2019 Argentine general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Argentine general election, 2019

← 2015 27 October 2019 2023 →

Argentina Blank Map.svg

Incumbent President

Mauricio Macri
Cambiemos



Coat of arms of Argentina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Argentina
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina portal

General elections will be held in Argentina on 27 October 2019, to elect the president of Argentina, members of the national congress and the governors of most provinces. Mauricio Macri is the sitting president, and will run for re-election.

Electoral system[edit]

The election of the president was carried out using the ballotage system, a modified version of the two-round system in which a candidate would win if they received 45% of the vote, or if they received 40% of the vote and were 10 percentage points ahead of the second-place candidate.[1] Voting is compulsory for citizens between 18 and 70 years old.[2] Suffrage was also extended to 16- and 17-year-olds, though without compulsory voting.[3]

There are a total of 257 seats of the Chamber of Deputies. There are a total of 23 provinces, but 24 electoral districts; the federal district of Buenos Aires elects its own executive and legislature and is represented in the national Congress like all other provinces.[4] The number of seats are distributed in relation to the population of the province. In order to be in concordance with the "one-third female" law enforces that one-third of the overall seats in the Chamber of Deputies are female. The 130 seats of the Chamber of Deputies up for election were elected from 24 multi-member constituencies based on the 23 provinces and Buenos Aires. Seats were allocated using the D'Hondt method of proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of 3%.[2]

The 24 seats in the Senate up for election were elected in three-seat constituencies using the closed list system. Each district is represented by three senatorial seats. Each party is allowed to register up to two candidates; one of those registered must be female. The party receiving the most votes wins two seats, and the second-placed party won one.[5] The third senatorial seat was established in the Constitution of 1994 in order to better represent the largest minority in each district.

Congress[edit]

Number of Deputies at stake in each province.
Provinces that will elect Senators in blue.

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

The 257 members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by proportional representation in 24 multi-member constituencies based on the provinces (plus the City of Buenos Aires). Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a 3% electoral threshold. In this election, 130 of the 257 seats are up for renewal for a 4-year term.

Province Total
seats
Seats
at stake
Buenos Aires 70 35
Buenos Aires City 25 12
Catamarca 5 2
Chaco 7 3
Chubut 5 3
Córdoba 18 9
Corrientes 7 4
Entre Ríos 9 4
Formosa 5 3
Jujuy 6 3
La Pampa 5 2
La Rioja 5 3
Mendoza 10 5
Misiones 7 4
Neuquén 5 2
Río Negro 5 3
Salta 7 4
San Juan 6 3
San Luis 5 2
Santa Cruz 5 2
Santa Fe 19 10
Santiago del Estero 7 4
Tierra del Fuego 5 3
Tucumán 9 5
Total 257 130

Senate[edit]

The 72 members of the Senate are elected in the same 24 constituencies, with three seats in each. The party receiving the most votes in each constituency wins two seats, with the third seat awarded to the second-placed party. The 2019 elections will see one-third of Senators renewed, with eight provinces electing three Senators for a 6-year term; Buenos Aires City, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Neuquén, Río Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tierra del Fuego.

Possible candidates[edit]

The following individuals have announced that they are running for president in 2019, expressed an interest in running, or have been the subject of speculation about their possible candidacy.

Alternativa Federal[edit]

A group composed of Peronist and progressive leaders opposed to the government of Macri who are yet to define if they will ally with Kirchnerism or if they will constitute a front that could find a space between the ruling party and Kirchnerism. Most of them were at some point Kirchner government officials who split up with it due to various reasons, but maintain their firm opposition to the current government. They have named their own hypothetical party as Alternativa Federal, which remembers the so-called Federal Peronism, the movements of peronists leaders who were unhappy with the Kirchner administration in the last decade.

Cambiemos[edit]

The official party, constituted by the alliance between Republican Proposal (led by President Macri), the Civic Coalition ARI (led by deputy Elisa Carrió) and the traditional Unión Cívica Radical party, which took place in 2015 and allowed Macri access to power. For the 2019 elections, the radicals are pushing for internal elections to define a candidate in consensus, due to the weak public image of the president. However, until now the government continues to promote the unique candidacy of Mauricio Macri. The politicians Lousteau and Alfonsin are the leaders who could compete with the president in an internal election. Journalists and politicians maintain the possibility that the governor María Eugenia Vidal may be the candidate thanks to her good public image.

