2018 United States state legislative elections

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2018 United States state legislative elections

← 2017 November 6, 2018 2019 →

87 legislative chambers
46 states
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Republican Democratic
Chambers before 65 33[a]
Chambers after 58 40[a]
Overall change Decrease 7 Increase 7

2018 California State Senate election2018 Nevada State Senate election2018 Washington State Senate election2018 Oregon State Senate election2018 Alaska State Senate election2018 Hawaii State Senate election2018 Arizona State Senate election2018 Utah State Senate election2018 Idaho State Senate election2018 Montana State Senate election2018 Wyoming State Senate election2018 Colorado State Senate election2018 New Mexico State Senate election2018 Texas State Senate election2018 Oklahoma State Senate election2018 Nebraska State Senate election2018 North Dakota State Senate election2018 South Dakota State Senate election2018 Iowa State Senate election2018 Missouri State Senate election2018 Arkansas State Senate election2018 Wisconsin State Senate election2018 Illinois State Senate election2018 Indiana State Senate election2018 Kentucky State Senate election2018 Tennessee State Senate election2018 Florida State Senate election2018 Georgia State Senate election2018 North Carolina State Senate election2018 West Virginia State Senate election2018 Ohio State Senate election2018 Pennsylvania State Senate election2018 Delaware State Senate election2018 New York State Senate election2018 Connecticut State Senate election2018 Rhode Island State Senate election2018 Massachusetts State Senate election2018 Vermont State Senate election2018 New Hampshire State Senate election2018 Maine State Senate election2018 Michigan State Senate election2018 Alabama State Senate election2018 Maryland State Senate electionUS2018stateupperhouses.svg
About this image
Map of upper house elections:
     Democrats gained control
     Democrats retained control
     Republicans retained control
     Non-partisan legislature
     No regularly-scheduled elections

2018 California House of Representatives election2018 Nevada House of Representatives election2018 Washington House of Representatives election2018 Oregon House of Representatives election2018 Alaska House of Representatives election2018 Hawaii House of Representatives election2018 Arizona House of Representatives election2018 Utah House of Representatives election2018 Idaho House of Representatives election2018 Montana House of Representatives election2018 Wyoming House of Representatives election2018 Colorado House of Representatives election2018 New Mexico House of Representatives election2018 Texas House of Representatives election2018 Oklahoma House of Representatives election2018 Kansas House of Representatives election2018 Nebraska House of Representatives election2018 North Dakota House of Representatives election2018 South Dakota House of Representatives election2018 Minnesota House of Representatives election2018 Iowa House of Representatives election2018 Missouri House of Representatives election2018 Arkansas House of Representatives election2018 Wisconsin House of Representatives election2018 Illinois House of Representatives election2018 Michigan House of Representatives election2018 Indiana House of Representatives election2018 Kentucky House of Representatives election2018 Tennessee House of Representatives election2018 Florida House of Representatives election2018 Georgia House of Representatives election2018 South Carolina House of Representatives election2018 North Carolina House of Representatives election2018 West Virginia House of Representatives election2018 Ohio House of Representatives election2018 Pennsylvania House of Representatives election2018 Delaware House of Representatives election2018 New York House of Representatives election2018 Connecticut House of Representatives election2018 Rhode Island House of Representatives election2018 Massachusetts House of Representatives election2018 Vermont House of Representatives election2018 New Hampshire House of Representatives election2018 Maine House of Representatives election2018 Maryland House of Representatives election2018 Alabama House of Representatives electionUS2018statelowerhouses.svg
About this image
Map of lower house elections:
     Democrats gained control
     Democrats retained control
     Republicans retained control
     Coalition retained control
     Non-partisan legislature
     No regularly-scheduled elections

The 2018 United States state legislative elections were held on November 6, 2018 for 87 state legislative chambers in 46 states. Across the fifty states, approximately 56 percent of all upper house seats and 92 percent of all lower house seats were up for election.

Summary table[edit]

Partisan control of states in the 2018 elections
  Democrats retained trifecta
  Democrats gained trifecta
  Republicans retained trifecta
  Republicans gained trifecta
  Divided government maintained
  Divided government established
  Officially non-partisan legislature

Regularly-scheduled elections were held in 87 of the 99 state legislative chambers in the United States; nationwide, regularly-scheduled elections were held for 6,064 of the 7,383 legislative seats. Most legislative chambers held elections for all seats, but some legislative chambers that use staggered elections held elections for only a portion of the total seats in the chamber.[1] The chambers that were not up for election either hold regularly-scheduled elections in odd-numbered years, or have four-year terms and hold all regularly-scheduled elections in presidential election years.

Note that this table only covers regularly-scheduled elections; additional special elections took place concurrently with these regularly-scheduled elections.

