2018 Tour de France
|2018 UCI World Tour, race 25 of 37|
Route of the 2018 Tour de France
|Distance||3,351 km (2,082 mi)|
|Winning time||83h 17' 13"|
The 2018 Tour de France was the 105th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three Grand Tours. The 3,351 km (2,082 mi) race started from Noirmoutier-en-l'Île, in the Vendée department, on 7 July and concluded with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris, on 29 July.[n 1] A total of 176 riders across 22 teams were participating in the 21-stage race. The Tour was the shortest of the millennium and was the fifth time a tour had set out from Vendée. The race was won for the first time by Geraint Thomas of Team Sky. Tom Dumoulin (Team Sunweb) placed second, with Thomas' teammate and four-time Tour champion Chris Froome coming third.
The opening stage was won by Fernando Gaviria of Quick-Step Floors, who became the Tour's first rider to wear the general classification leader's yellow jersey. Peter Sagan (Bora–Hansgrohe) then took the race lead the following stage. BMC Racing Team won stage three's team time trial, putting their rider Greg Van Avermaet in yellow. He held the jersey for eight days until the second high mountain stage, where stage winner Thomas took the lead. He held it for the rest of the race to become the first Welshman to win the overall race. As a result, Team Sky—and additionally British riders—won six of the previous seven Tours dating back to 2012.
Sagan won the points classification for the sixth time, Julian Alaphilippe (Quick-Step Floors) won the mountains classification, and Pierre Latour of AG2R La Mondiale won the young rider classification. Movistar Team won the team classification, and UAE Team Emirates rider Dan Martin was named the most combative for the entire race.
- 1 Teams
- 2 Pre-race favourites
- 3 Route and stages
- 4 Race overview
- 5 Classification leadership
- 6 Final standings
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
The 18 UCI WorldTeams were automatically invited to the race. On 6 January 2018, organisers of the Tour, the Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), announced the four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams that received a wildcard invitation to participate in the event. The four teams were Cofidis, Direct Énergie, Fortuneo–Samsic, from France and Belgium's Wanty–Groupe Gobert, all of which have participated in the race before. This meant that new French team Vital Concept, with their team leader, sprinter Bryan Coquard, missed out on the race. Christian Prudhomme wished the team the best in their inaugural season. The presentation of the teams—where the members of each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries—took place on Place Napoleon in the town of La Roche-sur-Yon on 5 July, two days before the opening stage.
New rules by the cycling's governing body, the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) reduced the number of riders per team for Grand Tours from 9 to 8, resulting in a start list total of 176, instead of the usual 198. Of these, 35 competed in their first Tour de France. The total number of riders that finished the race was 145. The riders came from 30 countries. Seven countries had more than 10 riders in the race: France (35), Belgium (19), the Netherlands (13), Italy (13), Australia (11), Germany (11) and Spain (11). The average age of riders in the race was 29.37 years, ranging from the 21-year-old Egan Bernal (Team Sky) to the 40-year-old Franco Pellizotti (Bahrain–Merida). Groupama–FDJ had the youngest average age while Bahrain–Merida had the oldest.
The teams entering the race were:
UCI Professional Continental teams
Defending champion Chris Froome (Team Sky) had generally been considered the main favourite for the general classification. He had won four out of the last five editions, and was also the current defending champion at both other Grand Tours, the Vuelta a España and the Giro d'Italia. However, Froome's participation was cast into doubt when he returned a urine sample at the 2017 Vuelta a España, which contained twice the allowed amount of the asthma drug salbutamol. This was considered not as a positive doping result, but as an "Adverse Analytical Finding" (AAF), meaning that he was allowed to continue racing until the case was resolved. He did however face the possibility of losing his Vuelta victory and all subsequent results. The ASO were unhappy with the situation, which was very similar to that of Alberto Contador, who started the 2011 Tour with his case over a positive test for clenbuterol still unresolved. The UCI conducted an investigation into the AAF, which was still unresolved at the time that Froome won the 2018 Giro d'Italia. With an outcome before the start of the Tour unlikely, the ASO attempted to bar Froome from starting the race, citing article 28 of the race's rules, saying that the organiser "expressly reserves the right to refuse participation in—or to exclude from—the event, a team or any of its members whose presence would be such as to damage the image or reputation of ASO or the event". Froome was cleared by the UCI on 2 July 2018, with a press statement reading that the authorities had found sufficient evidence "that Mr Froome's sample results do not constitute an AAF". He was thereafter cleared to start the Tour by the ASO as well.