Despertar[edit]

Alliance between the young Libertarian Party and minor parties with right-wing tendencies, has gained increasing support in social networks through the figure of liberal economist José Luis Espert. It seeks the establishment of orthodox liberal policies, the reduction of public spending and the loss of power of politicians and trade unionists to overcome 90 years of decline.

  • José Espert: Outsider. Economist. Professor. Chairman and President of Estudio Espert (2000–present)[15]

Frente de Izquierda y de los Trabajadores[edit]

Alliance between diverse parties that seeks to integrate the small socialist parties into a single front that could be the alternative to the other candidates, whom they accuse of being all equally responsible for the crisis. Its campaign program is based on the total breakdown of the agreement with the IMF.

Frente Patriota[edit]

Alliance of far-right parties behind the leadership of the neo-Nazi Alejandro Biondini.

  • Alejandro Biondini: Politician related to far-right and neo-nazi movements[17][18]

Unidad Ciudadana[edit]

Front formed by the ex-president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner in 2017 and integrated by center-left parties that supported her in her election for senator of that year. By forming Citizen Unity, Kirchner sought to "purge" the traditional leaders of the former Front for Victory and renew its political space. For the elections of 2019, this political front seeks the unity of Peronism in a single opposition party to beat Macri. The traditional Justicialist Party integrates this alliance. On May 18, 2019, after many speculations, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner announced that she will be a vice president candidate along with former cabinet chief Alberto Fernandez, who will be the candidate for president[19]. Unidad Ciudadana will try, with the designation of a moderate politician like Alberto Fernandez as canididate to president, to get the adhesion of non-Kirchner Peronists to their space with a view to the October election. On the other hand, Daniel Scioli and Guillermo Moreno maintain the intention of competing in an internal one with Fernandez.

Opinion polls[edit]

First round[edit]

Date Polling firm Unidad Ciudadana Cambiemos Alternativa Federal Worker's Left Front Red x Argentina
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (prior to the designation of Alberto Fernández as the presidential candidate) Axel Kicillof Daniel Scioli Agustin Rossi Mauricio Macri Maria Eugenia Vidal Sergio Massa Roberto Lavagna Juan Manuel Urtubey Nicolás del Caño Felipe Solá
13 March 2019 Centro de Estudios de Opinión Pública[24] 31.4 - - - 27.3 - 10.8 8.5 2.9 2.6 -
