2019–20 Iraqi protests
The 2019–20 Iraqi protests, also named the Tishreen Revolution (October Revolution) and Iraqi Intifada, are an ongoing series of protests that consisted of demonstrations, marches, sit-ins and civil disobedience. They started on 1 October 2019, a date which was set by civil activists on social media, spreading over the central and southern provinces of Iraq, to protest 16 years of corruption, unemployment and inefficient public services, before they escalated into calls to overthrow the administration and to stop Iranian intervention in Iraq. The Iraqi government has been using live bullets, snipers, hot water, hot pepper gas and tear gas against protesters, leading to many deaths and injuries (some critical).
The protests stopped on 8 October and resumed on 25 October. Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi announced on 29 November that he would resign. On 26 December, President Barham Salih submitted a letter of resignation after refusing to appoint governor of Basra Asaad Al Eidani who was nominated by Bina bloc, an Iran-backed parliamentary bloc, as the new Prime Minister, stating that Al Eidani would not be approved by the demonstrators.
According to the BBC, the protestors call for the end of the political system which has existed since the US-led invasion ousted Saddam Hussein and has been marked by sectarian divides. The protests are the largest incident of civil unrest since the fall of Saddam Hussein.
In 2011, protests broke out in various provinces within Iraq demanding the end of corruption, nepotism, and unemployment, while also calling for increased wages and improved public services such as electricity, transportation, health care, education and municipal services. Protestors faced government suppression, police brutality and arrests. These reform demands in the six Sunni-dominant provinces escalated during the 2012–13 Iraqi protests after Nouri Al-Maliki's acts of persecution against Sunni political figures. This, in turn, led to protests calling for the overthrow of the sectarian government and redrafting the constitution, as well as a march into Baghdad to occupy the Green Zone. These protests were faced with even more government suppression, leading to clashes between security forces and local tribesmen who had alleged support from Ba'ath Party loyalists. After reports of the Sunni factions, which were part of the Iraqi insurgency against the American occupation, unifying their powers and taking control over Al Anbar Governorate, the government launched the 2013 Anbar campaign. By July 2014, these factions which merged with ISIL had occupied most of Al-Anbar, Ninawa, Salah ad-Din, Kirkuk and Diyala which started the Iraqi Civil War. The U.S. Secretary of State pledged "intense" support to the Iraqi government while imploring the Government to rise above "sectarian motivations" but according to senior officials in the Department of Defense the U.S. was refraining from giving weapons to the Iraqi military "because of lack of confidence in Iraqi troops", while veteran U.S. journalists familiar with the situation claimed that Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki "is not the answer and should step down".
Fueled by the lack of progress of Haider al-Abadi's government and state corruption, leader of the Sadrist Movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, called for a sit-in within the Green Zone in Baghdad to force the government to find serious solutions for corruption. On 30 April 2016, thousands of Al-Sadr's followers breached the barricades of the Green Zone and stormed into governmental buildings, including the Iraqi parliament, chasing representatives out of the Green Zone before retreating the day after by the call of Al-Sadr. Another demonstration broke out in Basra and nearby cities in July 2018 due to deteriorating public utilities, water contamination and lack of electricity and continued for a few months. Protestors burned down a number of government buildings and parties' headquarters, blocked numerous main streets, tore and burned pictures of Khomeini and Khamenei and even occupied the Al-Najaf and Basra International Airport. They were faced with suppression from security forces and Popular Mobilization Forces, including Kata'ib Hezbollah, Badr Organization and Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq, causing the death of at least 16 protestors.
Remembering the rise of ISIS during the protests in 2012, these ones avoided sectarian rhetoric. Initially Americans had not seemed to be the focus of the anger although a 2019 poll found that only 22% of Iraqis had a favorable opinion of the United States, while 16% had a favorable opinion of Iran. However this preliminary assumption clearly turned out to be wrong after few months when hundreds of thousands opposed US presence in the country.
On 20 June in Basra demonstrators gathered outside the city's new administrative headquarters to vent their anger about poor basic services and unemployment. The old headquarters were burnt down during 2018's months-long protest. Basra and the surrounding region produce about 90 per cent of the country's oil wealth but most of its residents have not benefited from it. Protesters blamed the Basra's authorities for the city's problems, from a lack of job opportunities to unreliable and poor public utilities. Riot police were deployed at the scene but the protest remained peaceful.
Holders of higher degrees demonstrations
On 25 September 2019, a group of holders of higher degrees organizoed a protest in front of the Prime Minister's office in Baghdad, demanding their employment. The protest was faced with major suppression from security forces as armoured vehicles separated the demonstrators using hot water and police forces conducted random arrests among them which led to cases of fainting and injuries among the demonstrators. This incident was faced with country-wide anger because of the forceful methods that were used by the government towards intellectual demonstrators, along with the violence that was used against female protestors. Reactions included the Ministry of Interior forming a committee to investigate the incident and demonstrators organizing solidarity protests in many provinces to condemn these methods. The holders of higher degrees resumed their protests for three days after the incident, spreading over many southern provinces.
Dismissal of Abdel-Wahab Al-Saedi
On 27 September 2019, Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi issued a decision to transfer the commander of the Iraqi Counter-Terrorism Force, Lieutenant General Abdel-Wahab Al-Saedi, from the ICTF to the Ministry of Defence, a decision that was viewed by many and by Al-Saedi himself as a demotion and an act of disrespect after being one of the major leaders of the liberation of Mosul from ISIL's occupation. Al-Saedi said the decision is an insult to his military rank and that he would rather go to jail than execute this decision. This decision caused political figures, including former prime minister Haider Al-Abadi and many representatives, to criticize Abdul-Mahdi and call for him to back down from his decisions. According to VOA News, Al Saedi's transfer was influenced individually by pro-Iran factions within the Al-Shaabi paramilitary force, said a government official in Iraq who asked to be kept unknown.  After the decision was made, social media was flooded with Al-Saedi's photos and achievements, calling for Abdul-Mahdi to back down from this injustice and accusing Iran of ordering the Iraqi government to replace every "national hero" in the army with Iranian loyalists. In response to this backlash, Abdul-Mahdi said he stands by his decision and that it is a normal routine decision with no political motivations. Furthermore, after calls for the unveiling of a statue of Al-Saedi in Mosul that was made to immortalize the commander's efforts in the city's liberation, security forces surrounded the statue, prohibiting its unveiling, before it was finally removed by them. On 30 September 2019, Al-Saedi announced that he executed Abdul-Mahdi's orders and joined the ministry of defence as "a loyal soldier to serve my country and my beloved people."
Causes, goals and methods
Starting on 25 October 2019, mass protests took place in many cities in Iraq, including Kerbala, against corruption and a national government that protestors saw as unaccountable for its actions. After the U.S. occupation (2003–11), oligarchs and warlords were perceived to have taken control over Iraq. While the country produces more oil than the United Arab Emirates, the oil revenues were seen by protestors as failing to be spent on maintenance of hospitals and roads. A widely used slogan in this phase of the protests was: "We want a home land"—reflecting a longing both for a sense of unity and for a self-determined life in dignity.
