2018 Sabah state election

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2018 Sabah state election

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All 60 seats to the Sabah State Legislative Assembly
31 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Shafie Apdal July 2018.jpg Sabah Chiefminister Musa-Aman-01.png GS
Leader Mohd. Shafie Apdal Musa Aman Paumin @ Mohd. Aminuddin Aling
Party Pakatan Harapan
Warisan
Barisan Nasional (UMNO) Gagasan Sejahtera (PAS)
Leader since 17 October 2016 (2016-10-17) 27 March 2003 (2003-03-27) 2012
Leader's seat Senallang Sungai Sibuga Not contesting
(ran in Tuaran - lost seat)
Last election 11 seats, 29.6%
(Pakatan Rakyat)
48 seats, 55.78% No seat, 2.76%
(Pakatan Rakyat)
Seats before 6 45 Steady
Seats won 29 29 0
Seat change Increase23 Decrease16 Steady
Popular vote 398,533 355,091 11,241
Percentage 47.19% 42.04% 1.33%
Swing Increase17.59% Decrease13.74% Decrease 1.43%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Jeffrey Kitingan.jpg PHRS PCS
Leader Dr. Jeffrey G. Kitingan Lajim Ukin Wilfred Bumburing
Party United Sabah Alliance (STAR) United Sabah Alliance (PHRS) Parti Cinta Sabah
Leader since 6 January 2012 (2012-01-06) 2016 2013
Leader's seat Tambunan Klias
(lost seat)
Tamparuli
(lost seat)
Last election 1 seat, 5.63% New party New party
Seats before 1 1 1
Seats won 2 0 0
Seat change Increase1 Decrease1 Decrease1
Popular vote 39,803 17,713 9,311
Percentage 4.71% 2.1% 1.1%
Swing Decrease0.92% Increase2.1% Increase1.1%

Chief Minister before election

Musa Aman
Barisan Nasional

Chief Minister-designate

Shafie Apdal
Sabah Heritage Party

The 2018 Sabah state election took place on 9 May 2018 in concurrence with the 14th Malaysian general election. This election was to elect 60 members of the 15th Sabah State Legislative Assembly. The previous Assembly was dissolved on 7 April 2018.

Barisan Nasional (BN), with the most seats, would be able to form a minority government alone. But BN and Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR) decided to form a group of 31 seats, which would allow them to form a coalition government. Musa Aman reinstalled as Chief Minister on 10 May 2018.

However, Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN) (including 6 BN assemblymen who switched allegiance to WARISAN), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and People's Justice Party (PKR), with confidence and supply of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO), managed to form a pact of 39 seats in order to form a coalition government.

Governor Juhar Mahiruddin installed Mohd. Shafie Apdal as the 15th Chief Minister on 12 May 2018. That marks the end of 24-year rule of BN in Sabah and the change of governing party in Sabah for the fifth time since 1963.

Election pendulum[edit]

The 14th General Election witnessed 29 governmental seats (later with addition of 10 members from non-governmental seats (6 from UPKO and 4 from UMNO) that decided to support the creation of new state government) and 31 non-governmental seats (later became 21 seats after 10 of them decided to support new government) filled the Sabah State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 11 safe seat and 4 fairly safe seat, while the non-government side has 2 safe seats and 5 fairly safe seats.

