2019–20 Croatian presidential election
|Turnout||51.20% (first round), 55.00% (second round)|
Second round results by municipality
Presidential elections were held in Croatia on 22 December 2019. As no candidate received a majority of all votes (including blank, invalid and uncast ballots), a second round took place on 5 January 2020 between the two candidates with the highest number of votes in the first round. They were the seventh presidential elections since the first direct ones were held in 1992.
The decision to call the elections was made by the Croatian Government during its session on 14 November 2019. Potential candidates were required to gather at least 10,000 signatures from Croatian citizens who have reached the age of 18 in order for their candidacy to become official and for their name to appear on the ballot. They were allocated a time frame of 12 days to accomplish this and thus had until midnight local time on 3 December 2019 to present their signatures to the State Electoral Commission. A total of twelve candidates submitted signatures by the deadline and the commission then proceeded to verify the signatures within the following 48 hours, presenting a final list of eleven approved candidates on 5 December 2019.
In the first round of the election, which was held on 22 December 2019, former prime minister Zoran Milanović finished in first place with a relative majority of 29.55% of all votes cast. He was followed closely by incumbent president Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, who received 26.65% of the vote, and by Miroslav Škoro, who acquired 24.45% of the vote. As no candidate managed to reach the required percentage of the vote to win outright in the first round, a run-off election took place on 5 January 2020 between the two candidates with the most votes in the first round: Milanović and Grabar-Kitarović. Zoran Milanović won the second round with 52.66% of the vote and was thus elected the 5th President of Croatia since its independence in 1991, while Grabar-Kitarović became the second (consecutive) Croatian president not to have been reelected for a second term, after Ivo Josipović (2010-2015). Furthermore, the number of votes received by Zoran Milanović, in regard to both the first (562,783) and the second (1,034,170) round of the election, is the lowest of any victorious presidential candidate to date. On the other hand, the number of votes (507,628) and the percentage of the vote (26.65%) acquired by Grabar-Kitarović in the first round is the lowest for any Croatian president.
The incumbent president of Croatia, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, took office on 19 February 2015 and her term is due to end on 18 February 2020. The presidential term of Zoran Milanović is due to begin on 19 February 2020 and end on 18 February 2025.
The president of Croatia is directly elected by secret ballot to a term of 5 years using a two-round system. The Constitution of Croatia requires that a presidential election be held no sooner than 60 days and no later than 30 days before the expiration of the incumbent president's term. An absolute majority (50% + 1 vote) of all votes cast (including invalid, blank and uncast ballots) is required to win in the first round. If no candidate acquires such a majority, a second-round is to be held in 14 days' time, with the two candidates with the highest number of votes in the first round taking part. The candidate who acquires the highest number of votes in the second round (a majority of valid cast votes) is declared the winner. If one of the candidates who has won a high enough number of votes to take part in the second round were to abandon his candidacy or die, the candidate with the next highest number of votes in the first round will earn the right to take part in the second round. Furthermore, Croatian presidents may serve a maximum of two 5-year terms in their lifetime (a total of 10 years if both terms are won and served out in full).
In order for a potential candidate to be legally allowed to contest the election and have their name placed on the ballot, they must gather at least 10,000 signatures from eligible voters, with every such signatory being permitted to give his signature of support to only one potential candidate. The time frame for collecting the said number of signatures is set at 12 days, and after the expiry of this period potential candidates must submit them to the State Electoral Commission for verification.