While at daytime protesters from all strata of Iraqi society peacefully took to the streets and squares of cities like Kerbala, later at night, youths from the suburbs sought violent confrontations, using molotov cocktails and burning car-tyres, which was answered by the state security forces with tear gas, rubber bullets, deadly snipers and even patrol vehicles lethally ramming into crowds.
Role of Intercept Iranian influence report
A leaked 700 page document reported on 18 November by The Intercept and shared with The New York Times documented "far more than was previously understood about the extent to which Iran and the United States [had] used Iraq as a staging area for their spy games." The documents were mostly Iranian intelligence officials' communications from their visits to Iraq in 2014 and 2015. Al-Monitor described the report as having "shaken Iraq's political foundations, giving more energy and persistence to the protestors and exposing huge scandals that affect almost all Iraqi politicians." The Intercept highlighted a report of a meeting at the Iranian Embassy in Baghdad in relation to concern that Haider al-Abadi, a proposed new prime minister for Iraq, was not sufficiently under Iranian influence. The meeting expressed satisfaction that eight of the ministers under Abadi were sufficiently "in complete harmony", "close", in a "special relationship" or "loyal to" Iran, including Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari and Minister of Transportation Bayan Jabr Solagh, and two were "better than the previous [ones]". One of the top political advisers of the Speaker of the Iraqi parliament, Salim al-Jabouri, spied for Iran under the code identity Source 134832.
Assassination and intimidation campaign
This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Reuters reported that during the October protests, Iran-backed militia snipers were on Baghdad rooftops, according to two Iraqi security officials.
A day after the October protests started, activists Hussein Adel al-Madani, 25 years old, and his wife Sara Talib, 24 years old, who had spent time in exile in Turkey, changed address and ceased participating in protests, were assassinated in Basra by unidentified gunmen. Friends of the victims and security services told Thomson Reuters that the assassination had been ordered by an Iran-backed militia. Interviews by Thomson Reuters with officials and activists indicated a "pattern of mass arrests, intimidation and torture, and in some cases targeted killings of Iraqi protesters", with six activists "shot dead in or near their homes" over the year from November 2018 to October 2019, that was attributed by the interviewees to an Iran-backed militia. The activists had criticised the militias and been threatened for their activism. In November, gunmen in unmarked cars killed activist Adnan Rustum in Baghdad and another activist in Amara.
An Iranian official contacted by Thomson Reuters said the claims of assassinations and threats by Iran-backed militias were "baseless".
The Iraqi Prime Minister stated during a parliament meeting, “Huge demonstrations against me duly materialized and Trump called again to threaten that if I did not comply with his demands, then he would have Marine snipers on tall buildings target protesters and security personnel alike in order to pressure me. I refused again and handed in my resignation. To this day the Americans insist on us rescinding our deal with the Chinese.” Mahdi says he was also “threatened with false-flag sniper shootings of both protesters and security personnel in order to inflame the situation”, “After this, when our Minister of Defense publicly stated that a third party was targeting both protestors and security personnel alike (just as Trump had threatened he would do), I received a new call from Trump threatening to kill both me and the Minister of Defense if we kept on talking about this “third party”.
Two Iraqi security officials contacted by Thomson Reuters stated the beating and electrocution of detained protestors, and the forcing of detained protestors to promise media silence were common. Iraqi government security spokesperson Abdul Karim Khalaf said that any evidence of torture should be investigated but no claims had been confirmed. The human rights committee of the Iraqi parliament called for an official investigation into the "'assassinations and kidnappings' of activists and bloggers."
As of 23 December 2019, there were 29 assassinated activists related to the protests, most of them were in Baghdad. On 10 January 2020, an Iraqi journalist, Ahmad Abdelsamad, of Dijlah TV and his cameraman, Safaa Ghali, were shot in their car by unidentified gunmen.
On 21 January, the police stated that Janat Madhi, a 49-year old activist was gunned down by unknown gunmen as she came back home from protests in the southern city of Basra, according to the Urdu Point. 
Attack on US Embassy in Baghdad
US Embassy in Baghdad was attacked on the last day of 2019. The attack was organized and directed by Iran's proxy leaders Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, Qays al-Khazali, Hadi al Amari, and Faleh al-Fayyad. They are seen in the pictures taken on the scene.
Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, one of the leaders of attack on US Embassy in Baghdad, was condemned and spent years in jail in Kuwait for directing the December 1983 attacks on US and French embassies there.
For a long time, Iraqi anti-government protestors tried to enter Green Zone and were brutally suppressed and held back. On 31 December, groups of Popular Mobilization Forces (al-Hashd al-Sha'abi) entered the Green Zone and went directly toward the American Embassy without being blocked by security forces.
US president Donald Trump accused Iran of "orchestrating" the attack on the embassy and added that they would be held "fully responsible". In the aftermath, the commander of Iran's Quds Force, Major General Qasem Soleimani, and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis were assassinated in a U.S. drone strike while traveling in a convoy near Baghdad International Airport. On January 5 in reaction to these airstrikes the Iraqi parliament called for the expulsion of US troops from the country.
Shotdown of Ukraine International Airlines
Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Tehran to Kiev operated by Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) that was shot down shortly after takeoff from Tehran Imam Khomeini International Airport. All 176 passengers and crew were killed; it was the first fatal air accident for Ukraine International Airlines.
1 October: Protests erupted in Baghdad in Liberation Square over high unemployment, poor basic services, and state corruption. These protests spread to the southern provinces. The authorities imposed an internet blackout and shut down 75% of the country's internet access. Protesters demanded the resignation of Adil Abdul-Mahdi and prepare for early elections. The protesters also began demonstrating against Iranian influence, and against the leader of Quds Force, Qasem Soleimani. At the beginning of the protests, the demonstrators were mostly young male, holding the government responsible for its many failures, according to vox.  The Iraqi prime minister declared a curfew until further notice.
8 October: Protests largely ceased due to Arba'een, a Shia religious holiday which occurred on October 19. According to Arab News, regardless of warnings from the Iranian authorities for the pilgrims to procrastinate going on the pilgrimage to Iraq, 3.5 million Shiites, mainly Iranians entered Iraq through land borders on Friday. 
24 October: Thousands of protesters began to congregate at Liberation Square in Baghdad, protesting against the government and against the Iranian influence. Nearly 50 protesters were killed and injured after attempting to enter the Green Zone.
25 October: Protesting in Maysan Governorate began to turn into riots between Peace Companies led by Muqtada al-Sadr on one side and Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq and Badr Organization on another. Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq member Wisam Alyawi and his brother, both PMU commanders for the Maysan Governorate, were lynched by angry protesters who dragged them out of an ambulance and beat them to death. Qais Khazali, chief of all Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq, announced that nine PMU members had been killed in the recent protests, blamed Israel for their deaths, and stated he would take revenge "four times over." Protesters burned down and destroyed many offices of political parties in the city of Samawah. Protesters in Karbala chanted against Iran, tearing up Ali Khamenei's pictures. They also attacked the Governorate Council building. They also burnt the Iranian consulate. In Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, protesters burned down the Governorate Council building. Administrative authorities declared a curfew in the province. In the city of Al Kūt, protesters attacked many of the political parties' offices and also attacked the house of former Minister of Interior, Qasim al-Araji.
