2018–19 education workers' strikes in the United States
The 2018–19 education workers' strikes in the United States began on February 22, 2018, after local activists compelled the West Virginia state leadership of the West Virginia branches of the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association into holding a strike vote. The strike—which ended when teachers returned to their classrooms on March 7—inspired similar, statewide strikes in Oklahoma and Arizona. It also inspired smaller-scale protests by school staff in Kentucky, North Carolina, Colorado, and led to a school bus driver strike in Georgia. Additionally, around this time, adjunct professors at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia protested over pay.
The strikes continued in the fall of 2018 when there was a collective bargaining shortcoming between the United Teachers Los Angeles union and the Los Angeles Unified School District in September 2018, prompting a strike that began in January 2019. This also resulted in a teachers' walkout in Virginia, a long-time right-to-work state, as well as in Denver and Oakland, California. The national wave of strikes has been referred to as Red for Ed or #RedforEd, with striking workers often wearing red shirts to show solidarity. Reasons given for the choice of the color red range from the fact that many of the initial strikes were in red (Republican-controlled) states to the idea that public school budgets are in the red.
Motivations for the strikes included desire for increased wages for teachers and support staff, larger school budgets, smaller classrooms, and other issues. The strikes varied in their levels of success, with West Virginia considered mostly successful, where Oklahoman teachers received relatively few concessions.
Origins and overview
This article needs to be updated.June 2018)(
Discussions of a strike in West Virginia began in early 2018. In the first week of February, teachers staged "walk-ins" at schools and some protested at the West Virginia Capitol. The strike proved successful, and inspired those in other states to strike as well.
In early April, Oklahoma became the second state to strike, making it the first time a teacher's strike was held in the state since 1990. The strike lasted for 10 days, from April 2-12, after teacher salaries were increased by $6,000 and support staff salaries were increased by $1,250.
In May 2018, it was reported that teachers in North Carolina could be next to strike, making it the fifth state to have a teachers' strike. This was due to the state being ranked 41st in the nation in salaries for teachers, and per pupil spending at negative 12 percent. Further, it was reported that teachers in North Carolina have seen a five percent decrease in salaries since 2008. Furthermore, teachers hired after January 1, 2021, will not receive health benefits, along with teachers having to pay $10,000 per year in out of pocket health insurance.
Because of a majority of the strikes being in predominantly Republican Party-controlled, conservative states, the strikes have been referred to as the "Red State Revolt". This has prompted several Republican politicians to concede to their demands, in the run-up to the 2018 mid-term elections.
One of the largest reasons for decreasing teacher pay and less funding for schools is the large amount of money diverted from current budgets to pay educators' unfunded pension liabilities. : For example: "In Colorado, school district payments to the public pension fund have roughly doubled since 2006, from about 10 percent of payroll to 20 percent." 
A 2016 study found that only 30% of the money that school districts pay towards the retirement benefits of an educator actually go toward that educator's pension, with 70% being used to pay off unfunded debt in that pension system. :
Universally, demands included raising pay. In Oklahoma and West Virginia, respectively sources of oil and coal, demands included financing the increased spending on education through taxation focused on these industries.
Original reason for the strike included the state's plan to force teachers to use fitbit to be allowed to keep subscribing to the same healthplan or face a $500 annual fine.
This article needs to be updated. In particular: does not include the latest strike in Nashville, TN.May 2019)(
Summary of strikes and protests by location
|State||Location||Date started||Status of protests||Outcome|
|Arizona||Statewide||April 26, 2018||Ended May 3, 2018||
|California||Los Angeles||January 14, 2019||Ended January 22, 2019||
|Oakland||February 21, 2019||Ended February 28, 2019||
|Sacramento||April 11, 2019||One-day strike|
|Union City||May 20, 2019||Ended June 7, 2019|
|Colorado||Statewide||April 27, 2018||Ended May 12, 2018||
|Denver||February 11, 2019||Ended February 14, 2019||
|Georgia||DeKalb County||April 19, 2018||Ended April 23, 2018||
|Kentucky||Statewide||April 2, 2018||
|North Carolina||Statewide||May 16, 2018||One-day strike||
|Statewide||May 1, 2019||One-day strike||
|Oklahoma||Statewide||April 2, 2018||Ended April 12, 2018||
|South Carolina||Statewide||May 1, 2019||One-day strike||
|Tennessee||Nashville||May 3, 2019||
Negotiations ongoing. Metro Nashville Public Schools has requested increased funding. 
|Virginia||Virginia Commonwealth University||February 28, 2018||Ended May 12, 2018||
|Statewide||January 28, 2019||One-day strike||
|West Virginia||Statewide||February 22, 2018||Ended March 7, 2018||
- 2018 Colorado teachers' strike
- 2018 DeKalb County School District bus drivers' strike
- 2018 North Carolina teachers' strike
- 2018 West Virginia teachers' strike
- VCUarts adjunct workers' protests
- Labor history of the United States
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