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2019 Formula One World Championship

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2019 FIA Formula One
World Championship
Previous: 2018 Next: 2020
Support series:
FIA Formula 2 Championship
FIA Formula 3 Championship
Lewis Hamilton is the reigning World Drivers' Champion, having won his fifth championship during 2018
Mercedes team is the reigning World Constructors' Champion, having won their fifth consecutive title during 2018; pictured is the F1 W09 EQ Power+, their car for the 2018 season

The 2019 FIA Formula One World Championship is a planned motor racing championship for Formula One cars which would be the 70th running of the Formula One World Championship. It is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The championship is due to be contested over a number of Grands Prix held in different countries throughout the world. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively. The 2019 championship is also scheduled to see the running of the 1000th World Championship race, which would be hosted in China.[1][2]

Lewis Hamilton is expected to defend his World Drivers' Champion title, after winning his fifth championship at the 2018 Mexican Grand Prix. Mercedes is expected to defend their World Constructor's Champion title after winning their fifth championship at the 2018 Brazilian Grand Prix.

Entries

Teams and drivers under contract to compete in the 2019 World Championship
Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Race drivers
No. Driver name
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow Ferrari TBA Ferrari 5
16
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Monaco Charles Leclerc
United States Rich Energy Haas F1 Team Haas-Ferrari TBA Ferrari 8
20
France Romain Grosjean
Denmark Kevin Magnussen
United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team McLaren-Renault MCL34 Renault 4
55
United Kingdom Lando Norris
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
Germany Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes TBA Mercedes 44
77
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
United Kingdom Racing Point F1 Team[note 1] Racing Point-Mercedes TBA Mercedes 11
18
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Canada Lance Stroll
Austria Aston Martin Red Bull Racing Red Bull Racing-Honda RB15 Honda 10
33
France Pierre Gasly
Netherlands Max Verstappen
France Renault F1 Team Renault TBA Renault 3
27
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
Germany Nico Hülkenberg
Switzerland Alfa Romeo Sauber F1 Team Sauber-Ferrari TBA Ferrari 7
99
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
Italy Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda STR14 Honda 23
26
Thailand Alexander Albon
Russia Daniil Kvyat
United Kingdom Williams Racing Williams-Mercedes FW42 Mercedes 63
88
United Kingdom George Russell
Poland Robert Kubica
Sources:[6][7][8][9][10][11]

Team changes

Red Bull Racing signed a contract that will see the team end its twelve-year partnership with Renault and switch to Honda power units.[12] In doing so, Red Bull Racing join sister team Scuderia Toro Rosso in using Honda power after Scuderia Toro Rosso joined the Japanese manufacturer in 2018. Neither team will be recognised as Honda's official factory team under the terms of the agreement.[13] The Racing Point F1 Team is expected to be renamed before the start of the new season, completing the transition from Racing Point Force India as a result of the purchase of Sahara Force India team's assets which began in August 2018.[14][11]

Driver changes

Daniel Ricciardo (left) is set to leave Red Bull Racing for Renault, replacing Carlos Sainz Jr. (centre) who is moving to McLaren. Pierre Gasly took the vacant seat at Red Bull.
Charles Leclerc (left) is set to be promoted from Sauber to Ferrari, displacing Kimi Räikkönen who is moving to Sauber

The lead up to the 2019 championship has seen several driver changes. Daniel Ricciardo will move to Renault after five years with Red Bull Racing.[15][16] Ricciardo's agreement with the team is that he is to replace Carlos Sainz Jr.. Ricciardo's drive at Red Bull Racing is scheduled to be taken by Pierre Gasly, who is to be promoted from Scuderia Toro Rosso with whom he made his first Formula One start at the 2017 Malaysian Grand Prix.[17] Daniil Kvyat is scheduled to rejoin Toro Rosso after last racing for the team in 2017.[18] He will be partnered with Formula Two driver Alexander Albon, who is set to replace Brendon Hartley at the team.[19] Albon will subsequently become only the second Thai driver to race in Formula One, making his debut 65 years after Prince Bira last start at the 1954 Spanish Grand Prix.