26 October: 7 protesters were killed and 28 wounded after conflicts between Badr Organization and protesters in city of Hillah in Babil Governorate. The seven protesters died when members of the Badr organization opened fire at protesters assembled in front of their office, according to the guardian. 
28 October: A top security authority for Baghdad declared an open-ended curfew on the capital, four days after the renewed protests against government killed more than 70 protesters. In Karbala, 14-30 people were killed in protests. Government officials denied any deaths occurred.
3 November: Protestors stormed the Iranian consulate in Karbala, where they set fires around the building and replaced the Iranian flag with an Iraqi one. According to Reuters, 3 protesters were killed when Iraqi security forces fired live ammunition at protesters gathered outside the Iranian consulate.  However, the BBC was led to believe that the source of the gunfire was anonymous and it was aimed at both the security forces and protesters . 
4 November: An internet blockage observatory, NetBlocks highlighted that the internet access in Baghdad and five other regions in Iraq were cut off on 4 November, in wake of the continued rage in the country. Netblocks added that the new internet shut down is currently perceived to be the most extreme shut down experienced in Iraq.  Iraqi authorities had taken a similar move in October, where social media and messaging remained highly restricted in several parts of the country.
8 November: Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iraq's most influential Shia cleric, called on the government to meet the demands of the protesters, and urged the security forces to avoid the use of violence.
10 November: The Iraqi Parliamentary Human Rights Committee reported that at least 319 people had been killed during the protests. According to the Independent High Commission for Human Rights of Iraq, an additional 15,000 were injured.
13 November: The Iraqi Parliament held a special session to discuss the crisis. Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq addressed the session to present her plan to resolve the crisis, which involves election reform and anti-corruption measures.
14 November: Four people were killed and 62 injured in Baghdad in clashes between security forces and protesters.
16 November: At least four protesters were killed and nearly 20 were injured as a car bomb attack took place at the Tahrir Square in Baghdad. No group claimed responsibility of the first explosion in the ongoing anti-government protests.
17 November: Documents leaked by The Intercept revealed details of Iranian influence inside Iraq. The Intercept was said to have received the documents from an unknown source and has since been unable to identify, according to the guardian. 
19 November: Protesters blocked the entrance to the country's second largest commercial port, Khor al-Zubair port, halting the trade activity for oil and other tankers. Prior to that, the access to Umm Qasr Port was also cut off.
21 November: Al-Jazeera reported that at least seven protesters were killed and 78 wounded by security forces in Baghdad.
24 November: At least two protesters were shot dead in the southern city of Nasiriyah, as they shut down schools and blocked the Zaitoun and the Nasr bridges into the city centre. Nearly 47 people were also wounded during the clashes with security forces.
27 November: Protestors attacked the Iranian consulate in Najaf for the second time, this time burning it down. Security forces fired tear gas into the crowd and injured some of them but had to escape when hundreds protesters poured into the consulate and set it on fire.
1 December: Despite the resignation of Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi, demonstrators in the Shi'ite populated city of Najaf set fire to the Iranian consulate, for the second time in a week. According to BBC, reports showed that staff at the Iranian consulate were able to escape immediately before the demonstrators stormed the consulate.  A police official said that when the police fired shots with live ammunition in order to stop the protesters from breaking into the consulate, one protester was killed and a minimum of 35 people were injured, according to Al jazeera. 
6 December: Unidentified gunmen in vehicles opened fire on protesters in Baghdad's Khilani Square, killing 25 (including three police officers) and injuring around 130 others. The attacks were said to have followed a day after a string of suspicious stabbings in Baghdad's Tahir Square, leaving at least 15 wounded, according to the guardian.  According to Aljazeera, some protesters blamed the Iraqi government of conspiring with the gunmen, indicating to a power outage that coincided with the time of the attacks. 
12 December: A 16-year-old boy - falsely accused of shooting protestors - was dragged along the ground and lynched by protestors after security forces withdrew. The boy's deceased body was de-clothed apart from his underpants and was later hung from a traffic light. It was later removed by his family and taken to a forensic morgue.
Muqtada al-Sadr's group stated that it would withdraw its "blue helmets" support for the protests unless the "terrorists responsible" for the lynching were identified. A protestor's group described the lynching as "a Machiavellian plan aimed at tarnishing the reputation of the peaceful protesters" and that the protestors "had nothing to do with" the lynching event.
24 December: The Council of Representatives passed a series of electoral laws to placate protestors. The laws allowed voters to select individuals rather than use party lists, while the candidates would represent electoral districts rather than provinces.
26 December: President Barham Salih submits a letter of resignation after refusing to appoint Asaad Al Eidani as Prime Minister following the resignation of Adil Abdul-Mahdi. Salih stated that Al Eidani would not be approved by the demonstrators. President Salih added that since the constitution voids him of the right to refuse a nomination, he prefers to step down instead of accepting the nomination of a new prime minister that the protesters would reject. 
31 December: Hundreds of pro-Iran protesters surrounded the US embassy in Baghdad in the Green Zone of the city where embassies and government buildings are concentrated, in protest over the US air strikes in Iraq, two days earlier. Protesters elsewhere in Baghdad stated: "demonstrations at the US embassy are a natural response to the US strikes over Hashd positions in Iraq". However, they condemned the attack on the U.S. embassy by Iraqi supporters of the Hashd group saying, "we are staying here in the hub of the peaceful protest movement " and added that the "crowds in the Green Zone do not represent us. We want peaceful change." Rumours speculated that on that day, some protesters had broken into the US embassy compound. However, some time later the US ministry of foreign affairs announced that protesters had not entered the actual embassy building in Baghdad, and that the US ambassador was still at his post.
5 January: Following the 3 January assassination by the United States (US) of Iranian major general Qasem Soleimani and of the head of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, protests continued in Nassiriyah, Dewaniya, Kut, Amarah, Karbala and Baghdad with a deliberate shift to protesting against both the Iranian and US roles in Iraq. Earlier protests tended to mostly oppose Iranian influence in Iraq. The earlier slogan "Out, out Iran" was replaced by "No to Iran, no to America". Protestors in Basra and Nassiriyah blocked symbolic funeral processions for Soleimani and al-Muhandis. In Nassiriyah, pro-Iran funeral participants shot and wounded three protestors. In revenge, the local headquarters of the PMF was set alight. Protestors in Najaf burnt tyres and protested against the US and Iran. In reaction to the airstrikes the Iraqi parliament called for the expulsion of US troops from the country.
7 January: Online and street campaigns to buy local products, titled "Made in Iraq" and "Iraqi National Product", continued after the Soleimani and al-Muhandis assassinations, strengthening in Baghdad.
10 January: Two thousand people protested in Basra and Nassiriyah, with slogans including "Neither America nor Iran, our revolution is a young revolution." Appeals for a "million-man march" spread through online social media.