State Upper House[1] Lower House[1]
Seats up Total % up Term Seats up Total % up Term
Alabama 35 35 100 4 105 105 100 4
Alaska 10 20 50 4 40 40 100 2
Arizona 30 30 100 2 60 60 100 2
Arkansas 18 35 51 2/4[b] 100 100 100 2
California 20 40 50 4 80 80 100 2
Colorado 17 35 49 4 65 65 100 2
Connecticut 36 36 100 2 151 151 100 2
Delaware 10 21 48 2/4[b] 41 41 100 2
Florida 20 40 50 2/4[b] 120 120 100 2
Georgia 56 56 100 2 180 180 100 2
Hawaii 12 25 48 2/4[b] 51 51 100 2
Idaho 35 35 100 2 70 70 100 2
Illinois 39 59 66 2/4[b] 118 118 100 2
Indiana 25 50 50 4 100 100 100 2
Iowa 25 50 50 4 100 100 100 2
Kansas 0 40 0 4 125 125 100 2
Kentucky 19 38 50 4 100 100 100 2
Louisiana 0 39 0 4 0 105 0 4
Maine 35 35 100 2 151 151 100 2
Maryland 47 47 100 4 141 141 100 4
Massachusetts 40 40 100 2 160 160 100 2
Michigan 38 38 100 4 110 110 100 2
Minnesota 0 67 0 2/4[b] 134 134 100 2
Mississippi 0 52 0 4 0 122 0 4
Missouri 17 34 50 4 163 163 100 2
Montana 25 50 50 4 100 100 100 2
Nebraska 24[c] 49[c] 49[c] 4 N/A (unicameral)
Nevada 11 21 52 4 42 42 100 2
New Hampshire 24 24 100 2 400 400 100 2
New Jersey 0 40 0 2/4[b] 0 80 0 2
New Mexico 0 42 100 4 70 70 100 2
New York 63 63 100 2 150 150 100 2
North Carolina 50 50 100 2 120 120 100 2
North Dakota 24 47 51 4 47 94 50 4
Ohio 16 33 52 4 99 99 100 2
Oklahoma 24 48 50 4 101 101 100 2
Oregon 15 30 50 4 60 60 100 2
Pennsylvania 25 50 50 4 203 203 100 2
Rhode Island 38 38 100 2 75 75 100 2
South Carolina 0 46 0 4 124 124 100 2
South Dakota 35 35 100 2 70 70 100 2
Tennessee 17 33 52 4 99 99 100 2
Texas 15 31 48 2/4[b] 150 150 100 2
Utah 14 29 48 4 75 75 100 2
Vermont 30 30 100 2 150 150 100 2
Virginia 0 40 0 4 0 100 0 2
Washington 25 49 49 4 98 98 100 2
West Virginia 17 34 50 4 100 100 100 2
Wisconsin 17 33 52 4 99 99 100 2
Wyoming 15 30 50 4 60 60 100 2
Total 1106 1972 56 N/A 4958 5411 92 N/A

State summaries[edit]

Alabama[edit]

2018 Alabama House of Representatives elections

All members of the Alabama Senate and the Alabama House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Alaska[edit]

2018 Alaska House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Alaska Senate and all of the seats of the Alaska House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of the senate, while a cross-partisan coalition of Democrats, Republicans, and independents retained control of the house of representatives.[2]

Arizona[edit]

2018 Arizona House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Arizona Senate and the Arizona House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers, but lost four seats in the House and lost the popular vote in the Senate by 1.4 points.

Arkansas[edit]

2018 Arkansas House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Arkansas Senate and all of the seats of the Arkansas House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

California[edit]

2018 California Assembly elections

Half of the seats of the California State Senate and all of the seats of the California State Assembly were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Colorado[edit]

2018 Colorado House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Colorado Senate and all of the seats of the Colorado House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats won control of the senate and retained control of the house of representatives.

Connecticut[edit]

2018 Connecticut House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Connecticut State Senate and the Connecticut House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats won control of the senate and retained control of the house of representatives.

Delaware[edit]

2018 Delaware House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Delaware Senate and all of the seats of the Delaware House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Florida[edit]

2018 Florida House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Florida Senate and all of the seats of the Florida House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Georgia[edit]

2018 Georgia House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Georgia State Senate and the Georgia House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Hawaii[edit]

2018 Hawaii House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Hawaii Senate and all of the seats of the Hawaii House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Idaho[edit]

2018 Idaho House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Idaho Senate and the Idaho House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Illinois[edit]

2018 Illinois House of Representatives elections

Two thirds of the seats of the Illinois Senate and all of the seats of the Illinois House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Indiana[edit]

2018 Indiana House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Indiana Senate and all of the seats of the Indiana House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Iowa[edit]

2018 Iowa House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Iowa Senate and all of the seats of the Iowa House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Kansas[edit]

2018 Kansas House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Kansas House of Representatives were up for election in 2018; the Republican-controlled Kansas Senate did not hold regularly-scheduled elections in 2018. Republicans retained control of the house of representatives.

Kentucky[edit]

2018 Kentucky House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Kentucky Senate and all of the seats of the Kentucky House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Maine[edit]

2018 Maine House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Maine Senate and the Maine House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats gained control of the state senate and retained control of the house of representatives.