On 5 December, the State Electoral Commission published a list of 11 candidates.
|Candidate||Party affiliation||Political remarks||Proof of nomination|
|Nedjeljko Babić||Croatian Party of all Chakavians, Kajkavians and Shtokavians||The candidate of a regional party, the Croatian Party of all Chakavians, Kajkavians and Shtokavians (HSSČKŠ). His bid was announced on 26 September.||Submitted some 14,000 signatures on 30 November.|
|Anto Đapić||Democratic Alliance for National Renewal||Đapić is nominated as the candidate of a right-wing party, the Democratic Alliance for National Renewal (DESNO). His bid was announced on 18 September. Declared himself the only true hard-right candidate. Formerly an MP (1992–2009) and the Mayor of Osijek (2005–2007, 2009), previously ran in the 2000 election as the candidate of the Croatian Party of Rights, finishing in 5th place in the first round.||Submitted some 13,000 signatures on 2 December.|
|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (runner-up)||Independent[a]||Incumbent President of Croatia since 2015. Grabar-Kitarović is standing for re-election to a second and final term. Although formally independent, she was nominated by the ruling Croatian Democratic Union and is supported by three other centrist to right-wing parties (HSP AS, BM 365, and HDS). She is running on a centre-right platform. Her bid was announced on 8 August.||Submitted some 231,000 signatures on 3 December.|
(legal name is Milan Bandić)
|Independent||Filmmaker born as Dario Juričan. In 2019, he legally changed his name to that which is identical to the name of the incumbent Mayor of Zagreb, Milan Bandić. His bid was announced on 18 September and is running on an anti-Milan Bandić satirical platform.||Submitted some 13,000 signatures on 3 December.|
|Mislav Kolakušić||Independent||Former judge and currently an independent Member of the European Parliament for Croatia. His bid was announced on 27 May. He is running as an anti-establishment independent candidate, focusing on anti-corruption and smaller government policies.||Submitted some 15,000 signatures on 29 November.|
|Dejan Kovač||Croatian Social Liberal Party||An economist at the Princeton University. Kovač is a candidate of the centre to centre-right Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), although he is not their member. His bid was announced on 4 August.||Submitted some 16,000 signatures on 1 December.|
|Zoran Milanović (winner)||Social Democratic Party||Candidate of the biggest opposition party, the centre-left Social Democratic Party (SDP), and is supported by 12 other centre-left, green and liberal parties (HSS, HSU, PGS, NS-R, Democrats, IDS, HL, Party of Pensioners, Glas, MDS, SNAGA, ZS, ORaH). His bid was announced on 17 June. Former Prime Minister of Croatia (2011–2016) and the president of SDP (2007–2016).||Submitted some 78,000 signatures on 26 November.|
|Dalija Orešković||Independent||Orešković was nominated as an independent candidate, although she leads the Party of Anti-corruption, Development and Transparency (START). Her bid was announced on 7 July 2019. In 2018, she had initially publicly stated that she wouldn't run in the election. She is running on an anti-corruption platform. Former Chair of Conflicts of Interest Committee of the Croatian Parliament (2013–2018).||Submitted some 11,000 signatures on 3 December.|
|Katarina Peović||Workers' Front||Peović was nominated by her own party, the left-wing Workers' Front, and is supported by the Socialist Labour Party. Running on a democratic socialist platform. Her bid was announced on 18 December 2018. Formerly a member of the Zagreb Assembly (2018).||Submitted some 14,000 signatures on 3 December.|
|Ivan Pernar||Party of Ivan Pernar||Currently a member of the Croatian Parliament. Pernar was nominated by his own party, which bears his name. Running on a populist platform. He announced his intention to run on 7 June 2019 and officially launched a candidacy on 21 June 2019.||Submitted some 15,000 signatures on 3 December.|
|Miroslav Škoro||Independent||Popular folk musician and formerly a member of the Croatian Parliament (2008). Running as an independent candidate, supported by right-wing and anti-establishment parties. His bid is endorsed by HKS, Hrast, UHD, Most, Green List and was announced on 23 June.||Submitted some 70,000 signatures on 3 December.|
- Vlaho Orepić withdrew on 2 December. He had initially scheduled the submission of his signatures of endorsement to the State Electoral Commission for 3 December 2019, however after having managed to collect only 8,054 signatures by the evening of 2 December, he determined that he would be unlikely to reach the required quota of 10,000 signatures by the set deadline and he thus withdrew his candidacy. He is a member of the Croatian Parliament (2017–) and the former Minister of the Interior (2016–2017). He had announced his bid on 11 July.