11 January: Two reporters, who covered months of protests against the Iraqi government, were shot dead by two armed men in a car in Basra. On 12 January, hundreds of Iraqis in Basra mourned the death of the correspondent for local television station al-Dijla, Ahmad Abdessamad, and his cameraman Safaa Ghali. A mourner stated that the attack was obviously an attempt to keep people silent, France 24 reported.  On Sunday, Iraq's Ministry of interior invited journalists to a conference in Basra, in order to discuss the killings, as well as the security conditions of the City. However, the ministry were left with no choice but to cancel the conference because journalists refused to attend.
17 January: At least two people were killed and dozens injured after the security forces fire upon protesters at Sinak bridge in central Baghdad. In the southern city of Najaf, Iraqi protesters attacked the Kata’ib Hezbollah militia's center and set it afire. Next day protestors continued by burning posters of Qassem Soleimani.
22 January: Iraq's High Commission for Human Rights announced that at least 10 people have been killed in the violent unrest across the country within the last two days, Al Jazeera reported. Iraq's President Barham Salih, attended a meeting with US President Donald Trump at Davos January 22, where they discussed the strategic foreign relations between Iraq and the US, which was perceived by Iran-backed militias as a clear indication that Salih wants the US military to remain in Iraq, despite warning him not to meet with Trump. 
23 January: Amnesty International warned that Iraqi security forces have continued their series of operations involving the use of deadly violence against peaceful protesters, based on substantiate video analysis and eyewitness reports confirmed by the organisation. According to the San Diego Union-Tribune, at least 8 people are believed to have been wounded on Thursday, when security forces used tear gas to disperse protesters on the Mohammed al-Qassim highway.
24 January: Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr's call for a “million-strong” march was answered, as hundreds of thousands of Iraqis marched to the streets demanding the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq. The Green zone which houses the US embassy alongside the path of the march was heavily surrounded by security forces, CNN added.  According to the BBC, among those protesting in the city of Baghdad are Iranian-backed militias, with many others carrying Iraq's national flags and placards criticizing the presence of US troops in the country. However, several anti-government protesters are concerned that Moqtada's call to force US military out of Iraq could surpass their separate, months-long protests that have disputed the grip on power by Iran-backed Shi’ite groups. 
According to the Guardian, a statement by the influential Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr was read out by his representative on the stage at the place of the protest, calling for the closure of Iraqi airspace to US military and surveillance aircraft, the annulment of Iraqi's security agreement with the US, as well as the departure of all foreign forces from the country, and so on.  A rough estimate suggested that the turnout of the protesters had reached two hundred thousand, according to Vox.
25 January: Iraqi security forces raided a protest site in Baghdad and tried to remove protesters in southern cities, firing tear gas and live bullets, killing four and wounding dozens more. The raid came after Muqtada al-Sadr ordered his followers to withdraw. It was reported that al-Sadr's followers packed up their tents and departed the camps after the withdrawal of his support.  The withdrawal of Iraq's Sadrists in their support for the anti-government protest movement has left many pondering, as to whether a government crackdown will follow. 
26 January: In Baghdad rockets hit the United States embassy wounding at least one. One rocket was said to hit the embassy cafeteria, while two other rockets landed nearby, a security source was cited by the AFP news agency.  According to CNN, the wounded individual sustained a minor injury and had already resumed duty, a US official added.  On Sunday, the Independent High Commission for Human Rights of Iraq stated that over the last three days, 9 protesters were killed in Baghdad and 3 others in Nasiriyah in the Iraqi protests, leaving 230 others wounded. 
27 January In the city of Nasiriyah, south of Iraq, security forces opened fire at a crowd of anti-government protesters and killed one person. On Monday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on Iraqi PM Abdul Mahdi to uphold Iraq's sovereignty in light of attacks from Iran on US facilities in Iraq, including Sunday's rocket attacks against the US embassy in Baghdad.
31 January the Human Rights Watch urged the Iraqi authorities to investigate unlawful use of force and all killings at the hands of security forces, with the aid of international experts if need be. On Friday, security forces fired tear gas to disperse crowd at Baghdad's Khilani and Wathba squares, leaving at least 11 protesters injured, medical and security officials stated. 
1 February Iraq's President Barham Salih, appointed a former Minister of Communications Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi, as the country's new Prime Minister. However, anti-government protesters promptly rejected the appointment of Mohammed Allawi as the new prime-minister designate, by holding rallies in Baghdad, as well as in cities across the country's southern provinces.  Later in the evening, in an address to Iraqis on state television, Allawi pledged to form a representative government, hold early parliamentary elections, ensure justice for the unlawful acts against protesters, among all other claims by the protesters. 
2 February Protesters who were against Allawi's nomination started grouping their tents together away from the tents occupied by Sadrists in Baghdad's Tahir square. 
3 February Al Jazeera reported that since the onset of the protests, the death toll is now believed to have reached 536, alongside 13 members of the security forces, as announced by the Iraqi state television.  On Monday, Sadrists who were identified wearing “blue hats,” stormed an anti-regime rally which led to the demise of a protester who was stabbed to death, leaving three others injured, security and medical sources stated.. 
4 February A day after a demonstrator was killed, tensions between Sadr supporters and protesters against Allawi's nomination increased, as the rift erupted into a fistfight between the two opposing groups in the southern city of Diwaniyah.  According to Arab News, despite the interference of security forces, the young anti-regime protesters chanted against Sadr, Iraqi authorities, including Iran, which they blamed for supporting the government's harsh actions towards protesters.  Furthermore, in order to ensure schools were fully reopened in Diwaniyah after sit-ins had forced them to shut down, security forces were sighted outside the schools, as well as government offices. 
5 February Violence erupted in the holy city of Najaf, as al-Sadr's followers tried to forcibly remove demonstrators from their protest camps.  Medical sources stated that at least 8 people were killed during the clash, leaving at least 20 more injured, according to Reuters News Agency.  Out of the 8 protesters who were killed, 7 of them were believed to have died as a result of bullets to either the chest or head, France 24 added.  The number of injured people had reached 52, according to The New York Times. 
Mohammed Allawi, Iraq's PM-designate, held a meeting on Wednesday with several representatives of the protest movement from the various provinces across the country.  Similar clashes involving al-Sadr's followers attempting to suppress the protests were reported to have taken place across other parts of the country as well, including Karbala, Diwaniyah, Dhi Qar, Baghdad, among others, according to the Kurdistan 24. 
6 February Following the violence that erupted on Wednesday between anti-government protesters and followers of Moqtada al-Sadr, hundreds of anti-government protesters have returned to the site of the violence, as they rallied through the streets of the holy city of Najaf, in an attempt to rebuild their protest camp that was destroyed.  On Thursday evening, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, issued a statement condemning the killing of anti-government protesters in the city of Najaf and called on the Iraqi government to see to the need of protesters, as well as punish those responsible for the killings. 