The closest rivals of Froome were thought to be Richie Porte (BMC Racing Team), Nairo Quintana, Mikel Landa (both of Movistar Team), Tom Dumoulin (Team Sunweb), and Vincenzo Nibali (Bahrain–Merida). The other riders considered contenders for the general classification were Geraint Thomas (Team Sky), Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale), Primož Roglič (LottoNL–Jumbo), Adam Yates (Mitchelton–BikeExchange), Jakob Fuglsang (Astana), Alejandro Valverde (Movistar Team), Rigoberto Urán (EF Education First–Drapac p/b Cannondale), Dan Martin (UAE Team Emirates), Bob Jungels (Quick-Step Floors) and Ilnur Zakarin (Team Katusha–Alpecin).
The sprinters considered favourites for the points classification and wins on the flat or hilly bunch sprint finishes were Peter Sagan (Bora–Hansgrohe), Fernando Gaviria (Quick-Step Floors), Dylan Groenewegen (LottoNL–Jumbo), Arnaud Démare (Groupama–FDJ), Marcel Kittel (Team Katusha–Alpecin), Michael Matthews (Team Sunweb), Mark Cavendish (Team Dimension Data), André Greipel (Lotto–Soudal), Alexander Kristoff (UAE Team Emirates), Sonny Colbrelli (Bahrain–Merida) and John Degenkolb (Trek–Segafredo).
Route and stages
On 12 February 2017, at a rugby union match between France and Scotland at the Stade de France, the Tour's race director Christian Prudhomme announced the start of the 2018 Tour (known as the Grand Départ) would be in the Vendée department, in the Pays de la Loire region. The departments in the Pays de la Loire region hosted the Tour de France in its first edition back in 1903. Since then, the cities and towns of the Pays de la Loire region have welcomed the Grand Départ of the Tour de France nine times, five of which have set out from the Vendée. The last time the region hosted the Tour was in 2011. Two weeks after the announcement, the ASO revealed that the Grand Départ would take place over three stages, with the third a team time trial.
In June 2017, the UCI's Professional Cycling Council (PCC) moved the start of the Tour a week later than usual and originally planned due to a clash with the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The full route was announced on 17 October 2017; it was almost completely within France, with short deviations into Spain in the Pyrenees were the only exceptions. It would feature two of the Tour's most historic climbs, Alpe d'Huez and the Col de Tourmalet, which last featured in 2015 and 2016 respectively. For the first time in 60 to 70 years, it included a section of unpaved roads on the Glières Plateau. Of the route, Mark Cavendish labelled it "absolutely brutal".
There were 21 stages in the race, covering a total distance of 3,351 km (2,082 mi), the shortest of the 21st century. The race also included 21.7 km (13.5 mi) of cobblestones (or pavés) in stage 9, which were last featured in 2015. In the first week of the race, two laps of the short, but steep, Mûr-de-Bretagne were included.