- Tomislav Panenić withdrew on 3 December. He is a current member of the Croatian Parliament (2016–) and the former Minister of Economy (2016). His bid was announced on 26 June.
- Ante Simonić withdrew on 3 December. He is a former Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia, having served in the Second Račan cabinet. He has announced his bid on 14 July 2019.
These individuals failed to submit the required number of endorsement signatures.
- Slobodan Midžić, a perennial potential candidate who submitted just one signature of endorsement to the State Electoral Commission on 3 December 2019. He had previously unsuccessfully attempted to become an official candidate in the 2009 and the 2014 elections.
- Josip Juretić, an activist. His bid was announced on 7 September.
- Ivan Rude, a lawyer from Šibenik. His bid was announced on 16 September.
- Ava Karabatić, a TV personality, singer, and model from Zadar. Her bid was announced on 30 September. Subsequently, she endorsed Zoran Milanović.
- David Lucijan Rožman, a student. His bid was announced on 1 October.
- Antun Babić, a former deputy chief of mission-minister plenipotentiary in the Croatian embassy in Ireland. His bid was announced on 14 February 2019
- Goran Jurišić, a member of HSP 1861. His bid was announced on 3 January 2019.
- Marko Vučetić, a member of the Croatian Parliament (2016 onwards). His bid was announced on 14 November 2018.
Declined to be candidates
These individuals have been the subject of presidential speculation, but have publicly denied or recanted interest in running for president.
- Ivo Josipović, Member of the Croatian Parliament (2003–2010), President of Croatia (2010–2015), and a SDP member. Zoran Milanović ultimately became the SDP's candidate.
- Predrag Matić, MEP (2019 onwards), Minister of Veterans' Affairs (2011–2015), member of the Croatian Parliament (2015–2019), and an SDP member. Zoran Milanović ultimately became the SDP's candidate.
- Tonino Picula, MEP (2013 onwards), Minister of Foreign Affairs (2000–2003), and an SDP member. Zoran Milanović ultimately became the SDP's candidate.
- Krešo Beljak, President of the HSS and a member of the Croatian Parliament (2016 onwards). HSS ultimately endorsed the SDP's candidate, Zoran Milanović.
- Anka Mrak-Taritaš, President of the Glas and a member of the Croatian Parliament (2016 onwards), Minister of Construction and Spatial Planning (2012–2015). Glas ultimately endorsed the SDP's candidate, Zoran Milanović.
- Božo Petrov, President of the Most, Member of the Croatian Parliament (2015 onwards), Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia (2016), Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (2016–2017). Most ultimately endorsed independent candidate Miroslav Škoro.
- Ruža Tomašić, MEP (2013 onwards), Member of the Croatian Parliament (2003–2007, 2011–2013), and a HKS member. HKS ultimately endorsed independent candidate Miroslav Škoro.
- Milan Bandić, Mayor of Zagreb (2000–2002, 2005 onwards) and the president of BM 365 (2015 onwards). Bandić ultimately endorsed independent candidate Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović.
- Dejan Jović, Chief Political Analyst and Special Coordinator in the Office of the President of Croatia (2010–2014). Considered a possible candidate for the Independent Democratic Serb Party (SDSS).
- Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)
- Bandić Milan 365 - Labour and Solidarity Party (BM 365)
- Croatian Party of Rights Dr. Ante Starčević (HSP AS)
- Croatian Christian Democratic Party (HDS)
- Ljubo Ćesić Rojs, retired army general
- Josip Jurčević, historian
- Zdravko Tomac, publicist and former politician
- Zdravko Mamić, former Croatian football administrator and sports agent
- Miroslav Blažević, former football manager
- Lino Červar, professional handball coach and former politician
- Oliver Mlakar, TV host
- Igor Vori, former professional handball player
- Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP)
- Croatian Peasant Party (HSS)
- Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU)
- Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar (PGS)
- People's Party - Reformists (NS-R)
- Democrats (D)
- Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS)
- Croatian Labourists – Labour Party (HL)
- Party of Pensioners (SU)
- Civic Liberal Alliance (Glas)
- Međimurje Democratic Assembly (MDS)
- POWER - People's and Civic Engagement Party (SNAGA)
- Green Party – Green Alternative (ZS)
- Sustainable Development of Croatia (ORaH)
- Vlatka Pokos, jet setter, former singer and former television host.