7 February Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani being one of the most powerful and influential figures in Iraq, several protesters and Iraqi activists are clinging on to him as their last beacon of hope, as they urge him to call for a million-strong march against the Iraqi government ahead of Friday's sermon.  During this week's Friday sermon, in remarks presented by al-Sistani's representative in the holy city of Karbala, he denounced the clash with Sadrists in Najaf on Wednesday, and held security forces responsible for failing to prevent the death of 8 protesters.  It was projected by the Iraqi Human Rights Commission on Friday that almost 550 people have lost their lives since the beginning of the anti- government protests in Iraq, which started in October last year.  Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, further called on Allawi to create a government that will be trusted by the people, and represent them as well. 
Following the Friday sermon of influential Shia cleric Ali al-Sistani’, a lot of anti-government protesters and activists are feeling hopeful and convinced that the protest movement which started in early October, will now regain its momentum, Al Jazeera reported.  The president of the Kurdistan Regional Government Nechirvan Barzani, has issued a statement condemning the unlawful use of force against peaceful protesters on Wednesday, even though the Kurdish authorities have adapted similar approaches. 
9 February Moqtada Al-Sadr suggested in a tweet, 18 points which the Iraqi protesters should stick to during protests, including the avoidance of free mixing between men and women in protest sites. 
10 February A protester was shot dead near a protest site at the al-Ain University in the city of Nasiriyah, as Iraqi security forces fired live ammunition to break up gathering of protesters, according to The New York Times.  The security forces were believed to have started shooting at the protesters, when they attempted creating a blockage at the entrance of the university.  American citizens living in Iraq have been advised by the U.S. embassy in Iraq, to remain vigilant ahead of huge protests that are expected to hold for the next three days in Baghdad, as well as Najaf. 
However, the Iranian consulate in Iraq that was set ablaze last year by protesters is now functional, as Visa operations continue, while regular consular services are expected to commence from next week, according to Bloomberg. The Najaf police have been charged with the responsibility of providing security and protection for the consulate after its reopening, Lieutenant Najm Al-Saadi added. 
11 February Influential Shia cleric Moqtada Al-Sadr, has dissolved the Blue caps unit which has been accused of violence that led to the death of anti-government protesters last week in Najaf, and also publicly rejected what is known as the Sadrist movement on twitter. 
12 February Protest sites in Baghdad have been reopened by Iraqi security forces, allowing anti-government protests continue in al-Tahir square only on the condition that protection will be provided by the Iraqi security forces, the Global Times reported. Protesters were seen collaborating with security forces in order to ensure free movement across the Sinak bridge that has been closed down for months. 
13 February Iraqi women have come out in hundreds to criticize the use of force against protesters in Baghdad and the city of Nasiriyah, in order to challenge the call made by Moqtada al-Sadr against the mixing of men and women in protest sites. Male anti-government protesters also joined the rally, with some of the women seen wearing veils, while others had their faces wrapped in black and white scarves.  A usual incident happened on the protest site, which involved both men and women setting their camps side by side one another.  According to the Daily Sabah, several protesters carried Iraqi flags and roses, marching for over an hour, with the men linking their arms around the women to form a circle.  Later in the evening, al-Sadr condemned the rally on his Twitter account, which he described as a sin and an attempt at compromising the righteousness of Iraq. 
40 days after Iranian general Qassem Soleimani and Iraq's paramilitary leader were killed by US drones, hundreds of Iraqis in Baghdad came out to the site to mark 40 days remembrance of their death. 
14 February Haaretz disclosed that Iraqi security forces are preparing in anticipation of a violent clash between the protest movement and followers of al-Sadr this Saturday, as two large-scale protests are expected to take place 
15 February A 50-year-old Iraqi with German residence tried to set himself ablaze during the Munich Security Conference near Karlsplatz, Germany.  The German police were able to prevent him as the man immersed himself in Petrol and attempted rushing into a gathering with a lighter in his hand, the Baghdad Post added. 
16 February Alaa al-Rikaby, the prominent activist in Nasiriyah was backed to replace the premier-designate Mohammed Allawi by Hundreds of protesters who demonstrated on the streets carrying al-Rikaby's photo.  Meanwhile, shopkeepers in Al Rasheed Street, one of the oldest streets in Baghdad, have decried the lack of improvement in trade, regardless of the reopening of roads and bridges nearby. 
17 February Based on plausible accusations received by the United Nations envoy to Iraq, of peaceful protesters being fired at with hunting rifles, firebombs and stones last weekend, the Iraqi government has been urged to look into the matter to ensure protection of peaceful protesters.  In a statement issued by UNAMI, because of similar use of force, at least 150 people were wounded in the holy city of Karbala last month.  Following a meeting between the speaker of the Iraqi parliament Mohammed al-Halbusi and a 13 year-old protester popularly known as Hamid Daghethoum, the speaker pledged his full backing for the demands made by protesters. 
20 February Protesters in the city of Nasiriyah, which has been a focal point of the anti-government protests in the south, were still demanding for one of their own to become the prime minister, regardless of the increasing force applied by security forces.  According to Kurdistan24, a delegation of the Kurdistan Region has accused Allawi of not recognising the political and legal position of the Kurdistan region, after its visit to the capital to hold talks with the Iraqi PM, which was abruptly shortened. 
On 23 February, New clashes erupted between anti-government protesters and security forces at Khilani Square in Baghdad central, where one person was killed and at least 6 others injured.  Live ammunition was fired by Iraqi security forces to break up the crowd that was gathered close to Sinak bridge which was opened again recently by security forces after being closed down by protesters for several months.  A commendable 24 -year-old Iraqi Nurse Hannaa Jassem, was reported to have assisted in stitching up injuries in an open-fronted shack at the protest site in Tahrir Square over the weekend.  Also, more than 1,000 students marched through Tahrir Square, holding up pictures of victims who they believed were martyred in the demonstrations. 
On the same day, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called Mohammed Allawi to congratulate him on his appointment as the Prime Minister-designate, according to the Sunherald. During the call, both parties assented to the significance of improving the conditions, well being and security for the people of Iraq by the government. 
- "Iraq: Hundreds of thousands in Baghdad protest US troops presence - CNN".
- "Iraqi protesters block major port near Basra as unrest continues". Al Jazeera. 2 November 2019.
- "Anti-government protests : Is This Iraq's Arab Spring?—Qantara.de". Qantara.de. 6 November 2019.
- "Chiites contre chiites en Iraq et au Liban—Un si Porche Orient". Le Monde. 10 November 2019.
- "US Embassy attack: Protesters withdraw after standoff in Iraq - BBC News". BBC. 1 January 2020.
- "Protests in Iraq turn into anti-Iranian demonstrations". Daily Sabah.
- Abdul-Ahad, Ghaith (29 October 2019). "Iraq's young protesters count cost of a month of violence". The Guardian.
- "قنبلة غاز في الرأس.. فيديو صادم خلال قمع مظاهرات العراق". Al-Hurra (in Arabic). 25 October 2019.
- "Iraq's Protesters Appeal to Top Shiite Cleric". Foreign policy. 12 February 2020.
- "Four killed in protests as Ali Al Sistani backs Iraqi protesters". The National. 15 November 2019.
- Al-Janabi, Abdul-Qadir (20 October 2019). "من هو أبوزينب اللامي.. ولماذا يتهم بتصفية متظاهري العراق؟". Al-Arabiya (in Arabic).