|Stage||Date||Course||Distance||Stage type||Winner||leader of the GC|
|1||7 July||Noirmoutier-en-l'Île to Fontenay-le-Comte||201 km (125 mi)||Flat||Fernando Gaviria (COL)||Fernando Gaviria|
|2||8 July||Mouilleron-Saint-Germain to La Roche-sur-Yon||182.5 km (113 mi)||Flat||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Peter Sagan|
|3||9 July||Cholet to Cholet||35.5 km (22 mi)||Team time trial||BMC Racing Team (USA)||Greg van Avermaet|
|4||10 July||La Baule to Sarzeau||195 km (121 mi)||Flat||Fernando Gaviria (COL)|
|5||11 July||Lorient to Quimper||204.5 km (127 mi)||Medium mountain||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|6||12 July||Brest to Mûr-de-Bretagne||181 km (112 mi)||Medium mountain||Dan Martin (IRL)|
|7||13 July||Fougères to Chartres||231 km (144 mi)||Flat||Dylan Groenewegen (NED)|
|8||14 July||Dreux to Amiens||181 km (112 mi)||Flat||Dylan Groenewegen (NED)|
|9||15 July||Arras to Roubaix||156.5 km (97 mi)||Cobbled Stage||John Degenkolb (GER)|
|16 July||Annecy||Rest day|
|10||17 July||Annecy to Le Grand-Bornand||158.5 km (98 mi)||High mountain||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)||Greg van Avermaet|
|11||18 July||Albertville to La Rosière||108.5 km (67 mi)||High mountain||Geraint Thomas (GBR)||Geraint Thomas|
|12||19 July||Bourg-Saint-Maurice to Alpe d'Huez||175.5 km (109 mi)||High mountain||Geraint Thomas (GBR)|
|13||20 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Valence||169.5 km (105 mi)||Flat||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|14||21 July||Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux to Mende||188 km (117 mi)||Medium mountain||Omar Fraile (ESP)|
|15||22 July||Millau to Carcassonne||181.5 km (113 mi)||Medium mountain||Magnus Cort Nielsen (DNK)|
|23 July||Carcassonne||Rest day|
|16||24 July||Carcassonne to Bagnères-de-Luchon||218 km (135 mi)||High mountain||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)||Geraint Thomas|
|17||25 July||Bagnères-de-Luchon to Saint-Lary-Soulan (Col de Portet)||65 km (40 mi)||High mountain||Nairo Quintana (COL)|
|18||26 July||Trie-sur-Baïse to Pau||171 km (106 mi)||Flat||Arnaud Démare (FRA)|
|19||27 July||Lourdes to Laruns||200.5 km (125 mi)||High mountain||Primož Roglič (SLO)|
|20||28 July||Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle to Espelette||31 km (19 mi)||Individual time trial||Tom Dumoulin (NED)|
|21||29 July||Houilles to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||116 km (72 mi)||Flat||Alexander Kristoff (NOR)|
|Total||3,351 km (2,082 mi)|
Stage one's bunch sprint was won by Tour debutant Fernando Gaviria, with Peter Sagan coming in second and Marcel Kittel in third. Gaviria took the yellow and green jerseys as the leader of the general and points classifications respectively. Kévin Ledanois (Fortuneo–Samsic) took the first polka dot jersey as the leader of the mountains classification. Sagan won stage two from a sprint to take the yellow and green jerseys, with Dion Smith of Wanty–Groupe Gobert claiming the polka. Stage three's team time trial was won by BMC Racing Team whose riders Tejay van Garderen and Greg Van Avermaet became tied for the overall lead, with Van Avermaet moving into yellow for the second time in his career due to him crossing the finish line ahead of Van Garderen in the first two stages being as there was not yet an individual time trial to measure their times down to the 1000th of a second. Stage four was won by Gaviria from a bunch sprint. Sagan further extend his lead in the points competition by winning stage five. Also in stage five, Toms Skujiņš of Trek–Segafredo won the mountains points which gave him the polka. Skujins became the first rider from Latvia to ever lead the mountains classification.
Stage six was a sprint that Sagan and John Degenkolb raced for, seeing as virtually all of the top sprinters finished close to fifteen minutes behind the general classification contenders. Team Sky, BMC Racing Team, and Movistar Team controlled the peloton, where Geraint Thomas reeled in the final breakaway rider and won the three second time bonus sprint that put him back only three seconds behind Van Avermaet in the general classification. With only about a kilometre to go Dan Martin attacked and was able to stay away and win the stage one second ahead of the bulk of the general classification contenders. Romain Bardet and Tom Dumoulin suffered mechanical issues late in the stage which made them lose time. Stage seven was the longest stage. At the start of stage seven, Van Avermaet remained in the yellow jersey with Thomas in second at three seconds behind. The stage was won by Dylan Groenewegen. There were multiple crashes in the first week of the tour and after stage seven, six riders had abandoned the race for various reasons including the promising young Belgian Tiesj Benoot (Lotto–Soudal), Luis León Sánchez (Astana), and the green jersey winner of the 2017 Tour Michael Matthews. This marked the end of the first week of the tour.