- Ava Karabatić, a starlet, singer, and model from Zadar.
- Branimir Glavaš, retired army general. (support rejected by Milanović)
- Workers' Front (RF)
- Socialist Labour Party (SRP)
- New Left (NL)
- Ljiljana Nikolovska, singer
- Ivica Prtenjača, author
- Nadežda Čačinovič, philosopher, professor University of Zagreb
- Aleksandar "Saša" Kabiljo, composer
- Tomislav Jakić, journalist, former adviser to the 2nd Croatian president Stjepan Mesić
- Drago Plečko, author, parapsychologist
- Ines Prica, anthropologist at Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research
- Zoran Restović, president of the Association of the Anti-Fascist Fighters of Šibenik-Knin County
- Sead Lipovača, guitarist and the founder of Divlje Jagode
- Krešimir Sučević Međeral, researcher at Institute for Croatian Language and Linguistics and a TV personality (chaser at the Croatian version of the game show The Chase)
- Alen Marin, musician, lead singer of Kojoti
- Boris Cerovec, leader of the Jadranski Sindikat trade union
- Boris Kuk, designer
- Borivoj Radaković, author
- Ankica Čakardić, Marxist-feminist philosopher, assistant professor at Zagreb University
- Boris Postnikov, essayist and literary critic
- Velimir Visković, literary critic and lexicographer
- Franci Blašković, musician
- Marina Banićević, film director
- Davor Jurkotić, comedian and TV host
- Mario Lipovšek Battifiaca, musician, comedian and TV host
- Rada Borić, feminist activist, linguist, member of the Zagreb Assembly
- Siniša Miličić, leader of the Regional Industrial Trade Union
- Viktor Ivančić, publicist and journalist, founder of Feral Tribune
- Vlado Bulić, writer and actor
- Hrvoje Rupčić, musician, founder of Cubismo
- Nemanja Cvijanović, multimedia artist
- Slaven Tolj, multimedia artist
- Dražen Turina Šajeta, musician
- Slavin Balen, radio host and DJ at Radio 101
- Croatian Souverainists, politician alliance including:
- Bridge of Independent Lists (Most)
- Green list (ZL)
- Independent list Bura (NLB)
- Jacques Houdek, singer
- Vedran Mlikota, actor
- Željko Pervan, comedian
- Ruža Tomašić, Croatian MEP
- Velimir Bujanec, right-wing television pundit
- Božidar Alić, actor
- Anica Kovač, model
- Antonija Šola, actress and singer
- Ivan Aralica, academician, novelist and essayist
- Nada Gačešić-Livaković, actress
- Željko Glasnović, retired major general and right-wing politician
- Zlatko Hasanbegović, right-wing politician and former Minister of Culture
- Marko Ljubić, journalist
- Davor Domazet-Lošo, publicist and retired admiral of the Croatian Navy
- Boris Havel, assistant professor at Zagreb University and right-wing political commentator
- Ana Lederer, theatrologist and former intendant of Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb
- Tomislav Sunić, far-right activist and professor
- Stjepan Tuđman, politician and son of the first Croatian president Franjo Tuđman
- Vlatka Vukelić, historian, activist and assistant professor at Zagreb University
- Karlo Starčević, politician and president of * Croatian Party of Rights (HSP)
After official validation of candidates by the State Electoral Commission, the first debate was a confrontation between Katarina Peović (RF and SRP) and Anto Đapić (Democratic Alliance for National Renewal), the most left-wing and the most-right wing candidate respectively, which was filmed by and broadcast on N1 television on 5 December 2019.