2018 Sabah state election
GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Melalap Peter Anthony WARISAN 46.81
Liawan Rasinin Kautis WARISAN 47.75
Banggi Mohamad Mohamarin WARISAN 47.79
Petagas Uda Sulai WARISAN 47.97
Kunak Norazlinah Arif WARISAN 48.20
Tungku Assaffal P. Alian WARISAN 49.89
Bongawan Dr. Daud Yusof WARISAN 50.62
Gum-Gum Arunarsin Taib WARISAN 51.10
Sindumin Dr. Yusof Yacob WARISAN 51.90
Merotai Sarifuddin Hata WARISAN 51.94
Tanjong Kapor Ben Chong Chen Bin WARISAN 54.31
Pantai Manis Aidi Moktar WARISAN 54.52
Karambunai Azhar Matussin WARISAN 54.66
Lahad Datu Dumi Pg. Masdal WARISAN 55.58
Fairly safe
Tanjong Papat Frankie Poon Ming Fung DAP 56.20
Tanjong Aru Junz Wong Hong Jun WARISAN 56.23
Sekong Arifin Asgali WARISAN 56.55
Api-Api Christina Liew Chin Jin PKR 57.04
Safe
Moyog Jenifer Lasimbang WARISAN 61.39
Inanam Kenny Chua Teck Ho PKR 62.33
Karamunting Hiew Vun Zin WARISAN 63.67
Elopura Calvin Chong Ket Kiun DAP 68.68
Kapayan Janie Lasimbang DAP 71.95
Sri Tanjong Jimmy Wong Sze Phin DAP 72.00
Sulabayan Jaujan Sambakong WARISAN 74.91
Senallang Mohd. Shafie Apdal WARISAN 75.97
Bugaya Manis Buka Mohd. Darah WARISAN 77.51
Likas Tan Lee Fatt DAP 82.57
Luyang Ginger Phoong Jin Zhe DAP 84.38
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Bingkor Robert Tawik @ Nordin STAR 33.19
Kundasang Joachim Gunsalam PBS 37.14
Matunggong Julita Majunki PBS 41.80
Kiulu Joniston Bangkuai PBS 42.39
Pitas Bolkiah Ismail UMNO 44.40
Klias Isnin Aliasnih UMNO 44.94
Tamparuli Jahid Jahim PBS 45.46
Sebatik Abd. Muis Picho UMNO 46.70
Tambunan Dr. Jeffrey Gapari @ Geoffrey Kitingan STAR 46.78
Balung Osman Jamal UMNO 47.08
Kadamaian Ewon Benedick UPKO 47.80
Paginatan Abidin Madingkir UPKO 48.84
Tempasuk Musbah Jamli UMNO 50.82
Tanjong Batu Hamisa Samat UMNO 50.92
Tandek Anita Baranting PBS 51.21
Usukan Japlin Akim UMNO 52.40
Kemabong Jamawi Ja’afar UMNO 52.68
Sook Ellron Alfred Angin PBRS 53.21
Apas Nizam Abu Bakar Titingan UMNO 53.58
Sungai Sibuga Musa Aman UMNO 53.59
Labuk Abd. Rahman Kongkawang PBS 53.64
Kuala Penyu Limus Jury UPKO 54.64
Kawang Ghulam Haidar Khan Bahadar UMNO 54.97
Sugut James Ratib UPKO 55.77
Fairly safe
Lumadan Matbali Musah UMNO 56.65
Membakut Mohd. Arifin Mohd. Arif UMNO 57.22
Kuamut Masiung Banah UPKO 59.00
Sukau Saddi Abdu Rahman UMNO 59.14
Nabawan Bobbey Ah Fang Suan UPKO 59.52
Safe
Karanaan Masidi Manjun UMNO 63.98
Sulaman Hajiji Mohd. Noor UMNO 69.62

Results[edit]

The following political parties contested in this election. The following is a summary of results of this election.


e • d Summary of the 2018 Sabah state election results[1]
Party Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
Sabah Heritage Party WARISAN 271,246 31.30 21 35.00 Increase 21
Pakatan Harapan PH 126,817 14.63 8 13.33 Decrease 3
People's Justice Party[a] PKR 47,723 5.51 2 3.33 Decrease 5
Democratic Action Party[b] DAP 78,901 9.10 6 10.00 Increase 2
National Trust Party[c] AMANAH 193 0.02 0 0 Steady
Barisan Nasional[d] BN 355,091 40.97 29 48.33 Decrease 19
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 208,600 24.07 17 28.33 Decrease 14
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 14,970 1.73 0 0 Decrease 2
United Sabah Party PBS 70,998 8.19 6 10.00 Decrease 1
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation UPKO 33,395 3.85 6 11.67 Increase 2
United Sabah People's Party PBRS 8,042 0.93 1 1.67 Steady
Malaysian People's Movement Party Gerakan 4,002 0.46 0 0 Decrease 2
Liberal Democratic Party LDP 15,084 1.74 0 0 Decrease 3
United Sabah Alliance USA 63,978 7.38 2 3.33 Increase 2
Homeland Solidarity Party STAR (Sabah) 39,803 4.59 2 3.33 Increase 1
Sabah People's Hope Party PHRS 17,713 2.04 0 0 Steady
Sabah Progressive Party SAPP 4,971 0.57 0 0 Steady
Sabah People's Unity Party PPRS 1,491 0.17 0 0 Steady
Gagasan Sejahtera GS 11,241 1.30 0 0 Steady
Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 11,241 1.30 0 0 Steady
Love Sabah Party PCS 9.311 1.07 0 0 Steady
Sabah Native Co-operation Party Anak Negeri 3,059 0.35 0 0 Steady
Sabah Nationality Party PKS 2,018 0.23 0 0 Steady
United Sabah National Organisation (New) USNO 147 0.02 0 0 Steady
State Reform Party (Sarawak) STAR (Sarawak) 109 0.01 0 0 Steady
Independents IND 1,079 0.12 0 0 Steady
Valid votes 844,356
Invalid/blank votes 22,369
Total votes (voter turnout: 77.53%) 866,725 100.00 60 100.00 TBA
Did not vote 251,152
Registered voters[e] 1,117,877
Ordinary voters[e] 0
Early voters[e] 0
Postal voters[e] 0
Source: Election Commission of Malaysia (SPR)[2]
  1. ^ Contested using double crescent election symbol on the ballot papers.
  2. ^ Contested using rocket election symbol on the ballot papers.
  3. ^ Contested using white mountain election symbol on the ballot papers.
  4. ^ Contested using dacing election symbol on the ballot papers.
  5. ^ a b c d Abdullah, Mohd. Hashim (10 April 2018). Urusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-14 (in Malay). SPR Media Statement. Retrieved on 8 May 2018.