10 March 2019 Raúl Aragón & Asociados[25] 28.4 - - - 26.9 - 10.9 9.1 9.7 4.1 -
7 March 2019 Universidad de San Andrés[26] 23 - - - 24 - 5 11 6 - -
8 March 2019 M&R Asociados / Query Argentina[27] 27.9 - - - 26.9 - - 12.1 - 5.3 -
27.8 - - - - 30.2 - 11.4 - 5.1 -
- - - - 27.4 - - 21.7 - 10.2 -
- - - - - 29 - 20.1 - 10.6 -
8 March 2019 Oh! Panel[28] 24 - - - 22 9 3 10 2 4.1 -
21 February 2019 Circuitos[29] 33.8 - - - 29.4 - 6.1 8.7 - 5.8 -
17 February 2019 Hugo Haime & Asociados[30] 37.7 - - - 27.1 - 19.3 - - 5.9 -
41.6 - - - 26.7 - - - 12.9 7.6 -
41.8 - - - 26.7 - - 14.6 - 5.8 -
12 February 2019 Ricardo Rouvier & Asociados[31] 28.4 - - - 26.9 - 10.9 9.1 9.7 4.1 -
10 February 2019 Centro de Estudios de Opinión Pública[32] 34.3 - - - 31.4 - 8.6 - - 2.9 -
4 February 2019 M&R Asociados / Query Argentina[33] 33.7 - - - 29.2 - 9.1 - - 5.2 -
4 February 2019 Aragón y Asociados[34] 30 - - - 29 - 13 - - - -
2 February 2019 Consultora de Imagen y Gestión Política[35] 34.96 - - - 28.16 - 6.51 14.47 - - -
27 January 2019 Ricardo Rouvier & Asociados[36] 32.4 - - - 29.2 - 9.5 - 5.7 4.5 -
25 January 2019 Consultora de Imagen y Gestión Política[37] 34.6 - - - 32.1 - 10 - - - -
25 January 2019 Reyes Filadoro[38] 34 - - - 28 - 9 - - - -
25 January 2019 Del Franco[38] 29.3 - - - 27.2 - 13.8 - - - -
25 January 2019 Aresco[38] 31.9 - - - 30.7 - 8.6 - - - -
25 January 2019 Gustavo Córdoba y Asociados[39] 38.2 - - - 34.6 - 8.5 - - - -
23 January 2019 Opinaia[40] 30 - - - 30 - 11 - - 3 -
30 - - - 30 - - 11 - 4 -
31 - - - 30 - - - 8 4 -
21 January 2019 Circuitos[41] 33.2 - - - 30.1 - 9.8 - - 6.4 -
15 January 2019 Gustavo Córdoba y Asociados[41] 31.8 - - - 22.8 - 7.4 - 9 0.9 -
11 January 2019 Synopsis[42] 27.6 - - - 29.1 - 6.7 13.1 2.8 2.2 -
- - 5.6 9.9 27.8 - 7.5 15.6 3.5 2.7 3.2
8 January 2019 Quality Politics Argentina[43] 30.7 - 6.3 2.5 29.3 - 10.8 - 5.7 2.8 3.4
8 January 2019 Dicen[44][45] 34 - - - 30 - 10 - - 3 -
- - 23 - 28 - 12 - - 3 -
8 January 2019 Analogías[46] - - 27.6 - 23 - 12 - - 5.7 -
1 January 2019 Opinaia[47] 26 - - - 27 - 11 - - 4 -
27 - - - 28 - - - 8 5 -
23 December 2018 Federico González y Asociados[48] 27.7 - 4.2 - 29.2 - 14.1 - 6.1 3.4 2.7
- 11.2 6.7 1.5 29.5 - 17.1 - 7.9 4.6 4.2
12 December 2018 Opina Argentina[49] 34 - - - 30 - 11 - 5 5 -
3 December 2018 Ricardo Rouvier & Asociados[50] 31.9 - - - 28.1 - 10 - 6.4 4.4 -
38.9 - - - 37.9 - - - - - -
2 December 2018 M&R Asociados / Query Argentina[51] 29.1 - - - 28.4 - 9.1 - - 5.5 -
29 November 2018 Gustavo Córdoba y Asociados[52] 35.3 - - - 25.5 - 17.1 - - - -
26 November 2018 Opinaia[53] 28 - - - 28 - - - 8 4 -
27 - - - 28 - 11 - - 3 -
27 - - - - 30 12 - - 4 -