- Julienne Bušić, American writer, activist, widow and co-conspirator of Zvonko Bušić
- Damir Bićanić, handball player
- Anto Đapić, first round candidate
- Ivan Aralica, novelist, former Member of Croatian Parliament
- Vladimir Paar, physicist, university professor at Zagreb University
- Tomislav Josić, right-wing political activist, president of the Headquarters for the Defence of Croatian Vukovar
- Slavko Goluža, former handball player
- Matija Prskalo, actress
- Željko Krznarić, physician, professor at Zagreb University
- Marijana Petir, former Member of the European Parliament and former Member of Croatian Parliament (HDZ), endorsed Miroslav Škoro in the first round
- Stipe Božić, mountaineer and film-maker
- Ivan Gudelj, former footballer
- Vesna Bosanac, war time Director of General Hospital in Vukovar
- Marko Perkovic Thompson, singer
- Mate Bulić, singer
- Zlatko Dalić, football manager, selector of Croatian national football team
- Dubravko Šimenc, former water polo player
- Zvonko Ćurković, former commander of paramilitary Croatian Defence Forces, Vukovar
- Ivan Velić, Bosnian and Croatian basketball coach and former player
- Marin Rozić, basketball player, Cibona
- Božidar Alić, actor, endorsed Miroslav Škoro in the first round
- Slavko Linić, former member of Cabinet of Zoran Milanović
On 30 December, RTL held the first general debate with two second round candidates participated. Croatian Radiotelevision held the second debate on 2 January 2020. The third and final general debate was held on Nova TV on 3 January.
Polls conducted after the official start of the campaign
|Date||Polling Firm||Grabar-Kitarović||Milanović||Škoro||Kolakušić||Juričan||Orešković||Pernar||Peović||Kovač||Đapić||Babić||Undecided / none||Lead|
|22 Dec 2019||Exit poll||25,63||28,69||24,26||6,23||4,77||3,39||2,78||1,11||1,07||0,37||0,45||-||3,06|
|20 Dec 2019||IPSOS PULS||24,2||24,3||18,0||5,5||3,3||2,8||3,4||1,4||2,3||1,1||0,0||13,6||0,1|
|20 Dec 2019||Promocija plus||27,9||26,7||19,3||6,8||1,8||2,9||3,1||0,9||2,2||0,4||0,2||7,7||1,2|
|19 Dec 2019||Promocija plus||28,3||26,6||20,7||7,6||1,5||2,4||2,8||0,9||2,6||0,4||0,4||5,9||1,7|
|19 Dec 2019||2x1 komunikacije||25,3||26,0||23,8||6,1||1,3||1,0||1,2||1,1||0,9||1,2||0,4||11,7||0,7|
|11 Dec 2019||2x1 komunikacije||24,1||25,2||22,5||10,6||1,2||1,4||2,5||0,9||1,1||1,8||0,2||8,5||1,1|
|10 Dec 2019||Promocija plus||26,8||25,4||21,0||10,6||0,9||2,6||1,9||0,9||1,5||0,4||0,3||7,9||1,4|
|7 Dec 2019||2x1 komunikacije||26,0||29,0||21,9||11,0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||3,0|
|6 Dec 2019||IPSOS PULS||27,4||24,0||23,0||8,2||1,2||1,3||2,9||0,2||2,6||0,2||0,5||8,0||3,4|
Polls conducted after the first round
|5 Jan 2020||Exit poll||53,22||46,78||-||6,44|
|3 Jan 2020||IPSOS PULS||45||42||13||3|
|3 Jan 2020||2x1 komunikacije||50,7||49,3||N/A||1,4|
|31 Dec 2019||2x1 komunikacije||40,0||38,9||21,2||1,1|
|24 Dec 2019||IPSOS PULS||48,4||41,1||10,4||7,3|
The first round of the election took place on 22 December 2019, with former Social Democratic Prime Minister Zoran Milanović winning by a plurality of 29.55% of the vote, ahead of conservative incumbent President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, who received 26.65% of the vote. The conservative folk musician and former Member of Parliament Miroslav Škoro, who was running as an independent candidate, narrowly failed to reach the run-off election, managing to attract the support of 24.45% of voters. This marked the first time in Croatian history that the incumbent president did not receive the highest number of votes in the first round. Also, Grabar-Kitarović attained both the lowest number of votes (507,626) and the lowest percentage of votes of any Croatian president competing in either of the two rounds of elections. Milanović received both the lowest number of votes (562,779) and the lowest percentage of the vote of any first-place candidate in the first round of a presidential election. Škoro received the highest number of votes (465,703) for a third-placed candidate since Mate Granić (HDZ) in the 2000 elections and the highest-ever percentage of the vote for a candidate who did not advance to the run-off. Milanović received a plurality of the vote in Croatia's three largest cities; 33.02% in Zagreb, 30.79% in Split and 41.87% in Rijeka, and finished second (25.61%) in the fourth largest city, Osijek, which was won by Škoro (33.33%). Grabar-Kitarović came in second in Split and Rijeka, and third in Zagreb and Osijek.