Groenewegen then won his second sprint stage in a row. Notably, Greipel and Gaviria were penalized for headbutting each other and lost their placing and green jersey points. Martin lost more than a minute after being involved in a crash during the stage. Van Avermaet improved his lead in the general classification after earning a single second in the bonus sprint. Stage nine was the cobblestone stage that was a bad day for numerous sprinters and general classification riders. Richie Porte abandoned after a crash for the second year in a row. Egan Bernal, Jakob Fuglsang, Chris Froome, and Mikel Landa crashed as did many other riders; many riders had flat tires as well, including Bardet who got three of them. Meanwhile, Yves Lampaert (Quick-Step Floors), Degenkolb, and Van Avermaet survived the carnage going on around them to escape the remaining peloton and cross the finish together with Degenkolb winning his first Tour stage, as Van Avermaet gained time as well as another time bonus to extend his lead in the yellow jersey. The following day was the Tour's first rest day.
The first stage at high altitude and first in the Alps, the tenth, was won by Quick-Step Floors rider Julian Alaphilippe from a large breakaway that included race leader Van Avermaet. Eventually, Alaphillipe attacked and won his first Tour stage while Van Avermaet retained his yellow jersey and extended his lead to nearly two and a half minutes, when many people thought he would not be retaining it. Alaphillipe also took the mountains classification. Thomas achieved back-to-back summit finish wins both from the group of favourites on stages eleven and twelve by pushing the breakaway riders until the very end. In the steep finish of the eleventh, Thomas attacked in the final kilometre and passed lone breakaway rider Mikel Nieve (Mitchelton–Scott) to take the win. He won stage twelve from a sprint on flat finish atop Alpe d'Huez. Dumoulin and Froome arose as the likely contenders in Paris. Sagan won stage thirteen after coming out of nowhere while Kristoff and Arnaud Démare (Groupama–FDJ) dueled it out. In stage fourteen, Omar Fraile of Astana came out of the breakaway and remarkably opened a twenty-minute gap to the main peloton with the yellow jersey contenders. After the Alps, it was basically down to three riders in contention, Thomas, Froome, and Dumoulin. There were many withdrawals after the Alps after names like Kittel, Mark Cavendish, Rigoberto Uran, Gaviria, Groenewegen, and Andre Griepel withdrew for various reasons. Vincenzo Nibali was forced to withdraw after fracturing a vertebrae in his back after being involved in an accident with a spectator near the summit of Alpe d'huez. Smoke from flares and animosity towards Froome were a factor and better security was called for by many people for the final week.
Stage fifteen, the start of the final week, was once again a breakaway victory. Magnus Cort took Astana's second win in two days as there were no major changes overall. The next day was the second rest day of the race. Stage sixteen had a further incident when the police used tear gas against a protest by local farmers who had placed hay bales on the road. As the riders passed that point, there was still gas in the air. The race was neutralized for about fifteen minutes because several riders had problems with their eyes and had to rinse them. After the restart, a large breakaway escaped and Philippe Gilbert (Quick-Step Floors), while in the lead on a descent, lost control of his bike and smashed into and over the wall. Later, Adam Yates, having taken the lead, fell on the final descent and handed the position and win to Alaphilippe, giving him his second stage win of the tour.
On the first of the three Pyrenan stages, seventeen, Froome's challenge faded on the approach to the summit of the Col de Portet and he dropped to third position in the general classification, 2:31 behind Thomas. Dumoulin moved into second place, 1:59 off the lead. Nairo Quintana won the stage after attacking at the bottom of the final climb, moving himself up to fifth overall, behind Primož Roglič. The flat stage eighteen was won by Demare from a sprint finish; by now most of the top sprint had now left the race and Sagan was suffering with injury. On the mountainous stage nineteen from Lourdes to Laruns, Roglič attacked on the final climb, the Col d'Aubisque, and soloed to the finish nineteen seconds ahead of the chasing group of overall favourites. Thomas was able to consolidate his position in the yellow jersey by picking up six bonus seconds in the sprint thereby extending his lead over Dumoulin to 2 min 5 s. The penultimate stage was a 31 km (19.3 mi) time trial, Dumoulin won the stage, one second ahead of Froome. Thomas survived a scare when his back wheel locked, but completed the time trial successfully, finishing fourteen seconds behind Dumoulin taking a lead of 1 min 51 s into the final stage. The stage was won by Kristoff in a bunch sprint on the Champs-Élysées in Paris.