Sainz Jr., who was on loan to Renault in 2018, did not have his deal with Red Bull renewed and is scheduled to move to McLaren to replace two-time World Drivers' Champion Fernando Alonso,[20] who had earlier announced that he would not compete in Formula One in 2019,[21][22] where he is to be partnered with 2017 European Formula 3 champion Lando Norris.[23] Stoffel Vandoorne is set to leave McLaren after the 2018 season to race in Formula E with the Mercedes-affiliated HWA Team.[24][25] Charles Leclerc is scheduled to leave Sauber after one year with the team, joining Ferrari where he is to take the place of Kimi Räikkönen.[26] Räikkönen is scheduled to return to Sauber, with whom he had started his career in 2001,[27] where he is to be partnered with Antonio Giovinazzi who made two starts for the team when he replaced the injured Pascal Wehrlein in 2017.[28][29] Marcus Ericsson is expected to race in the IndyCar Series in 2019, but will remain at Sauber as third driver and brand ambassador.[28][30]

2018 Formula 2 champion George Russell signed a contract to drive for Williams.[31] Robert Kubica is scheduled to return to Formula 1, replacing Sergey Sirotkin at Williams, after an eight-year absence brought on by a near-fatal rally car crash in 2011 that left him with serious arm injuries.[32][33]

Esteban Ocon is due to join Mercedes as reserve driver, after leaving Racing Point Force India after the 2018 season, and to share the role of simulator driving with Stoffel Vandoorne.[34][35] Ocon will be replaced at Racing Point by Lance Stroll, who is scheduled to leave Williams.[36]

List of planned races

Grands Prix scheduled to be held as part of the 2019 World Championship
Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 17 March
2 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 31 March
3 Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 14 April
4 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku 28 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló 12 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 26 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 9 June
8 French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet 23 June
9 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 30 June
10 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 14 July
11 German Grand Prix Germany Hockenheimring, Hockenheim 28 July
12 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród 4 August
13 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 1 September
14 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 8 September
15 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 22 September
16 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 29 September
17 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka 13 October
18 Mexican Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 27 October
19 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 3 November
20 Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 17 November
21 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 1 December
Sources:[37][38][39]
Nations that are scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2019 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked with a black dot. Former host nations are shown in dark grey, and former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

Changes

Technical regulations

In a bid to improve overtaking, teams agreed to a series of aerodynamic changes that affect the profile of the front and rear wings. The front wing endplates are expected to be reshaped to alter the airflow across the car and reduce the effects of aerodynamic turbulence. The slot in the rear wing is expected to be widened, making the Drag Reduction System more powerful.[40] The agreed-upon changes were drawn from the findings of a working group set up to investigate potential changes to the technical regulations in preparation for the 2021 championship.

Parts of the technical regulations governing bodywork are planned to be rewritten in a bid to promote sponsorship opportunities for teams.[41] The agreed changes are to mandate smaller bargeboards and limit aerodynamic development of the rear wing end planes to create more space for sponsor logos. The changes were introduced as a response to falling revenues amid teams and the struggles of smaller teams to secure new sponsors.

The mandated maximum fuel levels are due to be raised from 105 kg (231.5 lb) to 110 kg (242.5 lb) so as to minimise the need for drivers to conserve fuel during a race.[42][note 2] Driver weights are due to no longer be considered when measuring the minimum weight of the car. This change was agreed to following concerns that drivers were being forced to lose dangerous amounts weight in order to offset the additional weight of the post-2014 generation of turbo-hybrid engines.[42] Drivers must weigh at least 80 kg (176.4 lb); any driver that does not make this minimum will be given ballast to make up the difference. This ballast is expected to be located around the seat. The changes were introduced to prevent drivers with a naturally-smaller body shape from having an advantage over taller and heavier drivers.[43]

Driver safety

The FIA introduced a new standard for driver helmets designed to improve safety. Under the new standard, helmets will be subjected to a more thorough range of crash tests aimed at improving energy absorption and deflection as well as reducing the likelihood of objects penetrating the helmet's structure. All certified helmet manufacturers must pass the tests in advance of the 2019 championship to have their certification renewed. Once introduced to Formula One, the new standard will gradually be applied to all helmets used by competitors in every FIA-sanctioned event.[44]

Tyres

Tyre supplier Pirelli plan on renaming their range of tyres following a request from the FIA and the sport's management. The governing body argued that the naming conventions used in 2018 were obtuse and difficult for casual spectators to understand.[45][46] Under the new plan, the names given to particular compounds (hypersoft, ultrasoft, supersoft, soft, medium and hard) will disappear, to be replaced by referring during each race to the three compounds teams have available for that race as soft, medium and hard. This is hoped to aid fans understanding the tyre compounds used at each round. The actual compounds for the season will be referred to by number to the teams, with "1" being the firmest. With the total number of compounds for the season likely to be reduced to five, "5" would be the softest tyre, although having six compounds remains a possibility, with the final number to be determined following post-season testing (seven compounds were technically available in 2018, although as expected the "superhard" tyre was never used). Pirelli will continue to decide on three of the compounds to be made available for each race. Similarly, the current practice of using different colors to refer to the specific compound (such as pink for the hypersoft) will be discontinued, with white, yellow and red being used for the three compounds available for each race. [47][48]