Second round[edit]

Date Polling firm Unidad Ciudadana Cambiemos Alternativa Federal Red x Argentina
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner Axel Kicillof Daniel Scioli Agustin Rossi Mauricio Macri Maria Eugenia Vidal Sergio Massa Roberto Lavagna Juan Manuel Urtubey Felipe Solá
13 March 2019 Centro de Estudios de Opinión Pública[24] 37.4 - - - 34.3 - - - - -
10 March 2019 Hugo Haime y Asociados[54] 51 - - - 39 - - - - -
- - - - 32 - 55 - - -
- - - - 34 - - 50 - -
- - - - 33 - - - 49 -
9 March 2019 Synopsis[55] 49.2 - - - 50.8 - - - - -
- - - - 49.8 - - - - 50.2
- - - 48.3 51.7 - - - - -
- - - - 48.8 - 51.2 - - -
- - - - 41.1 58.9 - - - -
- - - - 45.9 - - - 54.1 -
40.6 - - - - - - 59.3 - -
47.1 - - - - 52.9 - - - -
8 March 2019 M&R Asociados / Query Argentina[27] 35.7 - - - 35.1 - - - - -
35.9 - - - - 36.7 - - - -
- - - - 34.4 - - 35.2 - -
- - - - - 32.6 - 32.2 - -
8 March 2019 Oh! Panel[28] 38 - - - 41 - - - - -
- - - - 30 - - 37 - -
31 - - - - 48 - - - -
- - - - - 36 - 35 - -
7 March 2019 Universidad de San Andrés[26] 33.1 - - - 45.6 - - - - -
- - - - 30.3 - - 38 - -
23 February 2019 Opinaia[56] 43 - - - 41 - - - - -
21 February 2019 Circuitos[29] 42.5 - - - 39.9 - - - - -
17 February 2019 Hugo Haime & Asociados[30] 51 - - - 39.1 - - - - -
- - - - 32.3 - 55.5 - - -
- - - - 33.2 - - - 49.6 -
- - - - 34.6 50.4 - - - -
12 February 2019 Ricardo Rouvier & Asociados[31] 38.6 - - - 38 - - - - -
10 February 2019 Centro de Estudios de Opinión Pública[32] 40.4 - - - 40.3 - - - - -
- - - - 33.7 - - 29.7 - -
4 February 2019 M&R Asociados / Query Argentina[33] 40 - - - 38.9 - - - - -
2 February 2019 Consultora de Imagen y Gestión Política[35] 45 - - - 40 - - - - -
- - - - 31.5 - 36 - -
- - - - 38 - - - - 35
- - - - 32 - 26 - - -
27 January 2019 Ricardo Rouvier & Asociados[36] 38.9 - - - 37.9 - - - - -
23 January 2019 Opinaia[36] 40 - - - 43 - - - - -
- - - - 36 - 35 - - -
- - - - 34 - - 37 - -
- 34 - - 41 - - - - -
21 January 2019 Circuitos[41] 42.7 - - - 43.8 - - - - -
- - - - 40.6 - 24.3 - - -
15 January 2019 Gustavo Córdoba y Asociados[41] 33.4 - - - 29.1 - - - - -
- - - - 27.4 - 25.2 - - -
- - - - 24.4 - - - 25.1 -
- - - - 25.8 - - 31 - -
- - - - 29.3 - - - - 20.5
8 January 2019 Quality Politics Argentina[43] 51.7 - - - 48.3 - - - - -
- - - - 46.8 - - - - 53.2
- 47.9 - - 52.1 - - - - -
- - - 51.7 48.3 - - - - -
- - - - 51.4 - 48.6 - - -
- - - - 44.6 - - - 55.5 -
8 January 2019 Dicen[44][45] 44 - - - 41 - - - - -
- - 43 - 41 - - - - -
30 December 2018 Centro de Estudios de la Opinión Pública[57] 32.9 - - - 32 - - - - -
- - - - 32.6 - 31.6 - - -
- - - - 33.6 - - - - 29.2
- - - - 31.6 - - 26.4 - -
24 December 2018 Isonomía[58] 39 - - - 47 - - - - -
- - - - 39 - 43 - - -
37 - - - - 55 - - - -
23 December 2018 Gustavo Córdoba y Asociados[59] 41.1 - - - 36.6 - - - - -
23 December 2018 Federico González y Asociados[48] 37.2 - - - 40.2 - - - - -
- - - - 38.1 - 39.9 - - -
21 December 2018 Consultora de Imagen y Gestión Política[60] 42.19 - - - 42.93 - - - - -
- - - - 42.93 - - - - 34
- - - - 37.22 - - 38.21 - -
12 December 2018 Opina Argentina[49] 44 - - - 39 - - - - -
44 - - - - 42 - - - -
9 December 2018 Synopsis[61] 47.1 - - - 52.9 - - - - -
- - - 47.7 52.3 - - - - -
- 49.3 - - 50.7 - - - - -
- - 47.8 - 52.2 - - - - -
- - - - 50.5 - 49.5 - - -
- - - - 45.6 - - - 54.4 -
- - - - 48.7 - - - - 51.3
3 December 2018 Ricardo Rouvier & Asociados[50] 38.9 - - - 37.9 - - - - -
2 December 2018 M&R Asociados / Query Argentina[50] 35.9 - - - 35.3 - - - - -
29 November 2018 Gustavo Córdoba y Asociados[52] 43.6 - - - 34.2 - - - - -
43.1 - - - - 36.1 - - - -
- - - - 28.4 - 29.4 - - -
- - - - 26.7 - - - 21.7 -
24 November 2018 Consultora de Imagen y Gestión Política[62] 34.58 - - - 32.08 - - - - -
21 November 2018 Aresco[62] 39.3 - - - 38.8 - - - - -
12 March 2018 Grupo de Opinión Pública[63] 37.2 - - - 44.1 - - - - -
37.3 - - - - 50 - - - -
- - - - 37 - 37.4 - - -
- - - - - 42.3 37.2 - - -
- 36.5 - - 41.5 - - - - -
- 33.1 - - - 50.9 - - - -
- - - - 37.7 - - - 24.7 -
- - - - - 47.2 - - 22.4 -
- - - - 40.1 - - - - 33.7
- - - - - 49.1 - - - 29.5
10 March 2018 Synopsis[64] 32.5 - - - 49.4 - - - - -
- - - - 42.6 - 32.6 - - -
- - - - 38.7 - - - 30 -