Seats that changed allegiance[edit]

No. Seat Previous Party (2013) Current Party (2018)
N01 Sabah Banggi Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N02 Sabah Tanjong Kapor Barisan Nasional (LDP) WARISAN
N04 Sabah Matunggong Pakatan Harapan (PKR) Barisan Nasional (PBS)
N07 Sabah Kadamaian Pakatan Harapan (PKR) Barisan Nasional (UPKO)
N09 Sabah Tamparuli Pakatan Harapan (PKR) Barisan Nasional (PBS)
N12 Sabah Karambunai Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N17 Sabah Tanjong Aru Barisan Nasional (PBS) WARISAN
N18 Sabah Petagas Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N22 Sabah Pantai Manis Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N23 Sabah Bongawan Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N28 Sabah Sindumin Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N32 Sabah Tambunan Barisan Nasional (PBS) United Sabah Alliance (STAR)
N34 Sabah Liawan Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N35 Sabah Melalap Barisan Nasional (PBS) WARISAN
N41 Sabah Gum-Gum Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N43 Sabah Sekong Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N44 Sabah Karamunting Barisan Nasional (LDP) WARISAN
N45 Sabah Elopura Barisan Nasional (GERAKAN) Pakatan Harapan (DAP)
N46 Sabah Tanjong Papat Barisan Nasional (GERAKAN) Pakatan Harapan (DAP)
N49 Sabah Tungku Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N50 Sabah Lahad Datu Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N51 Sabah Kunak Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N52 Sabah Sulabayan Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N53 Sabah Senallang Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N54 Sabah Bugaya Barisan Nasional (UMNO) WARISAN
N58 Sabah Merotai Barisan Nasional (LDP) WARISAN

Government formation[edit]

In the 2018 general election, WARISAN together with the coalition of Pakatan Harapan (PH) are tied up with 29-29 seats with the Barisan Nasional in the election.[3] Jeffrey Kitingan with his party of Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR) under the United Sabah Alliance (USA) which are not aligned from either the two sides, has won two seats in the election and subsequently emerged as the decision maker for the formation of a state government from the two sides.[4] Kitingan then decide to team up with the BN to form coalition state government with him appointed as a Deputy Chief Minister while Musa Aman from BN to become the Chief Minister for another 5 years under the new coalition government.[5] However, the situation changed when six seats assemblymen from the BN allied parties of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) and United Sabah People's Party (PBRS) switched their allegiance to WARISAN, giving Shafie an advantage with 35 seats which is sufficient to establish a coalition state government.[6] Earlier, Musa Aman had initially been sworn in as Chief Minister following the help of two seats from STAR. This situation has left Sabah with two ruling Chief Ministers, the second time in its history since the dispute between PBS and USNO in 1980s.

The result of these events sparks a constitutional crisis in Sabah, and the need to review and change the current constitution so as to curb the "allegiance switching" of assemblymen, after the swearing-in ceremony of the chief minister.[7] Another four seats assemblymen from BN allied parties of UMNO and UPKO switching their allegiance to WARISAN on 13 May 2018.[8][9] The Yang di-Pertua Negeri (TYT) Juhar Mahiruddin also had requested for Musa to step down,[10][11] despite Musa still stressing that he still the rightful Chief Minister.[12] Musa was then issued a letter from the TYT that he is no longer the Chief Minister effective from 12 May 2018 that was delivered into his residence on 14 May 2018.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malaysia (28 May 2018). Results of Contested Election and Statements of the Poll after the Official Addition of Votes: State Constituencies for the State of Sabah. Federal Government Gazette.
  2. ^ "Dashboard PRU 14". Pilihan Raya Umum Malaysia 14. Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  3. ^ Muguntan Vanar; Fatimah Zainal (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah sees intense political horse-trading". The Star. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  4. ^ Alyaa Azhar (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah, Star to be kingmaker". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  5. ^ Chok Simyee (10 May 2018). "Jeffrey forms pact with BN to form coalition state government". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  6. ^ Avila Geraldine; Norasikin Daineh (11 May 2018). "Warisan now has 35 seats, enough to form state government: Shafie [NSTTV]". New Straits Times. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Sabah having two CMs sparks constitutional crisis?". The Borneo Post. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  8. ^ Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Empat lagi ADUN BN sertai Mohd Shafie?" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  9. ^ Fatimah Zainal (14 May 2018). "Two more Upko reps join Shafie". The Star. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  10. ^ Rodelio Junjun Taucan (12 May 2018). "Tun Juhar arah Musa letak jawatan" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  11. ^ Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Warisan tidak akan sama dengan UMNO - Shafie Apdal" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  12. ^ Fatimah Zainal (13 May 2018). "Musa Aman: I'm still the Chief Minister". The Star. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Istana serah surat kepada Musa" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  14. ^ Samantha Khor (14 May 2018). "[BREAKING] Musa Aman Is No Longer Chief Minister Of Sabah". Says.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018.