Notes

  1. ^ Assets of the former Sahara Force India team were bought by a consortium led by Lawrence Stroll in August 2018. As a result of this acquisition the new team was branded as Racing Point Force India, with the 'Force India' moniker being kept due to the purchase of the teams assets, including the 2018 chassis.[3] Following the end of the 2018 season, the team announced plans to rebrand the team and enter 2019 season with the provisional name as Racing Point F1 Team,[4] although they have announced plans to change this again before the start of the season.[5]
  2. ^ Formula One measures fuel, oil and engine fluids in mass rather than volume as these fluids expand and contract when subject to heat and as a result the volume may change; however, the mass remains the same regardless of fluid temperature.

References

  1. ^ "Formula 1 announces draft 2019 season calendar". formula1.com. 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  2. ^ Morlidge, Matt (2018-05-15). "F1 chiefs wanted to move British GP to stage 1,000th GP at Silverstone". skysports.com. Retrieved 2018-12-03.
  3. ^ https://www.speedcafe.com/2018/08/24/fia-allows-new-entry-to-save-force-india/
  4. ^ https://www.fia.com/events/fia-formula-one-world-championship/season-2019/2019-fia-formula-one-world-championship-entry/
  5. ^ https://www.wheels24.co.za/FormulaOne/force-india-racing-point-to-change-name-again-for-2019-20181204
  6. ^ Rosso, Scuderia Toro. "ALEXANDER ALBON". Scuderia Toro Rosso. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  7. ^ "2019 FIA Formula One World Championship Entry List". FIA. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  8. ^ "MCL34: The work starts here". McLaren F1 Team. McLaren. 11 October 2018. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Christian: The season and beyond". Red Bull Racing Formula One Team. Red Bull Racing. 26 October 2018. Archived from the original on 27 October 2018.
  10. ^ Kuczera, Łukasz. "Specjalne zadanie dla Roberta Kubicy. "Claire Williams tego ode mnie oczekuje"" [A special task for Robert Kubica. "Claire Williams expects that from me"] (in Polish). Sportowe Fakty. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  11. ^ a b Cooper, Adam (3 December 2018). "Racing Point name will change before 2019 season". motorsport.com. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  12. ^ Barretto, Lawrence. "How Honda and Red Bull's partnership is taking shape". Formula1.com. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  13. ^ Mitchell, Scott (19 June 2018). "Honda: Red Bull won't have works Formula 1 team label in 2019". autosport.com. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
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  25. ^ Thorn, Dan (15 October 2018). "Vandoorne Is Making The Switch To Formula E For Season Five". WTF1. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  26. ^ "Charles Leclerc to drive for Scuderia Ferrari in 2019". Scuderia Ferrari. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  27. ^ Mitchell, Scott. "Kimi Raikkonen to return to Sauber F1 team after Ferrari exit". Autosport. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  28. ^ a b Collantine, Keith (25 September 2018). "Giovinazzi will replace Ericsson at Sauber in 2019". racefans.net. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
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  34. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Beer, Matt (23 November 2018). "Esteban Ocon gets 2019 Mercedes F1 reserve driver role". autosport.com. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  35. ^ Cooper, Adam (22 November 2018). "Vandoorne to have Mercedes F1 simulator role". motorsport.com. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Lance Stroll to race alongside Sergio Perez in 2019 | Force India F1". www.forceindiaf1.com. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
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  38. ^ "F1 reveals draft 21-race calendar for 2019 including German GP". Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  39. ^ Noble, Jonathan (12 October 2018). "2019 Formula 1 calendar and rules tweaks approved by FIA's WMSC". Autosport.com. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  40. ^ Cooper, Adam (1 May 2018). "Formula 1 overtaking changes pushed through for 2019". autosport.com. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  41. ^ Coch, Mat (22 January 2018). "F1 to introduce sponsor-friendly bodywork". Speedcafe. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  42. ^ a b Coch, Mat (18 April 2018). "New F1 rules to be introduced in 2019". speedcafe.com. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
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  44. ^ "New helmet standard for Formula 1 in 2019". speedcafe.com. Speedcafe. 7 June 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  45. ^ Cooper, Adam (24 May 2018). "Pirelli asked to simplify tyre compound names for 2019 F1 season". autosport.com. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
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  47. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Cooper, Adam (20 October 2018). "Pirelli reveals changed colour range for 2019 F1 tyres". Autosport. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
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External links