- "تاريخ أسود.. من هو مسؤول ملف العراق في حزب الله اللبناني؟". Al Hurra (in Arabic). 3 December 2019.
- "مركز توثيق جرائم الحرب بالعراق: 669 قتيلاً بالمظاهرات" [Iraqi War Crime Documentation Centre: 669 demonstrators killed]. Al Arabiya (in Arabic). 13 January 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- "ثورة تشرين …وطموحات الشباب المشروعة" [The October Revolution ... and the legitimate ambitions of young people]. News of Iraq (in Arabic). 12 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Iraq: HRW denounces lethal force against protesters, urges probe". www.aljazeera.com.
- "Iraqi prime minister to resign in wake of deadly protests". Associated Press. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
- "Iraqi President Barham Saleh Submits Resignation to Parliament Amid Deadly Protests: Report". Time. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- "Iraqi president threatens to quit in defiance of Iran's allies in parliament". Reuters. 26 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- "Iraq protests: What's behind the anger?". BBC News. 7 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
- "'They are worse than Saddam': Iraqis take to streets to topple regime". The Guardian. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "An Iraq for All Iraqis?". Providence. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
- "Iraq Protester's Step Up Their Tactics As the Government in Baghdad Scrambles to Respond". Foreign Policy. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- Sly, Liz (12 February 2011). "Egyptian revolution sparks protest movement in democratic Iraq". The Washington Post.
- "Protesters In Iraqi Cities Demand Better Social Services, Corruption Probes". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 12 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2011.
- "Iraqis anger spelled out in street protests". Al-Sumaria. 12 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
- "فرض حظر التجول في كركوك". Al-Jazeera (in Arabic). 1 March 2011.
- Rayburn, Joel (1 August 2014). Iraq After America: Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance. Hoover Institution Press. p. 235. ISBN 978-0-8179-1694-7.
- "Protests in Iraq continue amid new killings". Al-Jazeera. 22 February 2013.
- Griffis, Margaret (23 April 2013). "At least 86 Iraqis Killed in Ongoing Violence Triggered by Protests". Antiwar.com.
- "The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency". Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Sowell, Kirk H. (15 January 2014). "Maliki's Anbar Blunder". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
- Spencer, Richard; Malouf, Carol (29 June 2014). "We will stand by Isis until Maliki steps down, says leader of Iraq's biggest tribe". The Telegraph.
- Carter, Chelsea J.; Alkhshali, Hamdi; Capelouto, Susanna (23 June 2014). "Kerry assures Iraqis of U.S. support if they unite against militants".
- "Iraqi cleric Muqtada al-Sadr calls for Baghdad sit-in". Al-Jazeera. 12 March 2016.
- "Thousands of protesters break into Baghdad "Green Zone"". Samaa. 30 April 2016.
- "Sadr followers storm into Baghdad's Green Zone, political crisis deepens". ARY News. 30 April 2016.
- Saeedi, Hassan (16 July 2018). "VIDEO: Iraqi protesters burn pictures of Khomeini in Basra". Al-Arabiya.
- Mustafa, Mohamed (18 November 2018). "Prominent protest figure in Iraq's Basra assassinated". Iraqi News.
- "Iran flights to Iraq's Najaf redirected to Baghdad: Iranian state TV". Reuters. 15 July 2018.
- "Two killed in clashes in southern Iraq as protesters demand better services, jobs". ABC News. 16 July 2018.
- Turak, Natasha (19 July 2018). "More turmoil in Iraq as deadly protests ravage oil-rich south". CNBC.
- "Seven dead, more than 30 wounded in southern Iraq's rally". Yenişafak. 5 September 2018.
- "Iraq protests: How should the government and the US respond?—Atlantic Council". Atlantic Council. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
- "Explainer: Deadly civil unrest—what is happening in Iraq?—Reuters". Reuters. 5 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
- "Southern Iraq: Basra protests resume as temperatures and anger rise". The National. 20 June 2019.
- "مصدر: القوات الامنية تطلق سراح المتظاهرين من حملة الشهادات العليا". Al-Sumeria (in Arabic). 25 September 2019.
- "مفتشية الداخلية تصدر بيانا بشأن الاعتداء على حملة الشهادات العليا". NRT (in Arabic). 26 September 2019.
- "بعد أزمة حملة الشهادات العليا.. نقابة الأكاديميين تدعو الحكومة العراقية إلى الاستقالة". Rudaw (in Arabic). 26 September 2019.
- "ناشطون نجفيون ينظمون وقفة احتجاجية تضامنا مع حملة الشهادات العليا". Al-Sumeria (in Arabic). 27 September 2019.
- "احتجاجات حملة الشهادات العليا تمتد من بغداد إلى البصرة". Rudaw (in Arabic). 27 September 2019.
- "حملة الشهادات العليا يتظاهرون اليوم في تحدٍ جديد". Al-Zaman (in Arabic). 28 September 2019.
- "العراق.. نقل أبرز قادة التحرير من "داعش" من جهاز مكافحة الإرهاب". Russia Today (in Arabic). 27 September 2019.
- "الساعدي: السجن أرحم من تنفيذ قرار نقلي الى امرة وزارة الدفاع". Baghdad Post (in Arabic). 27 September 2019.
- "عالية نصيف: استغرب من إحالة الساعدي إلى أمرة وزارة الدفاع وإطلاق يد ضباط "فاسدين يتاجرون بالمخدرات"". Baghdad Post (in Arabic). 28 September 2019.
- "العبادي ينتقد "إقصاء" الساعدي.. والعبيدي يتوقع "هلاهل داعشية"". Kurdistan 24 (in Arabic). 28 September 2019.
- "Controversy Grips Iraq After Removal of Top Commander".
- "غضب عارم في العراق بعد عزل قائد عسكري بارز". Al-Jazeera (in Arabic). 29 September 2019.
- "غضب بالعراق إثر إقالة قائد "مكافحة الإرهاب" (شاهد)". Arabi 21 (in Arabic). 29 September 2019.
- "عبدالمهدي مؤكداً تمسكه بقرار إبعاد الساعدي: الضابط يؤمَر وينفِذ ولا يرتاد السفارات". Rudaw (in Arabic). 29 September 2019.
- "العراق.. الأمن يمنع تدشين تمثال للساعدي". Al-Arabiya (in Arabic). 30 September 2019.
- "صور .. قوة امنية تزيل تمثال عبد الوهاب الساعدي في الموصل". Shafaq News (in Arabic). 30 September 2019.
- "العراق: الساعدي يؤكد التحاقه بوزارة الدفاع تنفيذاً لأمر عبد المهدي". Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (in Arabic). 30 September 2019.
- (in German) 'Sie wollen Bürger sein' (They want to be citizens). Die Zeit, 13 November 2019. Retrieved 28 november 2019.