Maryland[edit]

2018 Maryland House of Delegates elections

All of the seats of the Maryland Senate and the Maryland House of Delegates were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Massachusetts[edit]

2018 Massachusetts House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Massachusetts Senate and the Massachusetts House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats control both chambers, and the governor is a member of the Republican Party. Democrats hold a veto-proof supermajority in the state legislature.[3]

Michigan[edit]

2018 Michigan House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Michigan Senate and the Michigan House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers, but Democrats picked up enough seats to break the Republican legislative supermajority.[4]

Minnesota[edit]

2018 Minnesota House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Minnesota House of Representatives were up for election in 2018; the Republican-controlled Minnesota Senate did not hold regularly-scheduled elections in 2018. Democrats won control of the house of representatives, making Minnesota is the only state in the country where each major party controlled one state legislative chamber.[5]

Missouri[edit]

2018 Missouri House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Missouri Senate and all of the seats of the Missouri House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Montana[edit]

2018 Montana House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Montana Senate and all of the seats of the Montana House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Nebraska[edit]

Nebraska is the only U.S. state with a unicameral legislature; half of the seats of the Nebraska Legislature were up for election in 2018. Nebraska is also unique in that its legislature is officially non-partisan and holds non-partisan elections, although the Democratic and Republican parties each endorse legislative candidates.

Nevada[edit]

2018 Nevada Assembly elections

Half of the seats of the Nevada Senate and all of the seats of the Nevada Assembly were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

New Hampshire[edit]

2018 New Hampshire House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the New Hampshire Senate and the New Hampshire House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats won control of both chambers.

New Mexico[edit]

2018 New Mexico House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the New Mexico House of Representatives were up for election in 2018; the Democratic-controlled New Mexico Senate did not hold regularly-scheduled elections in 2018. Democrats retained control of the house of representatives.

New York[edit]

2018 New York State Assembly elections

All of the seats of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly were up for election in 2018. Democrats won control of the state senate and retained control of the state assembly.

North Carolina[edit]

2018 North Carolina House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the North Carolina Senate and the North Carolina House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers, but Democrats won enough seats to break the Republican legislative super-majority.[6]

North Dakota[edit]

2018 North Dakota House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the North Dakota Senate and the North Dakota House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Ohio[edit]

2018 Ohio House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Ohio Senate and all of the seats of the Ohio House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Oklahoma[edit]

2018 Oklahoma House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Oklahoma Senate and all of the seats of the Oklahoma House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Oregon[edit]

2018 Oregon House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Oregon State Senate and all of the seats of the Oregon House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Pennsylvania[edit]

2018 Pennsylvania upper house elections
2018 Pennsylvania House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Pennsylvania State Senate and all of the seats of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers, but Democrats picked up enough seats to break the Republican legislative supermajority.[4]

Rhode Island[edit]

2018 Rhode Island House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Rhode Island Senate and the Rhode Island House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

South Carolina[edit]

2018 South Carolina House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the South Carolina House of Representatives were up for election in 2018; the Republican-controlled South Carolina Senate did not hold regularly-scheduled elections in 2018. Republicans retained control of the house of representatives.

South Dakota[edit]

2018 South Dakota House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the South Dakota Senate and the South Dakota House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Tennessee[edit]

2018 Tennessee House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Tennessee Senate and all of the seats of the Tennessee House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Texas[edit]

2018 Texas House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Texas Senate and all of the seats of the Texas House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Utah[edit]

2018 Utah House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Utah State Senate and all of the seats of the Utah House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Vermont[edit]

2018 Vermont House of Representatives elections

All of the seats of the Vermont Senate and the Vermont House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

Washington[edit]

2018 Washington House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Washington State Senate and all of the seats of the Washington House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Democrats retained control of both chambers.

West Virginia[edit]

2018 West Virginia House of Delegates elections

Half of the seats of the West Virginia Senate and all of the seats of the West Virginia House of Delegates were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Wisconsin[edit]

2018 Wisconsin State Assembly elections

Half of the seats of the Wisconsin State Senate and all of the seats of the Wisconsin State Assembly were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Wyoming[edit]

2018 Wyoming House of Representatives elections

Half of the seats of the Wyoming Senate and all of the seats of the Wyoming House of Representatives were up for election in 2018. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Alaska House of Representatives is controlled by a coalition of Democrats, Republicans, and independents. The minority caucus consists of Republicans who are not part of the majority coalition.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h The upper houses of Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas use a 2-4-4 term length system.
  3. ^ a b c These figures represent the seats of Nebraska's unicameral legislature.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2018 Legislative Races by State and Legislative Chamber". National Conference of State Legislatures.
  2. ^ Wilson, Reid (February 15, 2019). "Alaska House elects a Speaker after more than a month of gridlock". The Hill.
  3. ^ Young, Colin A.; Lannan, Katie (November 7, 2018). "Democrats Further Solidify Super-Majorities In The Mass. House And Senate". WBUR News.
  4. ^ a b Rogers, Steven (November 12, 2018). "The blue wave was big—and significant—in state legislatures". Washington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  5. ^ Quinton, Sophie; Povich, Elaine S. (November 9, 2018). "So Much Changed in Statehouses This Week. Here's What It All Means". Stateline. The Pew Charitable Trusts.
  6. ^ Jim Morrill & Paul A. Specht, Blue waves in urban North Carolina help Democrats break GOP 'supermajorities', Charlotte Observer (November 7, 2018).