Four main individual classifications were contested in the 2018 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. Time bonuses were awarded at the end of every stage apart from the time trial stages. The first three riders would get 10, 6, and 4 seconds, respectively. Time bonuses of three, two and one seconds, would be given to the first three riders to cross a "bonus point" in each of the first nine mass-start stages of the race. It would affect the general classification, but not the points. For crashes within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, any rider involved would receive the same time as the group he was in when the crash occurred. The rider with the lowest cumulative time would be the winner of the general classification and the overall winner of the Tour. The rider leading the classification would wear a yellow jersey.
|Medium mountain stage||30||25||22||19||17||15||13||11||9|
|High mountain stage||20||17||15||13||11||10||9||8||7||6||5||4||3||2||1|
|Individual time trial|
The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type. The leader was identified by a green jersey.
The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first. The climbs were categorized, in order of increasing difficulty, as fourth-, third-, second-, and first-category and hors catégorie (read: "beyond category"). Double points were awarded at the top of the last mountains in the three mountain stages in the Pyrenees (16, 17 and 19). The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but was restricted to riders born on or after 1 January 1993. The leader wears a white jersey.
The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie. The riders in the team that lead this classification are identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys and yellow helmets.
In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship". No combativity awards are given for the time trials and the final stage. The winner wore a red number bib the following stage. At the conclusion of the Tour, a rider would win the overall super-combativity award which was, again, awarded by a jury.
A total of €2,287,750 was awarded in cash prizes in the race. The overall winner of the general classification received €500,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively. All finishers in the top 160 were awarded money. The holders of the classifications would benefit on each stage they led; the final winners of the points and mountains would be given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider would get €20,000. The team classification winners was given €50,000. €11,000 was given to the winners of each stage of the race, with smaller amounts given to places 2–20. There were also two special awards each with a prize of €5000. The Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col du Portet on stage seventeen, and the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet in stage nineteen. Nairo Quintana won the Henri Desgrange and Julian Alaphilippe won the Jacques Goddet.
- In stage two, Marcel Kittel, who was third in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Fernando Gaviria wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification and Peter Sagan, who was second in the points classification, wore the rainbow jersey of the world champion.
- In stage two, Dylan Groenewegen, who was second in the best young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Fernando Gaviria wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.
- In stage three, Alexander Kristoff, who was third in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Peter Sagan wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification, and second placed Fernando Gaviria wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification.
- In stage seventeen Philippe Gilbert did not start, so no rider wore the red bib as the most combative rider of previous stage.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the points classification||Denotes the winner of the young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the team classification||Denotes the winner of the combativity award|
|1||Geraint Thomas (GBR)||Team Sky||83h 17' 13"|
|2||Tom Dumoulin (NED)||Team Sunweb||+ 1' 51"|
|3||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||+ 2' 24"|
|4||Primož Roglič (SVN)||LottoNL–Jumbo||+ 3' 22"|
|5||Steven Kruijswijk (NED)||LottoNL–Jumbo||+ 6' 08"|
|6||Romain Bardet (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||+ 6' 57"|
|7||Mikel Landa (ESP)||Movistar Team||+ 7' 37"|
|8||Dan Martin (IRL)||UAE Team Emirates||+ 9' 05"|
|9||Ilnur Zakarin (RUS)||Team Katusha–Alpecin||+ 12' 37"|
|10||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||+ 14' 18"|
|1||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Bora–Hansgrohe||477|
|2||Alexander Kristoff (NOR)||UAE Team Emirates||246|
|3||Arnaud Démare (FRA)||Groupama–FDJ||203|
|4||John Degenkolb (GER)||Trek–Segafredo||178|
|5||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)||Quick-Step Floors||143|
|6||Greg Van Avermaet (BEL)||BMC Racing Team||134|
|7||Andrea Pasqualon (ITA)||Wanty–Groupe Gobert||115|
|8||Geraint Thomas (GBR)||Team Sky||110|
|9||Sonny Colbrelli (ITA)||Bahrain–Merida||104|
|10||Dan Martin (IRL)||UAE Team Emirates||98|
|1||Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)||Quick-Step Floors||170|
