2018 Sabah state election
All 60 seats to the Sabah State Legislative Assembly
31 seats needed for a majority
The 2018 Sabah state election took place on 9 May 2018 in concurrence with the 14th Malaysian general election. This election was to elect 60 members of the 15th Sabah State Legislative Assembly. The previous Assembly was dissolved on 7 April 2018.
Barisan Nasional (BN), with the most seats, would be able to form a minority government alone. But BN and Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR) decided to form a group of 31 seats, which would allow them to form a coalition government. Musa Aman reinstalled as Chief Minister on 10 May 2018.
However, Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN) (including 6 BN assemblymen who switched allegiance to WARISAN), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and People's Justice Party (PKR), with confidence and supply of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO), managed to form a pact of 39 seats in order to form a coalition government.
Governor Juhar Mahiruddin installed Mohd. Shafie Apdal as the 15th Chief Minister on 12 May 2018. That marks the end of 24-year rule of BN in Sabah and the change of governing party in Sabah for the fifth time since 1963.
The 14th General Election witnessed 29 governmental seats (later with addition of 10 members from non-governmental seats (6 from UPKO and 4 from UMNO) that decided to support the creation of new state government) and 31 non-governmental seats (later became 21 seats after 10 of them decided to support new government) filled the Sabah State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 11 safe seat and 4 fairly safe seat, while the non-government side has 2 safe seats and 5 fairly safe seats.
2018 Sabah state election
The following political parties contested in this election. The following is a summary of results of this election.
|Sabah Heritage Party||WARISAN||271,246||31.30||21||35.00||21|
|People's Justice Party[a]||PKR||47,723||5.51||2||3.33||5|
|Democratic Action Party[b]||DAP||78,901||9.10||6||10.00||2|
|National Trust Party[c]||AMANAH||193||0.02||0||0|
|United Malays National Organisation||UMNO||208,600||24.07||17||28.33||14|
|Malaysian Chinese Association||MCA||14,970||1.73||0||0||2|
|United Sabah Party||PBS||70,998||8.19||6||10.00||1|
|United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation||UPKO||33,395||3.85||6||11.67||2|
|United Sabah People's Party||PBRS||8,042||0.93||1||1.67|
|Malaysian People's Movement Party||Gerakan||4,002||0.46||0||0||2|
|Liberal Democratic Party||LDP||15,084||1.74||0||0||3|
|United Sabah Alliance||USA||63,978||7.38||2||3.33||2|
|Homeland Solidarity Party||STAR (Sabah)||39,803||4.59||2||3.33||1|
|Sabah People's Hope Party||PHRS||17,713||2.04||0||0|
|Sabah Progressive Party||SAPP||4,971||0.57||0||0|
|Sabah People's Unity Party||PPRS||1,491||0.17||0||0|
|Malaysian Islamic Party||PAS||11,241||1.30||0||0|
|Love Sabah Party||PCS||9.311||1.07||0||0|
|Sabah Native Co-operation Party||Anak Negeri||3,059||0.35||0||0|
|Sabah Nationality Party||PKS||2,018||0.23||0||0|
|United Sabah National Organisation (New)||USNO||147||0.02||0||0|
|State Reform Party (Sarawak)||STAR (Sarawak)||109||0.01||0||0|
|Total votes (voter turnout: 77.53%)||866,725||100.00||60||100.00||TBA|
|Did not vote||251,152|
|Source: Election Commission of Malaysia (SPR)|
- Contested using double crescent election symbol on the ballot papers.
- Contested using rocket election symbol on the ballot papers.
- Contested using white mountain election symbol on the ballot papers.
- Contested using dacing election symbol on the ballot papers.
- Abdullah, Mohd. Hashim (10 April 2018). Urusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-14 (in Malay). SPR Media Statement. Retrieved on 8 May 2018.
Seats that changed allegiance
In the 2018 general election, WARISAN together with the coalition of Pakatan Harapan (PH) are tied up with 29-29 seats with the Barisan Nasional in the election. Jeffrey Kitingan with his party of Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR) under the United Sabah Alliance (USA) which are not aligned from either the two sides, has won two seats in the election and subsequently emerged as the decision maker for the formation of a state government from the two sides. Kitingan then decide to team up with the BN to form coalition state government with him appointed as a Deputy Chief Minister while Musa Aman from BN to become the Chief Minister for another 5 years under the new coalition government. However, the situation changed when six seats assemblymen from the BN allied parties of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) and United Sabah People's Party (PBRS) switched their allegiance to WARISAN, giving Shafie an advantage with 35 seats which is sufficient to establish a coalition state government. Earlier, Musa Aman had initially been sworn in as Chief Minister following the help of two seats from STAR. This situation has left Sabah with two ruling Chief Ministers, the second time in its history since the dispute between PBS and USNO in 1980s.
The result of these events sparks a constitutional crisis in Sabah, and the need to review and change the current constitution so as to curb the "allegiance switching" of assemblymen, after the swearing-in ceremony of the chief minister. Another four seats assemblymen from BN allied parties of UMNO and UPKO switching their allegiance to WARISAN on 13 May 2018. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri (TYT) Juhar Mahiruddin also had requested for Musa to step down, despite Musa still stressing that he still the rightful Chief Minister. Musa was then issued a letter from the TYT that he is no longer the Chief Minister effective from 12 May 2018 that was delivered into his residence on 14 May 2018.
- Malaysia (28 May 2018). Results of Contested Election and Statements of the Poll after the Official Addition of Votes: State Constituencies for the State of Sabah. Federal Government Gazette.
- "Dashboard PRU 14". Pilihan Raya Umum Malaysia 14. Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Muguntan Vanar; Fatimah Zainal (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah sees intense political horse-trading". The Star. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Alyaa Azhar (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah, Star to be kingmaker". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Chok Simyee (10 May 2018). "Jeffrey forms pact with BN to form coalition state government". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Avila Geraldine; Norasikin Daineh (11 May 2018). "Warisan now has 35 seats, enough to form state government: Shafie [NSTTV]". New Straits Times. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- "Sabah having two CMs sparks constitutional crisis?". The Borneo Post. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Empat lagi ADUN BN sertai Mohd Shafie?" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Fatimah Zainal (14 May 2018). "Two more Upko reps join Shafie". The Star. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Rodelio Junjun Taucan (12 May 2018). "Tun Juhar arah Musa letak jawatan" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Warisan tidak akan sama dengan UMNO - Shafie Apdal" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Fatimah Zainal (13 May 2018). "Musa Aman: I'm still the Chief Minister". The Star. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Istana serah surat kepada Musa" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Samantha Khor (14 May 2018). "[BREAKING] Musa Aman Is No Longer Chief Minister Of Sabah". Says.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018.