018). "Nobel for Nadia Murad 'honour for all Iraqis': president". The News, Pakistan. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize goes to UN Goodwill Ambassador and Congolese doctor, highlighting sexual violence". UN News. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  22. ^ AFP (Agence France-Presse) (5 October 2018). "World leaders applaud joint Nobel Peace Prize winners". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  23. ^ Kristoff, Nicholas (5 October 2018). "Two Nobel Heroes, in Their Own Voices". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  24. ^ Abou Ez, Eléonore (5 October 2018). "Cinq choses à savoir sur le Dr Mukwege, prix Nobel de la paix" [Five things to know about Dr. Mukwege, Nobel Peace Prize]. FranceTV (in French). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  25. ^ "The Norwegian Nobel Committee". The Nobel Peace Prize. Retrieved 3 October 2018.

External links[edit]