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Hodari (23 October 2015). "Argentina elections 2015: a guide to the parties, polls and electoral system". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  2. ^ a b Chamber of Deputies: Electoral system Archived 31 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine IPU
  3. ^ Voto de los Jóvenes de 16 y 17 años0 Camara Nacional Electoral
  4. ^ Regúnaga, Carlos (22 October 2007). "CSIS Hemisphere Focus" (PDF). The Argentine Elections: Systems and Candidates. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  5. ^ Argentine Republic: Election for Senado (Senate) IFES
  6. ^ De 2018, 9 De Agosto. "Miguel Pichetto lanzó su candidatura presidencial: "Somos el futuro y el proyecto político para recuperar la Argentina"". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  7. ^ de 2019, Por Diego Schurman 20 de enero. "Sergio Massa: "Voy a ser candidato a presidente"". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  8. ^ "Urtubey: "Estoy dispuesto a ser candidato a presidente, pero no a cualquier precio"" [Urtubey: "I am willing to be a Presidential Candidate, but not at any price] (in Spanish). La Capital. June 3, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  9. ^ "Roberto Lavagna: "Si hay demanda, seré candidato"". www.perfil.com. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  10. ^ Libres del Sur (2018-12-07), Humberto Tumini lanzó su pre-candidatura a Presidente, retrieved 2019-03-29
  11. ^ "Tras los afiches "Macri 2019", el Presidente mencionó la reelección" [After the "Macri 2019" banners, Macri mentioned the reelection] (in Spanish). Perfil. May 30, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  12. ^ LPO. "Cobos reconoció que Vidal puede ser la candidata y crece la puja para que se baje Macri". www.lapoliticaonline.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  13. ^ https://www.infobae.com/politica/2019/01/06/martin-lousteau-no-se-que-diria-cambiemos-si-yo-quisiera-enfrentar-a-macri-en-una-interna-hasta-ahora-siempre-se-nego/
  14. ^ "Alfonsín quiere un presidente radical en 2019 y se anotó en la carrera". La Tecla. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  15. ^ de 2018, Por Federico Millenaar 23 de diciembre. "El economista José Luis Espert lanzó su candidatura a presidente: "Argentina es decadente por el modelo populista"". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  16. ^ https://www.leftvoice.org/argentinas-workers-left-front-organizes-massive-rally-against-imf
  17. ^ "La polémica promesa de Alejandro Biondini en caso de ser presidente: "Expulsar a los embajadores británico e israeli"". itongadol.com. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  18. ^ http://www.perfil.com/politica/Detras-de-Bandera-Vecinal-existen-varios-indicios-de-la-ideologia-nazi-20140705-0012.html
  19. ^ "Cristina Kirchner será candidata a vicepresidenta de Alberto Fernández". www.lanacion.com.ar (in Spanish). 2019-05-18. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  20. ^ "Guillermo Moreno se postula: "Voy a ser candidato a Presidente"". www.perfil.com. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  21. ^ "Cristina deslizó que podría ser candidata en 2019" [Cristina suggested that she may be candidate in 2019] (in Spanish). Minuto Uno. September 14, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  22. ^ "Argentina ex-leader to run for VP role". 2019-05-18. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  23. ^ "Scioli también estuvo en el CCK: "Quiero ser candidato a presidente"". www.perfil.com. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  24. ^ a b Granovsky, Martín (2019-03-17). "Mauricio Macri pierde en primera o en segunda | Mal pronóstico para el Gobierno si se votara hoy". PAGINA12. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  25. ^ "Encuesta: ¿qué porcentaje de argentinos quiere un cambio de gobierno?". Grupo la Provincia (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  26. ^ a b "Encuesta: el peor momento de Macri, clima de ballottage y el 'candidato ideal'". www.cronista.com. 2019-03-12. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  27. ^ a b Clarín.com. "Encuesta exclusiva: cuatro escenarios electorales y una llamativa paridad". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  28. ^ a b "Dólar a $51 y duelo Vidal-Lavagna: qué dice la primera encuesta de marzo". www.cronista.com. 2019-03-08. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  29. ^ a b "Encuestas 2019: sigue creciendo la imagen negativa de Macri en la Provincia". El Destape Web (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  30. ^ a b "Dos encuestas afirman que Cristina le ganaría un ballotage a Macri". www.lapoliticaonline.com. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  31. ^ a b Clarín.com. "La guerra de encuestas, sin freno: Macri, Cristina y cinco nuevos sondeos electorales". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  32. ^ a b Kollmann, Raúl (2019-02-10). "La avenida del medio cada vez es menos ancha | El horizonte electoral donde ocho de cada diez están preocupados por el declive económico". PAGINA12. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  33. ^ a b Clarín.com. "Primera encuesta tras la unificación en Provincia: Macri y Vidal vs. Cristina y Kicillof". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  34. ^ "Cristina patea el tablero: más de un sondeo la da ganándole a Macri en octubre". www.cronista.com. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  35. ^ a b "Según un sondeo, Cristina le saca casi 7 puntos a Macri". El Destape Web (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  36. ^ a b c Clarín.com. "Cinco encuestas de enero: lo mejor y lo peor para Mauricio Macri y Cristina Kirchner". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  37. ^ "Elecciones 2019: las encuestas dan ganadora a Cristina en primera vuelta". El Destape. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  38. ^ a b c "Elecciones 2019: las encuestas dan ganadora a Cristina en primera vuelta". El Destape. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  39. ^ "Elecciones 2019: las encuestas dan ganadora a Cristina en primera vuelta". El Destape. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  40. ^ Clarín.com. "Cinco encuestas de enero: lo mejor y lo peor para Mauricio Macri y Cristina Kirchner". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  41. ^ a b c d "Le encuesta que le da dolor de cabeza a Macri y un candidato sorpresa en el podio". www.cronista.com. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  42. ^ Clarín.com. "Encuesta exclusiva: con Lavagna repunta el PJ Federal, pero sigue debajo de Macri y Cristina". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  43. ^ a b "Encuestas 2019: según QPA, Cristina Kirchner derrota a Mauricio Macri en balotaje". El destape. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  44. ^ a b Kollmann, Raúl (2019-01-08). "Las encuestas que entusiasman a Scioli | El ex gobernador se lanza la semana que viene". PAGINA12. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  45. ^ a b "Elecciones 2019: encuesta muestra a CFK como ganadora de un balotaje contra Macri". El Destape Web (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  46. ^ Kollmann, Raúl (8 January 2019). "Las encuestas que entusiasman a Scioli". Página 12. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  47. ^ Clarín.com. "Encuesta exclusiva: midieron a 13 potenciales candidatos y reprobaron 11". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  48. ^ a b Clarín.com. "Nueva encuesta: cómo cambian las chances de Mauricio Macri con o sin Cristina Kirchner". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  49. ^ a b Paladini, Eduardo (12 December 2018). "Nueva encuesta presidencial: la variante Vidal y tres escenarios para 2019". Clarín. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  50. ^ a b c Clarín.com. "Cuatro nuevas encuestas electorales confirman la polarización entre Mauricio Macri y Cristina Kirchner". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  51. ^ Paladini, Eduardo (6 December 2018). "Cuatro nuevas encuestas electorales confirman la polarización entre Mauricio Macri y Cristina Kirchner". Clarín. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  52. ^ a b "El Peronismo Federal no logra ser "Alternativa" en 2019". Agencia Digital de Noticias. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  53. ^ Clarín.com. "Encuesta exclusiva: Mauricio Macri frenó su caída y hay empate técnico con Cristina Kirchner". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  54. ^ Plata), LPO (La. "Dos encuestas afirman que Cristina le ganaría un ballotage a Macri". www.lapoliticaonline.com. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  55. ^ Clarín.com. "Encuesta: Macri - Cristina en espejo y dos balotajes alternativos". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  56. ^ Clarín.com. "Encuesta exclusiva: alto rechazo electoral a los principales candidatos presidenciales". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  57. ^ Kollmann, Raúl (2018-12-30). "Un frente opositor seduce | El 43 por ciento quiere la unidad". PAGINA12. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  58. ^ "Contexto Tucumán". www.contextotucuman.com. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  59. ^ "Los números de la última encuesta del año que hunden a Macri y favorecen a Cristina". El Destape Web (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  60. ^ Clarín.com. "Primera encuesta del año y un dato clave: las preferencias de los indecisos". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  61. ^ Clarín.com. "Exclusivo: una encuesta explica con cifras por qué las mayores chances de Mauricio Macri son contra Cristina Kirchner". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  62. ^ a b "Cristina le gana a Macri: cuatro encuestas favorecen a la expresidenta". La Voz (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  63. ^ Clarín.com. "Otras dos encuestadoras midieron la reelección de Macri: una también preguntó por Vidal". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  64. ^ Clarín.com. "Encuesta nacional: midieron a cinco opositores para un balotaje contra Mauricio Macri". www.clarin.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-30.