|2||Warren Barguil (FRA)||Fortuneo–Samsic||91|
|3||Rafał Majka (POL)||Bora–Hansgrohe||76|
|4||Geraint Thomas (GBR)||Team Sky||74|
|5||Tom Dumoulin (NED)||Team Sunweb||63|
|6||Primož Roglič (SVN)||LottoNL–Jumbo||56|
|7||Dan Martin (IRL)||UAE Team Emirates||41|
|8||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||40|
|9||Tanel Kangert (EST)||Astana||39|
|10||Steven Kruijswijk (NED)||LottoNL–Jumbo||36|
Young rider classification
|1||Pierre Latour (FRA)||AG2R La Mondiale||83h 39' 26"|
|2||Egan Bernal (COL)||Team Sky||+ 5' 39"|
|3||Guillaume Martin (FRA)||Wanty–Groupe Gobert||+ 22' 05"|
|4||David Gaudu (FRA)||Groupama–FDJ||+ 1h 07' 18"|
|5||Daniel Martínez (COL)||EF Education First–Drapac||+ 1h 16' 01"|
|6||Antwan Tolhoek (NED)||LottoNL–Jumbo||+ 1h 16' 48"|
|7||Søren Kragh Andersen (DEN)||Team Sunweb||+ 1h 44' 10"|
|8||Stefan Küng (SUI)||BMC Racing Team||+ 1h 45' 01"|
|9||Marc Soler (ESP)||Movistar Team||+ 1h 56' 14"|
|10||Magnus Cort (DEN)||Astana||+ 2h 10' 13"|
|1||Movistar Team||250h 24' 53"|
|2||Bahrain–Merida||+ 12' 33"|
|3||Team Sky||+ 31' 14"|
|4||LottoNL–Jumbo||+ 47' 24"|
|5||Astana||+ 1h 15' 32"|
|6||Team Sunweb||+ 1h 58' 54"|
|7||AG2R La Mondiale||+ 2h 15' 49"|
|8||BMC Racing Team||+ 2h 35' 45"|
|9||Quick-Step Floors||+ 3h 06' 17"|
|10||Mitchelton–Scott||+ 3h 13' 41"|
Notes and references
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- "Tour de France wildcard decision explained by Christian Prudhomme". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 6 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- "Tour de France team presentation – Gallery". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- "Grand Tour teams to be reduced from nine to eight riders from 2018". Cycling Weekly. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "List of starters – Tour de France 2018". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Tour de France 2018 – Debutants". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Official classifications of Tour de France 2018 – Stage 21". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- "Tour de France 2018 – Peloton averages". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Tour de France 2018 – Youngest competitors". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Tour de France 2018 – Oldest competitors". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Tour de France 2018 – Average team age". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- Benson, Daniel (28 June 2018). "Tour de France 2018: The essential race preview". Cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Chris Froome returns adverse analytical finding for Salbutamol". Cyclingnews.com. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- Fotheringham, William (1 July 2018). "Similarities of Chris Froome now to Alberto Contador in 2011 are clear". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "ASO try to block Chris Froome from racing Tour de France". Cyclingnews.com. 1 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "UCI statement on anti-doping proceedings involving Mr Christopher Froome". uci.org. Union Cycliste Internationale. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Ryan, Barry (2 July 2018). "Prudhomme says attempt to bar Chris Froome from Tour de France is now 'obsolete'". Cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Tom Dumoulin to ride Tour de France after second place at the Giro d'Italia". Cyclist.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Tour de France 2018 start list – Cycling Weekly". Cyclingweekly.com. 6 July 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- MacLeary, John (7 July 2018). "Tour de France 2018: Who are this year's favourites and can anybody challenge Chris Froome?". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- Robertshaw, Henry (21 June 2018). "Tour de France 2018: Who are the bookmakers backing for victory?". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Scrivener, Peter (5 July 2018). "Tour de France: Chris Froome, Mark Cavendish, Peter Sagan - all you need to know". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Benson, Daniel (27 June 2018). "Tour de France 2018: The essential race preview". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Smith, Peter (16 June 2018). "Tour de France 2018: All you need to know about the 105th race for the yellow jersey". Sky Sports. Sky plc. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- "Cyclist predictions: Who we're backing at the 2018 Tour de France". Cyclist. Dennis Publishing. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Lowe, Felix (6 July 2018). "Blazin' Saddles: Tour de France 2018 yellow jersey guide and top 10 predictions". Eurosport. Discovery Communications. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Ostlere, Lawrence (10 July 2018). "Tour de France 2018 contenders: Chris Froome starts as favourite against challenge of Richie Porte, Nairo Quintana and more". The Independent. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Lowe, Felix (26 June 2018). "Blazin' Saddles: Tour de France 2018 green jersey guide - Sagan, Matthews, Gaviria, Kittel..." Eurosport. Discovery Communications. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
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