2019–20 Belgian government formation

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Following the simultaneous federal elections and regional elections of 26 May 2019, negotiations started to form a new Federal Government as well as new regional governments: a Flemish, Walloon, French Community and Brussels Government. A Government of the German-speaking Community was formed only a few days after the elections.

Overview[edit]

Government Outgoing coalition Next coalition Sworn in
Flag of Belgium.svg Federal Government Michel II
(Wilmès)
Flemish side
     CD&V
     Open Vld
French side
     MR
TBD TBD TBD
Flag of Flanders.svg Flemish Government Bourgeois
(Homans)
     N-VA
     CD&V
     Open Vld
Jambon      N-VA
     CD&V
     Open Vld
2 October 2019
Flag of Wallonia.svg French Community Government Demotte III      PS
     cdH
Jeholet      PS
     Ecolo
     MR
17 September 2019
Flag of Wallonia.svg Walloon Government Borsus      MR
     cdH
Di Rupo III      PS
     Ecolo
     MR
13 September 2019
Flag Belgium brussels.svg Brussels Government Vervoort II French side
     PS
     Défi
     cdH
Flemish side
     Open Vld
     sp.a
     CD&V
Vervoort III French side
     PS
     Ecolo
     Défi
Flemish side
     Groen
     Open Vld
     one.brussels-sp.a
17 July 2019
Flag of the German Community in Belgium.svg German-speaking Community Govt. Paasch I      ProDG
     PFF
     PS
Paasch II      ProDG
     PFF
     PS
17 June 2019
All ministers-president and all federal ministers take the oath before King Philippe.

Federal government[edit]

Timeline[edit]

King Philippe appointed Didier Reynders (MR) and Johan Vande Lanotte (sp.a) as informateurs. They are tasked with looking for possibilities to form a government coalition.[1]

On 8 October, the King appointed two preformateurs: Geert Bourgeois (N-VA) and Rudy Demotte (PS), each being a former minister-president and member of the largest party in respectively Flanders and Wallonia. The remaining parties in the negotiations were N-VA, PS, sp.a, CD&V, Open Vld and MR. Two weeks later, both Green parties were invited again.[citation needed]

They did not succeed in finding a coalition of parties, upon which the King appointed PS leader Paul Magnette as informateur on 5 November.

Two likely coalitions are:

  • "Purple-yellow": socialists (PS + sp.a) + liberals (MR + Open Vld) + Flemish nationalists (N-VA)
  • "Purple-green": socialists (PS + sp.a) + liberals (MR + Open Vld) + Greens (Ecolo + Groen)

A negotiation paper of Magnette leaked to the media on 27 November, which contained significantly left-leaning proposals, indicating a push for a purple-green coalition. On 1 December, it turned out that those parties held a meeting unbeknownst to N-VA and CD&V. The paper was also unacceptable to many within Open Vld.[citation needed]

On 10 December 2019, the King appointed Joachim Coens (CD&V) and Georges-Louis Bouchez (MR) as informateurs. Both had at that moment become leader of their respective party only days earlier. They concluded that both likely coalitions (purple-yellow or purple-green) were not yet sufficiently viable and other options needed to be considered as well.

In January 2020, federal representative Emir Kir was excluded from the PS, leaving the purple-green without a majority. Hence, CD&V has become incontournable for political reasons to form such coalition.

In a move seen largely as his own initiative, King Philippe appointed federal minister of Justica and senior CD&V politician Koen Geens as “Royal assignment holder” with the task to look for any possible coalitions. However, his party quickly ruled out joining a purple-green coalition, which left Geens focussing on bringing PS and N-VA closer together to form a “purple-yellow” coalition, with CD&V probably taking Open VLD’s place therein. It is said that progress to this purpose was made and several amicable meetings took place between Paul Magnette and Bart De Wever, the presidents of the two antagonized parties.

On 10 February, Geens' assignment was prolonged for one week. In a sudden change of events, PS president Paul Magnette staunchly ruled out a coalition with N-VA on all media platforms of the country. Seeing his task as no longer purposeful, Geens returned to the King that evening and was relieved of his duties.

On 16 February, Geens vehemently disapproved the PS' statements from Friday and blamed them for bringing the stability of the country in danger.

Flemish government[edit]

On 12 August, N-VA released a starting note intended to form the basis of a continued governing coalition of N-VA, CD&V and Open Vld. Jan Jambon will likely become Minister-President.[2] The government was not formed in time for the traditional "September Declaration", when the Minister-President gives a speech to the Flemish Parliament at the start of the parliamentary year.

Government of the German-speaking Community[edit]

A few days after the elections, the incumbent coalition of ProDG, SP and PFF agreed to continue governing. Oliver Paasch remained Minister-President. On Monday 17 June 2019, the four ministers took the oath in front of the Parliament of the German-speaking Community and the next day the Minister-President took the oath in front of King Philippe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Koning stelt Didier Reynders (MR) en Johan Vande Lanotte (SP.A) aan als informateur". Gazet van Antwerpen. 30 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Het is nu officieel: N-VA, CD&V en Open VLD willen Vlaamse regering vormen met Jan Jambon aan het hoofd". VRTNWS. 12 August 2019.