A run-off was held between Milanović and Grabar-Kitarović on 5 January 2020. Milanović won by just over 104,000 votes, becoming the fifth President of Croatia since independence and the second to have been officially nominated by the Social Democratic Party, after Ivo Josipović (2010–2015). Furthermore, Milanović received a majority of the vote in seven counties and in the City of Zagreb, while Grabar-Kitarović defeated him among voters living in thirteen counties and among the members of the Croatian diaspora. However, Milanović defeated Grabar-Kitarović in all four major cities: Zagreb (by around 74,000 votes), Split (by around 3,000 votes), Rijeka (by around 20,000 votes) and Osijek (by around 1,000 votes).
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Zoran Milanović||Social Democratic Party||562,783||29.91||1,034,170||52.66|
|Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović||Independent (HDZ)[a]||507,628||26.98||929,707||47.34|
|Ivan Pernar||Party of Ivan Pernar||44,057||2.34|
|Katarina Peović||Workers' Front||21,387||1.14|
|Dejan Kovač||Croatian Social Liberal Party||18,107||0.96|
|Source: Izbori, Izbori|
|City of Zagreb||693,899||381,668||55.00%||566||0.14||612||0.16||73,958||19.36||33,145||8.67||4,377||1.14||126,142||33.02||22,688||5.93||13,616||3.56||5,413||1.41||6,323||1.65||90,890||23.79|
|City of Zagreb||694,639||400,763||57.73%||227,609||59.7||153,687||40.3|
First-place candidate in the first round of the election in each municipality.
First round results by municipality, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
First round results by settlement, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
First-place candidate in the 2nd round of the election in each municipality.
2nd round results by municipality, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Ipsos Puls exit polls for the first round of the election suggested the following demographic breakdown:
- Grabar-Kitarović was elected to office as the official candidate of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) in the 2014–2015 election, but is legally prohibited by Article 96 of the Constitution from holding any party membership for the entire duration of her term. Thus, although not a member of a political party, she has been nominated by the Croatian Democratic Union and three other parties to be their candidate in the 2019–2020 election.
- Grabar-Kitarović was elected in the 2014–2015 election as the candidate of the HDZ. However, under Article 96 of the Constitution of Croatia, sitting presidents are prohibited from holding party memberships for the duration of their term. As a result, she stood as an independent candidate, albeit with informal HDZ affiliation.
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profesor Goran Jurišić iz Zagreba nestranački kandidat za predsjednika Republike Hrvatske, te je to ujedno i prva kandidatura, i prva objavljena kandidatura u Hrvatskoj, prije bilo koga drugog, što je VIJEST, te Vam je stavljamo na raspolaganje, uključujući link na YouTube-kanal JurišićaZaPredsjednika, gdje je ista objavljena 3. siječnja 2019. godine.
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