2019 Belarusian parliamentary election

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2019 Belarusian parliamentary election

← 2016 17 November 2019

All 110 seats in the House of Representatives
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Parliamentary elections are scheduled to be held in Belarus on 17 November 2019.[1]


Parliamentary elections were required to be held no later than 6 September 2020. However, in his annual address to the nation on 19 April 2019, President Alexander Lukashenko announced that they would be held in 2019.[1] Lukashenko suggested Sunday 7 November, October Revolution Day, as a possible date.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The 110 members of the House of Representatives are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting.[3]

Participating parties[edit]

Party Leader Ideology Stance toward President Lukashenko[citation needed] Number of participating
2016 result
Votes (%) Seats
Communist Party of Belarus (KPB) Igor Karpenko Marxism–Leninism Pro-government 54 7.4%
8 / 110
Liberal Democratic Party (LDPB) Sergei Gaidukevich Pan-Slavism Constructive opposition (self-proclaimed)
Pro-government (de facto)
107 4.2%
1 / 110
Republican Party of Labour and Justice (RPTS) Vasil Zadnyaprany Social democracy Pro-government 43 2.9%
3 / 110
United Civic Party of Belarus (UCP) Anatoly Lebedko Liberal conservatism Opposition 56 2.2%
1 / 110
Belarusian Patriotic Party (BPP) Nikolai Ulakhovich Socialism Pro-government 16 2.2%
3 / 110
BPF Party (BPF) Ryhor Kastusiou Belarusian nationalism Opposition 38 1.7%
0 / 110
Belarusian Left Party "A Just World" Sergey Kalyakin Democratic socialism Opposition 33 1.4%
0 / 110
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly) (BSDP) Irina Veshtard Social democracy Opposition 43 1.3%
0 / 110
Belarusian Party "The Greens" (BPS) Aleh Novikaŭ Green politics Opposition 7 0.2%
0 / 110
Belarusian Social Democratic Assembly (BSDH) Stanislav Shushkevich Social democracy Opposition 20 N/A
Republican Party (RP) Uladzimir Belazor Eurasianism Pro-government 6
Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party (BSSP) Vladimir Alexandrovich Social democracy Pro-government 1

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling firm KPB LDPB RPTS UCP BPP BPF A Just World BSDP BPS BSSP BSDH AP[a] KCP-BPF[a] SDPNS[a] RP Independents/
July–August 2017 Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences 2.6 1.9 2.6 2.2 1.5 0.7 1.5 1.6 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.7 76.0 Tie
11 September 2016 2016 Parliamentary elections 7.4 4.2 2.9 2.2 2.2 1.7 1.4 1.3 0.2 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 67.0+9.6 2.0

Election campaign[edit]

Most opposition parties decided to contest the election but not all candidates were registered.[4][5] The Conservative Christian Party and the Belarusian Social-Democratic Assembly decided to boycott the election.


On November 13, during the preliminary voting, an observer in Brest published a video claiming ballot stuffing. Lidia Yermoshina, chief of the Central Election Commission of Belarus, denied the fraud and argued that the observer's accreditation should be withdrawn for he wasn't allowed to film the video.[6] On November 15, his accreditation was withdrawn by the local electoral commission.[7] His another objection about the number of preliminary votes was accepted.[8]

Students from some universities claimed that they were forced to participate in preliminary voting, or encouraged to do so by allowing being absent from classes on Saturday (working day postponed from November 8) and Monday. The universities denied these rumors.[9] On November 15, the Belarusian State Economic University students protested openly near the campus for similar reasons, citing the recently published video with one of their instructors (curators) openly demanding to vote during the preliminary round.[10]


  1. ^ a b c These parties do not compete in the election.


  1. ^ a b Lukashenka Calls Belarus's Next Presidential Election For 2020 RFE/RL, 19 April 2019
  2. ^ Александр Лукашенко назначил досрочные выборы в парламент Белоруссии Meduza, 19 April 2019
  3. ^ Belarus IDEA
  4. ^ "З выбараў сабраліся зьняць трох кандыдатаў «Эўрапейскай Беларусі»". Радыё Свабода (in Belarusian). Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  5. ^ "Belarus's 2019 parliamentary election: consequential or not? | BelarusDigest". Retrieved 2019-11-10.
  6. ^ Ермошина о «вбросе» бюллетеней в Бресте: Наблюдателя надо лишить аккредитации
  7. ^ В Бресте лишили аккредитации наблюдателя, который обвинил девушку в попытке вброса бюллетеней
  8. ^ «У мяне таксама абвастрылася хвароба». Назіральніка, які зняў на відэа спробу ўкіду бюлетэняў, наведалі назіральнікі АБСЕ
  9. ^ Студенты утверждают, что за досрочное голосование их освободят от занятий. В университетах это отрицают
  10. ^ Белорусские студенты протестуют: их принуждают досрочно голосовать на выборах в парламент