- Risen, James; Arango, Tim; Fassihi, Farnaz; Hussain, Murtaza; Bergman, Ronen (18 November 2019). "A Spy Complex Revealed". The Intercept. Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
- Mamouri, Ali (20 November 2019). "New scandals pour more fuel on Iraq protests". Al-Monitor. Archived from the original on 20 November 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- Davison, John; Aboulenein, Ahmed (29 November 2019). "Threats, arrests, targeted killings silence Iraqi dissidents". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 November 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
- "29 اغتيالاً طالت ناشطين عراقيين.. ولبغداد حصة الأسد". Al Arabiya (in Arabic).
- "بالفيديو.. اغتيال إعلامي عراقي برصاصة مباشرة في الرأس". Al Arabiya (in Arabic). 10 January 2020.
- "Two Iraqi journalists shot dead after covering protests in Basra". Reports Without Borders. 11 January 2020.
- "Hundreds mourn reporters shot dead after covering Iraq protests". France 24. 11 January 2020.
- "Iraq Protesters Defy New Violence As President Addresses Davos".
- These 3 pro-Iran militia leaders are provoking protesters at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad
- Fugitive from international justice now militia leader in Iraq
- Treasury Designates Individual, Entity Posing Threat to Stability in Iraq
- Trump Threatens Iran After Protesters Attack U.S. Embassy Compound In Iraq
- "U.S. has no plan to evacuate embassy in Baghdad, more forces being sent to compound". Reuters. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- Taub, Amanda (4 January 2020). "Did the Killing of Qassim Suleimani Deter Iranian Attacks, or Encourage Them?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 January 2020.
- "Iraq's Parliament Calls for Expulsion of U.S. Troops | Time". The Time. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "Iran Says It Unintentionally Shot Down Ukrainian Airliner". The New York Times. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
- "Ukrainian airplane with 180 aboard crashes in Iran: Fars". Reuters. 8 January 2020. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
- "Ukrainian airliner crashes near Tehran: Iranian media". Al Jazeera. 8 January 2020. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
- Oliphant, Roland; Mendick, Robert; Nicholls, Dominic (8 January 2020). "Iran plane crash: All 176 passengers killed as Ukraine Boeing 737 crashes near Tehran". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
- "A new wave of Arab protesters say, 'It's the economy, stupid!'". CNN. 4 October 2019.
- Saadoun, Mustafa (11 October 2019). "Abdul Mahdi pressured into staying in office". Al-Monitor.
- "متظاهرون في بغداد يرددون شعارات ضد قائد فيلق القدس الإيراني قاسم سليماني". 24 October 2019.
- "Iraq's protests, explained".
- "Iraq declares curfew in Baghdad until further notice: PM". 2 October 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
- "العراق جريمة بشعة تهز مدينة البصرة العراقية". RT Arabic.
- "Iraq: Authorities must immediately rein in security forces". www.amnesty.org.
- "Five more Iraqis killed as deadly protests continue in Dhi Qar".
- "قوات أمنية تداهم قناتين فضائيتين في بغداد". قناة الحرة.
- Press, The Associated (7 October 2019). "Iraqi Army Ordered Out of Sadr City, Where Dozens Died at Protests" – via NYTimes.com.
- "Protests in Iraq may unseat the government". Atlantic Council. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Iraqi pilgrims protest corruption during Arbaeen march".
- "Two-Day Death Toll in Violent Iraq Protests Reaches 67". Voice of America.
- "بعد اشتباكات ليلية بين ميليشيات.. بغداد ترسل تعزيزات أمنية لجنوب العراق". قناة الحرة.
- IRAQI SHIITE MILITIA LEADER QAIS KHAZALI: ISRAEL AND AMERICA WILL PAY FOR THE KILLING OF PMU MEMBERS BY PROTESTERS. October 27, 2019.
- "Iraqi protesters set fire to political party offices in Muthanna province". Egypt Independent. 25 October 2019.
- "في كربلاء… هتافات ضد إيران وتمزيق صورة خامنئي". IMLebanon. 25 October 2019.
- "Protests in Iraq are met with violence". 30 October 2019 – via The Economist.
- "الديوانية تعلن تعطيل الدوام الرسمي ليوم غداً الاحد واستمرار حظر التجوال". قناه السومرية العراقية.
- "الان حرق بيت وزير الداخلية السابق قاسم الاعرجي في واسط وبيان بتأجيل الاحتجاجات الى ليلة راس السنة!".
- "Iraqi PM Sends Counter-Terror Force To Put Down Street Protests". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
- "Iraq clashes: at least 15 die as counter-terror police quell protests".
- "Iraq Declares Baghdad Curfew in Quest to Quell Protests". The Media Line. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- "Exclusive: Iran intervenes to prevent ousting of Iraqi prime minister—sources". Reuters. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- CNN, Mohammed Tawfeeq. "Iraq's prime minister agrees to resign after weeks of protests". CNN. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Iraqi protesters and security forces clash, keep Umm Qasr port closed—Reuters". Reuters. 2 November 2019.
- "Three kiled as Iraq protesters attack Iran consulate in Karbala | Iraq News | Al Jazeera". 3 November 2019 – via Al-Jazeera.
- "Three Iraqis killed in front of Iranian consulate in Kerbala: sources".
- "Iraq unrest: Protesters attack Iranian consulate in Karbala".
- "Iraq shuts down internet again as protests intensify". NetBlocks. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
- "Internet access cut off in much of Iraq: NetBlocks".
- "Heavily censored internet briefly returns to Iraq 28 hours after nationwide blackout". NetBlocks. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Iraq's top cleric urges government to meet protesters' demands". DW.COM. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Iraq protests death toll rises to 319 with nearly 15,000 injured—CNN". Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Iraq Parliament to convene amid UN mediation efforts over crisis". Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- AP, Qassim Abdul-Zahra. "Iraq officials: 4 protesters killed in Baghdad clashes". Washington Post. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "4 killed in bomb attack in Iraq's Tahrir square". A News. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- "Leaked cables reveal scale of Iran's influence in Iraq".
- "Iraqi protesters block commercial ports, split capital". Ledger Enquirer. Archived from the original on 21 November 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "At least seven killed as Iraq seeks to quell renewed violence". Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "2 Iraqi protesters shot dead". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
- Alissa J. Rubin; Falih Hassan (27 November 2019). "Iraqi Protesters Burn Down Iranian Consulate". New York Times.
- Iraqi protesters torch Iran consulate amid deadly protests
- Arwa Ibrahim (28 November 2019). "'Bloodbath': 25 Iraqi protesters killed as army deploys south". Al Jazeera.
- "Iraqi Protesters Torch Iranian Consulate For Second Time". RFE/RL.
- "Iraq unrest: Protesters set fire to Iranian consulate in Najaf".
- "Iraq condemns attack on Iranian consulate in Najaf".
- Kullab, Samya (7 December 2019). "Iraqi officials raise toll to 25 killed in Baghdad bloodshed". Associated Press.
- "Over a dozen killed in Baghdad when gunmen open fire on protesters".
- "Pro-Iran militia supporters converge on Baghdad protests".
- "Tensions flare as unidentified gunmen kill protesters in Baghdad".
- "The Assassination of Activist Fahim Al-Tai Commemorated In Karbala". Al Shahid. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- "Iraq's Sadr threatens to withdraw supporters from Tahrir after teenager lynched". Middle East Eye. 12 December 2019. Archived from the original on 12 December 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- "Iraq passes electoral reforms but deadlock remains - Reuters". Reuters. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
- "Iraqi President Barham Saleh Submits Resignation to Parliament Amid Deadly Protests: Report". Time. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- "Iraqi president threatens to quit in defiance of Iran's allies in parliament". Reuters. 26 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- "Iraqi president submits resignation after rejecting nominee for prime minister".
- "Pro-Iran protesters at US embassy in Baghdad gear up for sit-in". aljazeera. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
- NRC Handelsblad, 2 January 2020.
- Ahmed, Nabil (6 January 2020). "Overshadowed By U.S.-Iran Escalation, Iraq Protesters Keep Movement Alive". Radio Farda. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- "En Irak, les manifestants anti-pouvoir disent non aux "occupants américain et iranien"" [In Iraq, anti-government demonstrators say not to "American and Iranian occupiers"]. L'Obs (in French). AFP. 5 January 2020. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- Zeed, Adnan Abu (7 January 2020). "National campaign to support domestic goods on rise in Iraq". Al-Monitor. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- al-Rubaie, Azhar (10 January 2020). "'No to America, no to Iran': Thousands protest against foreign influence across Iraq". Middle East Eye. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Hundreds of grieving reporters were shot after reporting Iraqi protests". Archyde. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Hundreds mourn reporters shot dead after covering Iraq protests".
- "Iraqi journalists fear for lives after Basra reporters killed".
- "Iraq's security forces kill at least two protesters in Baghdad | Iraq News | Al Jazeera".
- Iraqis Continue to Protest Meddling Iranian Regime
- "Four protesters, two policemen killed as Iraq unrest resumes - Reuters".
- "At least 10 killed in two days of violent protests across Iraq".
- "As Iraq's protests continue, is political solution on the horizon?".
- "Iraq: Protest death toll surges as security forces resume brutal repression".
- "Targeted killings up as 8 wounded in Iraq protest violence".
- "'We want them out': Iraq protesters call for US troops exit".
- "Hundreds of thousands protest US troop presence in Iraq".
- "Huge rally as Iraqis demand US troops pull out".
- "'No, No America': Thousands of Iraqis rally against US military presence".
- "Iraqi cleric's supporters take to streets in call for removal of US troops".
- "Thousands in Iraq called for US troops to leave the country. But there's more to the story".
- "Iraqi security forces raid protest camps after Sadr supporters withdraw - Reuters".
- "Iraqi Protest Camps Burned and Broken, but Not Beaten".
- "Iraq's Sadrists withdraw support for protest movement".
- "US embassy in Iraq hit by rocket attack, wounding at least one | World News | The Guardian".
- "US embassy in Iraq hit by rockets".
- "Three rockets hit US Embassy compound in Baghdad, US official says".
- "12 dead, hundreds wounded as protesters clash with Iraq security forces".
- One protester killed in south Iraq as anti-government tents torched
- "One killed as Iraqi security forces clash with protesters - Reuters".
- "Pompeo urges Iraq to uphold sovereignty after 'assaults by Iran' on US targets".
- "Iraq: Authorities Violently Remove Protesters".
- "Iraqi Cleric Condemns Use of Force, 11 Protesters Wounded".
- "Iraq protests: Mohammed Allawi named prime minister".
- "Mohammed Allawi appointed new Iraq PM, protesters reject him".
- "Iraq protesters unconvinced after Mohammed Allawi named PM".
- "Iraq protest camps splinter over cleric's backing of new PM".
- "Who is cracking down on Iraq's anti-government protesters?".
- "Rival protesters clash in Iraq as unrest continues".
- "Iraqi protesters face off against cleric's followers".
- "Iraqi protesters face off against cleric Moqtada Sadr's followers".
- "Iraqi protesters face off against cleric's followers".
- "Several killed after al-Sadr followers storm protest camp in Iraq".
- "Clashes in Iraq's Najaf kill 8 after cleric's followers storm protest camp: medics".
- "Seven killed as rival protesters clash in Iraq's Najaf".
- "Iraqi Officials: At Least 6 Shot Dead in Southern Iraq".
- "Eight killed in Iraq as cleric's followers storm protest camp".
- "Sadr militia, supporters kill 8 Iraqi protesters and wound dozens in Najaf: reports".
- "Iraq protesters rally in Najaf after deadly clashes with Sadrists".
- "U.S. outraged by the killing of protesters in Iraq - Pompeo".
- "Iraq protesters look to al-Sistani ahead of Friday sermon".
- "Iraqi cleric scolds security forces after protesters die in new tensions".
- "Nearly 550 Killed in Iraq Protest Violence: Commission".
- "Iraq's Grand Ayatollah Ali Al Sistani condemns deadly attacks on protesters".
- "'Hopeful again': Iraqi protesters hail Ayatollah Sistani's speech".
- "Iraqi Kurdistan authorities decry protest suppression".
- "Iraq protestors cross dress to 'please' Sadr".
- "Iraqi Officials Say Protester Shot, Killed in Southern Iraq".
- "Iraqi protester killed at university sit-in".
- "US embassy in Iraq issues alert to American citizens, amid ongoing protests".
- "Iran Reopens Iraqi Consulate That Protesters Attacked, IRNA Says".
- "Iran reopens consulate burned by protesters Iraq".
- "Iraq cleric Sadr dissolves units accused of deadly protest attacks".
- "Iraqi forces reopen anti-govt protest areas in downtown Baghdad".
- "Iraqi authorities reopen Baghdad bridge shut for months by protests".
- "Defying radical cleric, Iraqi women protesters take to streets".
- "Hundreds of Iraqi women defy cleric to protest authorities".
- "Women protesters in Iraq defy radical cleric, take to street".
- "Iraqi women defy top cleric's call to separate genders at rallies".
- "Hundreds of Iraqi women challenge al-Sadr's call for segregation".
- "40 Days Later, Iraqis Gather At Site Of Soleimani Killing".
- "Analysis// Upcoming 'Million-man' Protests Threaten New Havoc in Baghdad".
- "Iraqi man tries to set himself on fire at Munich Security Conference protest".
- "Iraqi man tries to set himself on fire at Munich Security Conference protest".
- "Iraq protesters rally for one of their own to become PM".
- "Anti-government protests take economic toll in Baghdad".
- "UN Envoy Condemns Use of Hunting Rifles Against Iraqi Protesters".
- "UN envoy condemns use of birdshot against Iraqi protesters".
- "Protests bring to life a new generation in Iraq".
- "Iraq's southern protesters refuse to back down".
- "Kurds leave talks with Iraqi PM nominee, blame his 'attitude' toward Kurdistan".
- "Protester shot dead in fresh Iraq violence".
- "Iraqi officials: 1 protester shot dead in fresh violence".
- "Iraqi Nurse Spends Her Weekends Stitching Wounds at Protest Site".
- "Iraqi students hold anti-government protests".
- "Iraqi officials: 1 protester shot dead in fresh violence".
- "Secretary Pompeo's Call with Iraqi Prime Minister-Designate Allawi".